brought to you by Mr. Schneider and The Frodis

Facts and tidbits you may not know

	Jackie Cooper (senior executive of Screen Gems which was the television portion of Columbia Pictures) was approached by The Monkees TV show producers Bert Schneider (son of Columbia Pictures President Abraham Schneider) and Bob Rafelson to pitch a show about young people. Cooper could probably relate since he had been a child star most notably in the classic Charlie Chaplin film The Kid and the Norman Taurog film Skippy. 

	

	The initial interviews were held in a small office above an electronics supply store just off Cahuenga Avenue in Hollywood

	Mike is the only Monkee to respond to the ad in the trade papers. Davy was under contract with Columbia Pictures. Micky was told about by his agent. Peter heard about it from his friend Steven Stills. 
	
Portions of the episode "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)" were filmed in San Diego, California 

	The original names for the 4 characters in "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)" were: Biff, Dickie, Fred and Suds 

	Larry Tucker (co-writer of "Here Come the Monkees (The Pilot)") died on April 1, 2001 due to complications with Multiple Sclerosis and cancer. Also, actress Annette Funicello (Minnie/ Teresa in the movie "Head") has Multiple Sclerosis. She had brain surgery a few years ago to alleviate some of the effects 
	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart "The Monkees Theme" was inspired by the Dave Clark Five song "Catch us if you can" 

	Promotional bumper stickers were made that said "Monkees Is Big Business" 

	Promotional flyers were handed out at Beatles concerts 

	One pre-TV series debut promotion occurred on September 6, 1966. The Producers had rented out the Broadway Theater in New York City for a Saturday afternoon and gave away free tickets on a radio station. Fans saw the guys clown around and crack jokes. This promotion was also done in Boston and Chicago. It was also the first experience of a frightening mob scene for the guys.

	On May 7, 1965, the first ever copyright for a Michael Nesmith composition was filed. The song Pretty Little Princess had been a staple of his repertoire since 1963. It is reportedly sold to Frankie Laines talent agency for a mere $50.

	To further promote their TV debut, the group had pretaped an interview with Barbara Walters for NBC???s Today Show. It aired August 15, 1966 along with a film clip. After the segment, sympatric co-host Hugh Downs remarks to Walters You get the damnedest assignments.

	The guys supposedly made an appearance on American Bandstand on December 17, 1966. It is highly unlikely since Raybert Productions barred them from appearing on any TV show other than their own. Most likely, American Bandstand probably played Last Train To Clarksville for the audience to dance to or showed a brief clip from the show of the guys performing Last Train To Clarksville. 
 
	Micky's father starred in the 1950's TV series "The Count Of Monte Crisco" 

	Micky auditioned for "The Monkees" singing Chuck Berry's "Johnny B. Goode" 

	The addresses 1438 North Beechwood and 1334 Beechwood for the Monkees Pad are derived from the 1967 address of The Monkees Fan Club:
THE MONKEES Fan Club c/o Screen Gems 
1334 North Beech wood Drive Hollywood, California 90028 

	On the TV series "The Simpsons", we learned in a flashback to Elementary School where Marge was teased for having a Monkees lunchbox. 

	In the Simpsons "Virtual Springfield" computer game, there is a "Monkeys" album in Marge and Homer's room.

	The rock band Nirvana was the biggest music explosion in the early 1990's until singer/ songwriter Kurt Cobain committed suicide. Kurt decorated his guitar with major influences. Next to the photo of the cast from the TV series "The Mod Squad", Kurt drew a crude a Monkees trademark guitar logo 

	The late Jan Berry was Davy's guest on The Monkees 1967 tour. Jan was suffering from lingering effects of a 1966 car crash. Davy thought the fun and excitement of the tour would boost his spirits. 

	If the Monkees had not been busy with filming the movie "Head" and taping the "33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee" special, they might of had time to finish the "Presents" project as it was intended and beat the Beatles in releasing a double album (the so called "White" album) with each member getting a solo side. Even after Peter left the group in Fall of 1968, there was still talk of doing a double album with the one side being a group effort. The double album concept was picked up by other groups in the 1970's by Peter, Paul and Mary and Kiss 

	The Monkees Present cover originally featured British and American flags, the sun, the moon, a star, and the American eagle 

	Micky had a private tutor on the set of Circus Boy. After the show ended, Micky was able to skip 2 grades in school and entered high school at 13

	Micky didn't know that he got the part on The Monkees until he read about it Daily Variety.

	Micky became interested in Native American Indians in the 60's when he found he had a distant Indian heritage. 

	Peter took apart a phonograph at age 2 1/2.  

	Peter had been moved 13 times before first grade.  
 
	Peter nearly lost an eye in a fight in high school.

	Peter received a Math Award on graduation from high school.

	Peter and Mike had met before each of them auditioned for The Monkees.  They met at the Troubadour during a hootenanny.

	Davy's mother gave him a love of music by singing church songs and listening to jazz records. One of her favorite 78s was Louis Jordan's Is You Is Or Is You Ain't- a big band song that Davy performs in concert.

	The first record Davy said he bought was the Johnny Tilson's song "Poetry In Motion". 

	The first record Micky said he bought was the Elegant's song "Little Star". 

	Davy and the Broadway cast of "Oliver" happened to be on the same "Ringo Starr had a cold and being quite impressed with the response that they got from all the females in the audience. 

	Davy was nominated for Best Actor In A Comedy Or Musical Tony award for his work on "Oliver". He lost to fellow Brit David Burns from "A Funny Thing Happened On The Way To The Forum" 

	The Beatles are the people who Micky refers to as "the 4 Kings of EMI" (EMI being the Beatles record label). 

	The line "the girl in yellow dress" from the song "Randy Scouse Git" refers to Micky's first wife, Samantha Juste. She was wearing a yellow dress when he first met her 

	The line the grass is always greener growin on the other side in the song No Time is a slang reference to marijuana smoking 

	Ed Justin had the idea for the Monkees logo and paid Nick LoBianco $75 to illustrate it. 

	The nickname "Pre Fab Four" is short for "Prefabricated Four" (or manufactured). It can get confused with the prefix "pre"- defined as "before, order or importance". Meaning that the Monkees are less important than the Beatles (known as the "Fab Four")   

	Mike's song "The Girl I Knew Somewhere" was the first song all 4 guys played on 

	Band 6 (from the Headquarters album) is Peter and Micky playing the theme song to the Warner Brothers cartoons. Peter is on steel guitar and Micky was playing drums really fast and the two aren't exactly fitting together 

	On the album Headquarters Sessions, Peter and Micky sing a variation on the traditional folk version of the old bluegrass standard East Virginia Blues which is very different from the much older traditional bluegrass lyrics and their most common variations. This folk version is lacking any hint of some of the traditional verses, has lilies and not linen on the fair maiden's breast and borrows a line or two from another bluegrass standard, "Dark Hollar Blues." Noting these differences from the traditional bluegrass, it is possible that the folk standard evolved from The Carter Family's 1934 recording of the song. The Carter Family not only recorded the song with a lyric differing greatly from the more well known variations of traditional verses, they later recorded "East Virginia Blues #2"' (1935) which continues the story of the song in new verses. Fans of this song may wish to seek out versions recorded by: The Carter Family, Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, The Grateful Dead, Ralph Stanley (or The Stanley Brothers) and Joan Baez.

	Sycamore (mentioned in the song Early Morning Blues and Greens) is a name applied at various times and places to three very different types of trees, but with somewhat similar leaf forms. For example, the sycamore of the Bible is a species of fig and the sycamore in Britain and Ireland is a European Maple tree.

	The color blue (featured in the song Nine Times Blue) is from old high German word "blao" meaning  shining. It as many languages do not have separate terms for blue and green and in English speaking countries blue is used to describe melancholy or sadness. In Australia, blue can also describe a fight or an argument, men with red hair may be nicknamed "Bluey". The German word for blue is used to mean a drunk and a blau machen (in German meaning make blue) means to skip work. In Russian, the word for light blue is slang for gay. In English heraldy, blue symbolized truth, freedom and eternity. Blue is also the national color of Israel.

	The color yellow (from the song Writing Wrongs) is a bright cheerful color, often associated with happiness and peace. In the English Language, yellow has traditionally been associated with cowardice. Yellow was the symbol for the Emperor Of China of the Chinese Monarchy. It was also the color of the New Party in the Republic Of China. Pencils are painted yellow because of this association with China, where the best graphite is found. Only pencils with Chinese graphite used to be painted yellow. Yellow also symbolizes royalty in many other cultures.

	A rainbow (mentioned in the song I'm Gonna Try) is caused by dispersion of sunlight as it is refracted by raindrops. The light is first refracted as it enters the surface of the raindrop, reflects off the back of the drop, and is again refracted as it leaves the drop. The overall effect is that the incoming light is reflected back over a wide range of angles, with the most intense light at an angle of about 40 X 42. A rainbow does not actually exist at a location in the sky, but is an optical phenomenon whose apparent position depends on the observer's location. All raindrops refract and reflect the sunlight in the same way, but only the light from some raindrops reaches the observer's eye.

	In folklore, an Irish leprechaun's secretly hide their pot of gold (mentioned in the song Im Gonna Try) at the end of the rainbow and it will bring good luck to those who find it.

	Information on Cripple Creek, Colorado (featured in the song Cripple Creek): For many years the towns elevation of about 11,000 feet was considered no more than cattle pasture. But in 1891 rich ore was found and the last great Colorado gold rush was on. After a few years of unsuccessful gold hunting, the population dropped to a few hundred. The many empty storefronts and picturesque homes of Cripple Creek created a tourist attractions as a ghost town. Toward the end of the twentieth century casino gambling was authorized in Cripple Creek.

	Peter's brother wrote the silly song "Alvin", a CD bonus track from the album The Birds, The Bees And The Monkees

	"Valleri" which achieved legendary status when DJs in Chicago and Florida turned it into a hit by airing tapes made from broadcasts of the TV show. 

	Fact/ fable about one of the Monkees biggest hits, Valleri (from the book How To Write A Hit Song And Sell It): Don Kirshner called Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart with the idea of using a girl's name in the title of a song. Tommy Boyce (who happen to answer the phone) replied, "Donnie, you won't believe this. But, last night while you were having that dream, Bobby and I wrote an unbelievably great song for The Monkees...and, are you ready for this?..it has a girl's name in the title". Kirshner wanted to hear the name of the song immediately. Of course, Tommy couldn't comply since the song hadn't been written yet. Tommy stalled him with the excuse that Bobby was still sleeping. However, Kirshner was adamant about hearing the song later that day. Realizing the pressure they were under, both songwriters quickly began making a list of girls' names but none particularly stood out. Tommy finally asked Bobby to "reach deep into your past for a recollection of one girl in your life, or even in your dreams, that you had never told anybody about." Bobby gave it some thought and then replied that there was a girl in High School that he liked a lot but she never returned the favor. Bobby then replied, "And her name was Valleri" which instantly fit the melody that Tommy had been working on. When they finally got to Kirshners office they had a few lyrics and the chorus. Tommy was banking on the fact that any song played can be reworked around to include a girls name in the title. Of course, Kirshner liked the song and it was The Monkees last #1 song

	"Me Without You" is a take off of the John Lennon and Paul McCartney song "Your Mother Should Know" 

	A book of Who's Who (mentioned in the song Imp Not Your Stepping Stone) is the name of a number of publications, generally containing concise biographical information on a particular group of people. Examples of Who's Who publications include: Who's Who (a British publication listing since 1849), Marquis Who's Who (a listing of prominent U.S. people since 1899), The International Who's Who (by Europa Productions), Who's Who Among American High School Students (a listing since 1967) and Who's Who Among American College Students.

	The John and Bill Chadwick song Zor And Zam was written originally for a TV series called Friendship. The show was to include live action and animation. 

	Berkeley, California (from the Mike Nesmith song Highway 99) was named after Bishop Berkeley (an 18th century British philosopher and poet) who wrote westward the course of empire takes its way. In 1873, Governor Newton Booth declared Berkeley to be the "Athens of the West". Much of Berkeley's economy, status, and reputation has long derived from its relationship with the University Of California at Berkeley. 

	Saginaw, Michigan (from Mike's song "If I Ever Get To Saginaw Again") is located in the lower Michigan peninsula at the base of Michigan's "thumb" which creates Saginaw Bay 

	St. Matthew (from the song St. Matthew) was a Roman tax collector, a position equated with collaboration with the enemy by those from whom he collected taxes. However, the Lord did not label him as bad. Matthew was willing to hear the truth and learn from it. So when the Lord said, "Follow me, Matthew immediately he left his money and his job to accept salvation. St. Matthew is the patron saint of (among other things) accountants, bankers, bookkeepers, financial officers, money managers, security forces, security guards, stockbrokers and tax collectors.

	The Jones/ Capti/ Brick/ and Rockett song "Hard to Believe" went to #1 in the Philippines 

	The history of Kingsburg, California (from the Mike Nesmith song Highway 99) is unique with its single ethnic origin. In the early 1870's news of good farming, warm climate and free government land prompted two Swedish natives to settle in a Central Pacific Railroad (now The Union Pacific Railroad) town called Kings River Switch". In 1874 the present town site was drawn up and the name was changed to "Kingsbury". Two years later it became "Kingsburgh" and in 1894 took on its present spelling, "Kingsburg". In 1921, 94 percent of the population within a 3 mile radius of Kingsburg was Swedish-American, giving the community the nickname of "Little Sweden." Today Kingsburg is known as the ???Swedish Village ". 

	A windmill (from the Mike Nesmith song Silver Moon) is an engine powered by the wind. In Europe, windmills have been used since the Middle Ages. Regions famous for their windmills include the Netherlands. Over the ages, windmills have evolved into more sophisticated and efficient wind-powered water pumps and power generators. 

	Ennui (from the Mike Nesmith song Grand Ennui) is a reactive state to wearingly dull, repetitive, or tedious stimuli 

	Omega (from the Mike Nesmith song Grand Ennui) literally means big O and is the 24th and last letter of the Greek. Alphabet. Omega is used to denote an end to something, the opposite being Alpha. 

	Talladega, Alabama (from the Mike Nesmith song Grand Ennui) is the highest point in Alabama and has the largest, fastest super speedway in the world, the Talladega Speedway 

	In 1927, the Cyclone Ride (from the Mike Nesmith song Nevada Fighter) roller coaster was the greatest Roller Coaster of all time and still stands today as a testimony that the science of thrill creation is truly an Art. 

	Cactus Jack (from the Mike Nesmith song Texas Morning) acted like PT Barnum and looking like a cross between Roy Rogers and Grizzly Adams. Cactus Jack has spent a lifetime taking the road less traveled. He brags that he graduated high school second in his class, but with his dare to be different flare it was second from last. After high school he realized how little he knew and developed a craving for knowledge and an obsession for self improvement. 

	Kansas (from the Mike Nesmith song Rainmaker) derived from the Siouan word meaning "People of the south wind. Kansas became the 34th state and has a reputation as a progressive state with many firsts in legislative initiatives. Kansas, as part of the Louisiana Purchase, was annexed to the United States in 1803 as an unorganized territory. Kansas then became part of the Missouri Territory until 1821 

	Hank Williams (from the liner notes for the Mike Nesmith album Magnetic South) was afflicted with spina bifida. Hank may well have gravitated toward music as an alternative to sports. At 16, Williams quit school and began his music career in earnest. He had made his first radio appearance on WSFA in late 1936 or early 1937 and would soon become one of the station's most popular performers. He also worked beer joints and regional shows with his band, already named the Drifting Cowboys. By the early 40s, Hank was one of the biggest draws in the region, and had come to the attention of several Nashville producers. By 1950, in spite of his professional success, Williams' life was becoming unmanageable. His marriage was disintegrating and he developed a serious problem with alcohol and morphine. His second marriage did not reform him. He missed numerous concerts or was too drunk to play, and was fired from the Grand Ole Opry. The Drifting Cowboys left Williams. Williams died quite suddenly while being driven to a concert in 1953. 

	The father of country music Jimmie Rodgers (from the liner notes for the Mike Nesmith album Magnetic South) has had a profound impact that touched our souls with his simple but unique way with music. The Jimmie Rodgers Foundation devotes their time and effort to preserve the heritage of country music by special events throughout the year. 

	The Sears And Roebuck Company (from the liner notes for the Mike Nesmith album Tantamount To Treason) was founded in Chicago, Illinois as a catalog merchandiser in 1886 by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck. The Sears And Roebuck catalog was sometimes referred to as the Consumers' Bible. The Christmas catalog was known as the "Wish Book". The catalog also entered the language, particularly of rural dwellers, as a euphemism for toilet paper. In the days of outhouses and no readily available toilet paper, the pages of the mass-mailed catalog were used as toilet paper. "I'm going to read the Sears catalog" was a polite way of saying I'm going to the outhouse. The first Sears And Roebuck retail store was opened on October 5, 1925 in Evansville, Indiana. 

	Information on Montgomery Ward (from the liner notes for the Mike Nesmith album Tantamount To Treason): In 1872 Aaron Montgomery Ward established the first mail-order business. The first catalog consisted of a single-sheet price list showing the articles for sale with ordering instructions. By 1904, three million catalogs were being mailed to customers. Ward's early customers were primarily from rural America, lured by a large selection of items and a promise of "satisfaction guaranteed." The company remained exclusively a mail order business until 1926, when the first Montgomery Ward retail store opened in Plymouth, Indiana. 

	Reno, Nevada (from the Mike Nesmith song Rio) was first known as Fuller's Crossing, named for Charles William Fuller of Sierra County, CA, who built a hotel and toll bridge across the Truckee River in early 1860. In June 1861 he sold the bridge to Myron C. Lake, a veteran of the Mexican War, and the site became known as Lakes Crossing. The Central Pacific Railroad wanted a junction with the road to Virginia City and Lake offered to sell some of his land. The railroad owners named the town for Jesse Lee Reno, an American army officer who had served in the Mexican War and was later killed in Civil War 

	The origins of Casablanca (from the title of the Mike Nesmith song Casablanca Moonlight) trace to the medieval town of Anfa set on a small plateau which is now one of the city's suburbs. The town came under the influence of the Merinids during the 13th century but eventually became independent as the dynasty weakened. Pirates destroyed by the Portuguese in 1468. In 1575 the town was rebuilt and renamed Casa Branca by the Portuguese in an attempt to establish control over the area. 

	Peking Duck (from the Mike Nesmith song Formosa Diner) is a dish made famous long ago by the Chinese in China. This particular dish is served during banquets and special events with days in advanced notice 

	Formosa (from the Mike Nesmith song Formosa Diner) comes from Latin formos meaning "beautiful". The main island of Taiwan is known as Formosa. Portuguese sailors called it Ilha Formosa which means beautiful island.

	Tahiti (from the title of the Mike Nesmith song Tahiti Condo) is the largest island in French Polynesia, located in the archipealgo of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. The capital is Papeete. Tahiti has also been historically known as Otaheite 

	Charlie Russell (from the Mike Nesmith song Laugh Kills Lonesome) was many things: consummate Westerner, historian, advocate of the Northern Plains Indians, cowboy, outdoorsman, writer, philosopher, environmentalist and conservationist, and not least an artist 

	Pecos Bill (from the Mike Nesmith song Laugh Kills Lonesome) was a legendary cowboy hero of the American Southwest who personified the frontier virtues of strength, courage, ingenuity, audacity and humor. His story comprises a series of superhuman feats that illustrate these virtues. Pecos Bill is said to have been born in Texas in the 1830's. According to lore, as an infant he used a bowie knife as a teething ring and played with bears and other wild animals. After falling out of his parents' wagon near the Pecos River in Texas, he became lost and was subsequently raised by coyotes. As an adult, he rode a mountain lion and used a rattlesnake as a whip. Later he rode a horse named Widow-Maker, which no one else could ride not even Bill's bride, Slue-Foot Sue, whom he met when she rode down the Rio Grande on a catfish as large as a whale. During a dry year, Pecos Bill drained the Rio Grande to water his ranch, which included the entire state of New Mexico. 

	The Rio Grande (from the title of the Mike Nesmith song Moon Over The Rio Grande) is called the Rio Bravo or, more formally, the Rio Bravo del Norte in Mexico) is a river that rises in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado to the San Luis Valley then south into New Mexico. The river since 1845 marked the boundary between Mexico and the United States from the twin cities of El Paso, Texas and Crudad Juarez, Chihuahua. 

	Dolby Surround (from the liner notes of the Mike Nesmith album The Garden) was the first technology to be licensed to consumer electronics manufacturers as a means of decoding the surround channel in home systems 

	Baltimore (from the Mike Nesmith song Horserace) is the 12th largest city in the United States. Named the "Charm City" for its residents well-established concern for the quality of life. Long considered a southern town, Baltimore owed much of its early growth and prosperity to its desirable location. It lay farther west than any other major Atlantic port. Baltimore now ranks fifth among United States ports, with major railways and trucking lines carrying cargoes to and from docks at Canton and Curtis Bay, as well as raw materials to the city's many factories. 

	San Antonio, Texas (from the Mike Nesmith song What Am I Doing Hangin Round) was originally founded by Canary Islanders in 1731. San Antonio de Baxar was an early Spanish settlement in the Americas. Famous for being the site of the Battle of the Alamo in 1836. Eventually the town would grow to encompass the embattled mission. Today, the Alamo is in the heart of downtown San Antonio. 

	Hollywood, California (from the title to the Mike Nesmith song Hollywood) is a section of Los Angeles, California. In the early 1900s. Motion picture production companies from New York and New Jersey started moving to sunny California because of the good weather and longer days. Although electric lights existed at that time, none were powerful enough to adequately expose film; the best source of illumination for movie production was natural sunlight. Besides the moderate, dry climate, they were also drawn to the state because of its open spaces and wide variety of natural scenery. 

	Info about Jerico (a bonus track on the Headquarters CD): After the death of Moses, Joshua became the leader of God's people. He led the army of Israel back into Caanan after wondering the desert for 40 years. Jericho was the first city west of the Jordan to be conquered by the Israelites under Joshua. It was surrounded by a huge wall that was wide enough to have houses built on it. Spies had been sent into the city of Jericho, and had been helped by a woman named Rahab. The people of Jericho were very worried because of the huge army outside the gates of their city. The soldiers marched around the city once a day for six days. The priests blew the trumpets before the Ark of the Covenant as they carried it around the city. On the seventh day, they marched around the city seven times with the priests blowing on the trumpets. The people were to be silent. Then as a signal, the priests blew one long blast with the ram's horn and the people gave a shout. The wall fell down flat, just as God had promised. 

	The Micky Dolenz/ Davy Jones song You And I (from the Justus album) was first recorded for the self titled Dolenz, Jones, Boyce And Hart album The bass on Peters song Gettin In (from the Pool It album) sounds the way it does cause he couldn???t get any lower notes on the keyboard on which he was composing the song. 

	Richard Milhous Nixon (mentioned in the song Dyin Of A Broken Heart) was the 36th Vice-President (under Dwight D. Eisenhower) and the 37th President Of The United States. He is the only man to have been elected twice to the Vice Presidency and twice to the Presidency. He was the fifth President of the United States Republican Party to be elected to two terms. He may always be remembered, however, as being the only U.S. President to have resigned from office. His Regis nation came in response to the Watergate scandal. He had lied about his acknowledgement about a break in at Democratic National Committee Headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington, DC 

	The Asian Flu (mentioned in the song Dyin Of A Broken Heart) was a outbreak of influenza that originated in China in 1957 and spread worldwide (including to the USA) that same year. The virus lasted until 1958. A flu vaccine was developed in 1957 to contain its outbreak. Worldwide it is estimated that at least one million people died from this virus. In the United States the death toll was comparatively mild, numbering approximately 72,000 people. 

	Information on Pepsi (mentioned in the song Regional Girl):  A young pharmacist named Caleb Bradham knew that to keep people returning to his pharmacy, he would have to turn it into a gathering place. Caleb Bradham began experimenting with combinations of spices, juices, and syrups trying to create a refreshing new drink to serve his customers. His creation, a unique mixture of kola nut extract, vanilla and rare oils, became so popular his customers named it Brad's Drink. He did so by concocting his own special beverage, a soft drink he called Pepsi-Cola. People responded and sales of Pepsi-Cola started to grow, convincing him that he should form a company to market the new beverage. In 1902, he launched the Pepsi-Cola Company in the back room of his pharmacy, and applied to the U.S. Patent Office for a trademark. At first, he mixed the syrup himself and sold it exclusively through soda fountains. But soon Caleb recognized that a greater opportunity existed to bottle Pepsi so that people could drink it anywhere. In its first year, Caleb sold 7,968 gallons of syrup, using the theme line "Exhilarating, Invigorating, Aids Digestion. Building a strong franchise system was one of Caleb's greatest achievements. Local Pepsi-Cola bottlers, entrepreneurial in spirit and dedicated to the product's success, provided a sturdy foundation. They were the cornerstone of the Pepsi-Cola enterprise. By 1907, the new company was selling more than 100,000 gallons of syrup per year. During World War I, the cost of doing business increased drastically. Caleb was forced into a series of business gambles just to survive, until finally, after three exhausting years, his luck ran out and he was bankrupted. By 1921, only two plants remained open. It wasn't until a successful candy manufacturer, Charles G. Guth, appeared on the scene that the future of Pepsi-Cola was assured. Guth was president of Loft Incorporated, a large chain of candy stores and soda fountains along the eastern seaboard. He saw Pepsi-Cola as an opportunity to discontinue an unsatisfactory business relationship with the Coca-Cola Company. After five owners and 15 unprofitable years, Pepsi-Cola was once again a thriving national brand. Within two years, Pepsi would earn $1 million for its new owner. With the resurgence came new confidence, a rarity in those days because the nation was in the early stages of the Great Depression. 

	Mississippi (mentioned in the song Regional Girl) was the 20th state to enter the Union on December 10, 1817. The capital is Jackson. Its nicknames are the hospitality state and the Magnolia State. The state motto is Virtute et Armis (By valor and arms). The State bird is the Mockingbird. The state flower and tree is the Magnolia. The name "Mississippi" comes from an Indian word meaning "great waters" or "father of waters. In 1540 Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto discovered the Mississippi River when his expedition reached the present limits of the state. He remained until his death in 1542. The Mississippi Territory was organized on April 7, 1798 from territory ceded by Georgia and Carolina and was later expanded twice to include disputed territory claimed by both the U. S. and Spain. The state was the last to repeal prohibition in 1966. 

	A Liver (mentioned in the song Regional Girl and the episode "Dance, Monkees, Dance") is an important organ of the body concerned with metabolism, blood clotting and protein manufacture. 

	Information on Indiana Jones (mentioned in the song Regional Girl):
Actor Harrison Ford played Dr. "Indiana" Jones, a knowledgeable professor by day and famed archeologist by night, in 1981??????????????????s Raiders Of Lost Ark 1883s Indiana Jones And The Temple Of Doom and 1989??????????????????s Indiana Jones And The Last Crusade. He became one of the most adventurous history-powered movie characters of all time. Writer/ director George Lucas first dreamed up the idea of an adventurous archaeologist round about the same time he came up with the idea for a Flash Gordon type tale set in space (which of course became 1977??????????????????s Star Wars). 

	A little history on The Bahamas (mentioned in the song Whole Wide World): In 1492, Christopher Columbus made his first landfall in the Western Hemisphere in The Bahamas. He encountered friendly Arawak Indians and exchanged gifts with them. In 1647, during the time of the English Civil War, a group of Puritan religious refugees from the royalist colony of Bermuda (called the Eleutheran Adventurers) founded the first permanent European settlement in The Bahamas and gave Eleuthera Island its name. Similar groups of settlers formed governments in The Bahamas, but the isolated cays sheltered pirates and wreckers through the 17th century. Charles II granted land in The Bahamas to the Lords proprietors of Carolina, but the islands were left entirely to themselves. After Charles Town was destroyed by a joint French and Spanish fleet in 1703, the local pirates proclaimed an anarchic state. But when the islands became a British Crown Colony in 1717, it brought law and order to The Bahamas. After the American Revolution the British government issued land grants to a group of British Loyalists. The sparse population of The Bahamas tripled in a few years. The planters thought to grow cotton, but the limy soil was unsuited, and the plantations soon failed. Many of the current inhabitants are descended from the slave population brought to work on the Loyalist plantations. When the U.K. outlawed the slave trade in 1807, the Royal Navy began intercepting ships and depositing freed slaves in The Bahamas. Plantation life was finished after the emancipation of remaining slaves in 1834. During the American Civil War, The Bahamas prospered as a center of Confederate blockade. During World War II, the Allies centered their flight training and antisubmarine operations for the Caribbean in The Bahamas. After Havana, Cuba closed to American tourists in 1961, The Bahamas has developed into a major tourist resort. At the same time, the establishment of Freeport as a free trade zone developed into an off-shore financial services center  

	The Caribbean (mentioned in the song Whole Wide World) or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. These islands curve southward from the bottom tip of Florida to the Northwest of Venezuela. There are at least 7000 islands, islets, reefs and caves in the region. They are organized into twenty-five territories including sovereign states, overseas departments and dependencies. The Caribbean consists of the Greater and Lesser Antilles. The Caribbean area is also famous for its sea pirates. 

	The song Pillow Time was written by his mother Janelle (Dolenz) Scott and Matt Willis. According to Micky, they wrote it for a play they were writing that never surfaced. Micky remembered his mother singing it to him and his sisters. His daughter Ami remembers Micky singing her the song as a child also. 

	Alice In Wonderland (mentioned in the song Pillow Time) is a work of children's literature by the British mathematician and author Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll. The story has satirical allusions to Dodgson's friends and to the lessons which British school children were expected to memorize. The Wonderland described in the story contains logic that has lasting popularity with children, mathematicians and users of psychedelic drugs. Dodgson patterned Alices likeness after ten year old Alice Liddell, the child of a church colleague. In 1998, a first edition copy of the book sold at auction for $1.5 million, becoming the most expensive children's book ever sold. Only 22 copies of the 1865 first edition are known to have survived. 

	It is speculated that the nursery rhyme "Jack and Jill" by Louisa May Alcott (mentioned in the song Pillow Time) actually marks the event in English history. In the17th century, King Charles I tried to reform the taxes on liquid measures. He was blocked by Parliament, so subsequently ordered that the volume of a Jack (1/2 pint) be reduced, but the tax remained the same. This meant that he still received more tax, despite the Parliament veto. Hence "Jack fell down and broke his crown" (many pint glasses in the UK still have a line marking the 1/2 pint level with a crown above it) "and Jill came tumbling after". The reference to "Jill", (actually a "gill", or 1/4 pint)is an indication that the gill dropped in volume as a consequence. 

	The Sandman mentioned in the song Pillow Time) in folklore, is a figure who brings good sleep and dreams by sprinkling magic sand onto sleeping children. It is also a symbol of the passage of time to death. The grim reaper is sometimes depicted as holding an hourglass and scythe. 

	"Mother Goose" (mentioned in the song Pillow Time) rhymes are from many sources passed down in folklore (some even written by famous authors frequently without author attribution). The name has been traced to Loret's book La Muse Historique in 1650 with the line, "Like a Mother Goose story. In 1697 Charles Perrault used the name in a published collection of eight fairy tales. The cover showed an old woman spinning and telling stories. The first English appearance of the name is sometimes mistakenly credited to Robert Powel, who presented puppet shows between 1709 and 1711. John Newberry, a writer of children's rhymes, adopted the name for a collection of mostly traditional rhymes. In 1860, a claim was made that the originator of the tales was Elizabeth Goose, great-grandmother of publisher Isaiah Thomas. Scholars have searched for the supposed "ghost volume" which simply does not appear to exist. Despite the facts, people continue to visit the presumed gravesite of Elizabeth Goose. Because Elizabeth Goose's grave has no marker, misled people believe the headstone of a "Mary Goose" is correct. 

	There are various theories of the origin of Humpty Dumpty (mentioned in the song Pillow Time). Humpty Dumpty was a powerful cannon used during the English Civil War. It was mounted on top of the St. Mary's At The Wall church in Colchester, England in order to defend the city against a siege in the summer of 1648. The church tower was hit by the enemy and the top of the tower was blown off, sending "Humpty" tumbling to the ground. Naturally the King's men (the "men" would have been infantry, and "horses" the cavalry troops) tried to save him but in vain. In another theory, Humpty Dumpty referred to King Richard III of England, the hunchbacked monarch, whose horse was named "Wall". During the battle of Bosworth Field, he fell off of his horse and was said to have been "hacked into pieces". Humpty Dumpty may also refer to a Roman war machine called a Testudo (used to cross moats and climb over castle walls). It refers to the turtle like look of the machine and the noise of the wheels. Another theory has Humpty Dumpty as medieval slang for short, clumsy people. 

	A candy whistle (mentioned in the song Pillow Time) is a fruit flavored candy inside a plastic whistle. 

	The Mike Nesmith song Magnolia Simms has a false start, surface noise and a skipping effect. Mike sings falsetto from an idea he got from the country music pioneer Jimmy Rogers. Thinking the listener would believe their record is defective, notes about these effects were written in the album notes. 

	The background noise at the beginning and end of the song Dont Call On Me includes Micky indicating where they are, Mike laughing, Peter asking for the check and Davy greeting people

	Mike recorded the vocals for the Bill Martin song "The Door Into Summer" and the Mike Nesmith/ John London song "Don't Call On Me" in the men's room at RCA Victor Studios because of an echo sound heard in the studio 

	The Pump Room (mentioned in the introduction to the song Dont Call On Me) is a highly acclaimed restaurant and Chicago, Illinois landmark and a magnet for movie stars and celebrities. Ernie Byfield's Pump Room was a success from the day it opened on October 1, 1938. Chicago's socialites ensconced themselves along the large room's western wall to tastefully observe the celebrities who made their appearances along the east side of the room. Those seated in Booth One, perhaps the most renowned dining table in the country, attracted the most attention.

	The Palmer House (mentioned in the introduction to the song Dont Call On Me) was one of the fanciest hotels and a haven for the very rich in Chicago, Illinois after the Great Chicago Fire on October 8-10, 1871. Its amenities included oversized rooms, luxurious decor, and sumptuous meals served in grand style. The floor of the Palmer House barbershop was tiled with silver dollars.  The Palmer House advertised itself as the "only thoroughly fireproof hotel in the United States".

	Chicago, Illinois (mentioned in the introduction to the song Dont Call On Me) is the third largest city in the U. S. and known for its cultural and ethnic diversity. The name Chicago originates from "Checagou" (Chick-Ah-Goo-Ah) or "Checaguar" which in the Potawatomi language means wild onionsor skunk. The area was so named because of the smell of rotting marshland onions that used to cover it. Chicago architecture would become influential throughout the world with the first skyscrapers in 1885. 

	Information on Ladies Aid Societies (from the song Ladies Aid Society): 
During the Civil War, groups of ladies (calling themselves the Ladies Aid Society) met, made bullets and bandages for the men who were fighting. The ladies contributed their support for the cause by assisting in small tasks. The men considered these ladies a great asset. Ladies of today's society are able to help in different ways than our foremothers. Instead of making bandages and repairing uniforms, ladies now help with refreshments and decorations for social events to commemorate our ancestors. Ladies Aid Societies are needed to support and to contribute in any way possible to defend Southern history, heritage and pride. 

	The first inhabitants of the area that is now Acapulco, Mexico (from the song Acapulco Sun) were the Nahuas, a tribe of people that preceded the Aztecs. In 1521 the Spaniard Francisco Chico arrived and named it Santa Lucia. The city became a key trading port between Asia and America, which soon attracted infamous pirates such as Sir Francis Drake, Sir Thomas Cavendish, and Sir Henry Morgan. To defend the lucrative port, the Spaniards built Fuerte de San Diego, which repelled pirates until an earthquake destroyed the fort in 1776. Following the timeline, the city was razed in 1810 during the War of Independence but became a prominent port again during the gold rush in Panama. Acapulco became a popular tourist destination for Europeans after 1920. In the 1950s, after successful efforts to build the city's infrastructure including numerous resort hotels, Acapulco became a vacation destination for the rich and famous of Hollywood and across the world. In the 60s and 70s, more accommodations were built to make it more affordable for vacationers. 

	While recording the Headquarters album, someone brought in tempra paints. Everyone took turns painting something on the glass between the control room and the studio. 

	The song Teeny Tiny Gnome (first referred to as Kicking Stones) was originally a poem by Tommy Boyce and Bobby Harts buddy (and sometime hairdresser) Lynne Castle. RCA Studio session guitarist Wayne Erwin put her words to music.

	Facts about apples (from the song Apples, Peaches, Bananas and Pears and mentioned by Mike in the episode The Prince And The Paupers): apples were the favorite fruit of ancient Greeks and Romans, are a member of the rose family, are 2500 varieties of apples are grown in the United States in 36 states and are 7500 varieties of apples grown throughout the world, is a symbol of immortality, love, or sexuality in many cultures, is significant of the fall of man in the Old Testament in the Bible and is a symbol of the redemption in the New Testament in the Bible. 

	Facts about peaches (from the song Apples, Peaches, Bananas and Pears): peaches were once known as Persian apples, mentioned as early as 79 A.D, have over 700 varieties of peaches, is a symbol of longevity and good luck, often plays an important part in Chinese tradition and are symbolic of long life.

	Facts about bananas (from the song Apples, Peaches, Bananas and Pears): bananas are the most popular fruit in North America, is one of the few fruits that must be imported, is believed to have originated from the jungles of Asia, can help overcome or prevent a substantial number of illnesses, can produce up to 150 bananas on one individual tree, the darkening of ripening bananas is mainly due to large amounts of serotonin and an urban legend states that the dried skin of banana fruit is hallucinogenic when smoked.

	Facts about pears (from the song Apples, Peaches, Bananas and Pears): pears arrived in the United States with European settlers in the 1700s, was first introduced on the west coast by Chinese migrant workers during the 1850s, their soft texture is the result of the starch converting to sugar after being picked from a tree to ripen, are more than 5,000 varieties of pears, not all pear variety have the distinctive are pear shaped appearance, can produce fruit for up to 100 years, Italy, China and the Unites States are the leading pear producers, was once reserved as a food to be served only to the wealthy and the color will not change when it is ripe.

	Bobby Hart describes the song Mr. Webster as Tommy Boyce and Bobby Harts answer to the Beatles song Eleanor Rigby. It was written about a bank detective in the Security National Bank on the corner Of Hollywood and Cahuenga Boulevards in Hollywood. Tommy Boyce recalls that they had their bank accounts there. They noticed there was a bank detective dressed up like the WC Fields detective character in the movie The Bank Dick. The detective watched people writing checks and straightened out the pen on the wire all day. They thought it was very funny and would watch him for hours.

	Producer Chip Douglas created the music cues at the beginning of the Gerry Goffin/ Carol King song Pleasant Valley Sunday and taught Mike how to play it. 

	Engineer Hank Cicalo is given credit for writing the song No Time as a show of appreciation so he could collect the royalties. He bought a house with the money. 

	The song No Time was written within an hour. Engineer Hank Cicalo was getting pressure from producer Lester Sill to finish the album. He kept saying to the guys there's no time. No time. 

	The line "Andy you're a dandy, you don't seem to make much sense" from the song "No Time" refers to famed pop artist Andy Warhol 

	The line the grass is always greener growin on the other side in the song No Time is a slang reference to marijuana smoking 

	Musician David Gates wrote the song Saturday's Child and later played in the band Bread

	"Daydream Believer" was the Monkees only hit after Don Kirshner left. 

	Davy was at the Beatles recording session for Revolution

	The album Headquarters reached number one in 1967 for one week until The Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band knocked it to #2. 

	Peter's use of baby cooings in the song Lady's Baby predated this sound effect later incorporated by Martina McBride and Sara Evans, who used the cooings of their own children on some of their songs.

	Peter and his grandmother were close. "Grams" was one of his staunchest supporters, running a fan club for him, keeping a huge scrapbook on The Monkees, and checking local record stores to see that they kept Monkees records in stock

	Davys popularity with teenage girls led to the casting of lookalike actor Walter Koenig by the producers of "Star Trek" who were looking to attract a younger, more female audience. The widely spread rumor had been that creator/ executive producer Gene Roddenberry included a Russian in the cast after the criticism that since the Russians were the first in space they should be included in space travel

	The Monkees are in the Guinness Book of World Records for having the most #1 Albums in a single year. In 1967, they have four #1 albums (The Monkees, More Of The Monkees, Headquarters and Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn And Jones, Ltd)

	Director, producer and actor James Frawley made appearances on the TV shows Voyage To The Bottom Of The Sea, Gunsmoke, The Man From U.N.C.L.E., The Outer Limits, Twelve OClock High, Perry Mason, The Rouges, Dr. Kildare, Burkes Law, Hogan's Heroes, The Dick Van Dyke Show, My Favorite Martian, The F. B. I., I Spy and McHale's Navy prior to his involvement with The Monkees TV show. His directing credits include directing episodes from the TV shows: That Girl, Cagney and Lacey, Magnum, P. I., Jake And The Fatman, Scarecrow And Mrs. King, Jack and Jill,  Smallville, The Division, The Big Easy, Nancy Drew, Columbo, Ed, Judging Amy, Thieves, That???s Life, Ally MacBeal, Vengeance Unlimited, The Father Dowling Mysteries, The Practice, Spy Game, Picket Fences, Chicago Hope, Melrose Place, Law and Order, "The Three Stooges" made for TV movie, and 32 The Monkees TV episodes.  

	Davy was nearly drafted into the U. S. Army in 1967 but got out of it being his families (ailing fathers) sole income maker. Davy is not a US citizen, but anyone with an American visa can be drafted. The possibly of Davys call up had 500 fans protesting outside the American Embassy on London, England. Before the Monkees, Mike served in the Air Force. Micky was not drafted because he was too skinny. Peter and the U. S. Army had an agreement that he was unacceptable and crazy.

	Mike had an ambitious idea of recording several of his songs with a big band (under the title The Witch Train Whistle Sings). 

	In June 1968 Davy was followed home to England with a BBC film crew making a promotional film clip (or video) for the newly released song D. W. Washburn. 

	After leaving the Monkees, Peter formed an artist development company called BRINCO (Break Through Influence Company). Except for one demo recording for an obscure artist, there is no documentation on the BRINCOs activities.

	Davy got involved in some unfortunate bad business deals. One time manager Hal Cone helped Davy form his own record company (Davy Jones Presents), music publishing company (Syncro Music) and management firm (Jon-Con). All the artists signed to the label never took off and Davy ended up suing Cone for mismanagement of funds. Another ambitious project was helping fund a shopping center that was similar to British flea markets called The Street. All Davy had asked the tenets to pay him 10% of the profits for rent but when after 3 months without any payment, Davy told the tenets that he could no longer help them out. The shopping center shortly closed.

	Randy Scouse Git is a crude English slang term for a sex-crazed Liverpool layabout. A different title for the song had to be found for the British release of the album Headquarters. When told that an alternative title was needed, Micky said That's it. Well call the song Alternative Title. He got the name from watching the British sitcom Till Death Do Us Part where Alf Garnett always called his son-in-law

	When the Monkees took off, people were looking for ways to cash in on their success. One way was to release pre-Monkee recordings. Prior to the Monkees, Micky and the band he was in at the time, The Missing Links, did several demo recordings. Don???t Do It was released in March 1967 and actually reached 75 on the Billboard charts. Another release Huff Puff did not chart.

	Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart with Charles Albertine wrote the theme song for the long-running TV soap opera "Days of Our Lives". 

	A version of Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart's "Gonna Buy Me A Dog" song with Nesmith on vocals was attempted but it was never finished. 

	Elephants (mentioned by Davy in the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Gonna Buy Me A Dog) are amazing animals to see in their own environment. They are incredibly social creatures who have lasting memories and can communicate over long distances through low range sound waves. They show a range of cognitive capabilities and social behavior. Elephants don't drink with their trunks but use them as "tools" to drink with. This is accomplished by filling the trunk with water and then using it as a hose to pour it into the elephant's mouth. Elephant trunk can get very heavy. It is not uncommon to see elephants resting them over a tusk. Elephants cry, play, have incredible memories and laugh 

	The Zulu (mentioned in the song Gonna Buy Me A Dog) are an African ethnic group of about 5 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Their language derives originally from Bantu, more recently from the Nguni subgroup. The Zulu Kingdom played a major role in South African History during the 19th century. Under apartheid, Zulu people were classed as second-class citizens and discriminated against. Today, they are the most numerous ethnic group in the country, and have equal rights along with all other South Africans.

	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Gonna Buy Me Dog was not intended to be a novelty song. 

	During the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Gonna Buy Me Dog in the background you can hear one of the musicians say it's useless and what is this? 

	The line The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Gonna Buy Me Dog about John already having raccoon pajamas refers to Monkee stand-in John London. 

	The line in the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Gonna Buy Me Dog about Micky training elephants refers to Mickys Circus Boy character Corky whose best friend was an elephant named Bimbo. 

	Songwriters Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart wrote the songs Pretty Little Angel Eyes and Come A Little Bit Closer

	Micky was a child actor earning great success in the 1950s with the TV series Circus Boy

	Songwriter Tommy Boyce shot himself on November 23, 1995. He had just been diagnosed with terminal cancer and didnt want to be a burden to his family and friends 

	Davy made appearances on the shows Z-Cars, Ben Casey, Farmers Daughter, Bewitched, Love American Style, The Brady Bunch, Laugh-In, My 2 Dads, Hits, Boy Meets World, The Single Guy, Hermans Head, Sledgehammer! and Sabrina The Teenage Witch

	Peter made appearances on the shows California Dreams, Wings, Boy Meets World, The King Of Queens and 7th Heaven 

	Micky made appearances on the shows Zane Gray Theater, My Three Sons, Mr. Novak, Laugh-In, Adam-12, Canon, Owen Marshall, Totally Hidden Video, The Ben Stiller Show, Pacific Blue, Mike Hammer, Boy Meets World, The Drew Carey Show and As The World Turns

	Davy audition for a role on the show Hogan's Heroes

	Davy owned a circular bed in the 60s 

	Mike's religion, The Church of Scientology, has been and remains a highly controversial organization. It is a system of beliefs and teachings, originally established as a secular philosophy. It was founded in 1878 by Mary Baker Eddy. Scientology was expanded and reworked from the book Dianetics by L. Ron Hubbard. The central beliefs of Scientology are that a person is an immortal spiritual being (referred to as a thetan) who possesses a mind and a body, and that the person is basically good. The life one should lead is one of continual spiritual and ethical education, awareness, and improvement, so that he/she can be happy and achieve ultimate salvation, as well as being more effective in creating a better world. Christian Scientists are taught not to record age and thus do not celebrate birthdays. 

	It is widely thought that the reason why Mike is unable to make a fist with his right hand and the loss of the third finger on the same hand was that a firecracker had gone off in his hand. However, what actually happened was that the neighborhood kids were smashing rocks and the sledgehammer came down on his hand instead of the rock he was holding. Because of his mothers Christian Scientist beliefs the bones were not set in the hand. 

	Mike had his tonsils removed on May 23, 1967 and because of his Christian Scientist beliefs, he checked himself out of the hospital as early as he could 

	Peters family lived in Berlin, Germany for a while and Peter quickly learned the German language and was able to start school at 4 

	The first instrument Peter learned to master was the ukulele 

	Mike owned a Doberman in the late 60s named Fraak and it was not very friendly according to Davy 

	Micky and Samantha Juste had a lot of cats when they were married in the 60s and early 70s. Samantha had some as pets already and some Micky adopted some stray cats. 

	Peter had pet boxer mix dog as a boy named Addie 

	In the 60's, Davy's dog Suzy ran away. He replaced it with a new dog and named it Suzy II 

	A "Double Guitar Iris" effect in which the Monkees logo would zoom into the screen and end one scene then followed by an inner guitar which would introduce the next scene was used in 8 episodes 

	Flat lighting (a typical TV technique where the entire set was lit the same) was not used for filming "The Monkees" TV series. Bob Rafelson felt the background of a set wasn't important. He felt that all people look at was the foreground because there is no depth to TV 

	Davy falls in love in only 12 episodes 

	Gerald Gardner and Dee Caruso wrote the most Monkees TV series scripts at 19 by themselves or with other people

	Jack Winter wrote the most Monkees TV series scripts at 6 without any partners 

	The shirt worn most often by Mike in the Monkees TV series is orange with buttons in the front in 7 episodes

	The shirt worn most often by Micky in the Monkees TV series is olive green with buttons in the front in 6 episodes

	The shirt worn most often by Peter in the Monkees TV series is orange with buttons in the front in 6 episodes

	The shirt worn most often by Davy in the Monkees TV series is a black turtleneck in 7 episodes

	Bob Rafelson (producer of The Monkees TV series) created Hootenanny for ABC television in 1962. He was hired by Universal Pictures as an associate producer for the films The Greatest Show On Earth, Channing and The Wackiest Ship In The Army. 

	Producer Bob Rafelson was a compulsive drifter. He was a rodeo rider in Arizona at 15, worked on a European-bound oceanliner at 17, played drums with an Acapulco jazz band at 18 and wrote prize winning plays at Dartmouth College by the age of 20. During WW2 as a serviceman, he worked as a DJ on Japanese military radio and translated suitable Japanese films for export to America. 

	There are training wheels on the guys' unicycles 

	The different colors of the 8-button shirt seen throughout the series: red, blue, navy, off-white, black and gold 

	The most used catch phrase is "Don't do that" in 9 episodes and in second is "You must be joking" in 6 episodes 

	Mike's wool hat is seen in three colors during the series: green, light blue and white. The hat goes from having no buttons to 4 buttons and finally to 6 buttons throughout the series 

	Peter never gets to drive the Monkeemobile on the show

	The Monkeemobile is seen in 15 episodes 

	The original Monkeemobile was found in a 1992 government foreclosure auction in Puerto Rico

	The license plate on The Monkeemobile: NPH 623 

	Peter in the late 60s once had a Honda motorbike, a red GTO and a Mercedes (given to him by the creators of the Monkees and the GTO later got smashed up by Stephen Stills and Jimi Hendrix). But his real treasure was his bright red MGB-GT. This British car was definitely expensive and very sporty. Peter had the inside decked out in black, and added a stereo tape deck. 

	Micky's car buying was less extravagant than most in the late 60s. Like Peter, he also had been given by the creators of the Monkees a Honda motorbike, a maroon GTO and bright red Mercedes convertible. Micky also had a VW Beetle (he later gave it to his sister Coco) and a VW van which was painted like the American Flag (white on the top, red in the middle, blue on the bottom. He also took all of the seats out of the back). While in England in February 1967, Micky had purchased 2 very expensive 1920s vintage British racing cars. However, soon after they arrived one of the cars fell down the hill because the parking break wasnt on and flipped over. 

	Davy had a Honda motorbike and a blue GTO given to him by the creators of the Monkees. He also had a hearse that cost $300 (Hearses were big in the late 60s) and a special silver-gray Honda sportscar. His Honda was one of only five in the whole United States. He had it imported from Japan. He had a few other sportscars, a VW, and a Buick Roadster 

	Mike had a weakness for buying expensive cars. In one single year he bought seven cars. That's more than most people buy in a lifetime. It may seem like nothing compared to the extravagant rock stars of today, but for 1967, that was unheard of. Like the other Monkees, Mike had a Honda motorbike and a white GTO given to him by the creators of the Monkees. He also had a Buick Riviera, a 1957 Chevy, an old pickup truck and assorted motorcycles. His most famous purchase was that of a dark brown Radford Mini-Cooper, which he bought in England on the Monkees' Tour in 1967. The windows were tinted black, and had all sorts of electronic equipment in it. On the dashboard was a sign that said "No Smoking". Mike's Mini-Cooper was the most expensive Mini-Cooper ever built, costing $9,100 (three times as much as most Mini-Coopers cost). Besides all that, Mike also had a Lamborghini 400 2+2, a Jaguar XKE, a Jeep, a speedboat, a dune buggy and a Lear Jet (supposedly). 

	Auditions for The Monkees TV series were truly bizarre: 
Micky found producers Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider balancing piles of bottles, cups and glasses on a desk. Micky grabbed a cup and put it on the top of the stack proclaiming checkmate.
Peter found producers Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider juggling balls. He observed this in silence with Harpo Marx-like expressions. He also happen to trip when he entered the room which caught Bob and Bert's interest thinking it was a stunt. 
Davy found producers Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider asking him bizarre questions like Where would go for a hamburger on Mars? and he turned the tables on Bob and Bert by asking them questions. 
Mike was more forthright with producers Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider. He showed up at the interview wearing his green wool hat, jeans, cowboy boots and carrying a sack of laundry he was going to do after the interview demanding to know what this was all about. 

	On the section on his application for inquiring about previous experience, Mike drew a diagonal line through it and wrote life- a reference to French Philosopher Jean Paul Sartret 

	The late Harvard Law Professor and LSD guru Timothy Leary was one of the few contemporaries who saw the Monkees for what really was: a satire of society with a message of freedom, equality and love for all. 

	Cher's mom often worked as an extra on the show 

	The 8-button shirt was inspired by the shirt John Wayne wore in many of his movies 

	Singer/ songwriter Paul Williams (writer of the song Someday Man) has composed many hit songs (We Only Just Begun, The Rainbow Connection, Evergreen and Just An Old Fashion Love Song) has been an Academy Award nominee and winner in different musical categories, has written film scripts and musicals, acted and performed comedy 

	Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller (who wrote D. W. Washburn, Shake 'Em Up and You Can't Tie A Mustang Down) song catalog is enormous with hits by Elvis Presley, The Drifters, Charles Brown, Floyd Dixon and The Coasters 

	Singer, songwriter, and pianist Neil Sedaka (co-writer of The Girl I Left Behind Me, Rainy Jane, Hold On Girl and When Love Comes Knockin) enjoyed two distinct periods of commercial success in two slightly different styles of pop music: first, as a teen pop star in the late 1950' and early 60's, then as a singer of more mature pop/rock in the 1970s. In both phases, Sedaka, a classically trained pianist, composed the music for his hits, which he sang in a boyish tenor. 

	Carol Bayer-Sager (co-writer of Hold On Girl and When Love Comes Knockin) wrote her first songs while attending New York's High School of Music and Art during the early 1960s She was discovered by producer Don Kirshner and signed her to his Screen Gems publishing company and in 1966 authored her first hit, the Mindbenders song "A Groovy Kind of Love." 

	Singer-songwriter Diane Hildebrand, may be best known for having written "Early Morning Blues and Greens, Merry Go Round and co-writing Goin Down and Your Auntie Grizelda, released an album for Elektra in 1969. Her album confirmed her status as a minor singer/songwriter, her thin voice delivering average material that had nothing to make her stand out in a crowded field. If there is any point of reference among other performers of her time, it is low-key pop-folk-rock, with sympathetic full production that bears a little similarity to Linda Rhondstats folk days. 

	Arguably one of the most successful songwriting partnerships of the rock era, the husband-wife team of Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil formed a cornerstone of the famous Brill Building sound. They wrote hits for The Drifters (On Broadway), Paul Revere and the Raiders (Kicks), The Animals (We Gotta Get Out of This Place) and Righteous Brothers (You've Lost that Loving Feeling) and the Monkees (Shades Of Gray and co-wrote Love Is Only Sleeping and Daily Nightly with Mike). Such was the pattern within the Brill Building as the songwriting partnerships of King/ Goffin (I Don???t Think You Know Me, Sometime In The Morning, A Man Without A Dream, Pleasant Valley Sunday, Star Collector and Porpoise Song) and Barry/ Greenwhch (She Hangs Out) were also husband and wife teams. The pattern seemed to work, and in the case of Mann and Weil, it was the former who supplied much of the music, while Weil contributed the lyrics. 

	Folk musician Pete Seeger (immortalized in the song Seeger's Theme) was going to be Peters guest on one of The Monkees TV episodes. A time and day was never worked out before NBC canceled the show. However, Peter's commentary from "The Monkees" season 2 DVD reveals his choice was Janis Joplin who he met up with at the Monterey International Pop Festival in June 1967.

	Producer Don Kirshner was known as the man with the golden ear due to has ability to pick hit songs and hiring hit songwriters. 

	Michael Martin Murphey (who wrote What Am I Doing Hangin Round, Oklahoma Ballroom Dancer and Prithee) was a guitarist/songwriter who led the country-rock group The Lewis and Clarke Exhibition in the mid-to-late 60s and had some pop success. His songs were cut by the likes of Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs, Kenny Rogers, Roger Miller and Bobbie Gentry. He enjoyed a huge pop hit in the 1970s with "Wildfire." For a time he was known as the Cosmic Cowboy after one of his early songs. His interest in cowboy and Native American subjects led to the foundation of the Warner Western imprint, a subsidiary label devoted to cowboy music and poetry. 

	Pineapple (mentioned in the Peter Percival Patterson's Pet Pig Porky rhyme) is a tropical fruit native to Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. It was named "pineapple" because of its resemblance to a pine cone. The pineapple is also an old symbol of hospitality and can often be seen in carved decorations.

	Minced tarts (mentioned in the Peter Percival Pattersons Pet Pig Porky rhyme) are a rich pastry generally associated with festive occasions. Originally, mince pies contained mincemeat (a mixture of meat, suet, dried fruit and spices). A British tradition associated with minced tarts says that eating one a day on each of the twelve days of Christmas will ensure a happy following year

	Pumpkin pie (mentioned in the Peter Percival Pattersons Pet Pig Porky rhyme) is a traditional American dessert with pumpkin based custard baked in a single pie shell. It is usually synamous with Thanksgiving. The Native Americans brought pumpkins as gifts to the first settlers and taught them many uses for it. Pumpkin pie became a common food item about 50 years after the first Thanksgiving in America in 1621.

	Pizza pie (mentioned in the Peter Percival Pattersons Pet Pig Porky rhyme) has it origins in northern Italy when the ancient Etruscans began baking a flat bread beneath stones on a hearth. To add taste, simple toppings consisting of herbs, olive oil, and spices were added after the bread was cooked. This dish was given the name picea which in the old Neapolitan dialect means to pick or to pluck, referring to the act of plucking this bread out of the oven or to picking at it with the hands. In southern Italy and Sicily, the people improved on the Etruscan picea by cooking the toppings into the bread rather than adding them in afterwards and served as the main course at dinner. For many centuries, picea changed very little. It wasn't until 1889 that tomatoes and mozzarella cheese were both included in pizza. Queen Margherita of Savoy ordered Raffaele Esposito, a Neapolitan pizza chef, to make a pizza for a royal party. In an act of patriotism, chef Esposito designed a pizza pie made of red tomatoes, white mozzarella cheese, and green basil to match the colors of the Italian flag. The name became noteworthy in pop culture after it was mentioned in the lyric of the Dean Martin song That???s Amore.

	Actress Valerie Kairys appeared in the most episodes with 13 episode appearances. Followed by actor Monte Landis with 6 episode appearances and actor Henry Corden with 5 episode appearances.

	Actress Valerie Kairys roles on The Monkees TV series include: a girl being rescued by Monkee firefighters in the episode Monkees Vs. Machine, Nancy in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers, a go-go dancer in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool, a dancer at the party in the episode The Chaperone, a member of the Mammoth studio crew in the episode I've Got A Little Song Here, a girl staring at Davy in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern), Toby Willis in the episode Monkees A La Mode (the only episode she received credit),  a girl serenaded by Mike in the exercise rowboat in the episode The Case Of The Missing Monkee,  a girl summoned by Micky/ Wolfman in the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash,  a spectator after the race in the episode "Monkees Race Again" (she kisses David after winning the race),  a spectator in the episode "Monkees Mind Their Manor",  Melody in the episode "Some Like It Lukewarm", a girl at the KXIW-TV studio in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO) and a girl on the street in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO).

	Actress Valerie Kairys acting credits include the role of Kitty on Batman.

	The late actor Monte Landis roles on The Monkees TV series include: King Hassar in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik, Zeckenbush in the episode Monkee Mayor, Duce in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake, Shah Ku in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling, Mr. Zero in the episode The Devil And Peter Tork and Oraculo in Monkees Blow Their Minds. 

	The late actor Monte Landis acting credits include: Saura in General Hospital, Dr. Dodd in the movie Real Genius, Mario in the movie Pee Wees Big Adventure, a grave digger in the movie Young Frankenstein, master of ceremonies in the movie Charade, various guest roles on Wagon Train, various guest roles on Dragnet, various roles on Johnny Quest and various guest roles on Hogans Heroes

	Actor Henry Cordens roles on The Monkees TV series include: Americas favorite landlord Mr. Babbitt in the episodes Monkee See, Monkee Die, The Chaperone,  Don???t Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth  and Monkee Mother and Mr. Blauner in the episode Wild Monkees 

	Actor Henry Cordens acting credits include several guest appearances on the TV series Hogans Heroes, the voice of Fred Flintstone on The Flintstones, the voice of Heathcliff in Heathcliff, various voices in The Smurfs, various voices in Scooby Doo and various voices in The Jetsons

	Actor Bernard Fox (Twiggly in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) has a long list of member able roles to his credit: the bumbling witch doctor Dr. Bombay on the TV series Bewitched, Adboul The Magician on the TV series "I Dream Of Jeannie", the uninformed spy Col. Crittendon on the TV series  Hogans Heroes. In recent years he has several roles in big movie (most notable- Dr. Archibald Gracie in the movie Titanic and Captain Winston Havlock in the movie The Mummy).

	Actor Felix Silla (Circus Performer in the episode "Monkees At The Circus") is the "The Addams Family" beloved Cousin Itt. Although, you never see his face because of his hair and another actor dubbed the nonsense words "spoken" by Cousin Itt.

	In the videos for "Daydream Believer" and "Randy Scouse Git", Peter is wearing a temporary tattoo on his hand 

	The first concerts were opened by The Apollos (a Supremes-style trio), Jewel Akens and Bobby Hart's Candy Store Prophets (who were basically the musicians on the first album) 

	Russian poet Yevgeny Yyevtushenko was in attendance at the Monkees first live concert in Honolulu, Hawaii on December 3, 1966. In his autobiography, Davy would remember meeting him

	Asked repeatly when the Beatles were going to get back together, Paul McCartney once said "You can't reheat a souffle" and Peter asked about the Monkees getting back together added "Spaghetti warms over very well" 

	The Monkees TV series "won" the nightly Nielson ratings race 22 times (including reruns) during the first season, but it never did at all during the second season (it may be because the popular western series "Gunsmoke" was aired opposite "The Monkees" on CBS during the second season) 

	The "Monkee Mother" episode was the highest rated episode on the weekly Neilson chart for all network shows (at #28) 

	Of all the episodes, the "Monkees At The Circus" episode had the highest nightly Nielson rating with a 22 rating and a 33.3 share. "The Christmas Show" episode had the lowest Nielson rating with a 12.7 rating and a 28.3 share. Most episodes averaged a 15 rating and a 28 share in the nightly Nielson ratings. Ratings measure the percentage of all households that have a TV and are tuned to a particular program. Shares measure the percentage of all households with a TV set turned to a particular program 

	The episode Monkees A La Carte has the most guest stars (excluding non-speaking cameo parts) for the first season at 8.

	The episode Monkees On Tour has no guest stars (that is if you don't count the swan)

	The episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) has the most guest stars (excluding non-speaking cameo parts) for the second season at 9. 

	The episodes One Man Shy, Monstrous Monkee Mash and Monkees In Paris have the least number of guest stars (excluding non-speaking cameo parts) at 2

	Micky was taught the drums and the drum set up for a left handed person when Micky is right handed 

	Peter is the oldest Monkee. This was a hidden fact in the 60s. When the fan magazines listed Peters birthday, they wrote 1943 not 1942. This is probably due to the fact that early on in the series Mike was taking on a leadership role in the group and it looked better if he was also the oldest. 

	Jerk (mentioned in the song Lets Dance On) is a dance, deriving from the twist, in which the dancers alternately thrust out their pelvises and their shoulders 

	The Pony (mentioned in the song Lets Dance On) was inspired the 1962 Chubby Checker hit song Do The Pony 

	The Shotgun (mentioned in the song Lets Dance On) was inspired the 1965 Junior Walker and the all-stars hit Shotgun 

	The Twine (mentioned in the song Lets Dance On) was inspired by the 1957 Alvin Cash and the Crawlers song Dion' Twine Time

	The Action (mentioned in the song Lets Dance On) was inspired by the 1965 song for the TV show Where The Action Is written by Freddy Cannon 

	The Watusi (mentioned in the song Lets Dance On) was a very popular solo dance done in the early 1960's. Its popularity was near that of the Twist dance. The Watusi are/is an ethnic group in Africa 

	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Lets Dance On does not have a bass player on it because the song was done so very quickly (supposedly in 7 minutes) that by the time the bass player arrived the song was finished 

	Don Kirshner's last demos presented to the Monkees were the Jeff Berry song "Sugar, Sugar" and the Neil Diamond song  A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You and Don Kirshner described the songs as "cute ideas" 

	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "Last Train To Clarksville" was written over a 20 minute coffee break. They used "No No No" in the refrain to counterpoint the Beatles "Yeah Yeah Yeah" 

	Bobby Hart first got the idea for "Last Train To Clarksville" when he first heard the fade to the Beatles song "Paperback Writer" and he thought they were singing "take the last train to... something" 

	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "Last Train To Clarksville" knocked "96 Tears" by ? and the Mysterians out of the #1 spot on the Billboard Charts 

	Micky's sister Coco sings the background lyrics in "Shorty Blackwell" and "Midnight Train" as well as some other songs. 

	"Papa Gene's Blues" was originally called "Brand X". 

	The line Ah, Pick It Luther from the song Papa Gene's Blues is a reference to Luther Perkins and Johnny Cash. who used the line in one of his songs

	Mike dedicated the album And The Hits Keep Comin to his former choir director Annalee Huffaker

	Mike's song "Papa Gene's Blues" was the only song from the first album not recorded at RCA Victor Studios. It was recorded at Western Recorder Studios 

	On January 15, 1967 the guys were in Cleveland, Ohio for a concert and discovered that the music stores had the "More Of The Monkees" album on the shelves 

	For the cover photo of the album More Of The Monkees, two photos were cropped and combined in order to make a better picture. The photos were taken for an ad for J C Penny. They were not happy to find the pictures on the album cover.

	The story about the inspiration for the Boyce/Hart song Words:
Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart had done the show American Bandstand on a hayride in Bakersfield, CA. Before departing one girl was standing to the side and no one was talking to her. So they asked her to come along. Reluctant to come at first, the girl (Rosemary) joins in. Three weeks later, back in Los Angeles, she sent this very beautiful thank you card. As you opened the card it said Tommy and Bobby, WORDS can never express how nice you two were to me at the hayride. Taken by the bold capital WORDS they thought- wow what a great idea for a song- Words. The song Words was also one of the few times Peter actually sings on a record- he and Micky provide overlapping vocals for the track. 

	Don Kirshner thought the Chip Douglas song "Forget That Girl" "kind of has a negative message to it" 

	Bobby Hart said that it was Bob Rafelson's idea to write a song about a classified ad (the song "P. O. Box 9847") 

	Bobby Hart calls the song "Tear Drop City" 'Clarksville' sideways 

	The original lyric for John Stewart's song "Daydream Believer" was "now you know how funky I can be". RCA executives thought Davy should say happy instead of funky 

	The Beatles song "Hello Goodbye" knocked the John Stewart song "Daydream Believer" out of the #1 spot on the Billboard charts 

	The Jerry Leiber/ Mike Stoller song "D. W. Washburn" was the first Monkees single not to make the top 10 on the Billboard charts. It peaked at #19 

	Micky dropped the glass of ice on Don Kirshner's head during one of the recording sessions for the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "Take A Giant Step" 

	There are 6 song titles from the first 9 albums that have the word "girl" in the title: "Hold On Girl", "The Kind Of Girl I Could Love", "Forget That Girl", "The Girl I Knew Somewhere", "The Girl I Left Behind Me" and "Little Girl" 

	Some of the instruments Peter can play: french horn, harpsichord, bass, guitar, banjo, piano and drums 

	The Keller/Hilderbrand song "Your Auntie Grizelda" melody is similar to the Rolling Stones song "19th Nervous Breakdown" 

	A story of the term "fudging" (from the line the righteous making fudge in the song Your Auntie Grizelda):
There was a merchant ship captain in the 1600's whose name was Captain Fudge. Captain Fudge was a very charismatic man who was always excited about something and would excite others by exaggerations, little white lies, that sort of thing. So, Captain Fudge was nicknamed "Lying Fudge" for obvious reasons. Fudge was unable to tell the truth about anything. If it was a story about his success, it was always fudged to sound more grandiose than it really had been. If he had made a blunder, then he fudged the blame onto someone or something else. It was never his fault. He had the ability to fudge people into doing things, but sadly, nothing was truly the way he said and nothing ever worked out the way he said it would. Thus, the term ????????????fudging???????????? came to be. Fudge became synonymous with lying. 

	A story on the term a bird of grace (from the line in the song Your Auntie Grizelda):
A woman was returning home from the funeral of her murdered husband. She was carrying an infant, (whom her husband never had the opportunity to see). The baby was dying from toxins that had been injected into him shortly after his birth. Another child was in the hospital, dying from polio and pneumonia. As she walked home, the woman encountered the body of her cousin, who had just been murdered. Her husband's dog had run ahead. The dog was caught and shot in the head as the woman helplessly watched. The woman, in modern terms, "lost it." She started running after the shooters, screaming at them. As she was running, a turtledove landed on her shoulder. That was startling, and calming. She slowed. The bird remained on her shoulder. When she approached her house, the woman saw the head of the family cow sitting in the middle of the front steps. The cow's hide was flopped over the porch railing. The men who volunteered to guard the house and barn during the funeral had been murdered. Throughout the screaming and the grief, the bird remained with the woman. The woman thought that was amazing. The bird had grace, fluttered a little, but always remained calm. Her tranquility calmed the woman. The bird is Amazing Grace. 

	Music coordinator Brendon Cahill was the person who is referred to as "goofy the tooth" in the song "Goin' Down". 

	New Orleans (mentioned in the song Goin Down) is known for its multicultural heritage (especially French and Spanish influences) and its music and cuisine. It is a major tourist destination thanks to its many festivals and celebrations. The most notable annual events are Mardi Gras, Jazz Fest, and the Sugar Bowl. New Orleans was founded in 1718 and was named in the honor of Philippe, duc d'Orlans, who was regent and ruler of France when the city was founded. The site was selected because it was a rare bit of natural high ground along the flood-prone banks of the lower Mississippi River and was adjacent to a Native American trading route and portage between the Mississippi and Lake Pontchartrain via Bayou St. John. New Orleans is a major port city due to its location near the Gulf of Mexico and along the Mississippi River, making it a hub for goods which travel to and from Latin America. The petroleum industry is also of great importance to the New Orleans economy with the many oil rigs located in the Gulf. Much of the city is located below sea level by levees. Until the early 20th century, construction was largely limited to the slightly higher ground along old natural river levees and bayous, since much of the rest of the land was swampy and subject to frequent flooding. This gave the city the shape of a crescent along a bend of the Mississippi River and the nickname The Crescent City.

	If you look at the picture on "The Monkees" album you'll notice that Mike is saying something as the picture is being taken. The photographer had been taking pictures all day. Mike was getting tired, impatient and temperamental. So he told the photographer he had until the count of 3 to take the picture. He counted one---two---thr---the picture is taken---ee 

	"The Monkees" album was originally shipped with a misspelling for Mike's song "Papa Gene's Blues". It was incorrectly spelled "Papa Jean's Blues". It was quickly replaced with the correct spelling and the misspelled copies are one of the more valuable Monkees collector's items 

	Peter lived in a house once owned by actor Wally Cox during "The Monkees" TV series 

	The "More Of The Monkees" Album knocked "The Monkees" Album out of the #1 spot on Billboard's album chart and they occupied the top two spots on the album chart of a number of weeks in the Spring of 1967 

	Neil Young played guitar on the Davy Jones/ Bill Chadwick song "You and I" and on the Carole King/ Toni Stern song "As We Go Along" 

	The word Zilch (from the song Zilch) means nothing or zero. The name was probably made from combining the words zero and nil. The name may have come from college slang of the 1920s, in which Joe Zilsch was the typical average student (referring to an individual who is otherwise unidentified). Some reference books suggest the Ballyhoo humor magazine first published the name in a 1931 story. One of its characters was called Mr. Zilsch (actually there were several of them: the front page of the first issue advertised President Henry P. Zilsch, Chairman of the Board Charles D. Zilsch and Treasurer Otto Zilsch). The character was not actually pictured in cartoons in the magazine, but was obviously present, so he was the little man who wasnt there. The spelling of the word zilch appears first in print in the mid 1960s. 

	"Paging Mr. Bob, Mr. Bob Dobalina" (Peter's line in the song "Zilch") was somebody Peter had heard being paged over an airport's intercom 

	"Never mind the further more, the plea is self-defense" (Micky's line in the song "Zilch") is a line from the song "No Time" 

	"China Clipper calling Alameda" (Davy's line in the song "Zilch") is from an old movie about the first transpacific flight. The plane (China Clipper) was calling the airport (in Alameda, California)

	 A Penny Whistle (mentioned in the Bill Martin song "The Door Into Summer") is a wind instrument similar to a recorder 

	The title for the Bill Martin song "The Door Into Summer" was inspired by the Robert Heinlein novel "The Door Into Summer" 

	Mike recorded the vocals for the Bill Martin song "The Door Into Summer" and the Mike Nesmith/ John London song "Don't Call On Me" in the men's room at RCA Victor Studios because of an echo sound heard in the studio 

	King Midas (mentioned in the song Door Into Summer) appears in legends written by Greek and Roman authors. He rescued Silenus, the favorite companion of Dionysos as he was completely drunk and treated him well. Therefore Dionysos wanted to thank him and granted him one wish. King Midas chose, despite the advice of Dionysos, the capacity of changing everything in gold by a simple touch. He went around his palace and changed everything into gold, including his palace gates. After a while, he started to be hungry and thirsty but everything had changed into gold. His servants tried to feed him but it didnt work. Understanding that his wish wasnt very wise, he begged Dionysos to relieve him from it. 

	Fools gold (mentioned in the song The Door Into Summer) is called pyrite. It is often mistaken for the real thing. In fact many people who went West during the California Gold Rush of 1845 often uncovered pyrite instead of gold. It is used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid and sulfur dioxide. Pellets of pressed pyrite dust have been used to recover iron, gold, copper, cobalt, nickel and used to make inexpensive jewelry. 

	Samba (from the song Calico Girlfriend) is the most famous music arising from African and Portuguese music in Brazil. The name "samba" most probably comes from the Angolan semba (mesemba) - a religious rhythm. At the beginning of the 20th century, the samba developed in several directions. One of these new styles was the bossa nova. 

	Calico (from the song Calico Girlfriend) is a fabric made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. The fabric is less coarse and thick than canvas or denim. Its unfinished and undyed appearance makes it very cheap. The name "calico" is derived from the name of the city of Calicut, Kerala, India. 

	Rhode Island (from the song Calico Girlfriend) is the smallest state in the United States and the state with the longest official name (The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations). It was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution. Rhode Island was the only one of the thirteen colonies that had complete religious freedom. Rhode Island is known as "The Ocean State" due to its naval history and the fact that every point in the state is within 30 miles of sea water. The capital is Providence. 

	Micky has said that the song All Of Your Toys I and working in the studio with Chip Douglas was probably the closest thing to the Monkees, and the real Monkees sound, that ever existed 

	The Paul Butterfield Blues Band recorded Mike's song "Mary, Mary" a few years before "The Monkees" TV series began 

	Dick Clark was the promoter for the Monkees 1967 tour. When Jimi Hendrix and the Experience wanted to leave the tour, it was leaked to the press that the reason why Jimi Hendrix and the Experience left the tour was because the Daughters of the American Revolution said their act was obscene. The real reason why they left the tour is because of the bad response from the concert goers during their set. The rumor only made Jimi Hendrix and the Experience more popular 

	Songwriter Neil Diamond, (Imp A Believer, Look Out (Here Comes Tomorrow) , Love To Love and A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You) never met the Monkees 

	Songwriter Carole King (I Won't Be The Same Without Her, Pleasant Valley Sunday, Porpoise Song, As We Go Along and A Man Without A Dream) wanted Micky to sing the way she sang it on her demo 

	Glen Campbell was a studio session musician in the 60's and worked on the "More Of The Monkees album 

	A short history of one of Mickys favorite instruments- the Moog Synthesizer:
Robert Moog developed the first commercial synthesizer in 1964 and it had many features that have since become standard. His synthesizer digitally controlled the voltage one volt per octave. This relieved the composer of having to tune each of the notes by hand to obtain the right pitch or volume. 

	Photographer Henry Diltz played clarinet on the Jerry Leiber/ Mike Stoller song "Shake Em Up". Micky introduces him on the recording during an instrumental solo on the "Missing Links Vol. 3" CD 

	During the "More Of The Monkees" album sessions when Mike would get frustrated with the choices of music, people would tell him "what do you mean it's no good. It's selling millions" 

	Mike's first public distaste of Don Kirshner was in an interview for the Saturday Evening Post magazine on January 28, 1967 

	Mike was present for the recording and filming for the orchestral part in the Beatles song "A Day in the Life". Mike later said that when the camera was on John Lennon and himself, Mike asked John what they should be doing. John said "nothing" 

	Irish TV beat the English to the punch by debuting "The Monkees" TV series a good 2 months ahead of England

	Peter contributed some 5-string banjo work on George Harrison's "Wonderwall" soundtrack 

	"Girl Named Love" was originally planned as a medley with the song "The Girl I Left Behind Me" for possible inclusion for the album The Birds, The Bees And The Monkees. Davy didn't complete the vocal for "Girl Named Love" leaving the first portion intact and the song failed to see release on the album. It would finally be released as a CD bonus track for the 1994 CD release of "The Birds, The Bees And The Monkees". 

	The Paul Williams song "Someday Man" was initially the A-side single that featured Mike's song "Listen to the Band" as the B-side but, response to "Listen to the Band" was so positive that the sides were reversed midway through it's release 

	The Paul Williams song "Someday Man" was the first song recorded that was a non Screen Gems copyrighted song 

	Jerry Lewis visited the Monkees set presumably to consider directing an episode. According to Micky, he stayed for a while watching the guys filming, running around tearing up the set, playing practical jokes on the crew and harassing the other actors. Unfortunately, he never came back 

	The Pad's refrigerator appears to be a 1930s style GE Monitor top refrigerator. It is perhaps the most recognized of vintage refrigerators. Built on the principal of a French industrialist concept for a hermetically sealed refrigeration system, the first models available to the general public, for residential use, were introduced in 1927. General Electric committed $18 million dollars to the manufacturing of these units and another million dollars to advertise them to the public. With a price tag of only $300, these first models were considered the first affordable refrigeration units for the average family. Many utility companies offered the GE Monitor Top refrigerator to their customers for as little as $10 a month, simply added to their monthly utility bill. 

	Lynbrook (a sign seen in the Monkees Pad) is a village in New York and there is also a Lynbrook High School in California 

	

	Movie posters seen in the Monkees Pad: "Rings Around the World" (a 1966 film with Don Ameche, about circuses), "Knock on any Door" (a 1949 film with Humphrey Bogart) and "Fine Feathers" (a 1921 film with Eugene Pallette). 

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series Mission Impossible and The Monkees: Lou Antonio (Judd in Hillbilly Honeymoon, Wally Cox (Aprils Laundromat Patron in Monkees Get Out More Dirt), Alexandra Hay (Clarisse Rowlings in "Monkee Mother), Michael Bell (Painter in Art, For Monkees Sake), Vincent Gardenia (Bruno in Case Of The Missing Monkee), Peter Brocco (Mr. Swenzey in Monkee Mayor), Vic Tailback (George in Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers), Rocco in Son Of Gypsy and Churches in Art, For Monkees Sake), Oscar Berge, Jr. (Count Myron in The Prince And The Paupers), Ben Wright (Davys Grandfather in Success Story), Art Lewis (Inspector in Find The Monkees  and Lawyer in The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)), William Benedict (Skywriter in Monkee Mayor and Butlers Father in Monkees Mind Their Manor),  Stuart Margolin (Male Alien in Monkees Watch Their Feet), Ron Masak (Count in Monstrous Monkee Mash), Paul Sorenson (Red O'Leary in Monkees A La Carte) and Vincent Beck (Sigmund in Royal Flush, Marco in Son Of Gypsy and Ivan in Card Carrying Red Shoes)

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series Bewitched and The Monkees: Felix Sillva (Circus Performer in "Monkees At The Circus"), Henry Corden (Mr. Babbitt in Monkee See, Monkee Die, The Chaperone,  Don???t Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth and Monkee Mother and Mr. Blauner in Wild Monkees), Diana Chesney (Mrs. Weefers in The Chaperone), Elizabeth Frazer (The Judge in The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)), Cliff Norton (JL in The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)), Jeanne Arnold (Maria in Son Of Gypsy), Art Lewis (Inspector in Find The Monkees), Don Penny (Honeywell in The Spy Who Came In From The Cool), Ned Glass (Schloto in Monkees In The Ring), Judy March (Judy Rudnick in Monkee Mother), Milton Frome (Manny in Monkees On The Line), Eldon Quick (Rob Roy Fingerhead in Monkees A La Mode), Hamilton Camp (Philo in Monkees At The Movies), Vic Tayback (Rocco in Son Of Gypsy and Chuche in Art, For Monkees Sake), Bobo Lewis (Miss Chumsky in Find The Monkees), Arch Johnson (General Vandenberg in The Chaperone), Paul Sorenson (Red O'Leary in Monkees A La Carte), Owen McGiveny (Old Man in Ive Got A Little Song Here), Oliver MacGowan (McQuinney in Monkee See, Monkee Die and Pontoon in Captain Crocodile), Joseph Mell (Harry in Ive Got A Little Song Here), Don Kennedy (Paul The Policeman in Monkees A La Carte and Racing Official in Monkees Race Again), Dort Clark (Inspector in Monkees A La Carte, Policeman in Monkees On The Wheel and Sergeant in The Picture Frame), Irwin Char one (Producer in Ive Got A Little Song Here), Micky Morton (Boris in A Coffin Too Frequent), Helene Winston (Big Flora in Monkees A La Carte and Mrs. Daedal in Monkees On The Line), Rita Shaw (Mrs. Bitterly in Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern), Bernard Fox (Twiggy in Monkees Mind Their Manor), Georgia Schmidt (Jane in Monkees Marooned), Peter Bronco (Mr. Swansea in Monkee Mayor), Billy Beck (Judge Roy Bean in The Devil And Peter Tork), Karl Lucas (Rocco in Monkees A La Carte), Arlene Martel (Madame Olin sky in The Spy Who Came In From The Cool and Lorelei in Monstrous Monkee Mash), Billie Hayes (Maw in Hillbilly Honeymoon), Gene Dynastic (Kiki in Son Of Gypsy), Jeanne Sorel (Mrs. Vander snoot in The Christmas Show), Norm Pistil (Shear in Everywhere A Sheik and Harry in Hitting The High Seas), Ron Mask (The Count in Monstrous Monkee Mash), Stuart Margolis (The Captain/ Male Alien in Monkees Watch Their Feet) and Henry Beckman (Club Manager in Monkees Paw)

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series Hogans Heroes and The Monkees: Henry Corden (Mr. Babbitt in Monkee See, Monkee Die, The Chaperone,  Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth and Monkee Mother and Mr. Blauner in Wild Monkees), Arlene Martel (Madame Olinsky in The Spy Who Came In From The Cool and Lorelei in Monstrous Monkee Mash), Norm Pitlik (Shazar in Everywhere A Sheik Sheik and Harry in Hitting The High Seas), Nita Talbot (Assistant/ Female Alien in Monkees Watch Their Feet), Theodore Marcuse (Otto in Royal Flush), Ben Wright (Davys Grandfather in Success Story), Hans Conreid (Mendrick in Monkees Paw), Leo Askin (Nicoial in Card Carrying Red Shoes) and Walter Janowitz (Pop Harper in Monkees A La Carte)

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series Star Trek and The Monkees: Theodore Marcouse (Otto in Royal Flush), George Perina (The Policeman in Monkee See, Monkee Die), Oliver MacGowan (McQuinney in Monkee See, Monkee Die and Pontoon in Captain Crocodile), Arlene Martel (Madame Olinsky in "The Spy Who Came In From The Cool" and Lorelei in Monstrous Monkee Mash), Jon Koval (Paddy The Fix in Monkees A La Carte), Gene Dynarski (Kiko in Son Of Gypsy), Susan Howard (The Bride in Monkees In Manhattan), Arnold Moss (Vidaru in Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik), Peter Brocco (Mr. Swanzey in Monkee Mayor), Vic Tayback (Rocco in Son Of Gypsy and Chuche in Art, For Monkees Sake), Rex Holman (Sneak in Monkees In Texas), Venita Wolf (Brenda in I Was A 99 Pound Weakling) and Lou Antonio (Judd in Hillbilly Honeymoon) 
	
Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series Batman and The Monkees: Donna Loren (Collette in Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik), Valerie Kairys (Nancy in Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers, Toby Willis in Monkees A La Mode, Melody in Some Like Lukewarm and cameo roles in Monkees Vs. Machine, The Spy Who Came In From The Cool, The Chaperone, Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern), Case Of The Missing Monkee, Monstrous Monkee Mash, Monkees Race Again and The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)), Ken Del Conte (a member of The Four Swine in Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers), Billy Curtis (The Midget Agent in The Spy Who Came In From The Cool), Harvey Lembeck (Fuselli in Monkees A La Carte), Theodore Marcuse (Otto in Royal Flush), Doodles Weaver (The Butler in Monkees In Manhattan), Gene Dynarski (Kiko in Son Of Gypsy), Burt Mustin (Kimba in Monkees Marooned), Vito Scotti (Dr. Marcovich in Case Of The Missing Monkee), Allan Emerson (The Policeman in Monkees Marooned), George Furth (Ronnie Farnsworth in One Man Shy and Henry in A Coffin Too Frequent), Murray Roman (Harold in Fairy Tale), Louis Quinn (Horace in Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers), Milton Frome (Manny The Book in Monkees A La Carte), Maurice Dallimore (The Butler in Monkees Race Again), Jesslyn Fax (Mrs. Purdy in Don????????t Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth), Oscar Beregi (Count Myron in The Prince And The Paupers), Reginald Gardiner (The Butler in Monkees Mind Their Manor I), Owen McGiveney (Old Man in Ive Got A Little Sing Here), Alfred Dennis (Dr. Correl in Monkees In Manhattan), Monte Landis (King Hazard in Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik, Zeckenbush in Monkee Mayor, Duce in Art, For Monkees Sake, Major Pshaw in Monkees Marooned, Shah Ku in I Was A 99 Pound Weakling, The Devil in The Devil And Peter Tork and Oracullo in Monkees Blow Their Minds), Stacy Maxwell (Ellie Reyonlds in Monkee See, Monkee Die) and Joy Harmon (Bank Teller in The Picture Frame), Liberace (The Piano Smasher in Art, For Monkees Sake), Burgess Meredith (a Club Cassandra patron in Monkees Paw), Julie Newmar (April Conquest in Monkees Get Out More Dirt) and Maurice Dallimore (The Butler in Monkees Race Again)

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series I Dream Of Jeannie and The Monkees: Severn Darden (Guggins in Monkees Vs. Machine and The Psychiatrist in Monkees Paw), Vince Howard (The Police Captain in Monkee See, Monkee Die), Phillip Ober (Weatherwax in Monkees In Manhattan), Barton MacLaine (Black Bart/ Ben Cartwheel in Monkees In Texas), Jeff DeBenning (Hack in Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)), Ron Masak (The Count in Monstrous Monkee Mash), Henry Beckman (Club Manager in Monkees Paw), William Bagdad (Curad in Everywhere A Sheik Sheik) and Joseph Perry (Vernon in Monkees In The Ring)

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series Get Smart and The Monkees: Joey Foreman (Dragonman in Monkee Chow Mien and Captain Crocodile in Captain Crocodile), Lee Kolima (Yakimoto in The Spy Who Came In From The Cool), Robert Cornthwaite (Nyetovich in Card Carrying Red Shoes), Rege Cordic (Town Crier in Fairy Tale), Jim Boles (Preacher in Hillbilly Honeymoon) and Ted DeCorsica (Blackbeard in The Devil And Peter Tork)

	Actors/ Actresses who had guest roles on both the TV series "The Addams Family" and "The Monkees": Felix Silla (Circus Performer in "Monkees At The Circus"), Vitto Scotti (Dr. Markovich in "Case Of The Missing Monkee"), Elizabeth Fraser (Judge in "The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)"), Milton Frome (Manny The Spink in "Monkees A La Carte" and Latham in "Monkees Blow Their Minds"), Orlan Soule (Waiter in "Monkees In Manhattan"), Byron Foulger (Groot in "I Was A Teenage Monster"), Ceil Cabot (Chambermaid in "Royal Flush" and Autograph Seeker in "Success Story"), Donald Foster (Rolls Owner in "Success Story", Courier in "The Prince And The Paupers" and Mr. Thomas in "The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)") and Ben Wright (Davy's Grandfather in "Success Story").

	"The Monkees" TV Show in the first season was followed by "I Dream Of Jeannie". "The Roger Miller Show" followed "The Monkees" during the 1967 Summer reruns at 8:00-8:30 PM.

	"The Monkees" TV show in the second season was followed by "The Man From U.N.C.L.E." (from 9/11/67-1/15/68) and "Laugh-In" (from 1/22/-6/3/68). "The Champions" followed "The Monkees" during the 1968 Summer rereuns at 8:00-8:30 PM.

	Synopsis of the TV series "The Man From U.N.C.L.E":
Napoleon Solo and Illya Kullyakin are the two agents of the United Network Command for Law Enforcement, who fight evil (primarily an organization of Bad people called, THRUSH) and use charm, wit, and a never ending assortment of gadgets. It ran for 4 years.

	Synopsis of the TV show "The Champions":
Craig Stirling, Sharron Macready and Richard Barrett were agents for Nemesis, an international intelligence organization based in Geneva. Their first mission as a team was to investigate some potentially lethal experiments in Communist China, but when they were escaping, their plane was damaged. They crashed into a remote part of the Himalayas where they were rescued by members an unknown civilization. They came away from the encounter with superhuman powers and returned to the outside world as "Champions of law, order and justice".

	Philip Ober (Weatherwax in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) had a reoccurring role as General Wingard Stone on I Dream Of Jeannie.

	Barton MacLane (Black Bart/ Ben Cartwheel in the episode Monkees In Texas) had a reoccurring role as General Martin Peterson on I Dream Of Jeannie

	Myra DeGroot (Mary Friar in the episode Monkees Watch Their Manor) had a reoccurring role as Hazel The Receptionist on Bewitched

	Walter Janowitz (Pop Harper in the episode Monkees Vs. Machine) had a reoccurring role as Oscar Schnitzler on Hogans Heroes

	Ben Wright (Davys Grandfather in the episode Success Story) had a reoccurring role as Major Feldkamp in Hogans Heroes

	Oscar Beregi, Jr. (Count Myron in the episode The Prince And The Paupers) had a reoccurring role as Commandant on Mission Impossible

	Vincent Gardenia (Bruno in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee) had a reoccurring role as Vito Lugana on Mission Impossible

	Wally Cox (Aprils Laundromat Patron in the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt) had a reoccurring role as Professor P. Caspar Biddle on The Beverly Hillbillies

	Logan Ramsey (Officer Faye Lapid in the movie Head) had a reoccurring role as Col. Anton Valdas on Mission Impossible

	Charles Irving (Mayor Feedback in the movie Head) had reoccurring roles as a Judge on Ben Casey, Perry Mason and Bonanza

	Vito Scotti (Dr. Markovich in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee and I. Vitteloni in the movie Head) had a reoccurring role as Sam Picasso on The Addams Family

	31 episode titles have the word Monkees in it 

	24 episodes of The Monkees TV series aired on all 3 networks: Royal Flush, Monkee See, Monkee Die, Monkee Versus Machine, Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers, The Spy Who Came In From The Cool , The Success Story, Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth, The Chaperone, Ive Got A Little Song Here, One Man Shy (Peter And The Debutante), The Case Of The Missing Monkee, Find The Monkees, Captain Crocodile, Monkee Mother, The Monkees Get Out More Dirt, The Monkees At The Movies I,  I Was A 99 Pound Weakling, Monkees Marooned, Monkee Mayor, The Card-Carrying Red Shoes, The Monkees On The Wheel, The Monstrous Monkee Mash", The Monkee's Paw and The Devil 
And Peter Tork.

	First season rerun episodes and air dates on NBC
Air Date		Episode Title
May 1, 1967		Monkeee See, Monkee Die
May 8, 1967		Royal Flush
May 15, 1967		Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers
May 22, 1967		Monkees Vs. Machine
May 29, 1967		Success Story
June 12, 1967		Son Of Gypsy
June 19, 1967		The Spy Who Came In From The Cool
June 26, 1967		Ive Got A Little Song Here
July 10. 1967		Captain Crocodile
July 17, 1967		Monkees In A Ghost Town
July 24, 1967		Case Of The Missing Monkee
July 31, 1967		Monkee Chow Mein
August 7, 1967		Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)
August 14, 1967		One Man Shy (Peter And The Debutante)	
August 21, 1967		Monkees On Tour
August 28, 1967		Monkee Mother

	Second season rerun episodes and air dates on NBC
Air Date		Episode Title
December 18, 1967	Its A Nice Place To Visit
March 18, 1968		Hillbilly Honeymoon
April 1, 1968		The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)   
April 8, 1968		Everywhere A Shiek, Shiek
April 15, 1968		Monkee Mayor
April 22, 1968		Art, For Monkees Sake
April 29, 1968		I Was A 99 Pound Weakling
May 6, 1968		Card Carrying Red Shoes
May 13, 1968		Monkees Marooned
May 20, 1968		Hitting The High Seas
May 27, 1968		Monkees In Texas
June 10, 1968		Monkees On The Wheel
June 17, 1968		Monkees Paw
June 24, 1968		Fairytale
July 1, 1968        		Monkees Race Again
July 8, 1968		Monstrous Monkee Mash
July 15, 1968		Monkees Mind Their Manor
July 29, 1968		The Devil And Peter Tork
August 12, 1968	        	Monkees In Paris
August 19, 1968	        	Some Like It Lukewarm
September 9, 1968	Monkees Watch Their Feet

	16 out of 32 first season episodes aired only once on NBC

	4 out of 25 second season episodes aired only once on NBC

	16 out of 32 first season episodes aired only once on ABC Saturday Mornings in the early 1970's

	7 out of 25 second season episodes aired only once on ABC Saturday Mornings in the early 1970's

	The hat Mike wore to the 1965 audition was stolen and later returned to him at a concert in the late 1990's. 

	The "Money Is The Root Of All Evil" sign in the pad is a shorten version of a verse taken from the Apostle Paul in the Bible which says "All wrong doing can be traced to an excessive attachment to material wealth. 

	The normal budget for your standard average Monkees TV show episode ran about $350,000- $10,000 less than the budget for "Easy Rider". 

	Salaries for the Monkees were $450 per week. Screen Gems would increase it by $300 by the time production commenced for the second season. 

	

	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Last Train To Clarksville was chosen to be the Monkees first single because during the filming of the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot), both cast and crew knew the song so well that everyone was humming it.  

	Info on Jesse James (Mike in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)): In 1866 Jesse, his brother Frank and eight other men robbed a bank in Liberty, Missouri. Joined by other outlaws in subsequent years, the James gang robbed banks from Iowa to Alabama and Texas. In 1873 the bandits began robbing trains, stagecoaches, stores and individuals. In 1876 Jesse led a failed attempt to rob a bank in Northfield, Minnesota. The brothers escaped, but the rest of the gang was killed or captured. After assembling a new gang in 1879 the brothers resumed robbing and in 1881 the governor of Missouri offered a $10,000 reward for the brothers' capture, dead or alive. In 1882 Jesse was shot in the back of the head and killed instantly by Robert Ford, a gang member, who claimed the reward. 

	Info on Wyatt Earp (Peter in the episode (Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)): He worked in the 1870s as a police officer in Wichita and Dodge City, Kansas, where he befriended the gunmen Doc Holiday and Bat Masterson. He later worked as a guard for the Wells Fargo Company. By 1881 he had moved to Tombstone, Arizona, living as a gambler and a saloon guard. His brother Virgil became town marshal, and his other brothers bought real estate and businesses. A feud with the Clanton gang ended in a shootout at the O.K. Corral in which three of the Clanton gang were killed. In 1882 his brother Morgan was murdered and in retaliation Wyatt, his brother Warren and some friends killed two men they suspected of the crime. Accused of murder, Wyatt fled to Colorado and later settled in California. On Jan. 13, 1929 Wyatt Earp died in Los Angeles at the age of 80 

	Info on Bat Masterson (Davy in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)): A Canadian-born U.S. lawman and gambler, he grew up on successive family farms in New York, Illinois and Kansas. In Dodge City, Kansas, he worked as a buffalo hunter and Indian scout, sheriff of Ford county Kansas and deputy U.S. marshal. He lived a gambler's life in Denver, Colorado and then moved to New York City, where he was a deputy U.S. marshal and later a prominent sports editor for the Morning Telegraph. Bat spent his last years writing his columns and visiting gyms. On October 25, 1921, he went to work as usual. But right in the middle of typing his article, he died of a sudden heart attack. 

	Davy and Mike's screen tests, from the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot), were filmed on the Farmer's Daughter set 

	Davys screen test was filmed on October 19, 1965 and Mikes screen test was filmed October 7, 1965

	The plot of the TV series Farmers Daughter (mentioned in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)): Based on the 1947 movie of the same name about the Morley family includes: widower and congressman Glen (actor William Windom), his mother Agatha (actress Cathleen Nesbitt) and his children, Steven (actor Mickey Sholdar) and Danny (actor Rory O'Brian). Seeking a government job teaching under-privileged children in the Congo, the beautiful naive farm girl Katy Holstrum (actress Inger Stevens), seeks the help of congressman Morley (actor William Windom). Impressed with her ability to handle his sons, Glen (actor William Windom) offers her the position of governess, which she accepts. Stories depict the home and working life of a congressman and the attempts of a Swedish country girl to adjust to both political and city life. Through simple charm and native intelligence Katy (actress Inger Stevens) managed to loosen up the sometimes stuffy politicians around her and to further Glen's (actor William Windom) bumbling political career.

	A merry go round or a carousel (seen in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot) and from the song Merry Go Round) is an amusement flat ride consisting of a rotating platform with seats in the form of wooden horses or animals. They move mechanically up and down to simulate galloping. The first steam powered carousels began to appear in Europe in 1860 and the USA in 1870. The first carousel at Coney Island was built in 1876 by Charles I. D. Looff, a Danish woodcarver. The carousel met its artistic zenith in early 1900's America. Immigrants from Europe took the traditions of their home countries and let their imaginations loose in their new creations. Whereas most European carousel figures are relatively static in posture, American figures are more representative of active beasts. American companies fell into three distinct carving styles: The Philadelphia Style, The Coney Island Style and The County Fair Style.

	Early forms of darts (featured in the episode "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)") started to grow in popularity in the 19th Century but it didn't become a serious pub game until the 20th century. 

	The origins of ping pong or table tennis (featured in the episodes Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot) and Monkee Mother): In 1886, the English sporting goods house of F. H. Ayres Limited was selling a lawn tennis game played with miniature rackets. However, the first table tennis sets were manufactured by the English firm of J. Jaques and Son. As early as 1891 Jaques had also registered an indoor game played with india-rubber balls called "Gossima". By 1898 Jaques was selling them as "The New Table Game of Ping-Pong". 

	The origins of poker (featured in the episodes Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot) and Monkees In Texas): The most popular belief is that it was invented by the Chinese around 900 A.D., possibly derived from the Chinese dominoes. Others state that Poker originates from the Persian game "as nas". This is a 5-player Persian game, which requires a special deck of 25 cards with 5 suits. However, this is only recorded back to the 17th century. Another theory calls on the French "poque". The French who settled New Orleans around 1480 played Poque, a card game involving bluffing and betting. This was stated to be the first use of a deck consisting of spades, diamonds, clubs, and hearts. Fragments of cards have been tentatively dated to 12th or 13th century in Egypt. Some propose that modern cards originated from the Indian card game of Ganjifa. The history of poker in the United States has a bit more consistency. Poker traveled from New Orleans by steamboat up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. The game then spread via wagon and train. Each player pays the Ante (a small fee you pay to purchase the right to play that round). If you don't ante it means you are Sitting Out (not playing). This money and all money made from betting during the game go into the center of the table in a pile (called the pot). A poker hand is made from the best arrangement of five cards. The player to the Dealer's left opens the betting round by either placing a Bet (a money amount), indicating a Pass (placing no bet), or Folding (discarding their hand). Once the Dealer has placed their bet, the other players must Call (have the same amount of money) or Fold. Players may now Discard (take out) any or all of their cards based on their hopes of building a better hand. The dealer hands the player face down the same number of cards they are Discarding. The Dealer's left begins the betting and the betting proceeds around the table. Again, the Dealer gets the final Raise (the last money amount). Then everyone else must Call or Fold. After the final betting round and all the necessary Calls, the players still in the game have reached the Showdown (the player's hands are revealed). The best hand wins and the winner takes the pot.

	The origins of volleyball (featured in the episodes Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot) and Monkees At The Movies): In 1895, William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in Holyoke, Mass., decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis, and handball to create a game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game of Mintonette. Morgan borrowed the net from tennis and raised it 6 feet and 6 inches above the floor, just above the average man's head. During a demonstration game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players seemed to be "volleying" the ball back and forth over the net and thus "volleyball" would be a more descriptive name for the sport. On July 7, 1896 at Springfield College the first game of "volleyball" was played. 6 players on each side of a high net hit a ball back and forth without letting the ball touch the ground. A game begins with the person in the right back area of the field by either hitting the ball tossed in the air with the hand or holding the ball by one hand and swinging the other hand from under the ball. Players often leap high (or spike) the ball so the ball moves faster. Points are earned each time a team hits a ball into the receiving team's side and it hits the ground. If a member of the receiving team hits the ball out of the playing area they have committed a fault and no points are earned. The net must never touch the ball. A game usually ends at 15 points.

	Patrick Henry (mentioned in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)) was one of the most influential and radical advocates of Revolutionary War. Henry is perhaps best known for the speech he made in the House of Burgesses (the legislative body of the Virginia colony) on March 23, 1775 urging that legislature to take military action against British military forces with the words give me liberty or give me death. After the Revolutionary War, Henry was an outspoken critic of the Constitution and urged against its adoption, arguing it gave the federal government too much power. He was instrumental in the adoption of the Bill Of Rights to amend the Constitution. He served as the first Governor of Virginia from 1776-79 and again from 1784-86. 

	In English Language, a blaggard (mentioned in the episodes Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot), Monkees Marooned and Monkees Race Again) is an archaic word for a crude or lecherous person.  It derived from the word blackguard (an anti-Paladin or a phototypical knight in shining armour and a hero of sterling character and courage)

	Charlottetown (mentioned by Micky in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)) is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Prince Edward Island. It was here that the founding fathers gathered for the Charlottetown Conference. The discussions led to the union of all British North America into one country that eventually became Canada. 

	United we stand, divided we fall! (mentioned by Micky in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)) was a motto of the American Revolution. U. S. Statesman and essayist John Dickinson wrote in the book The Liberty Song: Then join hand in hand, brave Americans all! By uniting we stand, by dividing we fall!. The slogan also appeared in the book Flag of Our Union I, by journalist and poet George Pope Morris: Which gave the Republic her station: United we stand, divided we fall!. It made and preserves us a nation. 

	Virginia (mentioned by Micky in the episode "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)") is one of the original 13 states of the United States that revolted against British rule during the American Revolution and is generally classified as part of the South. Its official name is the ????????????Commonwealth of Virginia and is one of four Commonwealths out of the United States. Virginia was the name Queen Elizabeth I of England gave to the whole area explored in 1584 by Sir Walter Raleigh. Virginia was given its nickname "The Old Dominion" by King Charles II of England for remaining loyal to the crown. The capital is Eight U.S. Presidents were born in this state, more than in any other state.

	The origins of dueling (featured in the episodes Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot), One Man Shy, It's A Nice Place To Visit and Monkees Mind Their Manor): Starting in the Middle Ages, European nobles had defended their honor in man-to-man battles. An early version of dueling was known as "judicial combat," so called because God allegedly judged the man in the right. Still, numerous authorities, including heads of state and the Catholic Church, banned dueling. Brief synopsis on how to play it: In a typical duel, an offended party sends a challenge through a second party. If the recipient apologized, the matter usually ended. If he elects to fight, the recipient chooses the weapons. Large caliber, smoothbore flintlock pistols were typical American dueling weapons. The two parties would stand back to back and slowly step away as someone counts to 10 then the duelists turn and fire. The chance of dying in a pistol duel was relatively slim. Flintlocks often misfired and even in the hands of an experienced shooter accuracy was difficult. Generally, pistols had to be discharged within three seconds and to take aim for a longer time period was considered dishonorable.

	A little info on the famous duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton depicted by Mike and Peter in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot): 
Aaron Burr was third vice president of the United States (from 1801-05) who killed his political rival, Alexander Hamilton, in a duel and whose turbulent political career ended with his arrest for treason in 1807. In 1791 Aaron Burr had built a successful political coalition against General Philip Schyler (father-in-law of Alexander Hamilton then secretary of the treasury) and won election to the United States Senate, incurring the enmity of Hamilton. After failing to get reelected, Burr spent the next two years in New York State politics. In 1800 Burr won the vice presidential nomination on the Jeffersonian Republican ticket. He carried New York State and thus helped bring about a national victory for his party. Under the electoral college procedures then prevailing, the electors had cast their votes for both Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr without indicating which should be president and which vice president. Both men had an equal number of electoral votes and the Federalist-controlled House Of Representatives had to break the tie. Although Burr maintained that he would not challenge Jefferson, Hamilton's determined opposition to Burr was a strong factor in Jefferson's election after 36 ballots. In February 1804 Burr's friends in the New York legislature nominated him for the governorship. Hamilton helped to contribute to Burr's defeat by writing disseminating letters containing derogatory comments about Burr and shortly after was replaced. Once again Burr felt himself to be the political victim of Hamilton's animosity, and he challenged him to a duel at Weehawken, New Jersey, in which Hamilton was killed. 

	A little info on the Boston Tea Party of December 16, 1773 (mentioned by Vanessa in the episode Here Comes The Monkees (The Pilot)): 
342 chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company were thrown from British ships into Boston Harbor by American patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians. The Americans were protesting both a tax on tea (taxation without representation) and the perceived monopoly of the East India Company. 

	Bing Russell (Rudy in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)) is best known as the sheriff on "Bonanza" (1959) and Robert in The Magnificent Seven (1960). He was the owner of the Portland Mavericks Baseball Club, the only independent team in the class. He is actor Kurt Russells dad 

	Joe Higgins (the guard at country club from the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot), the masseur in the episode Find The Monkees and Max in the episode The Prince And The Paupers) is a character actor most prominent playing a sheriff in commercials and public service announcements 

	The history of the harmonica (Mike is playing one in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)):
In 1821 sixteen Christian Friedrich Buschmann registered the first European patents for his new musical invention (a so-called "aura" was a free-reed instrument consisting of a series of steel reeds arranged together horizontally in small channels). Buschmann described his new instrument to his brother as "a new instrument that is truly remarkable. In its entirety it measures but four inches in diameter...but gives me twenty-one notes, and all the pianissimos and crescendos one could want without a keyboard, harmonies of six tones, and the ability to hold a note as long as one would wish to." In 1857, the German clock maker Matthias Hohner turned to manufacturing harmonicas full-time. With the help of his family and a hired workman, he was able to produce 650 instruments that year. He introduced the harmonica to North America in 1862, a move which would propel the Hohner company to its status as the world leader in harmonicas. By 1887, Hohner was producing more than one million harmonicas annually. Today, Hohner produces over 90 different models of harmonica, with a variety of styles and tunings which allows the player freedom of expression in all forms of music, from Classical and Jazz to Blues, Country and Rock, to the indigenous music of people worldwide.  

	The Swedish National Anthem (featured in the episode "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)") by Richard Dybeck in the late 19th century
The lyrics translated into English:
O glorious mountain crown'd land of the North, 
thou quiet thou joyous land, I love thee, 
I hail thee as fairest of lands on this earth; 
Thy meadows green, the sun in heav'n above thee, 
Thy meadows green, the sun in heav'n above thee. 
  
Thy throne is the mem'ry of great days of yore, 
when all through the world thy name was carried, 
thou art this, I know, the same as of old. 
In thee I'll live, in thee I'll die, thou North Land, 
In thee I'll live, in thee I'll die, thou North Land

	Sweden (mentioned in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)) has a relatively low population density and is known for its peaceful, large forests and mountainous wilderness. A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars. 

	Norway (mentioned in the episode Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)) is a Constitutional monarchy. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. 

	Katherine Walsh (Princess Betinna in the episode Royal Flush) was murdered in London, England on October 7, 1970 

	A royal flush in poker is the highest hand you can have with the Ace, King, Queen, Jack and 10 of the same suit

	A duchess (mentioned in the episode Royal Flush) is the wife of a duke who is a sovereign male ruler of a territory or domain and a nobleman of the highest grade of nobility in various European countries. Dukes and duchess in the United Kingdom are addressed as Your Grace and referred to as His/ Her Grace. There are have been 24 dukes and duchesses of the United Kingdom.

	The Miss America (mentioned in the episode Royal Flush) competition originated on September 7, 1921 as a beauty contest in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It was initiated in an attempt to keep tourists in Atlantic City after Labor Day. In the early years of the pageant, a beauty competition of the women wearing bathing suits was the main event. The pageant has been nationally televised since 1954. The pageant peaked in the early 1960s when it was repeatedly the highest rated program on American television. It was seen as a symbol of the United States. Miss America often referred to as the female equivalent of the President. The pageant stressed conservative values, contestants were not expected to have ambitions beyond being a good wife. With the rise of feminism and the civil rights movement the pageant became a focus of protests each year and its audience began to fade. In an attempt to create a younger image, Bert Parks emcee from 1954 to 1979 was fired. Parks had virtually became an American icon, singing show's signature song, "There She Is," as the newly-crowned Miss America took her walk down the ramp. 

	Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (read by Davy in the episode Royal Flush and mentioned in the episode "Captain Crocodile") has existed in many versions in the centuries prior to the Walt Disney's classic animated film. The Brothers Grimm collected the tale from two sisters, Jeannette and Amalie Hassenpflug, who lived in the town of Cassel. The tale was well known before the Grimms collection however and appeared with little variation from Ireland to Asia Minor to Central Africa. The earliest literary versions of the tale can be found in Giambattista Basile's Il Pentamerone, especially the tale traditionally titled "The Young Slave." 

	Errol Flynn (seen in a graphic in the "Royal Flush" episode) was known as the "king of swashbuckler films". On screen, he was a freedom loving rebel who fought against injustices and won the hearts of many damsels in distress 

	An Archduke (in the episode "Royal Flush") was a title used by members of the royal family of Hapsburg from 1458-1918 

	International Steel Group Inc. (mentioned in the episode Royal Flush) is one of the leading competitors in the global steel industry and one of North America's largest integrated producers of steel. They are a vital part of the resurgence of the steel industry. 

	The first throne seen in the episode Royal Flush, is used again the episodes The Prince And The Paupers, A Coffin Too Frequent and The Devil And Peter Tork. It is used again during the birthday party scene in the movie Head. The throne is also seen in an episode of the TV series Bewitched in the episode called Aunt Claras Victoria Victory (about bumbling witch Aunt Clara transporting Queen Victoria into the 20th century).

	A "usurper" (the name of the throne in the episode "Royal Flush") means to take possession unlawfully or by force. 

	The episode "Royal Flush" was the only episode that did not have a reasonably full song listing during the end credits 

	Fencing (seen in the episodes "Royal Flush", "The Prince And The Paupers" and "Monkees Mind Their Manor") is a skillful type of swordplay with uses precision, speed, timing and distance. It was used to settle quarrels (or duels) and was part of a gentleman's training. It became a sport in the mid 1700's. The object of fencing is to touch the opponent on a certain part of the body and to avoid being touched. Fencers use one of these three swords: the epee, the saber and the foil (used by female fencers) 

	For the episode "Royal Flush" for Saturday morning reruns on CBS in the early 70's, the songs were replaced with the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "Apples, Peaches, Bananas, and Pears" and Mike's song "Good Clean Fun". It has never aired with the original songs until 1995's "Deluxe Limited Edition Box Set" and the DVD set.

	The phrase six on one half a dozen on the other I (by Madame Roselle in the episode Monkees See, Monkee Die and Micky in Monkees Marooned) means no choice or one and the same. Nothing is beyond the fact that the half a dozen is six. This phrase first appeared in Marryats The Pirate And The Three Coulters (1836). Several sailors were talking about the passengers especially a negro nurse with white twins on board. You???re awfully sweet on that Negro woman for the last 3 weeks Jack asks. Bill replies Any port in a storm but she wont do for harbor duty- its the babies I likes. At which Jack jeers I knows the woman but I never knows the children. Its just six of one and half a dozen on the other, aint it Bill. 

	Actress Lea Mermer (Madame Roselle in the episode "Monkee See, Monkee Die" and Mrs. Smith in the episode "Monkees On The Line") played Madame Tinkertoy (the proprietor of the Blue Light) in the 1968 movie "Easy Rider". "Easy Rider" was produced by Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider 

       Info about Utica, New York (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die): 
For over 200 years, Utica, New York, a city of 60,000 has attracted immigrants and refugees. The immigrant communities that have settled in the city include Italian, Irish, German, Polish, and Arab populations. In the past 20 years, Utica has been host to more than 10,000 refugees. This phenomenon has been the subject of numerous national and international news articles, and has provided Oneida County with the fourth highest concentration of refugees in the Untied States and the City of Utica with a refugee population of nearly 15%. 

	The Great Plains State of South Dakota (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) was named for the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians, and is known as the Coyote State. Admitted simultaneously with North Dakota after the Dakota Territory was divided along the 46th parallel, South Dakota is mainly a rural state. Today, just less than 10 percent of its population is American Indian. South Dakota is known for two monumental sculptures carved into the Black Hills (Mount Rushmore and the Crazy Horse Monument). 

	Like many cities in California, the history of Beverly Hills (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) begins with a Spanish land grant assigned to Maria Rita Vladez De Villa and known as El Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas (The Ranch of the Gathering Waters). It was the Spanish explorers and missionaries who transformed California from Indian territory to ranching and farming country. In 1906, Burton E. Green became the first land developer laying out an official subdivision of wide-curving, tree-lined streets and a park-like setting. In 1912, The Beverly Hills Hotel opened and was joined by The Regent Beverly Willshire in 1927. It firmly establishing the legacy of glamour, elegance, luxury and fine living that continues today. In 1919, actor Douglas Fairbanks and actress Mary Pickford began the trend of Beverly Hills as "home to the stars" when they built their famous estate "Pickfair". 

	The Sahara (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die and mentioned in the episode "Monkees Paw") has undergone a series of wet periods, the most recent occurring from 5,000-10,000 years ago. It was not until 3000 B.C. that the Sahara transformed into its present arid state. There is dispute as to whether the desertification of the region has continued into historic time. Those who support this theory contend that increasing aridity is the reason for the recorded advance of desert conditions into areas under cultivation in Roman times in the north and more recently (since the late 1960s) in the south. Opponents of this view explain such changes as being the result of alterations in land-use practices and neglect of water supply and irrigation systems. Some areas of the Sahara remain virtually unexplored, although a network of air and automobile routes now crosses the desert and links the major oases and mining areas. 

	Tijuana (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is often described as the most visited city in the world. Tijuana long known as Tia Juana, first came into existence as a ranch somewhere around 1830. U.S. prohibition in 1919 caused Tijuana to turn into a rip-roaring border town with gambling casinos and other enticing attractions. A flock of tourists came south of the border and gave Tijuana the reputation of being one of the wildest cities in the world. Tijuana has lived down her gaudy past and is now a booming thriving, industrious city. 

	Greenland (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is the world's largest island, has extreme Artic conditions and an ice cap covers about 84 percent of the island. It was discovered by Norwegian Vikings who got lost on their way to Iceland. Before this discovery, it had been inhabited for a long time by the Inuit Arctic people Viking claimed the land for Denmark. Although Greenland is still a part of the Kingdom of Denmark, it has enjoyed home rule. Greenland is the only country not to have an official national flag. 

	Ellis Island (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) became America's "front doors to freedom" in the early twentieth century. During its peak years-1892 to 1924 Ellis Island received thousands of immigrants a day. Each was scrutinized for disease or disability as the long line of hopeful new arrivals made their way up the steep stairs to the great, echoing Registry Room. Over 100 million Americans can trace their ancestry in the United States to Ellis Island. With restrictions on immigration in the 1920s Ellis Island's population dwindled, and the station finally closed its doors in 1954. Concern about this vital part of America's immigrant history led to the inclusion of Ellis Island as part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965. 

	Info about Philadelphia (mentioned in the episodes Monkee See, Monkee Die and The Chaperone): 
By 1609 Dutch and Swedish colonists had explored, traded, and farmed along the Delaware River. In 1615 a Dutch trading post and stockade were established within the present limits of Philadelphia in 1623. In the mid-1600's, several treaties were signed with the Indian tribes for the purchase of their lands. Fur and tobacco were their main commodities for trading. In March 1681 William Penn received the title to Pennsylvania in a land grant from King Charles II of England. Penn assigned a commission to select a location with suitable water frontage on the Delaware River. Penn's plan would influence the future growth of Philadelphia. The governor and council established Philadelphia as the seat of government and capital of the colony of Pennsylvania in March 1683. Philadelphia's industrial, commercial, and cultural growth was rapid during the 1700's. Philadelphia was the site of many historical events during the American Revolution. Philadelphia served as the seat of national government from 1776 to 1800 until Washington, D.C. became the capital in 1800. Philadelphia was the first large city north of the Mason-Dixon line to be involved in the Civil War. By the early 1900's, the city had outgrown itself. Much of its growth happened without planning, which resulted in congestion. The 1950's saw a heavy migration of people and industry to the suburbs and many downtown jobs were lost like most large cities. Philadelphia engaged in a series of self-improvement plans in the 1950's. During this urban renewal the city lost some significant architecture and Victorian structures. But these improvement plans were an attempt to revitalize the downtown area and the appearance of downtown changed dramatically. Philadelphia is known as "the city of brotherly love". 

	The Ganges River (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is located in northern India and flows south to the Indian Ocean. It is sacred in the Hindu religion 

	Akron, Ohio (one of Harris Kingsley travel books subjects in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is located between Cleveland, Ohio to the north and Canton, Ohio to the south. Much of Akron's early growth was because of its location to the Ohio and Erie Canal. The rubber industry transformed Akron from a small canal town into a fledgling city. B. H. Goodrich was the first rubber company to settle in Akron. The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company became America's top tire manufacturer and Akron is known as the rubber capital of the World. 

	In the end credits for the episode "Monkee See, Monkee Die", the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "Tomorrow's gonna be another day" was mistakenly written as "Tomorrow is another day" 

	"It's like the last act of Hamlet" (mentioned in the episodes Monkee See, Monkee Die, One Man Shy (Peter and the Debutante) and Monkees At The Movies) refers to the William Shakespeare play. In the last act of the play, Hamlet plots to kill his mom and his uncle with poison wine. No wonder they call the play a tragedy 

	In theatre, William Shakespeares Hamlet (mentioned in the episodes Monkee See, Monkee Die, One Man Shy (Peter and the Debutante) and Monkees At The Movies) is possibly the most often produced work in almost every western country and it is considered a crucial test for mature actors. Hamlet's To be, or not to be??line, the most popular passage of the play, is so well known that it has become a stumbling block for many modern actors. 
 
	David Sarnoff (mentioned in a graphic while Micky is fixing the radio in the "Monkee See, Monkee Die" episode) was one of the first people to see the full possibilities of using radio and television for entertainment. Early in his career, while working as a wireless operator in 1912, he picked up word that the Titanic was sinking and stayed at his post for 72 hours directing ships to the sinking oceanliner. He is also the founder of The Radio Corporation of America (RCA). 

	A Moat (mentioned by Mike in the episode "Monkee See, Monkee Die") is a trench around a castle, usually filled with water, to protect the castle from enemies 

	In the episode "Monkee See, Monkee Die", Micky and Davy do a parody of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson when they investigate the knife embedded in the wall 

	Davy does a parody of the James Abbott McNeill Whistler painting "Arrangement In Grey And Black, No. 1: Portrait Of The Artist's Mother" or simply Whistlers Mother in Monkee See, Monkee Die (in a disguise from Babbitts lawyer) and One Man Shy (Peter And The Debutante) (a disguise as Ronnies mother) 

	Sherlock Holmes (a parody seen in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th century created by British author and physician Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Holmes is famous for his prowess at using logic and careful observation to solve cases. He is brought into cases that have proven too difficult for other investigators. He specializes in solving unusual cases using his extraordinary powers of observation and deduction. Always at Holmes side are his oversized pipe and his trusty friend/ confidante Thomas Watson. "Holmes" was named after Oliver Wendell Holmes, whom Conan Doyle was a great fan of, and an English cricketer named Sherlock. It is a popular myth that Sherlock Holmes gave rise to the entire genre of murder mystery fiction. Although, many fictional detectives have imitated Holmes' logical methods and followed in his footsteps in many different ways. 

	The phonograph (seen in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) was the most common device for playing recorded sound from the 1870s through the 1980s. The term phonograph comes for the Greek meaning "writing sound". Thomas Alva Edison announced and demonstrated the device for the first time on November 29, 1977. Early phonographs recorded onto a phonograph cylinder using an up-down (vertical) motion of the stylus. Edison concentrated his efforts on cylinders since the groove on the outside of a rotating cylinder provides a constant velocity to the stylus in the groove, which Edison considered more "scientifically correct". Alexander Graham Bell and Charles Sumner Tainter would make further innovations to it. Arguably, any device used to record sound or reproduce recorded sound could be called a type of "phonograph", but in common practice it has come to mean historic technologies of sound recording.

	The St. Bernard Dog (seen in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is originally bred for water rescue and as a working dog. It is known for its loyalty and vigilance and is tolerant of children, animals, and strangers. The origin of the St. Bernard cannot be fully determined. However, they were the herding dogs of Swiss farmers as well as hunting dogs and watch dogs. Their history has also been connected with the hospice at the Great St. Bernard Pass. First reports of the dogs' presence at the pass date to the 17th century and they still are loyal companions to the monks there. 

	"SOS" (mentioned in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die) is the commonly used description for the International Morse Code distress signal. This distress signal was first adopted by the German government in radio regulations on April 1, 1905 and became the worldwide standard when it was included in the second International Radiotelegraphic Convention on November 6, 1906 and became effective on July 3, 1908. The SOS distress signal consisted of a continuous sequence of three dots/three dashes/three dots, all run together. In International Morse Code, three dots form the letter S, and three dashes equal the letter O, so "SOS" became an easy way to remember the correct order of the dots and dashes. In popular usage, SOS became associated with phrases such as "Save Our Souls" and "Save Our Ship". 

	Snow globes (seen in the episode "Monkee See, Monkee Die) first appeared in the late 1800's in France. It was introduced to the public in the 1889 Paris Exposition and became a great souvenir item. After that, Snow globes spread across Europe. In 1927 Joseph Garaja filed a patent for the mass production of glass water globes of "artistic attractiveness and novel ornamentation. Because of the popularity of snow globes, American companies in the 1940's used them in their advertising campaigns. In Europe, religious-themed globes were popular gifts for Catholic children. In the 1950s, plastic allowed for the growth of cheap souvenirs and globes became more known for being "tacky." It wasn't until the 1970s that American gift companies decided to take the snow globe upscale. 

	A boomerang (seen in the episode "Monkees vs. Machine") will spin if correctly thrown and shaped to return to the thrower. They are most associated with the Australian Aborigines, but researchers think that it developed independently by the shape of some prehistoric hunter tools 

	Unicycles (seen in the episodes Monkees Vs. Machine, The Spy Who Came In From The Cool, Monkees In A Ghost Town, Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth, Monkees A La Carte and Monkees At The Circus) are thought to descend from the penny-farthing bicycles of the late 19th century. These bicycles had a large wheel in front, to which the pedals were attached, and a much smaller wheel behind for balance. When these bicycles hit a bump, or the rider attempted to slow suddenly, the rear wheel would come off the ground, forcing the rider to balance on one wheel. Early unicycle photographs, which show unicycles with very large wheels, support this explanation.

	Mikes I fully support your war on poverty line to President J. B. Guggins from the episode Monkees Vs. Machine is referring to a government program then President Lyndon Johnson created. It had mixed results. Overall, Americans living below the poverty line was reduced from 22% to 11% of the population. Many people improved their standard of living not by developing marketable skills but by becoming welfare recipients dependent on government expense. 

	Severn Darden (J. B. Guggins in the episode Monkees Vs. Machine and the psychiatrist in the episode Monkees Paw) was one of the original cast members of Second City in Chicago and was responsible for shaping that theater's character in its early days 

	Info on Stan Freberg (Daggart from the episode Monkees Vs. Machine): From an early age Stan Freberg was a big fan of radio and sound. He was blessed with the abilities of being an amazing mimic, as well as possessing a razor-sharp satirical mind. In the early 40s, Freberg began to do voice work for both the Warner Brothers' cartoons and radio. In the early 50s, Freberg began making a series of satirical records, mostly aimed at the still-new genre of rock and roll. He became one of the first comedians to produce an album. As non-music radio began dying off in popularity at the end of the 50s, Freberg found a new niche in the world of advertising. He wrote, performed and produced a series of radio spots that still talked about today. Freberg still remains an active force in radio and satire and as a living inspiration to many modern comics. Freberg is the host of the syndicated radio program "When Radio Was". 

	"Too Many Girls" is the same title as a 1940 RKO film starring Lucille Ball 

	In the episode "Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)", Mr. Hack's Amateur Hour talent contest is a spoof on TV's most famous talent contest "Ted Mack's Original Amateur Hour" 

	Edward G. Robinson (mentioned by Micky in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)) took up acting while attending City College, abandoning plans to become a rabbi or lawyer. The American Academy of Dramatic Arts awarded him a scholarship and he began work in stock. He had a long film career with performances as gangsters and biographical characters. He was cleared of allegations of communist affiliation after testifying for the House Un-American Activities Committee. In 1956 he had to sell off his extensive art collection in a divorce settlement and also had to deal with a psychologically troubled son. In 1973 he was awarded a special, posthumous Oscar for lifetime achievement. 

	Reta Shaw (Mrs. Badderly in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)) is best known to television audiences as Hagatha on Bewitched, Hope Lange's housekeeper in "The Ghost and Mrs. Muir" and as one of the singing nannies in the film Mary Poppins (1964). 

	Knocking on wood for good luck (seen in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)) was believed that good spirits lived in trees, and that by knocking on anything made from wood, we could call upon these spirits for protection against misfortune. 

	The invention of television (seen in the episodes Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern), Captain Crocodile and Monkees Get Out More Dirt) can not be associated to one person but a number of people whose inventions help create electronic television: German Pual Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the first electromechanical television system in 1995. Nipkow's spinning disk design is credited with being the first television image rasterizer. However, it wasn't until 1907 that developments in amplification tube technology made the design practical. From 1907- 910 Boris Rising and Vladimir Zworykin demonstrated a television system that used a mechanical mirror-drum scanner in the transmitter and the electronic Braun tube (called a Cathode Ray Tube) in the receiver. Zworykin later went to work for RCA to build a purely electronic television. Electromechanical broadcasts continued on some stations until 1939 when electronic television was introduced. Vladimir Zworykin is also sometimes cited as the father of electronic television because of his invention of the iconoscope in 1923 and his invention of the kinescope in 1929. His design was one of the first to demonstrate a television system with all the features of modern picture tubes. His previous work with Rising on electromechanical television gave him key insights into how to produce such a system, but his (and RCA's) claim to being its original inventor was largely invalidated the court finding that RCA was in violation of the television design patented by Philo Taylor Farnsworth, whose lab Zworykin had visited while working on his designs for RCA. The controversy over whether it was first Farnsworth or Zworykin who invented modern television is still hotly debated today. Some of this debate stems from the fact that while Farnsworth appears to have gotten there first, it was RCA that first marketed working television sets, and it was RCA employees who first wrote the history of television. Even though Farnsworth eventually won the legal battle over this issue, he was never able to fully capitalize financially on his invention.

	Pepper (seen in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)) can be it white, black, or green, contains an alkaloid of pyridine called piperine. Piperine acts as an irritant if it gets into the nose. It stimulates (or irritates) the nerve endings inside the mucous membrane. This stimulation will cause you to sneeze. Actually, the nose wants to kick out this irritant and the only way it knows how to do this is by sneezing. Did you know: Pepper is known as the "king of spices" because it is one of the oldest and most popular spices in the world, pepper was so valuable that in ancient Greece and Rome it was used as currency and during the 19th century Salem, Massachusetts played an important role in the world pepper trade and made some of America's first millionaires. 

	A sneeze (seen in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)") is a reflex that is triggered when nerve endings inside the mucous membrane of the nose are stimulated. Did you know: Sneezing is called sternutation, when you sneeze air rushes out your nose at a rate of 100 miles per hour, there are an estimated 5 million scent receptors in the human nose and the human nose can produce an estimated one to two pints of mucus a day. 

	Info on how the dove became the bird of peace (mentioned by Peter in the episode "Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)"):
An Azerbaijani legend goes, the two kingdoms in Central Asia led by two kings who hated each other. For many years their enmity grew, and their armies and armories grew, and the threat of war seemed an ever-greater likelihood. One day, something happened that no one now remembers, but this forgotten event caused the hatred between the two kings to erupt and war was declared, one upon the other. As the kings arrayed themselves for battle, one of them called for his armor and helmet, shield and spear. The king's men-at-arms and servants went to retrieve the helmet and armor, shield and spear, but when they returned, they did not have the king's battle gear with them. And there within, a dove had built her nest, and there the dove sat, trembling in fright, protecting her newborn chicks. The king, the great leader and warrior, was touched by the simple sight of a creature so small and beautiful, willing to risk everything to protect her small brood. He decided to risk his own life by entering the battle without his helmet and armor, and let the dove remain at peace on her nest. "Perhaps," he said, "if I foster and protect this small dove, the gods and goddesses will shelter and protect me in battle" And forth he went. He strode forth to meet his rival without helmet or armor. This second king was surprised. So the second king called halt to his army, and shouted across the field "Why do you come for battle without aid of helmet or armor?" And the first king told the second of the dove nesting in his helmet. Now the second king had always believed his rival to be a great tyrant, with only cruelty and greed in his heart. And yet here was his bitter rival risking his life and kingdom for the benefit of one small dove. So moved was the second king that he laid aside his own armor and helmet, and sought peace between the kingdoms rather than war. And in this way, the dove became known throughout the land as a bird of peace. Thousands of years later, Christians adopted the dove as the symbol of the "Holy Spirit." Artists have often painted doves flocking about Jesus, drawing from the many Biblical associations of the dove with the presence of God. In the New Testament, Mary is told of her conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit descending as a dove. The four main gospels of the New Testament describe the baptism of Jesus when "the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove" came down from the heavens. 

	The late actor /comedian W. C. Fields (Micky does an impression of Fields in the episodes Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern), Monkees At The Movies and Monstrous Monkee Mash) had a terrible childhood with many fights with his father who hit him on the head with a shovel. He left home at 11 and by age thirteen he was a skilled pool player and juggler. He developed the technique of pretending to lose the things he was juggling. In 1893 he was employed as a juggler at Fortescue's Pier, Atlantic City, New Jersey. When business was slow he pretended to drown in the ocean (management thought his fake rescue would draw customers). By nineteen he was billed as "The Distinguished Comedian". At age twenty-three he appeared at Buckingham Palace and performed with the Ziegfeld Follies from 1915 through 1921. Fields made his first movie when he was thirty-six. He settled into a mansion making movies and appearing spontaneous dialogs on Charlie McCarthys radio show. He died after several serious illnesses, including bouts of pneumonia on Christmas Day 1946. 

	Lanolin (mentioned by Micky in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)) is a common name for wool wax, which is found in the greasy coating in sheeps wool. Lanolin is a yellowish sticky substance as thick as ordinary wax. It will absorb 20 to 30 percent of its own mass in water. Because of it can be easily absorbed by the skin is used in medicines, ointments and cosmetics. Lanolin is also in polishing leather goods and in shoe polish 

	The phrase Cry over spilt milk (by Peter in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)) means to grieve over that which is irretrievably lost or beyond recovery. This phrase selfishness implications is derived from housewives thinking only of the high milk prices not the ones benefiting from it. It was first noted by humorist Thomas C. Haliburton in his series The Clockmaker Or Sayings And Doings Of Samuel Slick Of Slickerville (1856): What????????s done, Sam, can't be helped. There's no use in cryin over spilt milk 

	"Take my wife please" (mentioned by Locksley/ Micky in the episode "Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)") was a line that the late comedian Henny Youngman popularized. It came from a event early in his career. He was going to perform on a live TV show. With just a few minutes to wait, his wife was standing by him and he asked an assistant to take his wife to her seat. The line became the basis of jokes (only in his act) about his wife's bad habits 

	A picture of a swallow tailed dove (mentioned by Mike in the episode "One Man Shy)	

	For information on reading tea leaves go to: Reading Tea Leaves web site

	A little on the history Girl Scouts (mentioned in the episodes Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern) and A Coffin Too Frequent): Juliette Gordon Low assembled 18 girls from Savannah, Georgia, on March 12, 1912 for the first local Girl Scout meeting. She believed that all girls should be given the opportunity to develop physically, mentally, and spiritually. With the goal of bringing girls out of isolated home environments and into community service and the open air, Girl Scouts hiked, played basketball, went on camping trips, learned how to tell time by the stars, and studied first aid. Within a few years, Low's dream for a girl-centered organization was realized. Today, Girl Scouts has a membership of nearly four million girls and adults, a significant growth from its modest beginnings nearly a century ago. They are also known for their distinctive line of cookies used for fundraising in the Spring 

	In the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern), when Davy comes to the Ye Olde Tea Room for the beauty pageant, actress Kelly Jean Peters had her cleavage blurred in order to meet NBC standards. 

	In the episode "Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)" Davy is watching the TV series "Iron Horse" on the TV just before he leaves to judge the pageant. "Iron Horse" aired opposite "The Monkees" on ABC during "The Monkees" first season

	The plot of the TV series The Iron Horse (seen in the episode Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)): Ben Calhoun (actor Dale Robertson) won the half-completed Buffalo Pass, Scalplock and Defiance Line railroad in a poker game and must fight 1880s Indians and nature in order to complete the pass. Actor Gary Collins (as Dave Tarrant), actor Robert Random (as Bob Random), Ellen Burstyn (as Julie Parsons) and Roger Torrey (as Nils Torvald) also star.

	David Price played Davy's double who is chained to a chair wearing a yellow shirt in "Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)"

	The episodes "Royal Flush" and "Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern)" are the only 2 first season episodes in the series syndication package to show the first season main title sequence opening for some reason. The other 30 first season episodes open with the more common second season main title opening 

	An accordion (mentioned in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) is a small portable free-reed wind instrument with a keyboard, the smallest representative of the organ family. Sound is made by a thin metal ribbon, a reed, that is held at one end and free at the other, like a ruler on the edge of a table top. The reed is fitted inside a holder plate, air is drawn through the hole in the holder, the reed vibrates, producing sound. The piano accordion was developed in Europe in the late 1800's and has become the most common type of accordion nowdays. Many folk cultures have their own version of an accordion.

	Yamamoto (Micky's assistant at the spy school in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) (Japanese meaning "base of the mountain") is one of the most popular Japanese surnames.

	Yamashita (the name of Mikes cameraman in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) was a general of the Japanese Army during the WWII. General Tomoyuki Yamashita was the most famous for conquering the British colonies of Malaya and Singapore, earning the nickname "Tiger of Malaya".

	Actor Billy Curtis (the midget who asked for red maracas after the guys left the shop in the episode "The Spy Who Came In From The Cool") was one of the Munchkins in the 1939 movie "The Wizard of Oz". He was the Father of Munchkin Land. He was one of the reasons why Judy Garland said that the Munchkins were "little drunks". Supposedly, he made several passes at her to which she responded "mother wouldn't approve" 

	Arlene Martel (Madame Olinsky in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool and Loreli in the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash) is best known for her guest appearance as Spock's chosen wife on the TV series Star Trek. She co-starred in what is generally considered the best episode of the original black-and-white series "The Outer Limits." Arlene also had memorable roles in two other 60s sitcoms- as spy Tiger on the TV series Hogan's Heroes and Malvina in the TV series Bewitched.

	The Popsicle (mentioned in the episodes The Spy Who Came In From The Cool and Monkees On The Line) is a trademarked name for a frozen treat on a stick. It is known as Ice Lolly in the United Kingdom. Frozen juice bars have been around since the 1800s but the Popsicle is the first to be mass marketed. It was created in 1905 by 11 year old Frank Epperson, who had left a glass of lemonade on a windowsill outside with a glass mixing stick in it. When Frank returned to the drink the next morning, he found that the lemonade had frozen inside the glass and that by running it under hot water, he was able to remove (and eat) the frozen lemonade chunk using the stir stick as a handle. In 1922, the Ice-Lollipop was introduced to the public for the first time at an Oakland ball for firemen. In1923, Epperson applied for a patent for "frozen ice on a stick" called the Epsicle Ice Pop, which he re-named the Popsicle, allegedly at the instigation of his children. In 1925, Frank Epperson sold the Popsicle rights to the Joe Lowe Company of New York. (The Good Humor Ice Cream Company).

	The episode title for the "The Spy Who Came In From The Cool" was inspired by the 1965 movie "The Spy Who Came In From The Cold" starring Richard Burton 

	James Bond (a parody seen in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool), also known as 007, is a sophisticated fictional character and British spy created by writer Ian Fleming. The prefix 007  indicates his discretionary license to kill in the performance of his duties for the British Secret Intelligence Service. His superiors and other officers are known by letters such as M and Q. Exotic espionage equipment and vehicles are very popular elements of James Bond's literary and cinematic missions, usually, they prove critically important to hazarding the wear and tear endured in the field.

	The Central Intelligence Agency or CIA (name parody in the episodes The Spy Who Came Out Of The Cool and Monkee Chow Mien) is one of the three American foreign intelligence agencies responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign government, corporations and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U. S. Government. It was created in 1947 with the signing of the National Security Act by President Truman 

	The episode "The Spy Who Came In From The Cool" was the first episode you see Mike playing his 12 string Grersch guitar. At the time there were only three of these guitars in existence (George Harrison and Chet Adkins had the other two). Sadly, it was stolen from Mike's workshop years ago 

	Stephen Foster's famous song Swanee River (Old Folks at Home) (sung by Davy in the episodes The Spy Who Came Out From The Cool and Case Of The Missing Monkee) refers to the Suwannee River, which flows from the Okefenokee Swamp in South East Georgia through Northern Florida to the Gulf of Mexico. The song was adopted as Florida's state song in 1935. It was written for E.P. Christy and his performing troupe, Christy's Minstrels. Christy paid Foster for the privilege of having his name appear as composer of Swanee River (Old Folks at Home), apparently at Foster's suggestion, an arrangement Foster later tried to reverse. In the original draft of the song, Foster used the Pedee River instead of the Suwannee. It was the most popular song ever published at that time and sold hundreds of copies. It is also the first international folk song. Foster never saw the Suwannee River or never visited Florida. The river was chosen from an atlas to fit the poetic meter of the lyrics. The song started the tourist industry in Florida. Beginning in 1880s, it drew millions of people from around the world seeking the symbolic river and idyllic home described in the song's words. A 1939 movie about Foster's life (called Swanee River) starring Don Ameche as Foster, Andrea Leeds as Fosters wife Jane and Al Jolson as E. P. Christy was made. However, it is more fictional than a factual biography of Foster's life. 

	In the episode "The Spy Who Came In From The Cool", the scene where the guys burst through the door wearing trench coats and use guitar cases to "shoot" everyone was an unused scene from "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)". If it were used in "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)", it would have been used when they guys enter the record store to see Rudy 

	Leavenworth, Kansas (mentioned in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) has long been associated with prisons. Few are aware that there are actually four prison complexes within the Greater Leavenworth. The prison "connection" is so strong that the Leavenworth Tourism Bureau uses the prison theme in marketing the area 

	Brazil (mentioned in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) is the largest and most populous country in South America. It is actually larger than mainland USA. It was named after a local tree. The official language is Portuguese. The capital is Brazilla. Sao Paulo is the largest city. Major exports include coffee, soybeans, iron ore, steel and airplanes. Brazil's economy outweighs that of all the other South American countries. 

	Argentina (mentioned in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) is a Spanish speaking country in South American, situated between the Andes Mountains in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. The name Argentina is derived from the Latin word argentum which means silver. The capital and largest city is Buenos Aires. Argentines are a mixture of diverse national and ethnic groups, with descendants of Italian and immigrants. 

	China (mentioned in the episode The Spy Who Came In From The Cool) is the world's oldest continuous civilization, with a history characterized by repeated divisions and reunifications periods of peace, war and violent dynastic change. Power was generally concentrated in the hands of the emperor but sometimes shifted to powerful officials, regional warlords, imperial relatives and eunchs. The country's territorial extent varied according to its shifting fortunes. For many centuries, China stood as the world's most advanced civilization. It is still an advanced culture for art and science. 

	There are many different African Pygmy tribes (mentioned in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers) who live scattered over a huge area in central and western Africa. In many places they are recognized as being the first inhabitants of the region. There are a few words which are shared between widely scattered Pygmy tribes, suggesting they may have shared a language in the past. Pygmy tribes are forest dwellers. For them, the forest is a kindly personal god who provides for their needs. 

	At the beginning of the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers", a bit of Ludwig Van Beethoven's "5th Symphony" can be heard when the Monkees begin to perform 

	Swine (from the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers") is another name for a pig or a hog and a person who is mean and viscous 

	A trump (from the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers") used as a verb means to deceive 

	"Cassius Clay watch out" (graphic seen in the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers") refers to the boxer more widely known as Muhammad Ali. He boasted about his graceful like moves around the boxing ring saying that he "flies like a butterfly and stings like a bee". Also, in the episode "Monkees In The Ring", the poetic lines said by the Smasher is a parody of Muhammad Ali's poetic rhymes 

	The episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers" is the first episode of the series to feature a cameo of a Monkee stand-in. The Monkee stand-ins were: David Pearl (for Peter), David Price (for Davy), Ric Klein (for Micky) and the late John London (for Mike). David Pearl was Davy's closest buddy, as well as the Monkees tour manager/personal co-manager. David Price was the Monkees head roadie. John London later played bass for longtime pal Mike's First National Band. Price, Pearl and Klein would do cameos in many second season episodes, often unaccredited 

	In the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers", Davy puts the Johnny Burke/ Arthur Johnson song "Pennies From Heaven" on the jukebox to get people to leave 

	Information on the Pogo Stick (Mike uses one in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers): 
As legend has it, an American traveler named George Hansburg was making his way through Burma when he made the acquaintance of a poor farmer. The farmers daughter was named Pogo. Pogo wanted to go to temple every day to pray, but couldn't because she had no shoes to wear for the long walk through the mud and rocks. So the poor farmer built a jumping stick for her, and Pogo's daily temple trips through the mud and over the rocks ensued. When the impressed traveler returned home, he made a jumping stick of his own. Hansburg patented his Pogo Stick in 1919. They were incredibly popular in the 1920s. Hansburg taught the Ziegfeld Follies how to bounce. After that, showmanship and the Pogo Stick just sort of went hand in hand. 

	Vic Tayback (George in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers, Rocco in the episode Son Of Gypsy and Cuche in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) is best remembered for his role as Mel Sharples in the TV series Alice 

	Louis Quinn (Horace in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers) started out as a comedy writer for Milton Berle's radio and television shows 

	Brass knuckles (mentioned in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers) are weapons used in hand-to-hand combat. Brass knuckles are pieces of steel not brass and shaped to fit around the knuckles. A hit from someone wearing these is extremely painful and sometimes fatal. In most countries, the possession, let alone the use of brass knuckles is illegal, as they are considered to be a cold weapon. 

	The phrase shoo-in (by Nick Trump in the episode Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers) makes it seem as if it were rooted in the action of a shoehorn. In fact, the meaning comes from horse racing lingo. Corrupt jockeys conspire and agree to hold back their mounts and to "shoo in," or urge forward, a slow horse on which they have bet. In such a phony contest, the shoo-in is the only horse in the race that is trying to win. 

	Passaic, New Jersey (mentioned by Micky in the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers") is located north west of Jersey City, New Jersey and west of Long Island, New York 

	Nitroglycerin (mentioned by Micky in the episode "Your Friendly Neighborhood Kidnappers") is a powerful explosive and principle ingredient in dynamite. It is 3 times more powerful than gun powder. It is also used by doctors to treat heart and circulation diseases 

	Hal March (Reynaldo in the episode "Dance, Monkees, Dance") was the host of the scandalous quiz show "The $64,000 Question 

	The Box Step (mentioned by Peter in the episode Dance, Monkees, Dance) is a basic dance step named after the pattern it creates on the floor, which is that of a square or box. It can be incorporated into many types of dance. It is the most common dance step in the Waltz. The leader begins with the left foot and proceeds basically as follows: First half-box: Forward-side-together and Second half-box: Backwards-side-together. 

	In the episode Dance, Monkees, Dance, Mikes mom is one of the dance applicants and is seen dancing with her during the Im A Believer romp. (Note: She is wearing a blue dress).

	A little information on our 8th President, Martin Van Buren (from the episode Dance, Monkees, Dance):
President from 1837-41. He served in the New York Senate (1812-20) and as state attorney general (1816-19). He was elected to the U.S. Senate (1821-28), where he supported states rights and opposed a strong central government. After John Quincy Adams became president, he joined with Andrew Jackson and others to form a group that later became the Democratic party. He was elected governor of New York (1828) but resigned to become U.S. Secretary Of State (1829-31). His presidency was marked by an economic depression, the Maine-Canada border dispute, the Seminole Indian Wars in Florida and debate over the annexation of Texas. He was defeated in his bid for reelection because of his antislavery views 

	Van Johnson (one of Peters guesses in the episode Dance, Monkees, Dance) had just started a 7-year contract with MGM in 1942 when he was in a major road accident left him with a metal plate in his head. Ineligible to serve during WWII, he became America's war film hero, playing the amiable guy next door sent overseas to do his part for America. Johnson also appeared in a slew of MGM musicals. In the 1950s, he moved into more serious roles. His film career has been irregular since 1960. His career in the 70s and 80s has consisted mostly of stage work. 

	Van Heflin (one of Peters guesses in the episode Dance, Monkees, Dance) During WWII, Van Heflin served as a combat cameraman in the Ninth Air Force in Europe. He starred as the title character in NBC Radio's "The Adventures of Philip Marlowe". He attended UCLA film school after achieving fame as an actor, with the intention of learning filmmaking techniques so as to improve his work as an actor. He wrote about the experience in the October 1950, issue of "Theatre Arts" magazine. His favorite pastime was sailing. He died of a heart attack on June 23,1971. 

	If there had to be one image for cool, the one man to fit it would be Dean Martin (one of Peters guesses in the episode Dance, Monkees, Dance). In 1946, Dean got his first ticket to stardom, as he teamed up with another hard worker, who was also trying to hit it big in Hollywood: Jerry Lewis. The duo were to become one of Hollywood's truly great teams that lasted 11 years. They were unstoppable, but personality conflicts broke up the team. Dean's love of woman, alcohol and gambling are legendary. Dean hosted his own successful TV variety series The Dean Martin Show starting in 1965. After the 80s Martin took it easy and spent his final years in solitude. He died on Christmas Day, 1995. 

	The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "I Wanna Be Free" was mistakenly written as "I Want To Be Free" in the credits for the episode "Success Story" 

	Ben Wright (Davys Grandfather in the episode Success Story) had a talent for dialects that kept him busy in the many WWII-related films and TV shows of the 50s and 60s 

	Vichysoise (mentioned by Mike in the episode "Success Story") is potato soup served chilled 

	Chateau Briand (mentioned by Mike in the episode "Success Story") is fish and potatoes in a creamy sauce 

	Chocolate Mouse (mentioned by Mike in the episode "Success Story") is a dessert similar to pudding but with a heavy cream 

	Playing cards (featured in the episodes "Success Story", "Find The Monkees" and "Monkees A La Mode") originated in China or Hindustan in 800 AD, appeared in Italy in the late 1200's then spread to Germany, France and Spain. The card's distinct four suits originated from France in the 1500's.

	Info on Icarus (parody in the episode Success Story): Daedalus contrived to make his escape from his prison. He set to work to fabricate wings for himself and his young son Icarus. When all was prepared for flight, he said, "Icarus, my son, I charge you to keep at a moderate height, for if you fly too low the damp will clog your wings, and if too high the heat will melt them. Keep near me and you will be safe". He soar upward as if to reach heaven. The nearness of the blazing sun softened the wax which held the feathers together, and they came off. He fluttered with his arms, but no feathers remained to hold the air. 

	The title of the episode Don't Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth is meant that horses have gum lines that recede with age. Hence older horses have longer teeth than young horses. To "look a horse in the mouth" is to examine the horse's mouth closely to determine its age (and therefore its usefulness and/or worth). To immediately judge a gift based on its worth or usefulness rather than the "thought" behind it considered rude and ungrateful. The phrase is apparently quite old, a Latin version of it appeared in a work by St. Jerome in 420 AD, and it also exists in many languages. 

	On the first day of shooting the episode "Don't Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth", Bob Rafelson took the cast and crew by truck to Malibu Canyon where several locations, including a farm, had been sought beforehand. When they arrived at the farm, Rafelson discovered the gate was locked and there was no farmer. He suggested knocking over the gate and worrying about it later to a Screen Gems official, who refused to do so without a ok from Screen Gems. So Rafelson sent him in search for the farmer and then in his absence, he commandeered 
the first truck and rammed the gate.  

	A smoke bomb (seen in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth) is colored smoke devices use a formula that consists of an oxidizer (typically potassium chlorate), a fuel (generally sugar), a moderant (such as sodium bicarbonate) to stop the reaction getting too hot and a powdered organic dye. The burning of this mixture evaporates the dye and forces it out of the device, where it condenses in the atmosphere to form a "smoke" of finely dispersed particles.

	Info on villagers with their torches (mentioned by Mike in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth) from the Mary Shelley book Frankenstein: A young scientist, Victor Frankenstein, wanted to create life from dead tissue. He took to grave robbing for body parts. He assembled the body parts, not knowing he is using an abnormal brain. The "creature" rises from the table, only to escape to the countryside. The creature tries to be friendly with the local villagers but they think the creature is possessed. The "creature" retreats to the mountains to escape, but is tracked down by villagers with torches. The "creature" and Victor end up in a windmill. Victor escapes and the villagers decide to burn the windmill down. 

	Root beer (mentioned by Mike in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth) is an original brew, predating colas and other popular sodas. Most historians believe that the invention of an actual root beer recipe happened by pure accident. In 1870, an unknown pharmacist toying with a handful of roots, berries and herbs, came up with a recipe for root beer which consisted of juniper, wintergreen, spikenard, pipsissewa, sarsaparilla, vanilla beans, hops, dog grass, birch bark and licorice. The original drink was quite medicinal in nature, tasting both bitter and sweet. Even though the pharmacist offered the drink to the public as a cure-all, it was never marketed or well received. Charles Hires, also a pharmacist, around the same time discovered an herbal tea he simply could not part with. After taking the recipe of herbs, berries and roots home to Philadelphia with him, he began selling a packaged dry mixture to the public made from many of the same ingredients as the original herbal tea. Well received, Hires soon developed a liquid concentrate blended together from more than 25 herbs, berries and roots. The public loved the new drink and as a result, Hires introduced commercial root beer to the public in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition. In no time, it became a popular drink of its day. By 1893, the Hires family sold bottled versions of their well known brew. The key ingredient to root beer is sassafras root, which is what produces the tangy, thick brewed flavor that root beer is noted for. For a time in 1960, the U. S. Food And Drug Administration banned the use of sassafras oil, labeling it a carcinogen. Today, there is no true authentic root beer recipe, since there are so many different combinations and brews. 

	An owl (mentioned in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth) has some 200 species and are solitary nocturnal birds of prey. Owls mostly hunt small mammals and insects. Owls have large forward-facing eyes and ears and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called the facial disk. Their large eyes are fixed in their sockets and they must turn their entire heads to change views. Owls are far-sighted, and are unable to clearly see anything within a few inches of their eyes. However, their vision, particularly in low light, is excellent.

	The late comic/actor Jerry Colonna (Dr. Mann in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth) was featured in more than a dozen films, including Road To Rio and Meet Me In Las Vegas. His appearance on the NBC TV show Hour Glass, the first hour long entertainment series of any kind produced for network TV, helped pave the way for the ever increasing medium of television. He also emceed his own namesake program of music, comedy and variety in 1951. 

	The late actress Jesslyn Fax (Mrs. Purdy in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth) had the small role of Avis Grubb in the 1962 musical The Music Man 

	During Davy's walk along the beach to the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "I Wanna Be Free" in the episode "Success Story", Peter comes out of the water wearing a black wet suit and carrying a surf board. It was an unused scene from the filming of "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)". It would have been used in the episode "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)" in the beginning of the episode when the guys meet up and go see Rudy at the music store 

	Hercules (the name of a body building school that Peter gets a letter from in the episode "I've Got A Little Song Here") was the son of the Greek God Zeus and the mortal Princess Alcmenc. He was known for his superb strength. He fought a serpent with many venomous heads, and killed wild boars, bulls and man-eating mares 

	Rome (mentioned in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) is the capital city of Italy. It is the largest city in Italy and its municipality is one of the largest in Europe with an area of 1290 square kilometers (it could easily encircle the nine largest Italian cities). It is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Church.  The city has a long history extending nearly 2,800 years.

	Pompeii (mentioned by MD/ Micky in the episode "I've Got A Little Song Here") was buried under ash and debris after Mount Vesuvus erupted in 79 AD 

	Despite what Micky/ MD said in the episode I've Got A Little Song Here, there are many books written about the last days of Pompeii with author Edward Bulwer Lytton the most notable 

	The Jerry Herman song Hello Dolly (mentioned by Bernie in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) has been recorded by the likes of Louis Armstrong, Pearl Bailey, Carol Channing, Bing Crosby, Bobby Darin, Sammy Davis, Jr., Ella Fritzgerald, Matt Monoro, Mantovani, Wayne Newton and Frank Sinatra 

	The color red (mentioned by Micky in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) has a few international meanings. In Russia, red symbolizes beautiful. In South Africa, red symbolizes mourning. In China, red symbolizes good luck. In India, red symbolizes purity. 

	The color green (mentioned by Micky in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) has a number of meanings. In English heraldry, green stood for renewal, life, vitality, youth and freshness. It is the traditional color of Islam and symbol of Ireland. It is the color of many countries, currency and thus carries a strong connotation to money, wealth and capitalism. This is especially true in the U.S., but the status of the dollar worldwide makes it a wider symbol. This is illustrated by a joke told in the days of the communist Soviet Union: "Name something green, other than money" with the correct answer being a Ruble.

	The song "My Funny Valentine" (mentioned in the episode "I've Got A Little Song Here") was written by Rodgers and Hart 

	The origins of bowling (mentioned in the episode "I've Got A Little Song Here": The earliest forms date back to ancient Egypt and ancient Polynesians but modern forms of bowling can be traced back to Germany and the Netherlands in the Middle Ages. It became increasing popular in New England during the 1800's. Brief synopses on how to play it: A player rolls a heavy ball down a 12 foot lane attempting to knock down the 10 pins arranged in a triangle shape. A player must release the ball without crossing over a foul line. Each player will have 2 attempts to knock down pins per turn. If the ball goes into the grooved sides of the lane and no pins can be knocked ball (known as a gutter ball) there is no score. If a player can successfully knock down all 10 pins in one try it is a strike. If a player can knock all the pins down in two attempts it is a spare. If a player can knock all pins down in the 12 turns each player is given then it is a perfect game and score of 300 points.

	A doughnut or donut (mentioned in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) is a deep fried piece of dough and batter. Doughnuts have a disputed history. One perspective is that they were introduced into North America by Dutch settlers. Another story credits the invention of the doughnut hole to a Danish sea captain named Hanson Gregory. During a particularly violent storm, Gregory needed both hands free to man the wheel of his ship, and impaled a fried cake upon the wheel, creating the signature hole. The center of fried cakes were notorious for being undercooked, so the innovation stuck. By cooking fried cakes with the center hole, the surface area increased, and the doughnut cooked faster.

	Info on the 1952 film With A Song In My Heart (name parody in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here): Jane Froman (actress Susan Hayward), an aspiring songstress, lands a job in radio with help from pianist Don Ross (actor David Wayne), whom she later marries. Jane's popularity soars, and she leaves on a European tour, but her plane crashes in Lisbon, and she is partially crippled. Unable to walk without crutches, Jane nevertheless goes on to entertain the Allied troops in World War II. 

	Fred Astaire (mentioned by Micky in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) entered show business at age 5. He was successful both in vaudeville and on Broadway in partnership with his sister, Adele. After Adele retired to marry in 1932, Astaire headed to Hollywood. He began his highly successful partnership with Ginger Rogers with whom he danced in 9 pictures. During these years he was also active in recording and radio. After a temporary retirement in 1945-47, during which he opened a chain of dancing schools, Astaire returned to film to star in more musicals through 1957. He subsequently performed a number of straight dramatic roles in film and TV. A constant perfectionist, he practiced his dancing for hours. Interestingly, at his first screen test, one casting agent made these comments about Fred Astaire "can't sing, can't act, slightly balding , can dance some" 

	Character actor Phil Leeds (Bernie in the episode "I've Got A Little Song Here") has appeared in small parts in some well known films as: Rosemary's Baby (1968), The History of the World Part 1 (1981), Beaches (1986), Enemies: A Love Story (1989) and Ghost (1990). Enemies: A Love Story was directed and written by Paul Mazursky who co-wrote "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)" with Larry Tucker 

	In the episode "I've Got A Little Song Here" Mike sells Bernie the song "Gonna Buy Me A Dog" but Mike did not write the song (Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart wrote the song) 

	Sonny Tuffs (mentioned by Bernie in the "I've Got A Little Song Here" episode and Davy in the episode "The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)") was an actor who ended his career in scandal and was a notorious alcoholic. His name became the basis of jokes   
	The late Gregory Peck (mentioned by Micky/ MD in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) studied pre-med at Berkeley and, while there, Peck got the acting bug and decided to change the focus of his studies. He enrolled in the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York and debuted on Broadway after graduation. Peck's screen presence displayed the qualities for which he became well known: tall, rugged, heroic and basic decency. Peck won the Academy Award for his performance as Lawyer Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird. Peck was always politically liberal, active in causes dealing with charities, politics or the film industry. He died in June 2003. 

	Elizabeth Taylor (mentioned by Micky/ MD in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) is considered one of the last stars to have come out of the old Hollywood studio system. She started as a child actress in the early 1940s. By the 1950s she was starring in the lead roles of major films. With major roles on screen came worldwide attention off-screen, most notably due to a succession of marriages and a series of health crises throughout her life. She won 2 Academy Awards for the films Butterfield 8 and Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf. In the 1980s, she began a new life as a humanitarian (forming the Elizabeth Taylor Aids Foundation) and perfume maker. 

	At 16 Doris Day (mentioned by Micky/ MD in the episode Ive Got A Little Song Here) began touring with the Les Brown Band, where she met Al Jorden, who she later married. He turned out to be a violent and abusive husband. Soon after the birth of her son Terry in 1942, they divorced. She was a very popular attraction on the USO Tour during WWII. In 1948 while filming her first film, she met Martin Melcher who became her agent and later her husband. In 1958 her husband started to make her do films that she did not want to make. This eventually led to her becoming ill from nervous exhaustion. By the time he died in 1968, she was bankrupt. He had squandered virtually all the money she had ever made but she was eventually awarded $22 million by the courts. She married for the fourth time in 1976. Since her divorce in 1980, she has devoted her life to animals (forming the Doris Day Animal League 

	Actor Arch Johnson (General Vanderburg in the episode "The Chaperone") appeared with Davy in an episode of the TV series "Love American Style" called "Love and Elopement" in the early 70's 

	General Vanderburg's military ribbons: 

The pretzel (seen in the episode The Chaperone) is usually made from wheat flour with yeast. The dough is briefly dipped in lye water before baking, and usually (though not always) salted. There are also several stories about the origin of the pretzel shape. One legend holds that a baker accused of larceny was offered the opportunity to cancel his sentence if he could make a bread through which the sun could be seen thrice. The ingenious baker twisted his dough into a pretzel before baking. Another common story says that the shape represents the position of arms of a monk in prayer. Another story says that the three holes represent the Christian Holy Trinity sign with three rings was an old symbol to mark a bakery in Germany, but sources differ as to whether the signs were made to imitate the pretzel or the pretzel was made to imitate the signs. According to some sources, the bagel originated as a variation on the pretzel. However, stories told of the pretzel are likely apocryphal, and the actual origin of the pretzel seems to be a mystery. A very popular Scandinavian food item, pickled herring (mentioned in the episode The Chaperone) has been around for centuries. Herrring (small oily fish found in the shallow waters of the Atlantic Ocean) are cut into fillets and placed in a vinegar, salt and sugar solution then peppercorn, bay leaves and onion are added. Traditionally, they are usually enjoyed on dark rye bread with a wine and vinegar based marinade. In the United States, pickled herring is often served with a sour cream based sauce. The Battle of the Bulge (mentioned by Micky in the episode "The Chaperone") was the German army's last ditch stand through the Ardennes Forest starting on December 16, 1944. The German army drove the allies almost to the Meuse River and surrounded Bastogne. Allies got through the German army lines from the south and relieved Bastonge. It got its name because of the bulging shape of the battleground on a map Telling someone to "keep his shirt on" (by Mike in the episode The Chaperone) was equivalent to telling him "I don't want to fight". This phrase has been twisted into the equivalent "keep your pants on" Venice (mentioned by Micky in the episode The Chaperone) is the city of canals and the capital of the region of Veneto. The city stretches across numerous small islands in a marshy lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy. The Venetian Republic was a major sea power and a staging area for the Crusades, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially the spice trade) and art in the Renaissance. Sadly, the city is slowly sinking and some preventative measures have been taken to prevent some historic landmarks from further sinking. A clip from the opening sequence to the TV series Tarzan can be seen in the episode The Chaperone, despite the fact that the series was produced at a rival company Popular Mechanics (mentioned by Davy in the episode The Chaperone) started off in January 1902 when Henry H. Windsor published the first issue with the original title Popular Mechanics- Written so that you can understand it. Windsor envisioned a source on technology and science written in a way that everyday people could understand. Popular Mechanic's wide popularity is closely related to the incredible amount of invention and discovery that has taken place over the past 95 years. It has chronicled the advent of radio, flying machines, X-Rays, automobiles and countless other developments in technology. The magazine published industrial problems submitted by companies offering cash for the best solution submitted. It has been at the forefront of technological journalism throughout the 20th century. In fact, the federal government asked Popular Mechanics to stop reporting on atomic energy during WWII because the magazine had been able to keep up so well. In the episode "The Chaperone", Davy and Peter do a parody of "My Fair Lady" when teaching Mrs. Weefers manners The bald, muscular, white t-shirt wearing Mr. Clean man (seen at the party in the episode The Chaperone) has epitomized household cleaning since 1958. He was the creation of the Cincinnati, Ohio based company Procter and Gamble. Palm Beach, Florida (mentioned in the episode The Chaperone) located 65 miles north of Miami. The town's affluence, and its "abundance of pleasures" and "strong community-oriented sensibility" were cited when it was selected in June 2003 as America's "Best Place to Live" by Robb Report magazine. Alcatraz Island (seen on a sign in the episode The Chaperone) is located in the middle of San Francisco Bay in San Francisco, California. It was formerly used as a military stockade from 1850-1933 and later as a maximum security prison. Today, the island is a historic site. During its 29 years of operation, the penitentiary never had any official successful escapes. The prison closed because it was far more expensive to operate than other prisons of the time. It was easier to build a new, traditional land-bound prison than to pay for all the upkeep and support the Alcatraz prison required. Bloodsuckers or leaches (mentioned in the episode The Chaperone) are flattened segmented worms with a sucker on both tail and mouth. They move by attaching the mouth sucker, then tail sucker, then mouth sucker, and so on, to the surface they are on. Most leeches live in the water and most avoid light. Leeches are most commonly known for attaching on to humans and other animals, and sucking their blood. Blood sucking leeches have well developed jaws. Different types of leeches feed on different animals. Leaches were used for medical purposes in the 1700s. The mistaken notion that a sickness can be cured by getting rid of the bad blood. Many people died not from their sickness but anemia since there was no such thing as a blood transfusion. Info on Tarzan (featured in the episode The Chaperone): He first appeared in print as a story called Tarzan- Planet of the Apes I by Edgar Rice Burroughs in a 1912 issue of All-Story magazine. The cover showed a clad man sits astride a rampaging lion, his knife raised for the kill, as another man (probably the lion's intended dinner) looks on in horror. Glancing at the magazine's contents page you might have realized this story was special. Instead of serializing this lengthy novel All-Story's editor had decided to run it complete in one issue cause the story made it hard to put down. Thomas Metcalf in the previous issue's buildup to Tarzan wrote "It is the most exciting story we have seen in a blue moon and about as original as they make 'em. The All-Story readers, and eventually the world, agreed. From this one novel sprang two dozen more, over forty movies, hundreds of comic books, radio shows and television programs. Edgar Rice Burroughs became one of the twentieth century's most popular authors and Tarzan one of the world's best-known literary characters. Perhaps the most famous actor to play Tarzan was Olympic swimming champion swimmer Johnny Weissmuller. For the episode "The Chaperone" for Saturday morning reruns on CBS in the early 70's, Micky's song "Midnight Train" replaced the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song "This Just Doesn't Seem To Be My Day". It has not aired with the original song until 1995's "Deluxe Limited Edition Box Set" and the DVD set Yorkshire pudding (mentioned by Davy in the episode "The Chaperone") is a English dish with the outer pastry shell made with flour, milk, eggs, and salt and the inside has horseradish, sour cream and parsley or roast beef The origin of baseball (featured in the episode "Monkees In A Ghost Town") began in the mid-1800's developed from the English sport Rounders. American colonists played Rounders as early as the 1700's. The rules gradually changed Rounders into Baseball. However, many people believe that American baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown, NY in 1839. The Doubleday theory was answered in 1908 when the Baseball Commission's report based it's conclusion that Doubleday invented the game to a letter from a friend of Doubleday's who was supposedly present when Doubleday invented it. The French Foreign Legion (from the episodes Your Favorite Neighborhood Kidnappers and Monkees In A Ghost Town) is still France's first response group. The soldiers themselves say, they are sent because if they die "it's only foreigners". Louis Philippe, "King of the French" created The French Foreign Legion on March 10, 1831. It is imposed exclusively of volunteers aged between 18 and 40 and they go through a lot of vigorous training. The game of jacks (featured in the episode "Monkees In A Ghost Town") was played in the ancient World with small animal bones or pebbles. In early America the game was commonly known as five-stones or jack-stones. As time went on, one of the stones (the Jack) was replaced by a wooden ball then a rubber ball. The other stones were replaced by small pointed metal pieces reminiscent of the original animal knucklebones. Players try to pick up the 6 pieces (the small metal pieces that have 6 out stretched points) while tossing and catching a small rubber ball (the jack). The pyramids of Egypt (seen in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) are among the largest man made constructions ever conceived and an enduring symbol of the Ancient Egyptian civilization. Egyptians built the pyramids on the West bank of the River Nile. They believed this was the land of the dead, because the Sun set there. Most archaeologists believe that they were constructed as burial monuments associated with royal solar and stellar cults. A cabaret (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre in restaurants or nightclubs with the audience sitting around the tables watching the performance. The turn of the 19th century introduced a revolutionized cabaret culture with such performers as the spectacular Josephine Baker and the legendary infamous Brazilian drag performer Jojo Francisco dos Santos. The term cabaret basically means in French "small room". Perhaps the most famous cabaret club was the Moulin Rouge in Paris, France. The National Parent Teacher Association or PTA (mentioned in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) is a voluntary organization bringing together parents and teachers of pupils in a particular school, usually for fund-raising and other activities relating to the welfare of the school rather than the progress of individual pupils. This was founded in 1897 in as the National Congress of Mothers by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst at a meeting of over 2000 parents, teachers, workers and legislators. It took the name Parent Teacher Association in 1908. It is the largest child advocacy organization in the United States and claims over 6.5 million members. Info on Bob Dylan (mentioned in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town): Bob Dylan's influence on popular music is incalculable. As a songwriter, he pioneered several different schools of pop songwriting, from confessional singer/songwriter to winding, hallucinatory, stream-of-conscious narratives. As a vocalist, he broke down the notions that in order to perform, a singer had to have a conventionally good voice, thereby redefining the role of vocalist in popular music. As a musician, he sparked several genres of pop music, including electrified folk-rock and country-rock. Many of his songs. He is often been referred to as a spokesman for his generation. Actor Lon Chaney, Jr. (Lenny in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) was born while his parents were on a theatrical tour and he joined them onstage for the first time at the age of six months. However, as a young man, even during the time of his father's growing fame, he worked menial jobs to support himself without calling upon his father. He always had the desire to follow in his father's footsteps. He studied makeup at his father's side and learning many of the techniques that had made his father famous. It was not until after his father's death in 1930 that Chaney went to work in films. His first appearances were under his real name (he had been named for his mother, singer Cleva Creighton). He played number of supporting parts before a producer in 1935 insisted on changing his name to Lon Chaney Jr. as a marketing ploy. Chaney was uncomfortable with the ploy and always hated the name change. By the 1950s, he was established as a star in low-budget horror films and as a reliable character. His later years were bedeviled by illness and problems with alcohol. He died from a variety of causes in 1973. Actor Lon Chaney, Jr. (Lenny in the episode "Monkees In A Ghost Town") parodies his role in the Broadway play "Of Mice And Men" when he pulls a mouse and a red ball out of his pocket Actor Len Lesser (George in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town and Red in the episode "Monkees In Texas") is probably best known these days for playing Jerry Seinfelds Uncle Leo in Seinfeld and one of Franks lodge buddies (Garvin) in Everybody Loves Raymond Actress Rose Marie (Bessie in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town and Milly in the episode Monkee Mother) had two separate acting careers one as a child (called "Baby Rose Marie" in the 1920s) and the other which began in the 40s. According to actress Sylvia Miles, Rose Marie got the job for which she is best known (Sally Rogers on The Dick Van Dyke Show) after Miles pulled out after the pilot. The hair bow has some personal significance on which Rose Marie has so far refused to elaborate. Her husband, musician Bobby Guy, was at one time lead trumpeter for the NBC orchestra on "The Tonight Show. She wanted to leave The Dick Van Dyke Show after her husband died and was talked out of it by producer John Rich. A Sextant (seen in the episodes "Monkees In A Ghost Town" and "Hitting The High Seas") is a tool used by sailors to measure the distance between the sun and the horizon In the episode "Monkees In A Ghost Town", there is a reference to actor Lon Chaney- "the man of a thousand faces". In the early days in Hollywood, the joke on a set was "don't step on a spider, it may be Lon Chaney" (thanks to Mary Jo for this one) In the episode "Monkees In A Ghost Town", Davy uses the phone and "Chester" answers it. Chester offers to get "Marshall Dillon". It is a reference to two characters from the TV Series "Gunsmoke" The cavalry (mentioned in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) is an army unit consisting of mounted soldiers on horseback. It has typically been associated with high social status. Before the Iron Age, the role of the cavalry on the battlefield was largely performed by chariots. The power of mobility given by mounted horseback was recognized early on, but was offset by the difficulty of raising large forces and by the inability of horses (then mostly small) to carry heavy armor. In the 20th century the advent of modern vehicles with effective mobility and armor provided the opportunity for vehicles to replace horses as the key mobile element of an army. This change was made even more necessary by the development of the machine gun. The demise of cavalry as a decisive force on the battlefield came in the World War 1 when cavalry forces were slaughtered while failing to achieve a strategic breakthrough on the Western Front. A transistor symbol (mentioned in the episode ????????????Monkees In A Ghost Town), shows the direction of conduction by the direction of the arrow, which is from positive to negative. A gel (mentioned in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) is a colored flame resistant plastic used in front of lighting instruments to color the light A half-net (mentioned in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town) is a camera filter used in order to show a sharp contrast between the foreground and the background A Kewpie Doll (mentioned by Micky in the episode "Monkees In A Ghost Town") was designed in 1910 by American illustrator Rose O'Neil. It was modeled after her baby brother complete with the tuft of hair he had. The phrase mad money (from the episode Find The Monkees (The Audition)) originally meant the money that a woman takes with her for contingencies when a date ends in a quarrel. The tuba (seen in the episode Find The Monkees and mentioned in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee) is the largest of the low-brass instruments and is one of the most recent additions to the modern symphony orchestra, first appearing in the mid-19th century. There is usually only one tuba in an orchestra and is used as the bass of the brass section, though its versatility means that it can be used to reinforce the strings and woodwind, or increasingly as a solo instrument. Concertos for the Tuba have been written by Ralph Vaughan Williams, Edward Gregson and John Williams. A little history on the Peanuts comic strip (mentioned in the episode Find The Monkees): The late Charles M. Schulz's comic strip Li'l Folks (later re-christened "Peanuts") first appeared in 7 newspapers on October 2, 1950. Little did he realize that from such humble beginnings would mushroom worldwide popularity and prominence over the next 50 years. Snoopy is an extroverted beagle and a virtuoso at every endeavor. Charlie Brown is an inveterate worrier who wins your heart with his losing ways and frets over the trifles of life. Linus flabbergasts his friends with his philosophical revelations and solutions to problems all while carrying a blue security blanket. Lucy is the know-it-all who dispenses advice whether you want it or not and always wants to be in charge. Sally is inhibited, and precocious little sister to Charlie Brown. She has a schoolgirl crush on Linus, her "Sweet Babboo." Peppermint Patty is bold, brash and tomboyish and what she lacks in common sense she makes up for in sincerity. Bill Anderson is credited with coming up with name "Peanuts", although he later insisted that he'd been asked to suggest a kid strip title without actually having seen the strip. He delivered a list of 10 names, of which "Peanuts" was one. He later justified this selection on the basis of the popular TV children's show of the time, "The Howdy Doody Show", where the young studio audience would sit in a "peanut gallery." Li'l Abner (mentioned by Peter in the episode Find The Monkees) was the title character in the long-running (1934-1977) syndicated newspaper strip by cartoonist Al Capp. Hardly little, Banner was a hulking, naive man-child and the frequent foil for Capp's satiric stories about American life and politics. This simple-minded citizen of humble Dogwatch was a paragon of virtue in a dark and cynical world. Banner often found himself far from home, whether in the company of unscrupulous industrialist General Bullmoose, in hapless snowbound Lower Slobbovia, or wherever Capp's whimsical and often complex plots led our heroic hillbilly. Hiccups (seen by Peter in the episode Find The Monkees) are a common part of life. Prolonged attacks are a more serious problem and a mystery to medical science. The medical term originated from the Latin word singult, which translates roughly as "the act of catching one's breath while sobbing". The exact cause remains a mystery despite centuries of study. Many scientists believe hiccups can come from liver inflammation and violent emotions arousing the stomach. Madagascar (mentioned in the episode Find The Monkees" is an island nation in the Indian Ocean off the Eastern coast of Africa. Madagascar is the 4th largest island in the world. It is the home of five percent of the world's plant and animal species, 80 per cent of them unique to Madagascar. Madagascar is one of only 2 countries not to use a decimal currency. Green Giant (a parody of the name in the episode "Find The Monkees") was founded in Le Sueur, Minnesota in 1903, as the Minnesota Valley Canning Company. Some 11,750 cases of white cream-style corn were sold in the first year. The company introduced an unusually large pea, but with a flavor, sweetness, and tenderness Early June Peas couldn't match. Thus, the name Green Giant was born to describe the new peas in 1925. In 1928, the original Giant appeared in advertising for the first time and the flourishing young company began to expand operations, adding canning facilities in Cokato, Montgomery, and Winstead, Minnesota. Eventually Green Giant vegetables were sold world wide. The South (China) Sea (mentioned in the episode Find The Monkees) is a part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from Singapore to the Strait Of Taiwan. Within the sea, there are over 200 identified islands and reefs. It is the second most used sea lane in the world. However, competing territorial claims over the South (China) Sea and its resources are numerous. The phrase Theres more than one way to skin a cat (a parody of this phrase by Mike in the episode Monkees In The Ring), in other words, there more ways to achieve a goal. This is in reference to skinning a catfish. Their skin sticks to their flesh and is difficultly separated. There are a few ways to separate the skin (one way was to drop them quickly into boiling water). Modern boxing (featured in the episodes One Man Shy, Monkees In The Ring and Monkees Get Out More Dirt) began when in the early 1700's English athlete James Figg introduced wrestling-like moves to bare-knuckled boxers. In 1743 Jack Broughton introduced several new rules such as if a man is knocked down and if he can not get back up with in 30 seconds the other fighter wins (known as the London Prize Fighting Rules). In the mid-1800's the Marquess Of Queensberry introduced the rules of wearing padded gloves and time period rounds. Boxing came to the US in the early 1900's but was illegal in most of the US due to it violent nature. However, laws permitting public prize fighting grew into a spectator sport. Professional games have 12 time periods (called rounds) of 3 minutes each. Boxing is divided into different weight classes and people only in the same weight class will box. A referee is inside the square area with the players ensuring that all the rules are being obeyed. The fighters try to dominate with punches to the opponent while they guard their own head and body. The winner can be determined in 3 ways: if one person is knocked to the floor and fails to get up within 10 seconds (called a knockout), if a player is physically unable to continue (called a technical knockout) or the 2 players fight to the end of the regulation number of rounds without a knockout. The referee and/or ringside judges decide the winner (called a decision). After being blacklisted in the 50s, Ned Glass (Scholto in the episode Monkees in The Ring) made his living as a carpenter, a trade he learned by building his own house. Mike (in the episode Monkees In The Ring) and Davy (in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee) does a bit of Jackie Gleasons and away we go exit from the stage gesture Gleason did in The Jackie Gleason Show from the 1950s. After being blacklisted in the 50s, Ned Glass (Scholto in the episode Monkees in The Ring) made his living as a carpenter, a trade he learned by building his own house. A pistachio nut (seen in the episode Monkees In The Ring) is a fruit first introduced in the Mediterranean Region. One of the best places where it grows in abundance has historically been central parts of Iran. The word pistachio itself means Middle Persian. The shell of the pistachio is naturally a beige color, but it is sometimes dyed red in commercial pistachios. Originally, red dye was applied by importers to hide stains on the shells caused when the nuts were picked by hand. However most pistachios are now picked by machine and the shells remain unstained, making dyeing unnecessary. The Thompson Submachine gun (mentioned in the episode Alias Micky Dolenz) was created by General John T. Thompson. Gen. Thompson was driven with the thought of creating a hand held machinegun that would help end the First World War. At this time in history, machineguns were large heavy weapons manned by several soldiers. The thought of a compact machinegun, small and light enough for a single soldier to operate, fascinated Thompson. It was his never ending devotion to developing the light weight machinegun, combined with a series of well timed world events, that led to the creation of the worlds first Submachine gun. Thompson coined the term "submachine gun" but the press needed a term to catch the public fancy and thus, the term "Tommy Gun Detroit, Michigan (mentioned in the episode Alias Micky Dolenz) is best known as the world's largest automotive manufacturer and soul music capital. Detroit is French for strait. It was originally the settled as a fort in 1701 because it is situated along the Great Lakes waterway. The British gained control of the area in 1760 and thwarted an Indian attack three years later. However, in 1796 Detroit passed to the United States. The city grew steadily during the 1830s and subsequent decades saw substantial growth in the shipping and manufacturing. With the factories came high-profile labor strife, climaxing in the 1930s between auto workers and unions. Detroit has endured a painful decline during the past several decades and is often held up as a symbol of urban blight. Information on pelicans (mentioned in the episodes Alias Micky Dolenz and "Monkees On The Line"): Pelican legs are short, their necks long, and their feet have all four toes webbed to aid in swimming. Pelicans are huge birds, with some birds almost 6 feet in length. Wingspans range from 6 feet across to up to 11 feet Many times groups of these pelicans will fish together, forming a V-shape in the water, herding schools of fish to shallow water where the pelicans can feed on the fish more easily. Around the world, pelicans are often accused of competing with fishermen as well as with the commercial fishing industry. However, numerous studies have shown that this is not the case. Pelicans for the most part eat smaller fish. A Purple Pelican (mentioned in the episode Alias Micky Dolenz) is also the name of a children's book Ride A Purple Pelican by Jack Prelutsky (first published in 1986). It is a collection of 40 of Prelutsky's most notable nonsense verse, simple tongue-twisting words, rhymes and nonsensical stories. Maureen Arthur (Ruby in the episode Alias Micky Dolenz) was a regular on the TV series Tonight, which ended up becoming The Tonight Show. Arthur was the host on Mondays and Tuesdays After retiring from acting Helene Winston (Big Flora in the episode Monkees A La Carte and Mrs. Drehdal in the episode Monkees On The Line) became a poet and occasionally gave public readings of her verse. Her latest book was "From Sleeping Lion to Geriatric Erotica". A cigar (featured in the episodes Monkees In A Ghost Town, Ive Got A Little Song Here, Monkees A La Carte, The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery), Monkee Mayor, Monkees On The Wheel, "Monkees Watch Their Feet" and Monkees Paw) is a tightly rolled bundle of tobacco leaves that have already been dried and fermented. In the 19th century, the cigar business was an important industry, factories employed many people before mechanized manufacturing of cigars became practical. Cigars manufactured in the Pinar del Rio province west of Cuba are considered by many to be the best quality. The word "cigar" is from the Spanish word cigarro. Steve Blauner (mentioned in the episodes Alias Micky Dolenz and Wild Monkees) was a consultant for the show and Vice-President of Columbia Pictures during the Monkees TV series Spaghetti (seen in the episodes Success Story and Monkees A La Carte) is a typical Italian dish consisting of long, thin, round pasta served in a tomato based sauce. Italians consider the proper way to eat it to be with just a fork or with the help of the edge of the knife. The word spaghetti is the plural of the Italian word spaghetto (meaning string or twine) Therefore literally, the word "spaghetti" means "little strings." Legend has it that Marco Polo brought the recipe for spaghetti back from China. Ravioli (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Carte) is a popular type of pasta comprised of a filling commonly sealed between two layers of pasta dough. Ravioli are commonly shell in shape. The original Ligurian recipe doesn???t call for any meat at all, mostly greens and some cheese. Salami (mentioned in the episodes Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth and Monkees A La Carte) is a sausage of Italian origin. The name comes from the Italian word salare meaning to salt. It was originally made from a mixture of chopped pork and salt which was air-dried in a casing, Salamis are now sometimes smoked or cooked before air-drying. Many varieties made in several countries and nearly all are seasoned with a combination of herbs and spices. James Frawley was the director of the episode Monkees A La Carte who Micky mentioned wanted a pretty girl in the show. Despite what Micky said , there are hundreds of purple flowers (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Carte) and most has it's own meaning and purple intensifies the meaning. The Pansy conveys "Thoughts", Violet sends the message of "Modesty" and the Iris conveys that a "Message" is being sent. Carnations (seen in the episodes Monkees A La Carte and Monkees On The Wheel), from the Greek for flower of love, are a long lasting flower that is very versatile. White carnations indicate pure love and good luck. A La Carte is a French phrase meaning "from the menu" and it is used in restaurant terminology two ways: a menu of items priced and ordered separately rather than selected from a list of preset multi-course meals at set prices and it may designate the option to order a main course item alone that is otherwise served with a side dish, such as soup or salad. The origin of the name Purple Flower gang could have come from the Purple Gang. They were predominately Jewish bootleggers and hijackers in the 1920s, operating out of Detroit, Michigan, which was a major port for running alcohol products during Prohibition Tic-Tac-Toe (featured in the episode "Monkees A La Carte") is one of the World's oldest games that has been around for at least 3500 years. There is evidence it was played in ancient Egypt, Bronze-Age Ireland, Troy, Viking Norway and by members of the Zuni, Tewa, Tigua and Kere Amerindian tribes of the south-western United States. It is mostly associated with Noughts and Crosses, a game that has been played in the United Kingdom for several centuries. The Great Train Robbery (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees A La Carte") is a 1903 Western film. The film is only twelve minutes long, but it is a milestone in film making. The film used a number of innovative techniques including parallel editing, camera movement, location shooting, jump-cuts and pan shots. The scenes with the gun pointing at the audience and the train rushing towards the audience had audiences at the time screaming in fear, then laughing in relief. The movie was directed and photographed by Edwin S. Porter, a former Thomas Edison cameraman. The movie starred A. C. Abadie, Bronco Billy Anderson and Justus D. Barnes. The RMS Lusitania (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees A La Carte") was an oceanliner that was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine on May 7, 1915 in an incident that played a role in the USAs entry into World War 1. The Lusitania was principally a luxury passenger liner built for travel between England and the United States. It is now known that a secret warning was made to the wealthiest of the ship's passengers, reporting that trouble was to be expected and advising people not to travel. Some evidence suggests that the Lusitania was used as a ploy by the 1st Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, to get America more involved in the European conflict. The late Paul "Mousie" Garner (Benny The Book in the episode Monkees A La Carte) was known as "The Grand Old Man Of Vaudeville" and the only Vaudeville headliner who still performed into the 21st century, and was the sole surviving member of Ted Healy's original Three Stooges act. His stage debut came in 1913, at the age of 4, imitating Al Jolson in his father's musical comedy act. Garner entertained soldiers in World War I and joined Moe Howard and Larry Fine as the third Stooge when Shemp Howard was unable to perform. He also performed with Spike Jones and thus he acquired 2 Stars on The Hollywood Walk of Fame, for his work with The Stooges and for his days with Spike Jones. In World War II he served as a Technical Sergeant and was wounded in North Africa. Sadly, Paul Garner passed on in 2004. On January 17, 1950, in what would become known as "The Great Brinks Robbery" (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees A La Carte), "the crime of the century" and "the "perfect crime" occurred at the Brink's Building in Boston. The bandits stole nearly $3 million in cash. The men who planned the robbery had taken great care in planning the job. They had staked out the Brink's building for months ahead of time. The FBI was without any suspects, few leads and very few clues. Several suspects were arrested on unrelated charges, served time, were paroled or released. However, The FBI could not prove that they were involved in The Great Brink's Robbery. Figuring they would eventually get something on one or more of them, they kept the pressure on all of them. Just as suspected, the different gang members began turning on each other. Joseph "Specs" O'Keefe turned on his fellow gang members after he failed to receive what he believed was a fair share of the loot. Indictments were obtained and trials were held. Ultimately, of the original eleven men believed to have participated in the robbery, eight went on trial. The Sears Bank Job (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees A La Carte) was an actual bank heist with two St. Louis policemen taking part in thwarting the original robbery. The 1959 movie The Great St. Louis Bank Robbery was based on the robbery starring Steve McQueen. The episode title "I Was A Teenage Monster" was inspired by the 1957 movie "I Was A Teenage Werewolf" starring Michael Landon In the episode "I Was A Teenage Monster" during the "Your Auntie Grizelda" romp, there is a spoof on the Bugs Bunny/ Gossamer Monster cartoons when the guys have the monster strapped in place and are grooming his hair and nails so he doesn't notice he is strapped down In the episode "I Was A Teenage Monster" during the "Your Auntie Grizelda" romp, there is a spoof on the Bugs Bunny/ Gossamer Monster cartoons when the guys have the monster strapped in place and are grooming his hair and nails so he doesn't notice he is strapped down The color puce (mentioned in the episode I Was A Teenage Monster) comes from the French word puce or "flea-colored", is generally considered to be a shade of pale brownish-purple. Sometimes it is mixed with a shade of deep red prompting speculation it might alternately refer to the color of a squashed flea or the color of a flea full of blood. The mystery behind this color involves its use in English as a sort of nonsensical-sounding color name. The color lavender (mentioned in the episode I Was A Teenage Monster) is a genus classification of about 25-30 species of flowering plants in the mint family and native from the Mediterranean region south to tropical Africa and east to India. During Roman times the blossoms were sold for 100 denarii per pound (about the same as a month's wage for a farm laborer or 50 haircuts for the local barber) and used in their bath. Lavender flowers yield abundant nectar which yields a high quality honey. Lavender blossoms can be candied and are used as cake decoration. Lavender is used as an herb, in dried flower arrangements, to soothe insect bites, to aid sleep and placed among stored items of clothing as a deterrent to moths. The song entitled "Jimmy Crack Corn" (mentioned by Mike in the episode "Hillbilly Honeymoon") was written in 1846. It was published by the Virginia Minstrels and was probably written by the northerner Daniel Emmett, who wrote a lot of the songs for their blackface minstrel show. It's a story told from a slave's point of view about how his master died from the sting of one blue-tail fly that managed to get him despite the slave's vigilant fly-brushing efforts. Most of the theories about who Jimmy is and what he's really doing agree that whatever he's doing, the slave doesn't care about it because his master is gone. Whether he's gleefully carefree or woefully despondent is a point of dispute, depending a bit on which of these two main theories you believe: 1."Cracking corn" is opening a bottle of corn liquor; the phrase is self-referential and means "I'm Jimmy, I'm upset, I'm drinking, and I don't care." 2."Cracking corn" really is crushing corn, and it means that someone named Jimmy, presumably a fellow slave, had to start grinding corn for food because of the penury visited on him after the master's death. 7 foot 2 actor Dick Kiel (the monster in the episode I Was A Teenage Monster) is probably best known for his role of Jaws in the James Bond films Moonraker and The Spy Who Loved Me Dusseldorf, Germany (mentioned in the episode I Was A Teenage Monster) is the capital city of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Dusseldorf's growth was even more impressive under the leadership of Johann Wilhelm II in the 18th century. By the mid-19th Century, Dusseldorf enjoyed a revival thanks to the Industrial Revolution as the city boasted 100,000 inhabitants by 1882 before the figure doubled in 1892. However, the First and Second World Wars soon plunged Dusseldorf into depression. After World War II, the economic transformation saw Dusseldorf turned into a metropolis of trade, administration and service industries. It has an important impact on the world of finance: around 170 national and international credit institutes and 130 insurance agencies and 200 publishing houses. The Bossa Nova (mentioned by Dr. Mandoza in the episode "I Was A Teenage Monster") is a lively Brazilian folk dance similar to the samba and popular in the late 60's French Provincial (mentioned in the episode I Was A Teenage Monster)featured balance and symmetry. It had its origins in the style of rural manor homes built by the French nobles during the reign of Louis XIV in the Rococo period in the mid-1600s. It simplified country living. Woods are left in a natural walnut or beech finish. Most homes were white washed or painted in pastel colors with hand painted accents and floral designs. It is more common to see caning on chairs for the seats and backs, rather than heavy upholstery. The design was a popular Revival style in the 1920s and again in the 1960s. Jim Frawley is the voice of the mirror in the episode "I Was A Teenage Monster" The plot of the 1962 movie Reptilicus (seen in the episodes "I Was A Teenage Monster", "Find The Monkees", "Monkee Chow Mien", "Monkees Marooned" and "Monkees Mind Their Manor"): Copper miners in the Denmark tundra of Lapland discover a frozen piece of reptilian tail belonging to some unknown prehistoric creature. Taking the specimen to an aquarium in Copenhagen, Professor Martens (actor Asbjorn Andersen) gets more than he bargained for when the tail regenerates into a giant, acid spitting monster that terrorizes the country. The Danish military, led by U.N.-appointed American general Mark Grayson (actor Carl Ottosen) attempts to hunt down the monster and destroy it, only to realize that blowing the thing up will create hundreds of little creatures. "Rosebud" (mentioned in the episode "I Was A Teenage Monster") is a reference to the 1941 movie "Citizen Kane" in which Kane remembers the name of a childhood sled before dying Actor John Hoyt (Dr. Mandoza in the episode "I Was A Teenage Monster") portrayed Grandpa Stanley Kanisky in the 80's TV series "Gimmie Me A Break" Captain Crocodile has nasty evil thoughts The "Captain Crocodile" episode had the most writers for a script (4): Gerald Gardner and Dee Caruso and Peter Meyerson and Robert Schlitt In the episode "Captain Crocodile", there are parodies of the series "Huntley- Brinkley Report", "What's My Line" and "To Tell The Truth" "Thats funny it doest look like a vast wasteland" (mentioned by Peter in the episode Captain Crocodile) is taken from a speech Federal Communication Chairman Newton Minnow made to national broadcasters on May 9, 1961 about television. Actor Joey Baio (Junior in the episode "Captain Crocodile") worked with Davy on Broadway in "Oliver!" in 1964 The episode Captain Crocodile has a parody of 2 popular game shows To Tell The Truth (called To Tell A Fib in the episode and What's My Line (called Whats My Scene in the episode). The episode "Captain Crocodile" is a parody of the long running children's TV series "Captain Kangaroo" Captain Kangaroo (a parody in the episode Captain Crocodile) was a children's show which aired weekday mornings on CBS from 1955 until 1984, then moved to PBS until 1992. The show was produced and the title character played by the late Bob Keeshan, who based the show on the warm relationship between grandparents and children. It had a very loose structure, built around life in the "Treasure House" where the Captain (whose name came from the big pockets in his coat) would tell stories, meet guests and indulge in silly stunts with regular characters, both humans and puppets. Crocodiles (from the episode Captain Crocodile) are characterized by a long and tapered snout. There are 23 types of crocodiles and can reach a maximum length of only 6 feet to a length of over 23 feet. The difference between alligators and crocodiles is often easy to spot. Alligators are dark colored with a broad, rounded snout and are usually found in fresh water. Crocodiles are grayish-green and salt-water habitats. Also, the fourth tooth on either side of the lower jaw of an alligator fits into an internal socket in the upper jaw so that these teeth are hidden when the mouth is closed. In a crocodile, the fourth tooth is always exposed. Crocodiles have vertical pupils that open wide in low light, which allows them to be impressive nocturnal hunters. Their throat pouch blocks water so that they can eat prey under water as well as on land. In their story to the Crocodile Corps from the episode "Captain Crocodile", the guys incorporated the fairy tales "The Three Little Pigs", "Little Red Riding Hood", "Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs" and "The Frog Prince" into their story. "The Three Little Pigs" (mentioned in the episode Captain Crocodile) is a fairy tale featuring talking animals. Published versions of the story date back to the late 18th century, but the story is thought to be much older. The first widely published version by the story was published by James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps in 1843. Variations of the tale were written by Uncle Remus and Joel Chandler Harris in the 1880s. The story was assured its place in the World's folklore thanks to an immensely popular 1933 Walt Disney cartoon which included the song Who's Afraid Of The Big Bad Wolf. The tale of "The Frog Prince" (mentioned in the episode Captain Crocodile) has been well known by storytellers in almost every European country. An English version of the tale was written by Robert Chambers in 1842. Chambers had learned it from Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe who had heard it as a child. In 1890, Joseph Jacobs patched another version of the tale together for his English Fairy Tales collection. The first English translator of the Grimms' version of the tale, Edgar Taylor, combined the story of the "The Frog Prince," with another Grimms' story, "The Frog King". The Grimms were the first to write down a lasting version of the tale as it is known today. Nathan Smith Davis founded the American Medical Association (mentioned by Mike in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee) when he was just thirty years old. As a young doctor in western New York in 1844, Davis was elected to serve in the New York Medical Society, where he worked to improve medical education and licensure. A year after his election, Davis introduced a resolution endorsing the establishment of a national medical association to "elevate the standard of medical education in the United States." Medicare (mentioned in the episodes Case Of The Missing Monkee and Monkees In Manhattan) insures people primarily over 65. In 1945, President Harry Truman asked Congress for legislation establishing a national health insurance plan. It was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson as part of his "Great Society." Ex-President Truman is the first to enroll in Medicare. Ben Casey (mentioned by Peter in the episode: Case Of The Missing Monkee) was a successful medicinal drama on ABC from October 1961 to May 1966. It was successful for ABC and was in the Top 20 for its first two years. The show was called a "New Frontier character drama." The title character (played by actor Vince Edwards) often stood as a metaphor for the best and the brightest of his generation. Often the people Casey tended to stood for the ills of contemporary society. The show had a very stylized opening: a hand writing on a chalk board as "man, woman, birth, death, infinity." Ambulance chasers (mentioned by Mike in the episode "Case Of The Missing Monkee") is a slang term for lawyers who specialize in cases involving whiplash Speedy Gonzales (mentioned by Micky in the episode I've Got A Little Song Here) is known as the fastest mouse in all Mexico. Speedy showed cats, crows, banditos and greedy ducks what cartoons were all about-laughter. The Speedy cartoons took no prisoners. Mexican stereotypes were everywhere and they were wonderful fun. Today people tend to look at Speedy for depicting negative Mexican stereotypes. However, it becomes evident that only the villains are portrayed as stereotyped or racist and even these are quite tame. In fact, Speedy is actually a virtuous, caring and heroic character, a mouse superhero of sorts who uses his speed to help others. Perhaps he was even ahead of his time. Speedy himself is never seen smoking or consuming alcohol. Speedy cartoons were nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short. Captain Marvel (mentioned by Peter in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee) was one of the most sophisticated comics series of the time. It combined high adventure, magic, whimsical fun, absurd stories, outlandish villains and action aplenty in a style that was both ironic and sincere. Written and drawn by C. C. Beck whose quality of writing frequently outsold the competition. So why is Captain Marvel now mostly forgotten? DC Comics, the owners of Superman, claimed that Captain Marvel was too close in concept to their character and thus constituted copyright infringement. In 1953, after years of court battles, Beck decided that Captain Marvel wasn't worth the effort and ceased publishing comics altogether. Many believe that breaking a mirror (seen in the episode Case Of The Missing Monkee) brake the soul of the one who broke it. The soul, so angered at being hurt, exacted seven years of bad luck in payment for such carelessness. The Romans, who were the first to make glass mirrors, attributed the seven years' bad luck to their belief that life renewed itself every seven years. To break a mirror meant to break one's health, and this "broken health" would not be remedied for seven years. The bad luck could be averted, though, by grinding the mirror shards to dust so that no shattered reflections could again be seen in them. The Mountain Lion (mentioned by Mike in the episode One Man Shy (Peter And The Debutante)), also known as the Cougar, Panther or Puma, is the most widely distributed cat in the America. Mountain Lions are solitary, strongly territorial hunters who, unlike most cat species, may be active during the day. Mountain Lions hold the record as the mammal with the most names. They are good climbers and can leap more than 20 feet up into a tree from a standstill. They can jump to the ground from as high as 60 feet up a tree. A single male lion may travel 25 miles a night when hunting. The first signs of archery (featured in the episode "One Man Shy") are found in Africa dating back to 50,000 BC. In approx. 2800 BC, the first composite bow was produced by the Egyptians. The Egyptians used archers on the back of light chariots who were highly trained and skilled and could easily outflank an enemy army with devastating effect. Literature from China, dated between 1500 and 1027 BC, included the first mention of Crossbows. The origins of Badminton (featured in the episode "One Man Shy") dates back at least two thousand years to the game of battledore and shuttlecock played in ancient Greece, India and China. British officials in India took the game Poona to England and first the game was first played at Badminton, Gloucestershire England at the home of the Duke of Beaufort in 1873. Skeet (featured in the episode "One Man Shy") is the American form of clay target shooting. Credit for the game goes to Gertrude Hurlbutt, a Montana housewife, who won a contest for naming this new game in 1926. Charles E. Davis, an Andover, Massachusetts businessman and avid grouse hunter, sought to improve his wing shooting by duplicating the angles he missed in the grouse covert. As he became better at shooting from various angles, he decided to set up a regular sequence of shots that would duplicate all the angles he would encounter in the field. The clay round targets are thrown in the air from a metal spring trap. The game has are 8 stations with 2 traps at each station. Stations are located 42 yards apart. Skeet players often use a 12-guage shotgun that holds 500 lead pellets. The word "skeet" derives from the Scandinavian word for shoot. Sigmund Freud (in the episode "One Man Shy") was a psychiatrist who revolutionized ideas on how the mind works (he called it Psychoanalysis). Freud would talk with patients about their earlier experiences. He found that many childhood memories dealt with sex. Freud believed that on the path from childhood to adulthood a person has self-discoveries and learns to control their sexual impulses. A person's path may be interrupted and stay at one earlier stage on the path (called fixation). Freud also had his patients lay down on a couch making the patient more comfortable and relaxed Hopscotch (featured in the episode One Man Shy) began in ancient Britain during the early Roman Empire when hopscotch courts were more than 100 feet long. Brief synopses on how to play it: Create a diagram with 8 sections and number them. Each player has a marker such as a stone. The first player stands behind the starting line to toss her or his marker in square 1. Hop over square 1 to square 2 and then continue hopping to square 8, turn around, and hop back again. Pause in square 2 to pick up the marker, hop in square 1, and out. Then continue by tossing the stone in square 2. All hopping is done on one foot unless the hopscotch design is such that two squares are side-by-side. Then two feet can be placed down with one in each square. A player must always hop over any square where a maker has been placed. A player is out if the marker fails to land in the proper square, the hopper steps on a line, the hopper looses balance when bending over to pick up the marker and puts a second hand or foot down, the hopper goes into a square where a marker is, or if a player puts two feet down in a single box. The player puts the marker in the square where he or she will resume playing on the next turn and the next player begins. Sometimes a dome-shaped "rest area" is added on one end of the hopscotch pattern where the player can rest for a second or two before hopping back through. The origins of the game marbles (featured in the episode "One Man Shy"): The earliest marbles were made of flint and stone and date back to ancient Egypt. There are frequent references to marbles in Roman literature and it is probably fair to assume that the Romans took this popular form of entertainment with them to all parts of their empire. A small hole is made in the center of the playing area. Each player antes up a marble and they are randomly scattered around the playing field. Each player uses a large marble (called a shooter) to try to knock the other marbles into the hole. Players take turns shooting and if a player knocks a marble into the hole with his/her shot, they get to keep the marble they knocked in and shoot again. A quagmire (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is a mixed up and troubled situation or hopeless tangle The color brown (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is the color of the earth and is associated with the material side of life. A brown noser is willing to do anything to get what they want. Such an individual stoops so low that he often rubs his nose in the dirt and in the process gets his nose brown Cyrano De Bergerac (mentioned by Micky in the episode "One Man Shy" and by Davy in the episode "The Prince And The Paupers") was a French author and soldier. He was known for his skill in sword fighting and having a long nose. Edmond Rostand's famous play is a somewhat fictional account of Cyrano De Bergerac's life In the episode "One Man Shy", Ronnie's butler Jeeves is a reference to the P. G. Wodenhouse capable man servant character. Jeeves is also the name of a Internet search engine The New York Stock Exchange (mentioned in the episode One Man Shy) is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world. It is home to some 2,800 companies valued at nearly $15 trillion in global market capitalization. It always involves a face-to-face communication. There is one station at each post on the trading floor for each of the exchange's stocks. Exchange members interested in buying and selling a particular stock on behalf of investors gather around the appropriate post. A specialist broker acts as an auctioneer in an open verbal auction and brings together buyers and sellers together in order to manage the actual auction. Champagne (mentioned in the episode One Man Shy) is a sparkling wine produced by inducing the secondary fermentation of wine. It is named after the Champagne region of France and is most often produced Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier grapes. In Europe, the name "Champagne" is legally protected to mean only sparkling wine produced in the Champagne region of France. Nobody knows who first made it, although the British make a reasonably good claim because they are traditionally the biggest consumers of Champagne. "It is better to have loved and lost than never to have loved at all" (Mr. Schneider's comment in the episode "Monkee Chow Mien") is from Alfred, Lord Tennyson's poem "In Memoriam" "It's a far, far better thing I do than I have ever done before" (a comment in Peter's letter in the episode "Monkee Chow Mien") is the last line from the Charles Dickens' novel "A Tale Of Two Cities" Mozzarella (from the episode Monkee Chow Mien) is an Italian fresh cheese made from water buffalo. The production of mozzarella involves the mixture of curd with heated whey (its own liquid) followed by stretching and kneading to produce a delicate consistency (called Pasta filata). The name "mozzarella" derived from southern Italian words mozza (to cut), or mozzare (to cut off). The term "mozzarella" is mentioned in cookbooks dating from the 16th century. The board game Monopoly (played by Dragonman in the episode Monkee Chow Mien) was first patented by Elizabeth J. Magie in 1904 as The Landlords Game. She thought that the game of acquisition and bankruptcy would emphasize the evils of capitalism. Clarence B. Dorrow (not the famous lawyer) copyrighted Monopoly in 1933 and Parker Brothers patented the game in 1935. Some little known facts: the original board was circular not square, the properties are based on real streets in Atlantic City, New Jersey, it has been played by an estimated 500 million people, the man in jail is called Jake The Jailbird, the games original mascot was called Rich Uncle Milton Pennybags and the race car was named the Favorite Classic Token in 1998. Information on actor Gary Cooper (mentioned in the episode Monkee Chow Mien): Gary attended school in England, Montana and Iowa. His first stage experience was during high school and college. Too young to enlist, Gary spent World War I working on his father's ranch. After the war, he worked as a film extra and worked his way up to small roles. One of his first small roles was in the film Wings, the first film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. He personified the tall, silent hero and the American ideal for many people of his generation. Despite his wholesome screen image, he was an infamous lady-killer in reality, allegedly having had affairs with numerous and sometimes very famous leading ladies throughout his career. This was in spite of the fact that he had a faithful wife, Sandra, and that many of his lovers were also married. He died of cancer in 1961. Information on actor/ director Laurence Olivier (mentioned in the episode Monkee Chow Mien): Olivier is called by many as the greatest actor of the 20th century. Among his honors are: 10 Academy Award nominations, a Knight Bachelor (as Sir Laurence Olivier), a life peer (as Baron Olivier) and admittance into the Lord Of Merit (as Lord Olivier). His personal life was difficult. His first marriage to Jill Esmond ended in divorce with accusations of a love affair with actress Vivian Leigh (who would become his second wife) and Esmond's lesbianism. Leigh would also divorce Olivier on the grounds of adultery. His third wife, actress Joan Plowright, has always denied she was the homewrecker in Leigh and Olivier's marriage. He had 2 children (one with Esmond and one with Plowright). He was more interested in his work than in his children and would actually become depressed when he didn't have a job. Perhaps his lasting legacy was being the founding director of the National Theater of Great Britain in 1962. After the opening of the National Theatre, Olivier became concerned that he had not done enough to provide for his family. As a result between 1973 and 1986 when his health gave out he did many films and TV specials on the condition that he would not have to promote the film on release. He died in 1989 from complications of a neuromuscular disorder and cancer. An occident (mentioned in the episode Monkee Chow Mien) derived from Latin term occidentem meaning sunset west. In literature, it means "falling down". Now it is a term for the Western World (literally meaning "the west") as opposed to the orient" (literally meaning someone antiquated with the Eastern World). The American Red Cross (mentioned in the episode One Man Shy) was established on May 21, 1881 by Clara Barton. She worked tirelessly on humanitarian work. She saw and became involved in the work of the International Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War and determined to bring the organization home with her to America. When Clara Barton began the organizing the idea in the U.S. in 1873, no one thought the country would ever again face a crisis that would need it, like the Civil War. However, Barton was not one to lose hope. The blood collection and distribution of The American Red Cross is regulated under Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 as a drug and computer systems associated with the collecting, testing, and distribution of blood products is regulated as a medical device. The American Red Cross supplies roughly 50% of the donated blood in the United States. George Furth (Ronnie in the episode One Man Shy and Henry in the episode A Coffin To Frequent) was awarded a Tony in 1971 for his book of the musical, "Company. From the episode title Monkee Chow Mien and mentioned in the episode "Case Of The Missing Monkee", chow mien (the Chinese word meaning stir-fried noodles) is usually a stir-fried dish consisting of noodles, meat, vegetables such as celery, bamboo shoots and water chestnuts and usually served with soy sauce. In China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong are simply a generic term for a dish of stir-fried noodles, which there are hundreds of varieties. Various types of chow mien are the most nutritious food in a popular online game Kingdom of Loathing. In the episode Monkee Chow Mien, Peter and Micky choosing the doors for freedom is a parody of the TV show Let's Make A Deal Mike Farrell (Agent Modell in the episode Monkee Chow Mien) is best known for his roles on the TV series M*A*S*H and Providence. Farrell is very politically involved in many causes (lobbied against the firing of gay teacher and was outspoken about the US involvement in Ecuador in the 80's). The term gong (seen in the episode Monkee Chow Mien) is malayu-javanese in origin but widespread throughout Asia. The instrument itself appears to have origins in the bronze drums of China and the cymbals of central Asia. In China and Japan, it is used in religious ceremonies, state processions, marriages and other festivals. It is said that the Chinese can modify its tone variously by particular ways of striking the disk. Gongs have also been used in upper class households as waking devices. It is an essential part of the orchestra for a Chinese opera. In Asian theater, a larger gong is used to announce the entrance of major players, men and to identify points of drama and consequence while a smaller gong is used to announce the entry of lesser players, women and to identify points of humor. There are references to the TV series Mission Impossible in the episode Monkee Chow Mien (when Peter getting instructions in his fortune cookie) and the episode Art, For Monkees Sake (when they guys returning the painting is called "Mission Ridiculous") The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn (from the episodes The Prince And The Paupers, Monkees In Manhattan, Everywhere A Sheik Sheik and Hillbilly Honeymoon) was composed as incidental music for his composition A Midsummer's Night Dream (1826) Heather North (Wendy in the episode The Prince And The Paupers) was the second voice of Daphne Blake in the "Scooby-Doo" cartoon Greece (seen in the newspaper headline in the episode The Prince And The Paupers) achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44). After the war, it became a military dictatorship, which in 1967 suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country, lasted seven years. The 1974 democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. The episode "The Prince and the Paupers" was inspired by the Mark Twain novel "The Prince and the Pauper" Ling Voo Yang's quote (from the episode The Prince And The Paupers) means that a butterfly can spread apple seeds but an apple seed can't spread seeds without a butterfly. Basically, make a decision that will have the best results even if is unfavorable to some The plot for the movie Road To Morocco (mentioned in the episode The Prince And The Paupers): Jeff Peters (actor Bing Crosby) and Orville Turkey Jackson (actor Bob Hope), two wild and crazy guys adrift on a raft in the Mediterranean, are cast away on a desert shore and hop a convenient camel to an Arabian Nights city where Turkey (actor Bob Hope) soon finds himself sold as a slave to Princess Shalmar of Karameesh (actress Dorothy Lamour). Jeff (actor Bing Crosby) tries to rescue Turkey, even if it means taking his place. They discover that a tribal desert chief Mullay Kassim (actor Anthony Quinn) has designs on the princess (actress Dorothy Lamour) himself. Brief history of Morocco (mentioned in the episode The Prince And The Paupers): The Caspian culture brought Morocco into the Neolithic about 8000 BC. The arrival of Phoenicians heralded many centuries of rule by foreign powers. Arab forces began occupying Morocco in the 7th century bringing their civilization and Islam. The country soon broke away from the control of the distant under Idris ibn Salih who founded the Idrisid Dynasty. Morocco became a center of learning and a major power under Arab Idrisids. The empire collapsed, however, with a long running series of civil wars. The successful Portuguese efforts to control the Atlantic coast in the 15th century did not affect the Mediterranean heart of Morocco. Nationalist political parties based their arguments for Moroccan independence on several World War II declarations. France's exile of the highly respected Sultan Mohammed V in 1953 by his replacement, the unpopular Muhammad Ben Aarafa, allowed Mohammed V to return in 1955. The negotiations that led to Moroccan independence began the following year. On December 23, 1888, Vincent Van Gogh (mentioned by Davy in the episode The Prince And The Paupers), in an irrational fit of madness, mutilated the lower portion of his left ear. This occurred as a result of Van Goghs emerging unstable mental illness and the heated arguments between Van Gogh and roommate Paul Gaugain becoming more and more frequent, "electric" as Van Gogh would describe them ` A letter of credit (mentioned by Ludlow in the episode The Prince And The Paupers) is a document issued by a financial institution which essentially acts as an irrevocable guarantee of payment to a beneficiary. This means that if the applicant obtaining the line of credit fails to perform its obligations, the bank pays. The line of credit can also be the source of payment for a transaction, meaning that an exporter will get paid by redeeming the letter of credit. Letters of credit are used nowadays almost exclusively in international trade transactions An ante room (mentioned in the episode "The Prince And The Paupers") is a room that leads to another room In addition to being an actor, Carl Ballantine (Hubbell Benson in the episode Find The Monkees) is an accomplished magician. His trademark is that his supposed tricks of magic always flop. He is married to actress Ceil Cabot (the chambermaid in the episode Royal Flush and the autograph seeker in the episode Success Story) Melancholy Baby (mentioned in the episodes Find The Monkees and The Devil And Peter Tork) has been recorded by Della Reese, Tommy Dorsey and Al Jolson At the end of the Find The Monkees episode, Mike, Micky, Peter and Davy talk about a then recent youth demonstration. The youth demonstrators clashed with the police over curfew issues for kids 14-21 years old outside a then popular night spot called Pandora's Box (located at the corner of Cresent Heights and Sunset Boulevard). The demonstrations led to the clubs ultimate destruction. Mike describes these events in the song Daily Nightly. Aerosmith also paid homage to this club with their song "Pandora's Box" Texas (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees A La Mode) was the 28th state to join the Union, admitted in 1845. The name Texas is a Spanish name, which comes from an Indian word meaning "friends" or "allies." Texas is the second largest state in the Union after Alaska. Although it has a wild, frontier history, today Texas is a major producer of oil and has important centers of industry and finance. A Texas state historian has said that the state flower, the bluebonnet, "is to Texas what the shamrock is to Ireland. It has historically had a "larger than life" reputation, especially in cowboy films. The episode "Monkees A La Mode" was slated to include the Gerry Goffin Carole King song "So Goes Love" but, for reasons unknown, it was replaced by the Medress/ Medress/ Margo/ and Seigal song "Laugh" and "So Goes Love" was shelved until 1988's "Missing Links" album Quasimodo (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is the stooped mythical figure in Victor Hugo's book The Hunchback Of Notre Dame The geometric painting in Madame Quagmeyer's studio in the episode "Monkees A La Mode" looks like the Piet Mondrian painting "Composizione". The French term a la mode means to the current style or fashion (literally "to the mode") and to serve ice cream with a piece of pie. The origins of croquet (featured in the episodes Monkee See, Monkee Die and Monkees A La Mode): a croquet-like game is believed to have been played by thirteenth century French peasants. In 1852, it was brought to England where it quickly became popular. It was particularly popular with women because it was the first outdoor sport which could be played by both sexes on an equal foot. It first was played in the US in the 1860's. Each player takes turns using a wooden mallet to whack a wooden ball through 9 hoops and the ball will touch a wooden stake at the beginning of the game then after the ball passes through the last hoop. Polo (mentioned in the episode "Monkees A La Mode") was probably first played on a barren campground by nomadic warriors over two thousand years ago. Valuable for training Calvary, the game was played from Constantinople to Japan by the Middle Ages. Known in the East as the Game of Kings, Tamer Lane's polo grounds can still be seen in Samarkand. British tea planters in India witnessed the game in the early 1800's but it was not until the 1850's that the British Calvary drew up the earliest rules and by the 1869's the game was well established in England. James Gordon Bennett, a noted American publisher, balloonist and adventurer, was captivated by the sport and brought it to New York in 1876 where it caught on immediately. Within ten years, there were major clubs all over the east. Players ride on thoroughbred horses bumping and jostling with each other like hockey on horseback, racing at top speeds down the field while striking a small ball with a wooden mallot to the precision of an experienced golfer. Chamber music (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is written for small combinations of instruments in a number of musical forms. It was not originally intended for public performances before large audiences. Musicians would play in chambers (or private rooms) rather than churches and public halls. Musicians also played chamber music for the musical satisfaction it provided small groups of music lovers. Vassar College (Miss Collins' college in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is a highly selective, residential, coeducational liberal arts college. It was founded in 1861 and it is consistently ranked among the top liberal arts colleges in the country. Vassar is renowned for pioneering achievements in education, for its long history of curricular innovation and for the beauty of its campus. It is located in the Hudson Valley 70 miles north of New York City in Poughkeepsie. Bryn Mawr College (Miss Osborne's college in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is a women's liberal-arts college located in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania northwest of Philadelphia. It was founded in 1885 and was the first woman's institution to offer graduate degrees including the Ph.D. It was originally affiliated with the Society of Friends (Quakers), but by 1893 had become non-denominational. Bennington College (Miss Diessips' college in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is a liberal arts college located in Bennington, Vermont. Bennington College was founded in 1932 as a women's college focusing on arts, sciences and humanities. It became co-educational in 1969. The campus itself is a modified farmer's field, the administrative building is a converted dairy cow barn. Architecture that has been erected since the land was donated by the Jennings family at the height of the Great Depression and has made the campus look anything but farm-like. Paul Revere (from the episode "Monkees A La Mode") was a silversmith and patriot at the time of the Revolutionary War. He is famous for the horse ride he took from Boston, Massachusetts to Lexington, Massachusetts in April 1775 to warn patriot leaders of the impending British forces. They arranged a signal (a lantern flashed in the steeple of the Old North Church) so they would know where the British are coming from- 1 lantern meant the British were coming by land and 2 lanterns meant the British were coming by sea. The ride was immortalized in a poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow called "Paul Revere's Ride" Shanghai (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees A La Mode) started with the Treaty of Nanking in 1842, in which China's port cities were opened for trade with the outside world. By 1861, Shanghai was handling 50% of China's foreign trade, by 1871, it was handling 64. Shanghai had grown to be the 7th largest city in the world and by far, the richest city in Asia. At this time Shanghai was the financial and commercial center of all of Asia Burbank (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is a city built by People, Pride, and Progress. These three ingredients turned a tiny, rural town into the thriving community it is today. In the beginning, the land occupied by the present day Burbank was part of two large Spanish land grants, the vast Rancho San Rafael and nearby Rancho La Providencia The phrase What do we have to lose- our shirt (by Micky and Peter in the episode Monkees A La Mode) phrase has it origins before modern manufacturing techniques, shirts, and all clothes for that matter, required a lot of labor to make. They were more expensive than they are today. Someone thinking of starting a fight might take off his shirt to prevent damage. Actress Patrice Wymore (Madame Quagmire from the episode "Monkees A La Mode") was the third wife of actor Errol Flynn. She lives in Jamaica and owns a clothing boutique Pheasant under glass (seen in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is a dish of roast pheasant served in a manner characteristic of expensive restaurants. The book new Joy Of Cooking makes a reference to pheasant under glass having been the ultimate in upscale dining in an earlier era and says it was served under a glass dome to help keep it moist and warm between the kitchen and the table. Another recipe for breast of pheasants says it is served under glass to "hold in the cognac flavor that makes this dish so unique." Chamber music (mentioned in the episode Monkees A La Mode) is written for small combinations of instruments in a number of musical forms. It was not originally intended for public performances before large audiences. Musicians would play in chambers (or private rooms) rather than churches and public halls. Musicians also played chamber music for the musical satisfaction it provided small groups of music lovers. Al Dennis (Arthur in the episode Monkee Mother and Dr. Correll in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) later on played parts in a couple of episodes of The Rockford Files and became known for his role of Miller in the TV series Life Goes On in the 90s. Pablo Picasso (mentioned in the episode Monkee Mother) is best remembered for his way of transforming complex scenes into just a few geometric shapes (called Cubism). Picasso was primarily a painter (in fact he believed that an artist must paint in order to be considered a true artist), he also worked with small ceramic and bronze sculptures, collage and even produced some poetry. Picasso is listed in the Guinness Book Of Records as the most prolific painter ever. He produced about 13,500 paintings or designs, 100,000 prints or engravings, 34,000 book illustrations and 300 sculptures plus drawings and tapestries. In the episode Monkee Mother: Millys niece Alice chases Mike, Millys nephew Art chases Davy, Millys niece Michelle chases Micky and Millys nephew Alan chases Peter The game of dominoes (featured in the episode Monkee Mother) appeared first in China in the 14th Century. Players turn all the pieces face down and mix. Each player draws 9 tiles and conceals them from the other players. The player who draws the highest double domino (the same number of dots on both ends) begins by placing the domino in the center. The second player tries to match one of their dominos to one end of the beginning piece. If the second player has no match they must draw from the pile until a match can be made. The first player who uses up all their dominos wins. However, like the guys, many people enjoy placing the pieces a few spaces apart from each other and tipping the first one and thus starting a ripple effect of all the pieces falling down. Rex Harrison (mentioned in the episode Monkee Mother) changed his name to Rex as a young boy, knowing it was the Latin word for King. Starting out on his theatre career at age 18, his first job at the Liverpool Rep Theatre was nearly his last dashing across the stage he had one line, made his entrance and promptly blew it. In 1948 international fame struck Rex when he portrayed the King in Anna and the King of Siam in his first American film. A sex scandal ended his relationship with first wife Lili. Rex by this time was known as Sexy Rexy for his philandering ways and magnetic charm (he married 5 times). Rex is best known for his role of Professor Henry Higgins in My Fair Lady. He won the Tony for the play and an Academy Awards for the film version. In 1989 when he was granted his much deserved and long awaited knighthood at Buckingham Palace. Rex Harrison died of pancreatic cancer 3 weeks after his last stage appearance. The Budapest Quartet (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees At The Circus) was one of the most distinguished chamber music ensembles of our time. Organized in Budapest, Hungary, its first concert was in 1917, after which they embarked on a series of European and International tours which rapidly established its reputation in a dozen countries. Its first leader was Emil Hauser who was succeeded by Joseph Roisman and by 1936 all the members were Russian or Ukrainian. The Quartet settled in the USA in 1938 and until 1962 was in residence at the Library of Congress, Washington, DC. The quartet disbanded in 1967. Known the world over for its warm expressive interpretations of the classical repertory, particularly Beethoven, the Budapest String Quartet discography was a staple of the Columbia and Columbia Masterworks catalog for over three decades. To this day, their recordings are sought after for their unrivaled balance and blending of suave, soulful and immaculately pure tone, which achieves a unity of effect that is unequaled, and brings a poetry and understanding to its interpretations. Throwing a knife at a target (seen in the episodes "Monkees at the Circus" and "Son of Gypsy") is a trick that uses a slight of hand. The thrower does use real knives, but doesn't throw them. The thrower tucks it under his wrist. Behind the target, someone releases what looks like the tip of the knife coming out of the target. This trick requires exact timing between the thrower and the person releasing the knife tip Throwing salt over your shoulder (seen in the episode Son Of Gypsy) is a way of keeping the devil at bay while you're in an especially venerable moment. Depending on your interpretation, the salt is either intended to blind the devil so he can't witness your error, or keep him from sneaking up on you while you're cleaning up your mess. It's important to note that the superstition calls for the offender to throw salt over the left shoulder. Many ancient traditions place the devil to the left of the straight and narrow path. The classic image of a devil on one shoulder and an angel on the other often shows the imp sitting on the left side. The song heard when the gypsy girl is dancing around Peter in the episode Son Of Gypsy is a traditional gypsy song called L Alouette In the episode Son Of Gypsy, Rocco makes the comment that the boars tooth has 27% less cavities. This is reference to Crest toothpaste's claim to have 27% fewer cavities than other leading brand. The beginnings of football (featured in the episode "Son Of Gypsy") come from the English game rugby. Rugby began in 1873 at the famous Rugby Boys School in England. Another cousin of the game of football is soccer, sometimes called association football. Its beginnings can also be traced to English origin, being played as early as the 1820's. At many ivy league American colleges in the late 1800's men began playing what was then known as ballown. First using their fists to advance the ball, and then their feet, this game consisted mainly of one goal: to advance the ball past the opposing team. There were no hard and fast rules applied to this game. Because of the roughness of the game many colleges banned the sport. Eventually rules started to be implimented and ballown evolved into football. The football field is 100 yards long. Each team owns half of the field (they switch sides every 15 minutes of play). The areas to either side of those 100 yards, extending 10 yards past the goal lines (called the end zones). Teams try to get the ball past the opponent's goal line into the end zone to score a touchdown. At far edge of each end zone are the goal posts which, together with the cross bar. These are used only when a team decides to kick a field goal instead of going for a touchdown or to kick for an extra point after scoring a touchdown. To score the field goal or extra point, the ball must go between the vertical posts and over the bar. The area to either side of the field is out-of-bounds. The team that has the ball is the offense and the other team is the defense. The game is divided into 15 minute quarters. At the end of the first and third quarters, the players switch sides. At the start of each half and after each touchdown or field goal (when it's time to let the other team have the ball), the defending team starts by placing the ball on a tee at their 35 yard line and kicking the ball toward the other team (called a kickoff). The other team tries to catch it. The offense has 4 plays (or downs) to cover 10 yards or more. A play ends when the player with the ball is either stopped or goes out-of-bounds or if the ball is thrown and missed (called an incomplete pass). A player is stopped when his knees touch the ground either because he was tackled by a defensive player or because he fell. Normally, teams try to cover the 10 yards in 3 plays or less. If they don't make it in 3 plays, they use the 4th down to kick the ball toward the other team (called punting). Sometimes, if the distance to complete the 10 yards is very short or if a team is far behind in the score, they elect to go for it or to try to complete the 10 yards with another attempt. If a team succeeds in advancing 10 yards or more, they get a first down. That is, they get a new set of 4 downs to make another 10 yards. The object of the game is to score more points than your opponent. A touchdown is worth 6 points. After a touchdown, the team then attempts to kick the ball through the goal posts to get an extra point. Vincent Gardenia (Bruno in the episode Son Of Gypsy) was nominated for an "Star Trek" playing the flamboyant Harry Mudd A boar (mentioned in the episode "Son Of Gypsy") is a mature male hog. He is vigilant, athletic, fast, and tough and he can be merciless. Most adult boars are 150 to 250 pounds. He has a longer head and snout and smaller ears than a domestic hog. Most boars are black in color, but they can have any mix of colors and patterns. The coarse bristles along the back, from head to tail, are raised on end when the hog is disturbed, giving them the name razorback. Wild boar adore the water. Hogs don't sweat, so it cools them as well as protects them from insects and parasites. A hog also will pack mud on his skin to treat or prevent sunburn. Boars have prominent tusks that never stop growing. The upper jaws have stumpy teeth called "whetters". The lower jaws have the long, outwardly projecting teeth called "cutters". The whetters constantly shear the edge of the cutters (like a whetstone) making them razor sharp weapons that can fatally puncture an opponent or easily slice through a 3 inch tree root. The cutters are frequently worn or broken during fighting or rooting, but renew themselves with continuous growth and sharpening Maltese Vulture (seen in the episode Son Of Gypsy) is a reference to the statue in the movie Maltese Falcon Vultures (mentioned in the episodes Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth and Son Of Gypsy) are scavenging birds feeding mostly from carcasses of dead animals. Vultures are found in almost every continent. A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of feathers. This is likely because a feathered head would become spattered with blood and other fluids, and thus be difficult to keep clean. Vultures fall into two groups: Old World vultures and New World vultures. The Old World vultures are found in Africa, Asia and Europe. They find carcasses exclusively by sight. New World vultures have a keen sense of smell unusual for raptors. "[When I think of gypsies] I think of Ethel Merman" (a comment made by Peter in the episode "Son Of Gypsy") is a reference to Ethel Merman's role as Gypsy Rose Lee in a 1959 version of the Broadway musical "Gypsy" Charlton Heston (mentioned in the episode Son Of Gypsy) is an film actor noted for playing larger than life heroic roles (like Moses, Judah Ben-Hur, El Cid, John The Baptist and Mark Anthony). Later in his life, Heston became famous as a conservative activist. He was President of the National Rifle Association (NRA) from 1998-2001. Sadly, in 2002, Heston publicly announced that he is suffering from Alzheimer's Disease. Michelangelo (mentioned in the episode Son Of Gypsy) was a Renaissance painter, sculptor, poet and architect. He is famous for creating the fresco ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, one of the most stupendous works in all of Western art. Among his many sculpture masterpieces are those of the Pieta and David. He also designed St. Peter's Basilica. Sandusky, Ohio (mentioned by Micky in the episode Alias Micky Dolenz) is roughly located off Lake Michigan between Toledo, Ohio and Cleveland, Ohio In the credits for the episode Monkees At The Circus, Jeff Berry is listed as the writer of Sometime in the morning, but Gerry Goffin and Carole King wrote the song The skill of sword swallowing (seen in the episode Monkees At The Circus): Sword swallowers tickle their gag reflexes seven times a day for three years until they stop gagging. Once the reflex no longer responds, they can shove a sword down the esophagus into the stomach effortlessly. To tickle the reflex, they typically start by sticking a finger down the throat, until they are just about to throw up. They do it again and again until they can slide their finger down with no response. After that, they use a dull fencing sword, pushing it down as far as they can, gradually getting it down farther and farther. After years the body is modified and once it stops responding to foreign intruders such as swords, the skill is achieved. (from the book Freak Like Me by Jim Rose) Lions (from the episodes Monkees Vs. Machine, Monkees At The Circus, Card Carrying Red Shoes and Monkees Marooned) are the only truly social cat species. They usually live in groups called prides that can include 5-30 lions that are closely related. An adult lion's roar can be heard up to five miles away and warns off intruders or reunites scattered pride members. The lionesses do a considerable part of the hunting. There is no definite breeding season for lions. The lion is anatomically very similar to the tiger although it is different in habitat and way of life. The lion's tail is the only one in the cat family with a tassel at the tip. This tassel conceals a spine, which is the last few tail bones fused together. What function this spine serves is unknown. The tail is very important for overall balance. Females also use their raised tail as a follow me signal for the cubs. They also use it to signal each other during a group hunt. Lions have slightly larger eyes, above average hearing and a well developed sense of smell than the other cat species. Liberty Enlightening the World or commonly known as the Statue of Liberty (a parody seen in the episode Monkees On The Line) is a statue given to the USA by France in the late 19th century as a present for the U. S. centennial and a sign of friendship between the two nations. It stands at the mouth of the Hudson River in the harbor of New York City as a welcome to all. The sculptor was Frederic Auguste Batholdi. Gustave Eiffel created the armature. Eiffel also created the Eiffel Tower. The episode Monkees On The Line was based on the 1960 film Bells Are Ringing with Dean Martin and Judy Holiday. In both: the answering service employee gets involved with the clients lives, finds bookies are using the service to place horse bets, the answering service employee changes the information for the horse bets and the answering service employee was able to get the police notified when the bookies came to complain about the wrong information. Brief history of Jamaica (mentioned in the episode Monkees On The Line): Jamaican history began with the migration of the Arawak Indians from the South America area in about 650 AD. They named the lush island "Xaymaca" which meant "land of wood and water". Of course, centuries later, this island paradise became known as Jamaica, a jewel of the Caribbean. The Arawaks were a peaceful indigenous people that thrived in harmony until the Spanish occupation in 1494. The Spanish and their slaves fell upon Jamaica and used it as a base for their conquest in the Americas, particularly of Mexico in search of the treasures of gold and silver. In 1655 the British captured Jamaica from the Spanish who did little to defend its occupation because Jamaica offered no riches of gold and silver. Production of cane sugar became the economic and political strength of the Jamaican British Colony. The sugar plantations dominated economic and political life in Jamaica in every sense. They occupied the best lands and the laws supported the slave system which motivated many slaves to escape to the mountains. To combat the growing unrest of rebellious slaves, an uneasy alliance was established between the plantation owners and the governor who represented the crown royalty of England. The alliance became progressively weakened because of excessive taxation on the plantations. After emancipation, ex-slaves dispersed to mountain areas far from the Jamaican plantations. Many began cultivating new crops including coffee and bananas. Others settled marginally productive lands that were either leased or bought through the efforts of Christian groups. After 1938, there was major political changes and an economical transformation. Gradually, tourism became a leading industry as the world discovered the beauty and attractions of Jamaica. The political and economic strength of the overwhelming majority of descendants of the ex-slaves became the stimulation of achieving political independence from England in 1962. Humans have done significant damage to the population of the California condor (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees On The Line) population attributed to hunting, lead poisoning, DDT poisoning and habitat destruction. Their low birth rate, late age of sexual maturity, and propensity to mate for life all make them vulnerable to loss of population. It is in danger of extinction. Beginning in the 1980s, a captive breeding program was undertaken to try to restore the species. The late Foster Brooks (the conventioneer in the episode "Monkees In Manhattan) was known as "The Loveable Lush". He created his famous drunk act (in which he plays a drunk trying to hide his drinking) in the 1960's. In reality, he was a spokesman for MADD (Mother's Against Drunk Driving) and did public service announcements on their behalf. A former newscaster and disc jockey, Brooks' national debut was The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson after entertainer Perry Como spotted Brooks doing his drunk act at a celebrity golf tournament. No one person can be said to have invented the typewriter (seen in the episodes Monkees On The Line and Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik). A number of people contributed insights and inventions which eventually resulted in commercially successful instruments. Early developers of type writing machines include Henry Mill, Pellegrino Turri (who also invented carbon paper). Many of these earliest machines, including Turri's, were developed to allow the blind to write. In 1829, William Austin Burt patented a machine called the "Typographer". Like many of these other early machines, it is sometimes listed as the first typewriter. The first true typewriter as it is in use today was invented in 1864 by Austrian Peter Mitterhofer, but was never produced commercially. Rev. Malling Hansen of Denmark produced the Hansen Wititng Ball which went into commercial production in 1870 and was the first commercially sold typewriter. Hansen used a solenoid escapement to return the carriage on some of his models and was responsible for the first "electric" typewriter. The ability to view what is typed as it is typed is taken for granted today. In all early keyboard typewriters, however, the typebars struck upwards against the bottom of the platen. Thus, what was typed was not visible until the typing of subsequent lines caused it to scroll into view. The QWERTY layout is thought by some to be an inefficient one, since it requires a typist by touch to move his or her fingers between rows to type the most common letters. A popular story suggests that it was used for early typewriters because it was inefficient, so as to prevent the typewriter's typebars from wedging together or possibly to slow down a typist so as to reduce the frequency of the typewriter jamming. Interestingly, the word "typewriter" is one of the longest single English words that can be typed on a single row (namely the top row) of a QWERTY keyboard. One plausible story behind the unusual layout is that it was designed so that the salesmen could quickly type the word typewriter, thereby impressing their prospective customers. It seems unlikely however, that the engineers would have designed the keyboard layout around a simple sales gimmick. Chess (featured in episodes Monkees Vs. Machine" and Monkees In Manhattan) came to the US with the earliest Spanish settlers. There is evidence of chess being taught to the Indians by Spanish settlers in the early 15th century. The first chess game was in St. Augustine, Florida played by the founder of St. Augustine (Pedro Menendez) and Ruy Lopez (the famous chess-playing priest). The aim of the game is to win by trapping your opponent's king (called checkmate). White is always first to move and players take turns alternately moving one piece at a time. Each type of piece has its own method of movement. A piece may be moved to another position or may capture an opponent's piece. This is done by landing on the appropriate square with the moving piece and removing the defending piece from play. With the exception of the knight, a piece may not move over or through any of the other pieces. As The Monkees come into The Compton Plaza Hotel in the episode Monkees In Manhattan, Davy can be heard singing the song "New York New York ("New York, New York, what a wonderful town /The Bronx is up and The Battery's down"). The song was composed by Adolph Green, Leonard Bernstein and Betty Comden and performed by Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra and Jules Munshin in the film On The Town. The Bronx is New York Citys northern most borough and a battery refers to a place where a cannon was mounted. A little information on actor Wally Cox (seen the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt" and mentioned by Mike in the episode "The Picture Frame): He is best known for being the voice of the animated super-hero Underdog. He once appeared in a TV commercial for men's underwear in the 1960s but it never aired because Standards and Practices at the time banned the commercial from broadcast. The offending material was Wally opening his dress shirt to reveal a small segment of his undershirt. For six years (1966-1973) he was the upper left square on "The Hollywood Squares" game show. He was a roommate for a time with Marlon Brando. Cox moved out reportedly because he couldn't stand Brando's pet raccoon. Peter bought one of his homes in 1969. When actor Wally Cox enters the scene in the beginning teaser in the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt, he places a box of detergent with a question mark on it on his arm to form a muscle. He's spoofing a series of TV spots he did at the time for a (now-defunct) product called Salvo, soap packets from Proctor and Gamble. At the end of the spots, he'd do the muscle bit with the Salvo box and say the tagline "Salvo-The Fortified Detergent". The subsequent scene with the arm coming out of the washing machine at the laundrymat was a takeoff on the ads. Rival Colgate at the same time introduced their own brand of bleach packets called Action. The slogan was "Put a giant in your washer!" as the arm was supposed to be that of a costumed giant, smashing through the top of the washer holding a box of Action. Phillip Ober (Weatherwax in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) spent years as an advertising executive before switching careers to acting. He is best remembered for his roles as the murder victim who dies in Cary Grants arms in the film North by Northwest (1959) and the bullying officer whose wife is having an affair with his subordinate, Burt Lancaster, in From Here to Eternity (1953). He also did much television work, including appearances on his wife's (Vivian Vance) show, "I Love Lucy". In the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt, Peter plays the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart The Monkees Theme on the bicycle piano April Conquest is also the name of a company which was responsible for the psychedelic artwork for Rhino's 1990 Missing Links Volume 2 In the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt, Mikes song The Girl I Knew Somewhere was mistakenly written into the credits "A Girl I Knew Somewhere" In the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt, when Peter takes charge of Aprils laundry mat, he is wearing a white sweater with a red A on it. It is the same sweater that he wears in the movie Head during the war chant. In the episode, the A probably stands for April In the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt, there are parodies of shoe phone from Get Smart (by Mike), the phone on the pole from Green Acres (by Peter) and the hand character called thing from the Addams Family (by Micky) Sir Anthony Van Dyck was known for painting portraits of people having short, pointed beards and this particular kind of beard is called a vandyke (a parody by Davy in the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt). "England Swings Like a Pendulum Do" (mentioned by Davy in the episode "Monkees Get Out More Dirt") is a song written by Roger Miller After April dumps Peter for Freddy Fox III, David quotes T.S. Adams: April is the cruelest month! Thomas Sewall Adams was State Commissioner of Wisconsin and helped establish many tax reforms. He said this informal quote before a group of business men at a luncheon at the Lawyers' Club, New York City on January 2, 1915 thinking about peoples feelings about tax day, April 15. A story about the origin of the bicycle piano (mentioned in the episode Monkees Vs. Machine and seen in the episode Monkees Get Out More Dirt): Johann Sebastian Bach was composing for the harpsichord. One day, he accepted a bet from Marcelloni Andressonna, an acrobat for the Arch Duke of Milan, to compose a piece for what was now being called the forte piano. No serious musician of his time would be caught dead playing a forte piano. He arranged with the inventor of the first prototype forte piano, Cristifori, to practice in secret. The workshop, unfortunately, was located in the loft over a bicycle factory. One morning, the timbers under the workshop, weakened by all the hammering, gave way and Bach found himself hurtling through the air towards the factory below. Good luck was with him, however, as he and the forte piano landed squarely on a prototype three wheel bicycle which was being readied for its first test ride. The bicycle was immediately propelled through the front showroom window of the factory. From the standpoint of passers by, the bicycle seemed to explode out of the window and the strains of the Brandenberg Concerto could be heard fading into the distance as the vehicle plunged into the harbor. Of course, Cristifori was delighted and immediately named the new vehicle the "gravicembalo col bicycole e piano e forte" (or the harpsichord with two wheels and soft and loud). Bach, who felt that he had devoted more than enough time to the idiotic project, promptly paid off Andressonna, and went back to composing harpsichord concertos. Manhattan (from the episode Monkees In Manhattan) is the name of an island alongside the lower Hudson river and also of one of the five boroughs that form the city of New York. Manhattan is the smallest county in the United States. Artichokes (mentioned in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) are three types of vegetables in the daisy family Asteraceae. The term "artichoke" nearly always refers to the globe artichoke of which the aboveground part is eaten, in contrast to the other two, where a root part is eaten. They take approximately 45 minutes to cook. Liverwurst (or in German Leberwurst) (mentioned in the episodes The Prince And The Paupers and Monkees In Manhattan) is a typical sausage served in Germany. Its main ingredient is liver from pigs. Every region in Germany has its own recipe for liverwurst. Pastrami (mentioned in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) is a popular meat made from beef. The uncooked meat is pickled in a brine solution, then smoked and typically encrusted with peppercorns. Pastrami was created as a method for preserving meat from spoilage in an age before modern refrigeration methods. This technique is now unnecessary, but its unique flavor still attracts many people. Houston (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) is the fourth largest city in the United States and one of the two largest economic areas in Texas. Houston is the third most populous county in the country. Houston was founded at the headwaters of Buffalo Bayou in 1836 by two real estate brokers and brothers John and Augustus Allen. The City of Houston was named for its first Governor General Samuel Houston. Houston is world renowned for its energy industry, aeronautics industry and ship channel. The Port Of Houston is one of the busiest ports in the United States, second in the world as far as foreign tonnage. Officially, Houston has been nicknamed the Space City. "Houston" was the first word uttered on the moon (Houston, the Eagle has landed). The episode Monkees In Manhattan, is a parody of the 1938 Marx Brothers/ Lucille Ball movie Room Service In early Colonial days, Greenwich Village (mentioned in the episodes "The Prince And The Paupers" and Monkees In Manhattan) was farmland with country lanes that had developed from Indian trails. By 1822, its growth was due to an epidemic of yellow fever that sent people fleeing from lower Manhattan to "the country and afterwards many stayed. In 1868 the first elevated railroad was built near the Hudson River. Transportation improved, but neighborhoods became run down. Many houses were divided into apartments and interspersed between the remaining elegant old homes were breweries and small factories. Greenwich Village has long been known as a mecca for artistic and bohemian culture beginning in the late 19th century and became especially prevalent after World War I. Greyhound Lines (a parody in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) is the largest intercity bus line in North America, serving 2200 destinations in the United States. It was founded in Hibbing, Minnesota in 1914. Its famous name and its logo are based on the Greyhound, the fastest breed of dog used in dog racing. After World War II, the automobile became preferred mode of transportation and bus ridership began a long decline. Beginning in 1956, public airline transportation became the preferred mode of long distance travel in the United States. Hearts And Flowers was one of the most eclectic groups on the Southern California folk-rock scene in the 60s. The group included bluegrass guitarist Larry Murrray, vocalist/guitarist Dave Dawson and vocalist Rick Cunha. The trio played the Los Angeles club scene and eventually landed a deal with Capitol Records. The bands wide ranging style of folk with added flourishes of psychedelia, bluegrass and country music may be the reason why their first album didn't sell very well. Their next album was released in 1968 and featured more elements of pop and psychedelia than their debut, in spite of the fact that the band had taken to playing folk-rock arrangements of country tunes almost exclusively at their live shows. It did not sell well either and the group disbanded shortly after. In the episode Monkees In Manhattan, and Monkees Get Out More Dirt, Davy calls himself David Armstrong-Jones but his middle name is Thomas. It is a reference to Princess Annes husband Anthony Armstrong-Jones A little bit about actress Ursula Andress (mentioned by Davy as something he really digs during the interview from the episode Monkees In Manhattan): She was born March 16, 1936 in Ostermundigen Bern Switzerland, married (then later divorced) director John Derek, had a daughter with Derek, lived with much younger actor Harry Hamlin from 1978-82, had a son with Hamlin in 1980, her films include Dr. No (1962), Whets New Pussycat (1965), "The Blue Max" (1965), "Casino Royale" (1967) as well as a number of foreign films. Often referred to as the "definitive" Bond Girl, from her appearance in Dr. No and it made her the first in a long line of famous and not-so-famous actresses to add "Bond Girl" status to their resumes by appearing in the James Bond series of films. She is fluent in English, French, Italian, German and Swiss-German. The Plague (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees In Manhattan) was an epidemic disease transmitted by fleas on rats during the Middle Ages. Modern medicine has all but eradicated it For the performance of the Tommy Boyce Bobby Hart song Words at the end of the Monkees In Manhattan episode, each guy is playing a different instrument than he normally plays: Mike is playing bass, Peter is playing lead guitar, Davy is playing drums and Micky is in front singing and playing tambourine Hornets (mentioned in the episode Monkees At The Movies) are often (although wrongly) thought to be very aggressive and dangerous. Some folk beliefs have it that three stings from the European hornet can kill an adult human and that seven can kill a horse. Hornets are large eusocial wasps. Deserved or not, the hornet's reputation has inspired the naming of a number of ships. The Hollywood Reporter (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees At The Movies) is the entertainment industry's first daily trade paper and the industrys most complete weekly entertainment news and information source. For over 70 years The Hollywood Reporter has been delivering comprehensive coverage that insiders use to keep informed of the latest trends and changes. In September 1930, former film salesman William R. "Billy" Wilkerson published the debut issue with the banner headline, "INDIE REVOLUTION." The smooth-but-tough-talking Wilkerson became a major player in Hollywood. The Hollywood Reporter became an institution, publishing out of the same offices on Sunset Boulevard for more than a half century. Daily Variety (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees At The Movies) is a daily magazine for the entertainment industry. It has been published since 1905. For much of its existence, Daily Variety's writers and columnists have used a jargon that refers especially to the movie industry and has largely been adopted and imitated by other writers in the industry. One of its famous headline is its headline after the stock market crash of 1929: "Wall St. Lays An Egg". The Monkeewalk footage from the second season main title opening credits was during the filming of the episode The Monkees At The Movies intended use in the A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You romp sequence. It provided too much running time for the sequence and about half a minute from the A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You romp sequence was cut (the Monkeewalk shot). That is why the A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You romp sequence ends quickly during the instrument solo The Monkeewalk was inspired by the walk seen in many Marx brothers films Zuma Beach, California (from the episode Monkees At The Movies is mile long stretch of sand at the northern end of Santa Monica Bay. Surfers, body boarders and body surfers come to Zuma Beach searching for the perfect tube ride. Malibu, California (from the episode Monkees At The Movies is famous for its warm, sandy beaches and for being the home of countless movie stars. It has a popular bumper sticker that reads "Malibu: A Way of Life" and a popular slogan "Where the mountains meet the sea". A common misconception is that the coastline in California is uniformly north-south. In Malibu the coastline runs almost entirely east-west along the Pacific Coast Highway Topanga, California (from the episode Monkees At The Movies) is an unincorporated neighborhood in western Los Angeles County. Topanga is the name given to the area by the Tongva tribe, and may mean "a place above. The area is known as a bohemian enclave that attracts artists, musicians and others (called the artists colony). Hermosa Beach, California (from the episode Monkees At The Movies) is located in the South Bay region of the greater Los Angeles area. It is an important center for American beach volleyball competitions. The city's otherwise lovely skyline is marred by the presence of a large coal power plant along the shoreline at the border with Redondo Beach, California. In Spanish, the word "Hermosa" means beautiful. The origins of checkers (featured in episodes I've Got A Little Song Here, Monkees At The Movies and Monkees in Paris) are found as early as 1600 B.C in Egyptian paintings and inscriptions at time of the Pharaohs. In England and Scotland this game is called "draughts". Checkers is a game for two players. It is played on an 8x8 checkered board with white and black squares, usually with a black square in each player's lower left corner. Players use red and black circular pieces. Pieces move only on black squares. The player who controls red pieces moves first. The goal in the checkers game is either to capture all of the opponent's pieces or to blockade them. If neither player can accomplish the above, the game is a draw. The Neil Sadaka/ Carole Bayer-Sager song When Love Comes Knockin (At Your Door) is listed in the end credits of the Monkees At The Movies episode. But, the song was never used in the series In the episode Monkees At The Movies, Frankie sings the Brian Wilson song New Girl In School was a top 40 hit for Jan and Dean in March 1964 Bobby Sherman (Frankie in episode Monkees At The Movies) is a singer and actor. He was on a short lived TV series in the early 70s called Here Come The Brides. He had two hits on the music charts- Easy Come, Easy Go and Julie (Do You Love Me). He was part of the Teen Idols tour with Davy (later Micky) and Peter Noone The title I Married A Creature From Out Of Town (in the episode Monkees At The Movies) is a satirical name parody of the 1958 scifi horror classic I Married A Monster From Outer Space starring Tom Tryon and Gloria Talbott. The song Tear Drops On The Playground (from the episode Monkees At The Movies) is a name parody of the Orioles song Tear Drops On My Pillow The song Its Been Lonesome In The Saddle Since My Horse Died (from the episode Monkees At The Movies) is a name parody of the Gene Autry song Back In The Saddle Again The song These Boots Are Made For Kickin (from the episode Monkees At The Movies) is a name parody of the Nancy Sinatra song These Boots Are made For Walkin The song Hooray for Hollywood by Richard A. Whiting and Johnny Mercer (from the episodes Ive Got A Little Song Here, Monkees In Manhattan, Monkees At The Movies and The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) appeared in the 1938 musical Hollywood Hotel sung by Johnny Davis and Frances Langford and performed by Benny Goodman and his Orchestra. The Monkees were nominated for 2 Grammys for 1966 as Best Contemporary Rock Group Performance for Last Train To Clarksville (they lost to the Mamas And The Papas) and Best Contemporary Rock Group Recording for Last Train To Clarksville (they lost to the New Vaudeville Band) The Monkees were nominated for a Grammy for 1967 as Best Contemporary Rock Group Performance for the song "I'm A Believer" but lost to the 5th Dimension On March 2, 1966, Davy attends the 1966 Grammy Awards. Unexpectedly, he is asked to fill in for a mysterious absent presenter, comedian Bob Newhart. Davy winds up presenting 2 of the nights biggest awards (Song Of The Year and Record Of The Year). At the 1967 Grammy Awards Davy is also a presenter (for Best Spoken Word Recording). In the 60s, the guys had a nickname for people who were a regular part of their entourage, group insiders and hanger-ons called mini-Monks. It included people like: songwriter Charlie Rockett, tour manager and Davys friend David Pearl, Mikes musician buddy John London, Mickys buddy Ric Klein and musician Bill Chadwick. The Ike and Tina Turner Revue (one of the Monkees opening act for the July 9 and 10, 1967 Hollywood Bowl concerts) oozed R and B and sexuality in a performing career that lasted 15 years. Tina began singing as a teen and joined Ike Turner's touring show as an 18-year-old backup vocalist. Just two years later, Tina was the star of the show. She became the attention-grabbing focal point for the incredibly smooth-running soul revue. The revue also included with just as much sexiness as Tina the background singers named the Ikettes. Frustrated by Ike's increasingly irrational behavior and abuse, Tina walked out in 1975. Tinas career got much bigger and more successful in the 80s while Ikes life got worse with addiction to alcohol and drugs and numerous jail sentences. Young Australian singer Lynne Randell (and the Sundowners) opened for the Monkees on the 1967 tour. Her involvement with the Monkees began in late 1966 during a brief American promotional tour. In her native Australia she had 5 substantial hits in one year. She happened to meet Davy at a Dusty Springfield concert at the Basin Street East club in New York City. Davy got real excited when he heard that she was a singer and invited her to the Sherry Netherland Hotel to meet Gloria Stavers (the editor of 16 Magazine). At one point, Gloria pulled out a camera and took a shot of Davy with Lynnes head on his shoulder. Although the picture did fuel rumors of Lynne being Davys girlfriend, it gave her lots of exposure in her own right. She was always portrayed as a friend or buddy and not a serious girlfriend of the Monkees. Scottish singer Lulu opened for the Monkees concerts at Wembley Arena in London England from June 30- July 2, 1967. Lulu had been a star in Britain since 1964 when she hit the Top Ten with a raucous version of "Shout." Lulu's mid-60s recordings (which included a version of "Here Comes the Night" and the title song to the film To Sir With Love) were often surprisingly rowdy and R and B-influenced. She hosted her British variety show in the mid-60s and married BeeGee Maurice Gibb (they have since divorced). She has been recording intermittently ever since. Micky and Mike wore black arm bands during their concerts at Wembley Arena in London, England on June 30, 1967- July 2, 1967 in order to protest against the outrageous jail sentences handed out to the Rolling Stones members Mick Jagger and Keith Richards The Fifth Dimension was one of the Monkees opening act for the July 9 and 10, 1967 Hollywood Bowl concerts. The Fifth Dimension's unique sound lay somewhere between smooth, elegant soul and straightforward, adult-oriented pop, often with a distinct flower-power vibe. Although they appealed more to mainstream listeners than to a hip, hardcore R and B audience, they had a definite ear for contemporary trends. Their biggest hit was from the 60s controversial musical Hair. The group's soaring, seamless harmonies were given appropriately sweeping, orchestrated sounds which often placed their records closer to California-style sunshine pop songs like Up Up And Away and Wedding Bell Blues. Micky sold his Moog Synthesizer to Bobby Sherman Blind Lemon Jefferson (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees At The Movies) was one of the greatest country blues guitarist and founder of the Texas blues. He had been blind since birth. His popular blues style in the 1920s made him the first commercially successful male blues singer Bobby Darin (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees At The Movies) was a singer who wanted to use several music styles rather than just one particular style. That may have cost him some points as far as making it to the very top of certain music charts, but also makes his work more versatile than almost any other vocalist of his era. He had his first hits in the late 50s as a teen idol (with hits like Splish Splash and Mack The Knife). He became successful at writing songs for other musicians (like the Byrds) and was very popular Las Vegas act incorporating several folk songs into his act. In the episode Monkees At The Movies, after the guys are chewed out by Frankie and they are back at the pad, Micky, in period costume holding a skull, quotes a line from the William Shakesphere play Hamlet. The Lovin' Spoonful (mentioned by Peter in the episode "Monkees At The Movies" and Mike for making it happy in the episode Monkees On Tour) had an astonishingly successful run of one classic hit single after another between mid 1965 and the end of 1967. The group exhibited a brand of unabashedly melodic, cheery and good-time music. More influenced by blues and jug bands than other folk rock acts, their albums were spotty and their covers at times downright weak. The Mamas and the Papas (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees on Tour) were a major part of the Southern California pop scene of the mid to late Sixties. The group formed out of the "New Folk" movement of the late Fifties and early Sixties. Their intricate harmonies and the intertwining of folk and rock prompted Life magazine to proclaim them "the most inventive pop musical group and first really new vocal sound since the Beatles. The group disbanded in 1968 due to conflicts with in the group. By the time the Rolling Stones (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees on Tour) began calling themselves "The World's Greatest Rock and Roll Band" in the late 60s, they had already staked out an impressive claim on the title. As the self-consciously dangerous alternative to the bouncy beat of The Beatles in the British Invasion, the Stones had pioneered the gritty, hard-driving blues-based rock and roll that came to define hard rock. While The Beatles were discovered by record executive Brian Epstein at the Cavern Club, the Stones were discovered by Andrew Loog Oldham at the Crawdaddy Club. Although Oldham didn't know much about music, he was gifted at promotion and he latched upon the idea of fashioning the Stones as the bad-boy opposition to the clean-cut Beatles. With his preening machismo and latent maliciousness, Mick Jagger became the prototypical rock frontman, tempering his macho showmanship with a detached, campy irony while Keith Richards and Brian Jones wrote the blueprint for sinewy, interlocking rhythm guitars. Backed by the strong yet subtly swinging rhythm section of bassist Bill Wyman and drummer Charlie Watts the Stones became the breakout band of the British blues scene. Over the course of their career, the Stones never really abandoned blues, but as soon as they reached popularity in the U.K., they began experimenting musically, incorporating other music styles into their sound. The Stones always flirted with the seedy side of rock and roll and exposed and reveled in the new rock culture. It wasn't without difficulty. Shortly after he was fired from the group (due to "artistic differences"), Brian Jones was found dead in a swimming pool (Mick Taylor would replace him), while at a 1969 free concert at Altamont, a concertgoer was brutally killed during the Stones' show. But the Stones never stopped going. For the next 30 years, they continued to record and perform, and while their records weren't always blockbusters, they were never less than the most visible band of their era, certainly none of their British peers continued to be as popular or productive as the Stones. It is impossible to hear any of the groups that followed them without detecting some sort of influence, whether it was musical or aesthetic. In the episode Monkees On Tour, Peter's "solo" song "Cripple Creek" is a traditional square dance song. The reason behind Mike playing maracas during their Live 1967 tour on You Can't Judge a Book By Looking At The Cover (a Bo Diddley song) is because, one of his first concerts was Bo Diddley and there was a guy playing the maracas with Bo. Mike said, then, he thought if he could just be that guy, he'd have a shot. So, when they asked him about his solo number for the tour, he wanted to be that guy to play maracas. In the episode "Monkees On Tour", Micky's solo song Ive Got A Woman was a hit for the late Ray Charles. According to a Ray Charles biographer, the singer's first major hit was written almost by accident. Ray and co-writer Renald Richard were driving around listening to gospel music when Ray suddenly sang I got a woman. Richard responded, Yeah, she lives across town to which Ray added, She's good to me. The potency of their improv remains evident. In the episode Monkees On Tour, the name of the record on the turntable when they enter the KRUX studio was Mr. Farmer by the Seeds The introduction to the episode Monkees On Tour was filmed on the Stephens home set from the TV series Bewitched 5 episodes in The Monkees' first season did not use the harpsichord rendition of the Monkee theme in its submain titles: Monkee See, Monkee Die, The Spy Who Came From The Cool, Monkees In A Ghost Town, The Chaperone and Monkees On Tour. Bob Shannon (actor R. J. Adams) (the DJ in the episode Monkees On Tour) was one L.A.'s top radio personalities in 1970s and 1980s. While working in sales, Bob managed to get his first on-air job at the crosstown MOR station, KXIV. Since his first love was to be on air and not in sales, Bob wanted to take full advantage of all the studio time that he could to practice on-air skills. Since leaving radio in 1983, he has worked as a film/TV actor (R.J. Adams), co-starring in the movie "Rocky IV", the movie "The Execution" and guest starring roles on many television shows including "L.A. Law", "Simon and Simon", "NYPD Blue" and "Dynasty". In the episode Monkees On Tour, the 8-track in the Monkeemobile is The Monkees album. The 8-track is upside down In the Monkees On Tour episode, the 2 non-live songs (Mikes song The Girl I Knew Somewhere and the Neil Diamond song I'm A Believer) were replaced with the Tommy Boyce/Bobby Hart song Words and the Chip Douglas song Steam Engine for syndication. The episode has never aired with the original songs until 1995??????????????????s Deluxe Limited Edition Box Set and later the DVD set. Each Monkee in the first season had very unique characteristics in their dressing rooms: Davy's room had a huge mirror with lights around it with postcards and letters around it, a bunk bead and a file cabinet Peters room was loaded with musical instruments, and earphones so much that it was hard to move around in the room Mike's room had a black light, bubble Christmas tree lights, hundreds of safety pins around a dresser in one wall with some holding up old cigarette boxes with car and motorcycle magazines everywhere Mickys room had shag carpet, a candle and four pillows The dressing rooms were replaced for the second season in favor of the meat locker room seen in the movie Head due to the noise and unusual odor that would come from the dressing rooms. The presenters for the Best Comedy Series Emmy for 1966-67 (awarded to The Monkees TV series) were comedian Jimmy Durante and Anissa Jones (the little girl from the TV series Family Affair) The other TV series that were nominated for Best Comedy Series for 1966-67: The Andy Griffith Show, Bewitched, The Dick Van Dyke Show, Get Smart and Hogan's Heroes. The Monkees TV show ended a 4 year winning streak for The Dick Van Dyke Show Despite what Davy has said to the press about Mike missing many of the second season's episodes, Mike was absent in only 4 episodes: I Was A 99 Pound Weakling (Mike is only in the pre-taped ending song Love Is Only Sleeping), Hitting The High Seas (although he started filming this episode before getting seasick), Card Carrying Red Shoes (Mike is only in the pre-taped ending song She Hangs Out) and Monkees Watch Their Feet (Mike only introduces Pat Paulson) Peter, Mike and Davy all get seasick in the course of the series: Peter in the episode Find The Monkees, Mike in the episode Hitting The High Seas and Davy in the episode The Devil And Peter Tork Seasickness (from the episode Find The Monkees, Hitting The High Seas and The Devil And Peter Tork) often results from the visual confusion on a moving craft, when nearby objects move with the motion of the craft. Seasickness has such a remarkable effect both the sense of sight and touch. The severity of seasickness is also influenced by the irregular pressure of the bowels against the diaphragm as they shift with the rising and falling of the ship. Peter got to introduce both Lou Rawls and Buffalo Springfield at the Monterrey Pop Festival on June 6, 1967. You can see Davy briefly carrying around a copy of the Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band during the What Am I Doing Hangin Round romp sequence from the It's A Nice Place Visit episode El Diablo (from the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit episode is Spanish for the Devil The bandits (along with Micky, Mike and Peter in disguise) are wearing Mexican Double Loop gun holster in the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit). Military and California pattern holsters dominated the American Western holster scene until the wide spread popularization of the metallic cartridge bullet. The Colt Single Action Army revolver (or Peace Maker) in 1873. It was the first handgun based on the metallic cartridge to see widespread use. The Peace Maker itself had little impact on holster design. It was, after all, similar in size and shape to most of its predecessors. The major catalyst for change was the bullet itself. Now, to be well armed, men who carried the new Colt had to carry a supply of cartridges rather than caps, balls, and powder. A belt with several bullet loops on it made good sense and the cartridge belt was born. Actors Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland (mentioned in the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit) did 5 movies together. The plot and storyline were basically the same: Micky's hyper-energetic character gets over his head and Judy's wide eyed exuberant character is there to save him. The films attempt to portray the dilemmas of youth with honesty and candor. Brief synopses on how to play the card game Go Fish (featured in the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit): The dealer deals 5 cards to each player. The remaining cards are placed face down to form a stock. The player to dealer's left starts. A turn consists of asking a specific player for specific card. The player who asks must already hold at least one card of the requested rank. If the player who was asked has cards of the named card, they must give all her cards of this rank to the player who asked for them. That player then gets another turn and may again ask any player for any rank already held by the asker. If the person asked does not have any cards of the named rank, they say "Go Fish". The asker must then draw the top card of the undealt stock. If the drawn card is the rank asked for, the asker shows it and gets another turn. If the drawn card is not the rank asked for, the asker keeps it, but the turn now passes to the player who said 'Go fish!'. As soon as a player collects a book of 4 cards of the same rank, this must be shown and discarded face down. The game continues until either someone has no cards left in their hand or the stock runs out. The winner is the player who then has the most books. Businessman Bill Soberanes began competitive arm wrestling contests (featured in the episodes One Man Shy, Its A Nice Place To Visit and Fairy Tale) in 1952 as a way to make easy money. Mickys line Badges- we don't need no stinkin badges (from the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit) is a line from the 1948 movie The Treasure Of Sierra Madre starring Humphrey Bogart and Walter Houston In the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit, the bell rings only 11 times when it's supposedly high noon Pedro Gonzales-Gonzales (Lupe in the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit) first came to notice as a contestant on Groucho Marx's quiz show, "You Bet Your Life." His highly amusing personality won him bit parts in films, and he continued to work as a minor supporting player for years. Peter had pistol training as a teenager (seen in the episode Its A Nice Place To Visit) A major landmark in ice skating entertainment came with the popular Ice Capades (mention by Mike in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik). In these yearly extravaganzas, sport unashamedly gives way to popular dance. The biggest among many was the 1964s Ice Capades, which filled Madison Square Garden. The Ice Capades travel coast to coast with the sort of international ensemble that usually include the most popular professional Olympic figure skaters. The olive branch (Mike mails one with a dove to the Ice Capades in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) is a very strange symbol of peace. The olive is bitter, yet, isn't peace sweet? The idea of the olive branch as a symbol of peace comes from the story of Noah and the flood in the Bible. As the flood waters are receding, Noah sent a dove out looking for land. Coming back with an olive branch, the dove was taken as a sign that life would soon go back to something resembling normal. After almost a year of being enclosed in a zoo, they would be free to roam about on dry land once again. A camel (seen in the episode Monkees In A Ghost Town, mentioned in the episodes Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik and "Don't Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth") is a strong desert animal that can travel great distances across the hot dry deserts with little food or water. Its hump is a large lump of fat that provides energy when food is scarce. Camels can go for days or even weeks without food. Camels can also go without water for days even months. Camels need such little amount of water because it gets some moisture from its food. Camels have strong teeth and can hear well but often pays little attention to commands. In the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik, Davy gets weighed against gold bars. Some Arab countries give their royalty their weight in gold on their birthday and special events like weddings. Often they would gain extra weight for the occasion In the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik, during Mickys Napoleonic speech, Pytor Tchaikovskys War of 1812 Overture is heard in the background In several countries, the Secretary Of State (mentioned in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) is a senior government position. The role varies between countries and in some cases there are multiple Secretaries Of State in the government. In the US, the main role of the Secretary Of State is to supervise and conduct foreign policy. The Secretary Of Defense (mentioned in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) is concerned with the armed services and military matters. The US Secretary Of Defense is appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate and is a member of the President's Cabinet. By statute the Secretary must be a civilian who has not served in the armed forces for at least 10 years. The Secretary supervises the six Joint Chiefs Of Staff and the commanders of the nine Unified Commands. Information on Russia (mentioned in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik): Strategic rivalry between the huge, sprawling nations goes back to the 1980s when, after a century of good relations, Americans and Russians became rivals over the development of Manchuria. Tsarist Russia, unable to compete industrially, sought to close off and colonize parts of East Asia, while Americans demanded open competition for markets. In 1917 the rivalry turned intensely ideological. Americans never forgot that the Soviet government negotiated a separate peace with Germany in World War I leaving the Western Allies to fight the Central Powers alone. Lasting Russian mistrust stemmed from the landing of US troops in Soviet Russia in 1918, which became becoming involved, directly and indirectly, in assisting the anti-Bolshevik Whites in the civil war. In addition, the Soviets never forgot their requests that the United States and Britain open a second front on the European continent. However, the Allied invasion did not occur until June 1944, more than two years after the Soviets had demanded it. In the meantime, the Russians suffered horrendous casualties, as high as twenty million dead, and the Soviets were forced to withstand the brunt of German strength. When the war ended in Europe Soviet and Western (US, British, and French) troops were located in particular places, essentially, along a line in the center of Europe. Aside from a few minor adjustments, this would be the "iron curtain" of the Cold War (the border between Communist controlled areas and Western controlled areas of Europe). The late Oscar Beregi Jr. (Count Myron in the episode Everywhere A Sheik Sheik), son of silent film star Oscar Beregi Sr., is known for his frequent onscreen portrayals of a great many Nazis - including that of a Nazi Admiral in The Incredible Mr. Limpett and the role of Capt. Gunther Lutze in the November 10, 1961 episode of the TV series The Twilight Zone called Death's Head Revisited Curad (the name of the late actor William Baghdad's role in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) is named after the company who produces a wide array of first aid products including wound dressings and gauze. Turpentine (mentioned by Peter in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) is a fluid obtained by distillation from resin obtained from trees. Turpentine is a highly effective treatment for lice. Turpentine can be mixed with animal fat as a chest rub for nasal and throat complaints. Internal administration of turpentine is no longer common today, though it was once the preferred means of treating intestinal parasites. Yak Tail (mentioned by Mike in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) is actually a dish in Tibet. The Yak is central to Tibetan culture and every yak part is used. Its flesh is excellent roasted or dried. Arnold Moss (Virdu in the episode Everywhere A Sheik, Sheik) pleasant voice was frequently used to serve as narrator-soloist with many national symphonies. Enid, Oklahoma (mentioned in the episode Everywhere A Sheik Sheik) is said to have been named by a railroad official after a character in Tennyson's The Idylls of the King. It is a town that was born overnight as the result of the largest land run in history. The words nonnegotiable (mentioned by Davy in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) on American money bills means it is no longer redeemable at face value (meaning the amount on the bill can not changed by banks or financial intuitions). NBC's famous three note chime (heard in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) has been the long time trademark of NBC. These chimes were used on the hour and half hour to announce station breaks on the network. At the end of a program the NBC announcer would read the call letters of all the NBC stations carrying the program. As the network added more stations this became impractical and would cause some confusion among the affiliates as to the conclusion of network programming and when the station break should occur on the hour and half hour. Oscar Hanson (from NBC engineering), Earnest Laredo (an NBC orchestra leader) and Phillips Carlin (an NBC announcer) were given the task of finding a solution to the problem and coming up with such a coordinating signal. The three notes were first broadcast on November 29, 1929. The notes were struck at 59 minutes 30 seconds and 29 minutes 30 seconds past the hour. Clips from the 1965 movie Those Magnificent Men In Their Flying Machines can be seen in the episode Monkee See, Monkee Die during the Last Train To Clarksville song (a plane takes off on a bridge then falls into the water, a man with a rocket pack, a blimp with a propeller, a plane with 5 wings that caves in on itself and a car that jumps up and down with a propeller attached to the roof) and in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) when the cop opens fire inside The Pad (a plane takes off a few feet then takes a nose dive, a plane with 5 wings that caves in on itself and a man with a rocket pack). Information on actor Cary Grant (mentioned in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)): He was born Archibald Alexander Leach in Bristol, England. He left school at 14, lying about his age and forging his father's signature on a letter to join Bob Pender's troupe of knockabout comedians. He learned pantomime as well as acrobatics as he toured with the Pender troupe in the English provinces, picked up a cockney accent in the music halls in London and then in July 1920 he was one of the eight Pender boys selected to go to America. Upon reaching Hollywood in 1932 he was screen tested at the request of Paramount studio chief B. P. Schonberg, signed to a long-term contract and renamed Cary Grant. Over the next few decades Grant tackled a wide variety of starring roles in costume dramas, serious dramatic roles, war films, adventure pictures and topical comedies. He built, slowly and steadily, a reputation as one of Hollywood's most dependable leading men. He married five times and had one child with a much younger Dyane Cannon. He died after suffering a major stroke in 1986. Method acting (mentioned in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) is an acting technique in which actors apply "natural" rules and laws to acting in an effort to aid the actor with the process of performing a role. "The Method" requires an actor to draw on his or her own emotions, memories, and experiences to influence their portrayal of a character. Yamasaki (mentioned by Micky in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) is Japanese for little angel The capital of Nova Scotia (mentioned by Micky in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) is Halifax Beau Bell led the American League in doubles in 1937 with 642 at-bats, hitting 51 doubles, 14 homers and 117 RBI (mentioned by Micky in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) Actor Barry Sullivan (mentioned by Mike in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) usually played tough, hard-boiled and cynical characters that were grim and relentless. He played roles on both sides of the law Considered by many to be the "Greatest actor of all time", the late Marlon Brando (mentioned by Mike in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) and by Micky in the episode Hitting The High Seas) was known for bringing "real" acting, on stage and screen, into mainstream. His breakout role was on stage for "A Streetcar Named Desire." His signature was considered so valuable to collectors that many personal checks he wrote were never cashed because his signature was usually worth more than the amount on the check. Perhaps his most controversial act happened when declined his Academy Award for Best Actor in the 1972 movie, "The Godfather" as a protest for lack of screen roles for American Indians. He lived a very secluded life and rarely made public appearances. He died July 1, 2004. Paul Newman (mentioned by Mike in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) is a screen legend, a superstar and the man with the most famous blue eyes in movie history. He acted in grade school and high school plays and after being discharged from the Navy he attended the famed New York Actors Studio. Classically handsome and with a super abundance of sex appeal, television and Broadway parts came easily. His first film The Silver Chalice was nearly his last. He considered his performance in this costume epic to be so bad that he took out a full page ad in a trade paper apologizing for it to movie goers. After filming a movie about car racing, he developed a life long interest in racing cars. He lives with his wife, actress Joanne Woodward in Westport, CT. A caring and supremely generous man, he is the founder of "Newman's Own" a successful line of food products In the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery), when the cop enters the pad and opens fire, there are a series of images that exemplify destruction: a chicken flapping in the air from the Laugh romp sequence in the episode Monkees A La Mode and when Davy knocks over a statue in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake The phrase "The third degree" (by the Policeman in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) origin can be found within the Masonic Lodge. Within the lodge there are 3 degrees: the Entered Apprentice, the Fellow craft and the Master Mason. To become a Third-Degree or Master Mason, the highest rank, one must submit to questioning. The Mason's questioning for the third-degree was known to be an intense ordeal, frightening and unpleasant. Additionally, it is more physically challenging that the first two degrees. The term has come to be used for any long an arduous questioning or interrogation. The phrase Throw the book at (the policeman in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) means the book to give the maximum sentence that a judge could legally impose upon a convicted felon. The metaphor has been to mean severe sentencing or deprivation of certain privileges. A popular folk saying spill the beans (said by policeman in the episode The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)) claims that in ancient Greece, applicants for membership in secret societies were voted upon by having the existing members drop beans into an opaque pottery jar. Those who approved of the potential new member would signal an affirmative vote by stealthily adding a white bean to the jar. A black bean indicated a negative vote. The story goes that on occasion, when the jar was accidentally knocked over, the beans poured out and the vote was revealed prematurely. Although the precise origin of the idiom spill the beans remains unknown. However, a 19th-century agricultural expert named Henry Stephens, in his two-volume treatise called The Farmer's Guide to Scientific and Practical Agriculture (1853), noted (in the section "On Reaping Beans, and Pease, and Tares when Grown for Seed"): "It is of importance to keep bean sheaves always on end, as they then resist most rain; for if allowed to remain on their side, after being blown over by the wind, the least rain soaks them, and the succeeding drought causes the pods to burst and spill the beans upon the ground." Popcorn (mentioned in The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery) and The Devil And Peter Tork) was very popular from the 1890s until the Great Depression. Street vendors used to follow crowds around, pushing steam or gas-powered poppers through fairs, parks and expositions. During the Depression, popcorn at 5 or 10 cents a bag was one of the few luxuries down-and-out families could afford. While other businesses failed, the popcorn business thrived. An Oklahoma banker who went broke when his bank failed bought a popcorn machine and started a business in a small store near a theater. After a couple years, his popcorn business made enough money to buy back three of the farms he'd lost. During World War II, sugar was sent overseas for U.S. troops, which meant there wasn't much sugar left in the States to make candy. Thanks to this unusual situation, Americans ate three times as much popcorn as usual. Popcorn went into a slump during the early 1950s, when television became popular. Attendance at movie theaters dropped and, with it, popcorn consumption. When the public began eating popcorn at home, the new relationship between television and popcorn led to a resurge in popularity. Americans today consume 17 billion quarts of popped popcorn each year. The average American eats about 54 quarts. The folklore of some Native American tribes told of spirits who lived inside each kernel of popcorn. The spirits were quiet and content to live on their own, but grew angry if their houses were heated. The hotter their homes became, the angrier they'd get, shaking the kernels until the heat was too much. Finally they would burst out of their homes and into the air as a disgruntled puff of steam. Each kernel of popcorn does contain a small drop of water stored inside a circle of soft starch. The soft starch is surrounded by the kernel's hard outer surface. As the kernel heats up, the water begins to expand, and pressure builds against the hard starch. Eventually, this hard surface gives way, causing the popcorn to explode. As it explodes, the soft starch inside the popcorn becomes inflated and bursts, turning the kernel inside out. The steam inside the kernel is released. Information on hot dogs (seen in the episodes The Picture Frame (The Bank Robbery)???????????? and Monstrous Monkee Mash): German immigrants appear to have sold hot dogs from pushcarts in New York City's Bowery during the 1860s. In 1867 Charles Feltman owned a pie wagon that delivered his pies to the inns and lager beer saloons that lined Coney Island's beaches. His clients also wanted hot sandwiches to serve to their customers, but his wagon was small and he knew that it would be hard to manage making a variety of sandwiches in a confined space. He thought that perhaps something simple like a hot sausage served on a roll might be the solution. The hard-working Feltman built a mini empire with a hotel, beer gardens, restaurants, food stands and various rides to amuse his customers. At the 1893 Chicago World's Fair (or Columbian Exposition), visitors consumed large quantities of sausages sold by vendors. People liked this food that was easy to eat, convenient and inexpensive. Coney Island Hot Dogs were a big hit at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. At his death in 1910, Feltman left a business worth over one million dollars. An employee of Charles Feltman, Nathan Handwerker broke away from Feldman's business in 1916 and started Nathan's Famous, Inc., which now calls itself the world's greatest hot dog purveyor. He used two spice suppliers to keep his hot dog recipe secret. To counteract the rumors of his cut price hot dogs being less than edible, he offered free hot dogs to the doctors and nurses at Coney Island Hospital. The tradition of sausages being the standard food at baseball parks was begun by a German immigrant, Chris von de Ahe, who owned the St. Louis Cardinals. There are several explanations about where the term hot dog came from. One is that in 1895, sausage vendors who sold their sausages outside the student dorms at major eastern universities and their carts became known as "dog wagons". The name was a sarcastic comment on the source and quality of the meat. Another story occurred in 1902 during a New York Mets baseball game at the New York Polo Grounds. On a cold April day, concessionaire Harry Mozley Stevens was losing money trying to sell ice cream and cold sodas. In desperation he bought all the dachshund shaped sausages he could find (and an equal number of rolls). His vendors began selling sausages from a portable hot water tanks while yelling, "They're red hot! Get your dachshund sausages while they're red hot!". Another story comes from sports cartoonist, T.A. "Tad" Dorgan, a newspaper cartoonist for the now defunct New York Evening Journal. He was nearing his deadline and desperate for an idea. Hearing the vendors, he hastily drew a cartoon of a frankfurter with a tail, legs and a head, so that it looked like a dachshund. Not sure how to spell the word "dachshund" he simply wrote "hot dog". Another story about the name hot dog occurred on June 3, 1903. Vendor Adolf Gehring was selling food at a St. Louis Cardinals baseball game. On this particular day, Adolf had a good day and sold out all his food and drinks. He went to a baker to buy some bread, but they had nothing left but some long dinner rolls. He then went to a butcher shop and bought all the sausages that the butcher had. He cooked up the sausages and placed them in the rolls. He started walking through the crowd offering his meat sandwiches as he called them. One man hollered at him, "Give me one of those damn hot dogs". The phrase caught on and everyone in the crowd was soon hollering for hot dogs. The baby picture seen in the episodes "Monkees Marooned" and "The Picture Frame" originally appeared in the last episode of the TV series "Leave It To Beaver". The painting Peter copies in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake is called The Laughing Cavalier by Franz Hals (painted 1624) Frans Hals (the painting in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) was a Dutch portrait painter, by some considered as second only to Rembrandt. Although Hals' work was in high demand throughout his life, his financial situation was worrisome most of the time. Hals reveals a searching analysis of character which has little in common with the expression of his so-called character portraits. He generally sets upon the canvas the fleeting aspect of the various stages of merriment, from the subtle, half ironic smile that quivers round the lips of The Laughing Cavalier. Manchester (Davys hometown and mentioned in the episodes Monkees In The Ring and Art, For Monkees Sake) is an outward looking European City with the warmth and atmosphere of a village. It contains a range of village areas each with its own unique identity and special qualities. Manchester's Castlefield area transformed during the mid 1700's into the center of the Industrial Revolution. Industry grew rapidly after the Bridgewater Canal opened in 1761, bringing coal into the city to heat the mills. Above all, the construction of the Manchester Ship canal made Manchester a major world port and trading center. Manchester has a whole variety of attractions, museums and galleries. Manchester's love of sport is well known and it was with great pride the city was host to the Commonwealth Games in 2002 Los Angeles (mentioned by Mike in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) is the largest city in California and the second most populous city in the United States. The economy of Los Angeles is driven by agriculture, petroleum, motion pictures, aerospace, international trade and tourism. It is the largest entry point for immigrants to the United States and is now the most ethnically diverse city in the world. One of the original 13 states, Connecticut (mentioned by Mike in the Episode Art, for Monkees Sake) is known as the "Constitution State." It gets its name from an Algonquian word meaning "land on the long tidal river." Hartford has been the capital of Connecticut since 1875 and the state flower is the mountain laurel. Actor Michael Bell (the painter in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) worked with Micky doing the voices of brothers Ernie (Michael) and Todd (Micky) in the cartoon series Devlin Leonardo da Vinci (mentioned in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist. He depicted in his drawings with scientific precision and consummate artistry, ranging from flying machines to caricature. He also drew intricate anatomical studies of people, animals, and plants. Liberace (the smashing pianist in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) was a well-known flamboyant pianist of the 60s and 70s known as Mr. Showmanship. He was born into a musical family with his father playing French horn in John Phillip Sousas Concert Band. Liberace was a child prodigy and had a gift at playing the piano, but decided not to pursue playing classical recitals and sympathy orchestras. He developed a following with his theatrical performances and outrageous stage costumes (rhinestones, gold lame, furs and sequins). There had been rumors about his homosexuality since 1959 when the tabloid newspaper The London Daily Mirror wrote a story about it. He successfully sued the paper and did not public ally disclose his homosexuality until 1982 when a former chauffer and bodyguard sued him for palimony which was settled out of court. He died on February 4, 1987 from AIDS In the episode Art, For Monkees Sake, look carefully at Mike when he says, "Oh, nobody but a fool would paint in the basement!" If you read his lips closely, you will notice that he originally said "Oh, nobody but an idiot would paint in the basement!" The portion of this episode's audiotrack was redubbed with the less offending fool Peoria, IL (mentioned in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake) has become famous as a representation of the average American city, because of its demographics and its perceived mainstream Midwestern culture. On the Vaudeville circuit, it was said that if an act would succeed in Peoria, it would work anywhere. The question "Will it play in Peoria?" has now become a metaphor for whether something appeals to the American mainstream public. Information on mustard (mentioned by Peter in the episode Art, For Monkees Sake): All mustard is made in relatively the same way. The seed must be crushed, its hull and bran sifted out or not depending on type of mustard being made. It then may or may not go through further grinding and crushing. A liquid such as water, wine, vinegar, beer, or a combination of several of these liquids is added, along with seasonings. The Romans took the seed to Gaul and by the ninth century French monasteries were bringing in considerable income from mustard preparations. For centuries, there was an increase in both the regulation of mustard and its number of makers. In spite of the wide acceptance of mustard and the regulations governing its production, mustard's popularity declined by the early eighteenth century. In 1747, the market was revived and the city of Dijon secured as the capitol of mustard. In 1856, Burgundian Jean Naigeon substituted verjuice for the vinegar in prepared mustard. The use of verjuice resulted in a mustard that was less acidic and the condiment became known as Dijon. In 1804, Jeremiah Colman, a miller of flour, began the first of several expansions that would make his name a Aside from the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart The Monkees Theme from the credits, the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart songs The Last Train To Clarksville and (Im Not Your) Steppin Stone were played the most during the first season. They were both played in 5 different episodes Aside from the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart The Monkees Theme and the Peter Tork/ Joseph Richards song For Pete's Sake from the credits, the Dolenz/ Tork/ Jones/ Nesmith and Hilderbrand song Goin Down was played the most during the second season. It was played in 6 different episodes In the Dolenz/ Tork/ Jones/ Nesmith and Hilderbrand song Goin Down, the line Ill give you 3, Ive been down 9, Im going down just one more time is referring to a rule water rescuers observe. If a person is drowning, the likelihood of saving the person drops significantly after they go under the water 3 times. Luckily, Micky was able to stay afloat after going under the water 9 times The Dolenz/ Tork/ Jones/ Nesmith and Hilderbrand song Goin Down is supposedly Lou Reed's favorite all-time Monkees track (mine too !) Bayonne, New Jersey (mentioned by Davy and Peter in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling) is roughly located on a peninsula west of Long Island, New York, southwest of Jersey City, New Jersey and southeast of Newark, New Jersey In the I Was A 99 Pound Weakling episode, Davy said he knew a gal named Mary Ann from Bayonne, New Jersey. It might be a coincidence, but during The Monkees first season on NBC, Gilligan's Island aired opposite The Monkees on CBS According to his business card, Shah-Ku's Health And Strength (in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling) is located at 1438 N. Gower Street, Hollywood, California. Gower is the location of the studio where The Monkees TV series was shot. A Turkish bath (mentioned in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling) is a method of cleansing the body and relaxation that was particularly popular during the Victorian era. The process involved in taking a Turkish bath is similar to that of a sauna, but is more closely related to the bathing practices of the Romans. Taking a Turkish bath firstly involves relaxing in a room (known as the warm room) that is heated by a continuous flow of hot dry air allowing the bather to perspire freely. Bathers may then move to an ever hotter room (known as the hot room) before plunging themselves into a cold pool. After performing a full body wash and receiving a massage, bathers finally retire to the cooling room for a period of relaxation. Turkish baths were introduced to the British Isles by diplomat David Urquhart who wrote the book The Pillars of Hercules about his travels in Spain and Morocco in 1848. He described the system of dry hot air baths which had been in use there. During the following 150 years, well over 600 baths opened in Britain and cities in other parts of the then British Empire. In 1863, Dr. Charles Shepard opened the first Turkish bath in the United States at 63 Columbia Street, Brooklyn Heights, New York. Marcel Proust (mentioned in the episode I Was A 99# Weakling) was a dilettante, an aspiring writer, a social climber and he was not taken very seriously by his French contemporaries. The pivotal change in his life came after the death of his father in 1903 and his mother in 1905. At this time his health began to deteriorate. Proust spent the last years of his life virtually confined to his famously cork-lined bedroom, sleeping all day and working feverishly all night to complete his novel. Proust's multifaceted vision is enthralling. He was a satirist of the aristocracy and an intense analyst of introspective consciousness. He was the creator of more than forty unforgettable characters who continue to capture the world's literary consciousness. Above all, Proust's central message is the affirmation of life. Contrary to the opinion, Proust's great work teaches that life's "purpose" is not to be sought in artistic artifacts. Furthermore, life is not fulfilled when a painting or a novel is completed, but when it transforms into something "artistic" or spiritually mature and wise. In the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling, Davy was trying to say Dirigible (dir-ja-bul) but settled on saying blimp A blimp (mentioned by Davy in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling) is an informal term typically applied to non-rigid airships. They have no rigid structure that holds the airbag in shape. Rather, blimps rely on a higher pressure of the gas (usually helium) inside the envelope. The term "blimp" is reportedly onomatopoetic, the sound the airship makes when one taps the envelope (balloon) with a finger. Although there is some disagreement among historians. The credit for coining the term is usually given to Lt. A.D. Conningham of the British Royal Navy in 1915. Airships are also known as dirigibles (mentioned by Davy in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling). It comes from the French word meaning "steerable". The term airship is sometimes informally used to mean a machine capable of atmospheric flight. The term dirigible was the more commonly used name for these aircraft in the early days of their history, whereas airship is the more modern term. Micky is wearing a sweatshirt with a picture of Ludwig Van Beethoven in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling Dave Draper (Bulk in the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling, known as the Blond Bomber, was considered the king of bodybuilders. A skinny kid from New Jersey who transformed himself into Mr. Universe, Mr. America and Mr. World and became the poster boy for the California good life. He appeared in films and television in the 60s and 70s. Draper nearly lost everything because of a drug and alcohol addiction which brought him face to face with death. He left acting and manages the World Gym in Santa Cruz, California. Draper was a recent subject of an episode of the E! True Hollywood Story In the Sunny Girlfriend romp from the episode I Was A 99 Pound Weakling, Davy chomps down on a can of spinach to bulk up and gain strength to fight Bulk. It is a reference to the E. C. Segar cartoon character Popeye, the Sailor Man Samuel Yorty was Mayor of Los Angeles, California at the time of production for the episode Monkee Mayor The word motley (from the episode Monkee Mayor) refers to the traditional costume of the Court jester or the Harlequin character in Commedia dell'arte (Italian word meaning "comedy of professional artists). An aide-de-camp (mentioned in the episode Monkee Mayor) is a personal assistant, secretary, or adjutant to a person of high rank, usually a senior military officer or a head of state. In some countries, aide-de-camp is considered to be a title of honour (refered to by its initials ADC) and participates at ceremonial functions. Smashing a bottle of champagne against a ship (a parody seen in the episode Monkee Mayor) is the same as the original pagan ritual- to insure good fortune upon a ship, her passengers and crew. "May God bless this ship and all who sail in her" are the proper words uttered when a champagne bottle is smashed against the ship. This ceremony has various names: a blessing, a naming or a christening. The French viewed a new vessel much as a newborn child, both a godmother and godfather, thus slowly changing tradition and by the 19th century, it was considered bad luck for a man to christen a ship. Zeckenbush's quote old soldiers never die, they just rot away in the episode Monkee Mayor refers to a line from a speech General Douglas McArthur made to both houses of Congress on April 14, 1951 after President Harry Truman had relieved him of his duties in the Korean War. McArthur is actually remembering a line from a popular ballad that he heard as a young cadet at West Point at the turn of the 20th century. According to the episode Monkee Mayor, there are 4 months in the year that Mrs. Weefers would not come to clean the Pad (months that do not have an R in the name). An isocentric lens technique (mentioned in the episode Monkee Mayor is one where all light beams have a common focus point. A camera dolly (mentioned in the episode Monkee Mayor) is a specialized piece of film equipment that looks like a little car. The camera is mounted on to it and the camera operator and camera assistant usually ride on it to operate the camera. The camera dolly may be used as a shooting platform on any surface, but is often used to create smooth tracking shots on horizontal axis. In the episode Monkee Mayor while searching for a political image, Mike dresses like George Washington, Abraham Lincoln (he says a line from Lincoln's second inauguration speech) and Lyndon Johnson Info on the Boy Scouts (mentioned in episodes Monkees In A Ghost Town, Monkees A La Mode, Hillbilly Honeymoon and A Coffin Too Frequent): The Boy Scout movement was founded by British Lord Robert Baden-Powell. The early American troops took their cues from Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys because there was no semblance of a national movement in the United States. The YMCA men who started most of the early troops saw Boy Scouting merely as a promising adjunct to their programs for boys. Millionaire Chicago publisher William Dickson Boyce became involved in Scouting in 1909. He was visiting London in August of that year. One afternoon, the city was enshrouded in pea-soup fog. Boyce lost his bearings in the murk and was approached by a boy carrying a lantern who offered to guide him to the address he was seeking. When Boyce produced a shilling, the boy replied, No, sir, I am a scout. Scouts do not accept tips for Good Turns. The unknown scout took Boyce to British Scout headquarters. From that moment forward, Boyce's interest in Scouting grew. Boyce came home determined to start Boy Scouting in America. On February 8, 1910, Boyce filed incorporation papers for the Boy Scouts of America in the District of Columbia. The purpose, he said, "Shall be to promote, through organization, and cooperation with other agencies, the ability of boys to do things for themselves and others, to train them in Scoutcraft, and to teach them patriotism, courage, self-reliance, and kindred virtues, using the methods which are in common use by Boy Scouts. In the episode Monkee Mayor, Peter says to the airplane pilot "On second thought, get me Rickenbacker! His penmanship is better." He is referring to early-20th century aviation hero Eddie Rickenbacker. Rickenbacker is also the name of a brand of guitars. The Battle Hymn Of The Republic (from the episodes Monkees Vs. Machine, Monkee Mayor and Monkees Watch Their Feet) by Julia Ward Howe was written after a visit to a Union Army camp in 1861. Howe wrote the verses to meet a challenge by a friend, Rev. James Freeman Clarke. As an unofficial anthem, Union soldiers sang "John Brown's Body." Confederate soldiers sang it with their own version of the words. But Clarke thought that there should be more uplifting words to the tune. Howe met Clarke's challenge. The poem has become perhaps the best known Civil War song of the Union Army and has come to be a well loved American patriotic anthem. The quote I will hunker down like a jackass in a hail storm (said by Mike in the episode Monkee Mayor) is similar to a quote by President Lyndon Johnson: Being president is like being a jackass in a hailstorm. There's nothing to do but to stand there and take it Charles Lindbergh (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkee Mayor) was the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic. He did it in a broken down modified 2 seater plane called The Spirit Of 76. George Washington chopping down a cherry tree (parodied in the episodes Monkees A La Mode and Monkee Mayor) was a legend invented by writer and clergyman Mason Parsons?? Weems The cover art for the album Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn and Jones, Ltd. was suggested by Davy Ideas that people had for the cover of the Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn And Jones, Ltd. album: Mike wanted a giant organ grinder thing which goes up right out of the picture so you cant see the handle and a large hand turning it. Then the four of us in monkey suits with shackles and chains around our necks attached to the giant wrist. (Note: Micky may have remembered this idea of the guys being chained and shackled when he co-wrote/ directed The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO) episode). Micky wanted a huge monkey foot with us just squatting beside it or the whole sleeve black (Note: in contrast to the Beatles White album) The album Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn and Jones, Ltd. was knocked out of the #1 spot on the Billboard charts by the Beatles album Magical Mystery Tour Lucky Strike cigarettes (mentioned by Mike in the extended bonus track of the song "Salesman") was introduced in 1871. Lucky Strike is rich in heritage and one of the world's best-known brands. It was the first manufactured cigarette. The modern pack design was designed by Raymond Lowey, creator of the Campbell's Soup label, Shell Oil logo and many other brand icons. In October 1967, the Berry Mann/ Cynthia Weil song Love Is Only Sleeping was slated to be the next A-side single with the John Stewart song Daydream Believer as the B-side single. RCA wanted it to be released simultaneously in England and the U. S., but a foul up occurred in the shipment to England and they did not arrive in time for the record to be pressed. The release was scraped totally RCA executives expressed some concert that the song title Love Is Only Sleeping would be a cause for censorship by radio stations, especially in the Bible belt and the South Mutiny On The Bounty (mentioned in the episode "Hitting The High Seas) is about the Bounty sailing from Britain for Tahiti in order to obtain a cargo of breadfruit plants. Captain Bligh (actor Charles Laughton) is in charge and he over-zealously enforces discipline and various methods, his favorite being flogging. Bligh (actor Charles Laughton) cuts rations and works his men so hard that even first mate Lt. Fletcher Christian (actor Clark Gable) finds him hard to comprehend. In Tahiti, Christian (actor Clark Gable) and good friend midshipman Byam (actor Franchot Tone) become involved with native women Maimiti (actress Mamo Clark) and Tehanni (actress Movita). Tahiti is paradise compared to life on the Bounty under Bligh (actor Charles Laughton). When the Bounty is loaded and sets sail to return, the harsh treatment by their Captain (actor Charles Laughton) is too much for the crew and Christian (actor Clark Gable) leads a mutiny. They set Bligh (actor Charles Laughton) and his supporters adrift on a boat and return the Bounty to Tahiti. What they did not count on is the Captain's (actor Charles Laughton) return. The late actor Clark Gable (mentioned in the episode Hitting The High Seas) decided to become an actor after seeing the play "The Bird of Paradise". He toured in stock companies, worked oil fields and sold ties. In 1924 he reached Hollywood with the help of Portland, Oregon theatre manager Josephine Dillon, who coached and (seventeen years older) married him. His unshaven love making with braless actress Jean Harlow in Red Dust made him MGM's most important star. When the studio punished him for refusing an assignment He was sent to Columbia to film the movie It Happened One Night (he won an Academy Award for the film). In early November 1960, he had just completed filming "The Misfits", when he suffered a heart attack, and died later that month. Gable had to shave off his trademark mustache for Mutiny On The Bounty for historical accuracy- something he detested. Ted De Corsica (Frank in the episode Hitting The High Seas and Blackbeard The Pirate in the episode The Devil And Peter Tork) acted in touring companies and on radio before making a memorable film debut as the killer in The Naked City (1948). He is best remembered as the head of a murder-for-hire gang who turns state's evidence in the film The Enforcer (1951). Buttermilk (mentioned in the episodes Too Many Girls (Davy And Fern) and Hitting The High Seas) is the liquid left over after producing butter from full cream milk by the churning process. It has a slightly sour taste. It is quite popular as a coolant in India and a variant called lassi is sold commercially. Most of the modern, commercially available, "buttermilk" in supermarkets is not genuine buttermilk but cultured buttermilk, that is milk to which souring agents have been added to simulate the original product. Many breads are made with buttermilk and are exceptional in soups and sauces. A sundial (carried by Davy in the episode Hitting The High Seas) measures time by the position of the sun. sundial will cast a shadow on a flat surface marked with the hours of the day. As the position of the sun changes, the time indicated by the shadow changes. Sundials are known from ancient Egypt and were developed further by other cultures, including the Greeks and Romans. Some mass-produced garden sundials are improperly designed and unable to keep time. Many sundials are made to be used at 45 degrees north. A sundial can show sailors the latitude (the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator) by tilting its gnomon (the part of a sundial which casts the shadow) so its parallel the Earth's axis of rotation. Information on katsup (mentioned in the episode Hitting The High Seas): In the 1600's Dutch and British seamen brought back a salty pickled fish sauce called ketsiap from China. In this version, it was more related to soy or oyster sauce than the sweet, vinegary substance we call ketchup today. The first ketchup recipe was printed in 1727 in Elizabeth Smith's The Compleat Housewife. A New England Farmer offered it for sale in 1830 in bottles, and priced from 33 to 50 cents. Ketchup was sold nationwide in the US by 1837 by Jonas Yerkes, who sold the product in quart and pint bottles. He used the refuse of tomato canning-skins, cores, green tomatoes, and lots of sugar and vinegar. Lots of other small companies followed suit-by 1900 there were 100 manufacturers of ketchup. The big success came in 1872 when HJ Heinz added ketchup to his line of pickled products and introduced it at the 1876 Philadelphia World's Fair. The Heinz formula has not changed since, and has become the standard by which other ketchups are rated. Variations on the name (catsup, catchup, katsup) abounded alongside ketchup. However, when the Ronald Reagan administration briefly decided to count ketchup as a vegetable in 1981, you'll be hard-pressed to find a bottle from any manufacturer labeled anything other than ketchup. Typical pirate sterotypes seen in the episode "Hitting The High Seas": Eye patches- Pirates and other mariners were sometimes blinded in one eye through the use of a sextant. Hoop earrings- Some pirates believed that putting pressure on their earlobes would prevent them from becoming seasick. Another suggestion for the purpose of a gold earring is that when a pirate died, the gold would provide some kind of funding for a funeral and coffin. Parrots (on the shoulder generally squawking "Pieces of eight, braak!" or "Polly wann'a cracker!")- Sometimes pirates would keep animals aboard to supply fresh food. Exotic animals such as parrots and monkeys would be of no use to them. However, pirates may have kept such animals for selling at high prices. Making people "walk the plank"- No pirate is known to have forced or been forced by anyone to walk the plank. The idea was probably popularized by author J. M. Barrie. Scruffy beards- Many pirates had large beards, including the notorious pirate Blackbeard (seen in the episode "The Devil And Peter Tork"). Blackbeard wove hemp and lit matches into his enormous beard during battle. Tricornes- Tricornes were often used to keep water out of ones eyes while in a storm or the rain. Some pirates may have worn bicornes stolen from naval commanders such as commodores. Bandanas- Bandanas were worn to keep sweat out of the eyes.
In the episode Hitting The High Seas in their cabin, Micky and Peter perform an impromptu acoustic rendition of Peter Turks "Tear The Top Right Off My Head. Peter did a studio take of the song 3 months after this episode's telecast. It would be shelved until the 1991 release of the four-CD Monkees box set Listen To The Band. Peter got the idea for the title from someone who wishes Broadway actors good luck by saying, break a leg. When ancient mariners spoke about sailing the "Seven Seas" (from the episode "Hitting The High Seas") they usually referred to all the seas and oceans. While the term was not meant to be taken literally, early oceanographers counted the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Black Sea, the Adriatic Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Indian Ocean. In a figurative sense, the term was also coined by Rudyard Kipling who used it as the title for a volume of poems. Casanova (a parody in the episode Hitting The High Seas) was a famous 18th century Italian adventurer whose name has become synonymous with seduction. During his travels Casanova made and lost fortunes and encountered many famous personalities. At one point during the episode Hitting The High Seas Davy exclaims, "Peter's so tough, 'e loves the sight of blood, 'e pours ketchup on everythin' 'e eats; even Cornflakes!", which is reference to Kellogg's, one of "The Monkees" TV series' main sponsors In the episode "Hitting The High Seas" when The Captain (the late actor Chips Rafferty) orders The Monkees to cut their long hair, Micky quips, "No! We can't cut it; we'd lose our strength!" This is in reference to that biblical hero Samson. Samson was very strong and fought many battles against the Philistines. The Philistines hated Samson because of the damage he caused to their cities and fields. The Bible records that Samson broke all of his Nazarite vows. He drank wine, he ate grapes, he touched a dead body and he did not dedicate himself totally to the Lord God. Samson fell in love with a beautiful Philistine woman named Delilah. Delilah had been promised a great sum of money from the Philistines if she could discover the secret of his incredible strength. Every day Delilah teased and begged Samson to tell her the secret of his tremendous strength. Finally Samson caved in, "If you cut off all of my hair I shall be as weak as any other man." While sleeping, Delilah cut his hair and summoned several Philistine soldiers. His strength was gone. The Philistine soldiers jumped upon Samson and beat him badly. Samson was overcome. Delilah, in the name of love, had betrayed him completely. The Herman Melville book Moby Dick (referenced by Micky in the episode Hitting The High Seas) follows the crew of the Pequod, led by Captain Ahab on a whaling expedition that takes them around the world. The expedition soon degenerates into a monomaniacal hunt for the legendary "Great White Whale", as Ahab seeks revenge on the animal that cost him one of his legs and gave him a vicious scar down his torso. The plot was inspired in part by the November 20, 1820 sinking of the whaleship Essex. The ship went down 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America after it was attacked by an 80 ton Sperm Whale Horatio Hornblower (mentioned by Micky in the episode Hitting The High Seas) was a character in a series of novels by C. S. Forester. Hornblower fought in a dozen major battles during the Napoleonic wars and Napoleon deeply hated Hornblower Davy Jones locker (Mentioned by the captain in the episode Hitting The High Seas) is someone who was thrown overboard or buried at the bottom of the ocean. They are said to have gone to Davy Jones locker. There are a few explanations for the origin of the name: there was a pirate named Davy Jones who made many of his victims walk the plank, a barkeep named Davy Jones kept a bottle of rum in this locker that he would drug his unsuspecting customers who find themselves on a ship when they wake up, and, the most likely explanation, the name David comes from St. David (a patron saint) called upon by Welsh and Jones comes from Jonah (a Hebrew prophet who brings bad luck) Clark Gable and Marlon Brando (mentioned by Micky in the episode Hitting The High Seas) both appeared in 2 different versions of the movie Mutiny On The Bounty Captain Queer (mentioned by Micky in the episode Hitting The High Seas) is a character from the novel The Canine Mutiny by Herman Wouk. During WW2 on board the fictional ship called the USS Caine the ship's captain (Lt. Commander Phillip Francis Queeg) is removed from command by the ships Executive Officer (Lt. Thomas Keefer) in an apparent act of mutiny. As the trial of mutineers unfolds we learn Captain Queeg is mentally unstable and possibly insane. The US Navy had to decide whether the Caine Mutiny is a criminal act or an act of courage to save the ship from destruction at the hands of its captain. An example of Quegg's mental incapacity is his search for the person who stole a quart of strawberries reserved for the officers. He orders strip searches looking for a duplicate key to the refrigerator where they were stored. When a mess boy confesses, Queeg refuses to believe it and his behavior becomes more erratic after that. The Caine Mutiny was also made into a film in 1954 with actor Humphrey Bogart as Queeg and actor Fred McMurray as Keefer. The use of a cannon (seen in the episodes "Monkee Chow Mien", Hitting The High Seas and the movie Head) was first recorded in battles of the early 14th century. Early cannon did not always fire spherical projectiles. For smaller cannon, arrow-like rounds were used in the 14th century, sometimes with brass fin stabilizers or inflammable heads. It was soon replaced by stone balls due to the cost of metals in the 14th and 15th centuries. The military use of cannon declined in the mid 19th century when artillery technology advanced at a very rapid rate. A double-barreled shotgun (featured in the episode Hillbilly Honeymoon) is a shotgun with two barrels. Those shotguns are capable of firing two shots in very rapid succession, but then require a time-consuming reload. In general, the entire barrel is hinged to the stock and the cartridges are changed at the base of the barrel while the gun is in the open position. The double-barreled shotgun is therefore an excellent tool for many hunting pest control or home defense applications, but may be less useful for police force or military applications. Gin (mentioned in the episode Hillbilly Honeymoon) is a spirit or strong alcoholic beverage. It is made from the distillation of white grain spirit and juniper berries, which provide its distinctive flavor. A jug band (seen in the episodes "Find The Monkees (The Audition)" and Hillbilly Honeymoon) featured not only jazz, but also blues, ragtime, African music, swing music, hillbilly music and original music combined in a strange concoction. Jug bands flourished in towns along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers in the 20's and 30's. Many record companies have dismissed jug band music as a novelty. Louisville, Kentucky was the birthplace of jug music. Jug band music is played with washboards, washtubs, kazoos, rhythm guitar and mandolin. The War Of 1812 (mentioned by Davy in the episode Hillbilly Honeymoon) was in many ways the strangest war in United States history. It could have well been named The War Of Faulty Communication. Two days before war was declared, the British Government had stated it would repeal the laws, which were the main reasons for fighting (prevent the British Navy from stopping and searching neutral ships for deserters and the British supporting the Indians fighting against American Western expansion). If there had been a telegraphic communication with Europe, the war might have been avoided altogether. Speedy communication would also have prevented the greatest battle of the war in New Orleans 15 days after a peace treaty was signed. Billie Hayes (Maw in the episode Hillbilly Honeymoon) is best known for her wacky, delightfully screechy portrayal of "Witchie-poo" on "H.R. Pufnstuf" (1969) Melody Patterson (Ella Mae in the episode Hillbilly Honeymoon) is best remembered as Wrangler Jane on the TV series F Troop) Musicians Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs (famous for the Beverly Hillbillies Theme song) did the incidental music for the Hillbilly Honeymoon episode The first literary version of the tale Jack And The Beanstock (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkees On The Wheel) appeared in England in the 1734 reprint of Round About our Coal-Fire or Christmas Entertainments with the addition of the tale "Enchantment demonstrated in the Story of Jack Spriggins and the Enchanted Bean." The story does not appear in print in any form for another seventy years. Then, in 1807, it appears in two different publications: The History of Mother Twaddle, and the Marvelous Achievements of Her Son Jack, by B. A. T. and The History of Jack and the Bean-Stalk, Printed from the Original Manuscript, Never Before Published by Benjamin Tabart. In 1890, Joseph Jacobs recorded a version of the tale based on the oral versions he had heard as a child. He dismissed Tabart's version as a poor representation of the oral tale. Jack is a good-for-nothing trickster in Jacobs' version while Tabart provides justification for Jack's destruction of the Giant. Many variations of the tale's themes exist in different countries. The English version, Jack and the Beanstalk, is the most popular and best known variation of the tale. Las Vegas (from the episode Monkees On The Wheel) is Spanish for "the Meadows". Las Vegas is a relatively young town but its history can be traced all the way back to 1829, when Antonio Armijo lead a party on the Old Spanish Trail to Los Angeles. Things really didn't start happening for Las Vegas until 1904, when the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad laid its tracks through the Las Vegas Valley. The Railroad purchased prime land, bought the water rights and surveyed a town site for its railroad servicing and repair facilities. In 1905, the railroad held an auction and sold 700 lots. Las Vegas became a small watering stop with a few hotels, stores, a saloon and a few thousand residents. In 1931, construction of the Hoover Dam began and a gambling bill that had been introduced by a Winnemucca rancher, Assemblyman Phil Tobin. Up until that time gambling was outlawed in Nevada. By the early 1940s, downtown Las Vegas had several luxury hotels and a dozen small but successful gambling clubs. In 1941, Thomas Hull, who owned a string of motor inns in California, decided to open the El Rancho Las Vegas, just outside the city limits right off the highway from Los Angeles. The El Rancho had 100 motel rooms, a western styled design and had a large parking lot with an inviting swimming pool in the middle. The El Rancho's quick success led to the building of other property. Thus the Las Vegas Strip was born. In mathematics, a coefficient (mentioned in the episode Monkees On The Wheel) is a multiplicative factor of a certain object such as a variable (a symbol donation quantity), a basis vector (infinite dimension) or a basis function (function of space). In its most basic form, the slide rule (mentioned in the episode Monkees On The Wheel) uses two logarithmic scales to allow multiplication and division, common operations that are time-consuming and error-prone when done on paper. The user determines the location of the decimal point in the result, based on mental estimation. In mathematics, the cube root (mentioned in the episode Monkees On The Wheel) of a number is a number which, when cubed (multiplied by itself and then multiplied by itself again), gives back the original number. The color plaid (mentioned in the episode Monkees On The Wheel) is a Scots language word meaning blanket, usually referring to patterned woolen cloth. Early forms of the kilt were called a belted plaid, a double width of thick woolen cloth worn pleated and fastened around the waist by a belt. Info about the piggy bank (from the episode Monkees On The Wheel): In Middle English "pygg " referred to a type of clay used for making various household objects such as jars. People often saved money in jars made of pygg, called "pygg jars". By the 18th century, the spelling of "pygg" had changed and the term "pygg jar" had evolved to "pig bank." This name may have caught on because the pig banks were mostly used by children and the pig is a child friendly shape that is easy to fashion out of clay. The actual origin of the name bears no relation to the pig itself The origins of roulette (featured in the episode "Monkees On The Wheel"): a very primitive version of roulette was introduced in the 17th century by the French scientist Blaise Pascal who is known for his study of perpetual motion devices. Frenchmen Francois and Louis Blanc invented the single "0" roulette game in 1842. Because gambling was illegal in France during this time, the game was introduced in Hamburg, Germany where it became very popular and replaced an earlier version that featured higher odds. At a later date, Francois and his son Camille were responsible for bringing the game of roulette back to southern France for the Prince of Monaco, Charles III. When roulette came to the U.S. in the early 1800's, the game became popular in the old West of America during the California Gold Rush. Slot machines (featured in the episode "Monkees On The Wheel") were invented in the late 1800's by Charles Fey. He created the first machine in the basement of his home. The machines didnt become popular until years later when they were installed in Bugsy Siegel's infamous Flamingo Hilton hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada in the 1930's. Fey's first machine was similar in size to modern day examples but the different symbols seen today's machines were added in later machines. The first slot machine was actually called the Liberty Bell and can still be seen today in a collection at the Liberty Belle Saloon and Restaurant in Reno, Nevada. In the episode Monkees On The Wheel the boss and Micky compare James Cagney impressions. They sing a bit of the George M. Cohan song Yankee Doodle Boy. James Cagney played George M. Cohan in the 1942 movie Yankee Doodle Dandy. Cagney won an Academy Award for the role Micky often did his impression of the inevitable James Cagney by saying the line you dirty rat- you're the one that gave it to my brother. However, James Cagney never said that line using those exact words, a fact he told the audience upon accepting a Lifetime Achievement award in 1974 from the American Film Institute Rip Taylor (casino manager in the episode Monkees On The Wheel and Wizard Glick in the episode (The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO), began when Ed Sullivan could not remember the young comedian's name, he introduced him as "The Crying Comedian." Ed Sullivan accidentally stumbled upon Rip's niche, and after that appearance Rip found himself booked solid for months. This taught the young performer the importance of having a memorable hook. Bright costumes, outrageous props, wacky wigs and colorful confetti soon followed. There are several variations on the origin of the pronunciation of the word Des Moines (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees On The Wheel): the Indian word moingona (pronounced (DES-Mones) meaning river of the mounds which referred to the burial mounds that were located near the banks of the Des Moines or the name applies to the Trappist Monks (Moines de la Trappe) who lived in huts at the mouth of the Des Moines river (pronounced DE-Moin). The episode The Devil and Peter Tork was inspired by the 1941 movie The Devil and Daniel Webster Faust (a parody in the episode The Devil And Peter Tork") is the protagonist of a popular German tale that has been used as the basis for many different fictional works, most notably by German writer and humanist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It concerns the fate of a learned gentleman, Faust, who summons the Devil and offers to sell him his soul if the Devil will serve him for a given period of time. The 1960 movie version of the play Inherit The Wind (mentioned in the episode The Devil And Peter Tork) starred Spencer Tracy and Frederic March was based on the book by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee. The title comes from the Book of Proverbs: "He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind." The story is based on the true events of the trial of a high school teacher teaching evolution in Dayton, Tennessee in 1925. The earliest harps (the subject of the episode The Devil And Peter Tork) come from Mesopotamia, the Agean, and Egypt. On Mesopotamian clay tablets dated to 2800 BC a simple carving of a three-stringed harp is used as a pictographic sign. Images of musicians with harps appeared at an even earlier date on seals and limestone plaques. European harps of the middle ages differed from ancient harps of the Mediterranean region by their three-part construction. The addition of the forepillar to the soundbox and string-arm, or neck, greatly strengthened the instrument's structure, allowing the use of greater string tension and stiffer string materials. These changes enabled the instrument to produce greater volume and a longer-sustaining tone. By the eleventh century a distinctive type of triangular frame harp had developed in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands. Because its area of use coincided with the Gaelic language, it is referred to as the Gaelic harp. It is a misconception that Peter played the harp in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork Smokey the Bear (mentioned by Mike in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork) is a symbol used to help educate people on preventing forest fires Devils Island (mentioned in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork) is a small island off the coast of French Guiana. It was for many years a brutal prison for French political prisoners. The prison closed in 1945 Judge Roy Bean (in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork) was a feisty judge who held court from behind the bar of a saloon in Vinegaroon, Texas in the 1880s Billy The Kid (in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork and played by Micky in the episode "Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)") was a cattle thief and killer who boasted that he killed 21 people between 1878-1881. His name may have come from the fact he looked youthful and started his crimes in his late teens Blackbeard the Pirate (in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork) was a British pirate who got his name from his habit of braiding his long hair and tying it with a ribbon. He terrorized the Virginia and Carolina coasts between 1716-1718 In "The Devil And Peter Tork", Blackbeard's quote "Yo Ho Ho. I smell the blood of an English man" is a quote from the book "Treasure Island" by Robert Louis Stevenson. Attila the Hun (in the episode The Devil and Peter Tork) was a king who united the Hunsan Mongoloid tribe and invaded the Roman Empire in the 400 ADs. Scalars question his historical significance because he won battles against weak enemies. Although he seriously threatened the East and West Roman Empires, he never won a decisive victory Its all part of the show (Mikes comment at the end of the episode The Devil and Peter Tork) is a reference to the closing line in the TV series The Cisco Kid The late Burt Mustin (Kimba in the episode Monkees Marooned and William The Butler in the episode Monkees Christmas Show) portrayed parts in a great many sitcoms of the day, including Gus the auxiliary fireman on Leave It To Beaver, Jud Crowley on The Andy Griffith Show, Grandpa Jenson on Petticoat Junction and Justin Quigley on All In The Family. Mustin was also a member of the Pittsburgh Savoyards, the oldest Gilbert and Sullivan troupe in the U.S., and was also a member of SPEBSQSA (The U.S. Barbershop Music Harmony Society). Info on semifore (done by Davy in the episode Monkees Marooned: From the earliest days of the age of sail up to the present time, the history of flags and the history of the sea have been intertwined. On land, colors of the armies of the past have become ceremonial artifacts for the parade ground, but afloat flags still carry the vital tactical functions they have always had. From the national ensign on which international law depends to identify a vessel's country of origin to the flags of rank that identify the ranks of command to the array of signal flags that provide a silent means of communicating complex messages throughout a battle group, flags at sea remain not only a colorful part of naval and maritime tradition but a central component of modern seamanship. The phrase A snake in the grass (by Thursday in the episode Monkees Marooned) has its origins with the Roman poet Vengi (70-19 BC). In Eeloque is the line a snake lurks in the grass. It was also part of a very early political song as through all appears clean, a snake lurks in the grass. The earliest English translation first appears in Edward Halls Chronicles: The Union Of The 2 Noble And Listre Families Of Lancestre And York (1548)- but the serpent lurked under the grass and under surged the wide pestiferous poison The phrase A stitch in time saves nine (by Micky in the episode Monkees Marooned) means little preventive maintenance can eliminate the need for major repairs later was said by Ben Franklin The phrase A watched pot never boils (by Micky in the episode Monkees Marooned) is a cautionary statement, preaching the value of patience. Applied metaphorically to any activity where you waste energy doing nothing, waiting for something to happen when you could better apply your time doing something useful. Literally, of course, the boiling takes the same amount of time whether you watch or not, but time does drag on when you're over-anxious. The proverb has been traced back to Elizabeth Gaskell's Mary Barton (1848). The word Pshaw (by Micky in the episode One Man Shy (Peter And The Debutante) and Micky in the episode Monkees Marooned) pronounced p'shaw or puhshaw or even shaw, is an exclamation of impatience or disgust. It is said to be imitative of the sound one makes when impatient or disgusted - a sharp exhalation and sigh combined into one. It dates back to 1673. An exchange attributed to George Bernard Shaw and Oscar Wilde that refers to this word in its silent form. Wilde asked Shaw what he would entitle a magazine that he wanted to produce. The word balderdash (by Davy and Mike in the episode Monkees Marooned) originated as a nonsense word to indicate something that wasn't respected or beneath notice. It means senseless talk or writing, nonsense or muddled had its origins in mid 18th Century. Mary Had A Little Lamb (one of the last words in the episode Monkees Marooned) was first published as a poem by Sarah Hale in 1880. As a girl, she kept a pet lamb which she took to school one day at the suggestion of her brother. Visiting the school that morning was John Roulstone, a nephew of the Reverend Lemuel Capen. It was the custom then for students to prepare for college with ministers. The young man was very much pleased with the incident of the lamb. The next day he rode across the fields on horseback to the little old schoolhouse and handed Sarah a slip of paper which had written upon it the three original stanzas of the poem. There are two competing theories on the origin of this beloved poem. One holds that Roulstone wrote the first twelve lines and that the final twelve lines, much less childlike than the first composed by Hale. The other is that Hale was responsible for the entire poem. Thomas Edison recited the first stanza of this poem in testing his invention of the phonograph in 1877 making this the first audio recording to be successfully made and played back. "Frere Jacques" (one of the last words in the episode Monkees Marooned) is meant to be sung as a round for four people. It translated in English to mean: Brother Jack, Brother Jack, Are you sleeping, are you sleeping? Morning bells are ringing, Ding dang dong, ding dang dong Australia (mentioned by Major Pshaw in the episode Monkees Marooned) has been inhabited for at least 50,000 years, since the remote ancestors of the current Australian Aboriginal people arrived from Southwest Asia. The land was not discovered by Europeans until the 17th century. It was claimed for Britain in 1770, and first colonized in 1788 as a penal colony. In 1901, Australia adopted a federal constitution and became a self-governing dominion of the British Empire. Since World War II Australia has been transformed by a massive immigration program. Australia remains a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. Kimba the White Lion (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees Marooned) was a popular TV cartoon series during the late 1960s and the early 1970s. Based upon a Japanese 1950s cartoon-art novel, Jungle Emperor by Osamu Tezuka. The 52-episode TV series premiered on September 11, 1966 (one day before The Monkees TV series Just before the guys become surrounded by insects and Micky tries to say the day with insect spray in the episode Monkees Marooned, Mike is heard singing the theme song of the short lived TV series Jungle Jim. The premise of the show was based on a comic strip and has Jungle Jim (swimming star and actor Johnny Weissmuller) in a series of misadventures, aided by his 10 year-old son Skipper (actor Martin Huston), his Hindu servant Kaseem (actor Norman Fredric) and Tamba, an extraordinarily bright chimpanzee. The episode Monkee Marooned was inspired by Daniel Defoe's 1719 novel Robinson Crusoe. The character Thursday is a satirical jab at the Man Friday character of the book. Yellow fever (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) is a mosquito born viral disease. The disease occurs in tropical and subtropical areas. Malaria, meaning bad air, (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) is an infectious disease which causes about 500 million infections and 2 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics and Sub-Sahara Africa Prodrome (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) means the early symptoms of an impending illness Febrile (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) means pertaining to a fever The Brooklyn Dodgers (mentioned in the episode "Monkees Marooned") are best remembered for their hey days with manager Wilbert Robinson, for their legendary Ebbets Field fans and for the cry of "Wait until next year." Brooklyn lost the only two league playoffs played during 1946 and 1951. The name derived from the term Trolley Dodgers, which is a term for Brooklyn residents who run in front of the trolleys while crossing the street. Bluebeard (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) was already a folk tale by the time Charles Perrault wrote it down and published it in 1697. The history of the tale is debated, but the popular opinion is that the tale developed from the legend of Gilles de Rays. Gilles de Rays was a Marshal of France and served under Joan of Arc before her execution. He was a French national hero for helping drive the English out of France. After the crowning of the Dauphin and the death of Joan of Arc, de Rays settled into his estates in Brittany and turned deviant. He practiced alchemy and black magic while he was a great patron of the arts. He enjoyed killing, usually by decapitation, young boys after he had sodomized them. His fame and influence kept people from noticing that children were disappearing from his lands. Some speculators think the story of Bluebeard arose among the peasantry to warn their children to stay away from the dangerous baron whom they had no other protection against due to his political and financial stature. Finally, the Duke of Brittany investigated the murders and dug up the remains of 50 boys in de Rays' castle. He confessed to 140 killings at his trial, but he might have killed up to 300 people. He was burned alive and hanged simultaneously for his crimes on October 26, 1440. Monkees Marooned's original storyline reveals a deleted ending which had Peter running away screaming when the cop offers him Cleveland. Also, the map was originally going to belong to Bluebeard The Pirate Stanley Ralph Ross wrote 2 scripts for The Monkees (Monkees Marooned and Wild Monkees). He spent several years in advertising, first writing for the Beach Party movies in the early 60s then moved to TV episodic series. In addition to The Monkees he wrote scripts for "The Man From UNCLE", "All In The Family", "Colombo", "Banacek" and "KIDS Incorporated". His real-life nickname, "Ballpoint Baxter," was also the name of a character he played on the "Batman" TV series. Leonard Sheldon (the con man in the episode Monkees Marooned) is a name parody of TV producer Sheldon Leonard. Leonard produced The Andy Griffith Show and I Spy Dr. Livingstone (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) explored Central Africa in order to find the source of the Nile River. He was presumed dead until Sir Morton Stanley found him and supposedly said his famous greeting The movie Carnival Of Costa Rica (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees Marooned) is about 2 lovers who try to thwart an arrange marriage at Costa Rica fiesta time. Pepe Castro (the late actor Ceaser Romero) and Luisa Molina (the late actress Vera-Ellen) return to Costa Rica from U.S. schools to find that their parents have arranged their marriage. Pepe has brought his new sweetheart Celeste (actress Celeste Holm) with him from the USA, but can't get a word in edgewise with his father. Then Luisa meets American coffee buyer Jeff Stephens (the late actor Dick Haymes) at the fiesta. The parents finally realize Pepe and Luisa love other people. Arguably one of the best singers of the twentieth century, the late actor Dick Hamyes (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees Marooned) was born in Argentina to a Scottish-Irish father and Irish mother, but brought to the U.S. as an infant. Dick inherited his vocal gift from his mother who made ends meet during the Depression as a singer and voice teacher. A singing gig in 1931 caught the eye of a local bandleader and soon Dick was moving up, but it was very slow going. In 1939, while Dick was trying to pitch his songwriting talents to bandleader Harry James, he ended up his featured vocalist instead. After serving in World War II, Dick hooked up with the Benny Goodman and Tommy Dorsey orchestras before deciding to go solo. He nabbed his own radio program and recording contract. For such a pleasant and unassuming man, Dick's personal life certainly was a shambles aggravated by alcoholism and financial debt. Five marriages came and went before his sixth one finally stuck. Dick died of lung cancer in 1980. The late actress Vera-Ellen (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees Marooned) began dancing at the age of 10 and a few years later became one of the youngest Rockettes. She appeared in several Broadway musicals. She was only 24 years old when film producer Samuel Goldwyn spotted her in 1945. She danced with Danny Kaye, Fred Astaire and Gene Kelly. Blonde, slim of build, and a dancing sensation, she appeared in a string of light-hearted but successful films. Vera-Ellen retired from acting in the late 1950s. Toward the end of her film career, her neck had to be covered by her costumes because it had aged beyond her years due to her eating disorder anorexia. She died of cancer in 1981. Parchesi (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees Marooned) is a board game in which each person takes turns moving their colored pieces around the board in a counter-clockwise direction once and then the first person to have all their pieces in the middle of the game board wins We can defeat the British at Trenton (mention by Davy in the Monkees Marooned episode) was referring to the Battle of Trenton during the Revolutionary War. General George Washington's army crossed the icy Delaware River on Christmas Day 1776. They took the Hessians (German troops hired by the British to fight in the war), who were guarding Trenton, by surprise Actress Barbara Stanwyck (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees Marooned and the movie Head) was known for being a tough and unflappable person. However, in real life, after her second husband died, she was publically distraught over it At the end of the episode Monkees Marooned, Peter is asked to buy Liverpool, which is the English city where the Beatles are from Didnt I see you in a Stewart Granger movie (comment made by Davy in the episode Monkees Marooned) is referring to British actor Stewart Ganger. He starred in movies as the so-called white hunter The original English Flag (Davy waves one in the episode Monkees Marooned) combined the red on white English the Cross Of St. George (England's patron saint in the 13th century) with the white on blue Scottish Cross of St Andrew. It was introduced in 1606 after England and Scotland were united under James VI of Scotland and George I of England. The modern flag appeared when Ireland was joined to the United Kingdom in 1800. The new flag included the diagonal red on white Cross of St Patrick. The term Union Jack possibly dates from Queen Anne's time (reigned 1702-14), but its origin is uncertain. It may come from the jacket of the English or Scottish soldiers or from James I who originated the first union in 1603 used in either its Latin or French form (Jacobus or Jacques or jack) once meant small or the name may be derived from a royal proclamation issued by Charles II that the Union Flag should be flown only by ships of the Royal Navy as a jack, a small flag at the bowsprit. Created in 1933, The Lone Ranger (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned and a parody in the episode "Monkees In Texas"), with his Indian companion Tonto, rode through the West bringing law and order during the golden age of radio and in 1949 also television. The masked rider hid his identity because he was the lone survivor of a group of Texas Rangers ambushed by the Cavendish Gang. Tonto had nursed him back to health and joined him in his crusade to bring law and order to the wild west. The Lone Ranger's mask was made out of his dead brother's vest. The television show starred Clayton Moore and Jay Silverheels. It was one of ABC's biggest hits in the 50's. The Lone Ranger's horse, Silver, is described by the show's announcer as a fiery horse with the speed of light and thundering hooves. The Lone Ranger refuses to shoot to kill and never removing his mask (unless in disguise). San Diego (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) was first settled by Europeans in 1769. Father Junipero Serra journeyed from Spain and settled the area in order to Christianize the local Indians. After Mexico achieved independence in 1821, San Diego, as well as the rest of present day California, became part of Mexico. A major battle in the Mexican-American War was fought in the Lake Hodges-San Pasqual area. Following the victory of the United States in the War, the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848 ceded the areas of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas from Mexico to the United States. With the discovery of gold in Northern California in 1848, the population of California quickly increased. This increase in the number of citizens soon qualified the territory for statehood. California was admitted to the Union in 1850. San Diego was incorporated as a city March 27, 1850. The first City government consisted of a Common Council with five members and a Mayor, City Marshall, City Attorney, City Clerk, City Assessor, and City Treasurer. Through the years, San Diego has adopted several amendments to its charter. Liverpool (mentioned in the episode Monkees Marooned) is a visually stunning, friendly place. It has a compact central area and good transport links to the rest of the region, giving easy access to all areas. Liverpool began as a fishing town, but developed into one of the world's most important trading centers. It reached the height of its importance and prosperity in the 18th century. One of the finest buildings is the Royal Liver building with the biggest clock in Britain. Renowned for its sporting successes and top class events, Liverpool is home of the world famous racecourse. Aintree Football fans can see matches played by Liverpool's two famous teams, Everton and Liverpool. The trumpet rendition of Call To The Post heard during the siance in the episode A Coffin Too Frequent and by Thursday in the episode Monkees Marooned is used to signal the horses to line up at professional horse race tracks. Redeye (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees In Texas) is whisky of very poor quality In the episode Monkees In Texas, there are parodies of these TV series: Bonanza, Gunsmoke, The Big Valley and The Lone Ranger Kemosabe (mentioned by Peter in the episode Monkees In Texas) means faithful friend or trusty scout in Potowatonie Black Bart (from the episode Monkees In Texas and Monkees In A Ghost Town) was a stagecoach robber from 1875-83. He is known for the poetic notes he would leave at the robbery scene Information on John Wayne (mentioned in the episode Monkees In Texas): He was born Marion Robert Morrison. As a child, he had an Airedale dog named "Duke" (the source of his own nickname later in life). While at the University of Southern California, He began working around the local film studios. Wayne soon moved on to bit parts, establishing a long friendship with director John Ford. He would appear in over twenty of Ford's films in the next 35 years. Wayne played the male lead in 142 of his film appearances, an as yet unsurpassed record. Although appearing in many war films and frequently being called an "American hero," Wayne never served in the Armed Forces. He was also an out spoken conservative Republican. Wayne died of lung cancer in 1979. Wayne was married three times (each one was a Spanish-speaking Latina) and had 7 children. In the episode Monkees In Texas the brand names of the guns Micky and Davy use in preparation for facing Black Bart are the names of two movie westerns: Winchester '73 and Colt 45. Winchester 73 was a 1950 movie starring Jimmy Stewart and Shelly Winters and a made-for-TV remake (which aired on NBC March 14, 1967). Colt 45 was a 1950 film starring Randolph Scott and Lloyd Bridges and a 1957-60 ABC TV series In the episode Monkees In Texas, the quote "Dont fire until you see the whites of their eyes" is a reference to General Israel Putnam at the battle of Bunker Hill during the Civil War In 1836, Samuel Colt, created one of the army's most famous guns: the Colt .45 (mentioned by Davy in the episode Monkees In Texas). This gun allowed it's user to shoot 5-6 rounds of ammo before reloading. It was the first of its kind and a milestone in gun-designing history. In 1911 it was officially adopted by the U.S. government. Throughout the years the original Colt .45 has been changed and modified slightly but the basic design has served the army for over 80 years. It's effectiveness in combat is uncanny, and its legends are unforgettable. The Colt .45 has proven itself to be one of the best fighting-tools ever made. The Colt. 45 was officially replaced by the U.S. Army in 1984. It's name has been legendary ever since. The Winchester 73 (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees In Texas) is one of the most famous and legendary names in firearms history. Oliver Winchester was an astute businessman who hired the best designers and gunmakers and acquired companies and patents in order to create a full range of longarms. The beautifully crafted arms were produced in the hundreds of thousands during his lifetime. James J. Griffith (the marshal in the episode Monkees In Texas) was once a musician with Spike Jones' band. Info on Smith and Wesson guns(mentioned in the episode Monkees In Texas): Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson were some of the most prolific gun makers in early America. In 1852 Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson, both already having an extensive background in firearms manufacture, formed a partnership, to manufacture the "Iron Frame Volcanics," which were an evolution of the earlier gun patents and produced probably a 1,000 or so before selling their shares in the company in 1855, which was subsequently reorganized into Volcanic Repeating Arms. Both Smith and Wesson left the company shortly after manufacturing was moved to New Haven, Connecticut. In 1856 Smith and Wesson formed a second partnership to manufacture a new revolver that used the new metallic cartridge, developed in part by B. Tyler Henry. This revolver would revolutionize the industry as would many of the revolvers to carry the Smith and Wesson name The traditional New Years celebration song Auld Syne Lang is heard in the episodes Monkees In Texas and Some Like It Lukewarm Davy is seen disguised in the background when Peter and Micky (Micky bumps into Davy) enter the saloon in the Monkees In Texas episode The origins of golf (featured in the episode "Monkees In Texas"): The name "Golf" derives from the Old Scottish terms "golve" or "goff," which themselves evolved from the medieval Dutch term "kolf". The earliest known reference to golf comes from King James II of Scotland, who, in 1457, issued a ban on the playing of golf and football (soccer). Those games, James complained, were keeping his archers from their practice. But the game continued to develop in Scotland over the decades and centuries, until 1744 when the first-known rules of golf were put down in writing in Edinburgh, Scotland. While many Scots firmly maintain that golf evolved from a family of stick-and-ball games widely practiced throughout the British Isles during the Middle Ages, there is considerable evidence suggests that the game derived from stick-and-ball games that were played in France and Germany. The Old Course at the St. Andrews Links Golf Course in Scotland is referred to as The Home Of Golf. It is where the game evolved for over six centuries. Golf is a game in which a ball is struck with a club from a prepared area (called the teeing ground) across fairway and rough to a second prepared area, which has a hole in it (called the putting green). The object of the game is to complete what is known as a hole by playing a ball from the teeing ground into the hole on the putting green in the fewest possible number of strokes. A "round of golf" consists of playing 18 such holes. Golf balls (seen in the episode Monkees In Texas and the movie Head) purpose is to increase and shape the lift (the length of the flight of dimpled balls) and drag forces (slowing the forward motion) by modifying the behavior of the boundary (or outside) layer. Despite what is said, the Emmy Awards did not air the same night as the episode Monkees In Texas In the episode Monkees Watch Their Feet, Peter does a bit of the Mickie Grant song Pink Shoelaces when Micky/ Robby thinks he is being tortured. Pink Shoelaces was a #3 hit on the Billboard charts for Dodie Stevens in 1959 Info on the blender (mentioned in the episode Monkees Watch Their Feet): Stephen Poplawski was the first to put a spinning blade at the bottom of a container. He used his appliance to make soda fountain drinks. In 1935, Fred Osius improved on Poplawski's idea and invented the famous Waring Blender. Fred Waring was the financial source and marketing force that thrust the Waring Blender into the marketplace, however, Fred Osius invented and patented the famous blending machine in 1933. Robby the Robot (Mickys alter ego in the episode "Monkees Watch Their Feet) is a reference to the title character in the 1956 science fiction movie Forbidden Planet. The weapons that the aliens had in the episode "Monkees Watch Their Feet" were Astro-Ray guns from Ohio Art (the Etch-a-Sketch people). The guns were appear to be painted over the customary red and white colors, opting for white and gray. Stuart Margolin (the male alien in the episode "Monkees Watch Their Feet") was a regular on the TV series "Love, American, Style" Nita Talbot (the female alien in the episode "Monkees Watch Their Feet") was known for her recurring role as the Russian spy Mayra in the TV series "Hogan's Heroes". She was nominated for Best Supporting Actress In A Comedy Series in 1967-68 season for the role. The phrase Dont get caught with your pants down (by Micky in the episode Monkees Watch Their Feet) first appeared in the Saturday Evening Post magazine in 1946. It may have derived from the ancient phrase to be caught with one's britches down. The literal meaning may go back to when American white frontiersman were exposed to peril if their muskets were not actually at hand. In such circumstances, an Indian would indeed catch one in a state of unprepared nests in a outhouse. Pat Paulson (in the episode Monkees Watch Their Feet) was a comedian who did stand up comedy with a guitar and sang his own nonsense songs. He impressed brother Tom and Dick Smothers so much that Pat worked as a writer (and sometime actor) on the Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. In 1967, Pat was approached by the Smothers brothers with the idea of running for President. Pat's reply was Why not? I can't dance- besides the job has a good pension plan and I'll get a lot of money when I retire. Pat's campaign was based in comedy and he ran it using outright lies, double talk, and unfounded attacks on his challengers. He earned an Emmy in 1968 for his work on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. Pat died on April 25, 1997 from complications with pneumonia and colon cancer. A High (Dalai) Lama (mentioned in the episode Monkees Paw) is looked upon as ruler and the highest spiritual leader in Tibet. When a High (Dalai) Lama dies, his spirit is thought to travel to the next High (Dalai) Lama. So far there have been 14 High (Dalai) Lamas Save the Texas Prairie Chicken (mentioned by Mike in the episode Monkey's Paw and Fairy Tale and on a button he wears during the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash) brought awareness that the number of Texas Prairie Chickens has declined since the mid-1800s chiefly because their prairie homes have been plowed over for farmland The phrase For crying out loud (by Mike in the episode Monkees Paw) is a phrase usually indicating a complaint or astonishment and in a category of minced oaths. Its a substitute based on, but slightly differing, from profanity and for Christ's sake The late Hans Conried (Mendrek in the episode Monkees Paw) was in great demand as an actor, panelist and narrator, appearing frequently in television series and movies throughout the 60s and 70s. His credits include: the voice of Captain Hook in Pater Pan, the host of Fractured Flockers and the voice of Snidley Whiplash on The Dudley Do-Right Show. In the episode Monkees Paw, the late actor Burgess Meredith is sitting at a table in the club in the costume of one of his more famous roles- the penguin on the Batman TV series. He also had a career in movies with memorable roles in the Rocky series and Grumpy Old Men a and their sequels In the episode Monkees Paw, Mendrick is a take off on the Lee Falk comic character Men drake the Magician A crayon (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees Paw) is a stick of colored wax, charcoal, chalk, or other material. Crayola Crayons were invented by cousins Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith. The first box of crayons sold for a nickel and was produced in 1903. The word "Crayola" was formed by his wife Alice Stead Binney, who combined the French words for chalk(craie) and oily(oleaginous). There are currently 120 different colors. Tasmania (mentioned by Davy in the episode "Monkees Paw") has the nickname "Apple Isle" due to the large number of apples grown there. The capital and largest city is Hobart. The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on November 24, 1862 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman who named the island. The early settlers were mostly convicts and their military guards, with the task of developing agriculture and mining copper, zinc and tin. A Rorschach Test or ink blot test (seen in the episode Monkees Paw) is used by psychologists to find psychological tendencies in the person's description of what they think the image could be. The ink blot in the episode, I think, is a bunch of insects In the episode Monkees Paw, two NBC shows are mentioned: The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson I and You Bet Your Life I with Groucho Marx In the episode Monkees Paw to try to get his speech back, Micky attempts to say the first few lines of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, but to no avail A miser (mentioned in the episode Monkees Paw) a stingy, hoarder of money and possessions, a wretched or unhappy person. Perhaps the best known literary miser is Ebenzeer Scrooge in Charles Dicken's novel A Christmas Carol. A mummy (mentioned in the episode Monkees Paw) is a preserved corpse. The term is thought to be derived from the Arabic word mumiyah meaning bitumen. Bitumen was once thought to be used extensively in ancient Egyptian embalming procedures due to the blackened skin of unwrapped mummies, though this is now in doubt. Another possible source for the name is the Egyptian Coptic word mum meaning wax. Unlike bitumen, beeswax really was extensively used in Egyptian embalming. During the 20th century, horror films and other mass media popularized the notion of a curse associated with mummies. This more or less facetious belief probably stems in part from the supposed curse. Probably the most famous mummy curse is on the tomb of Tutankhamun (King Tut) Kat (written on the blackboard in the episode Monkees Paw) is a manufacturing company that is an expert in electronic drums and mallet percussion, marimba/vibraphone alternatives and MIDI drums An apple (written on the blackboard in the episode Monkees Paw) in the United States, Denmark and Sweden is a traditional gift for a teacher. The student who gives a teacher an apple is called an apple polisher for their effort of trying to find favor with the teacher. A Miser (mentioned in the episode Monkees Paw) is the term for a person who is reluctant to spend money, usually for the point where he or she forgoes even basic comforts. It derives from Latin miser, meaning poor or wretched. Some famous misers: Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol, Montgomery Burns on the TV series The Simpsons and Shylock in Shakespeares The Merchant Of Venice. Info on the 1950 film Young Man With A Horn (named parody in the episode Monkees Paw): Aimless youth Rick Martin (actor Kirk Douglas) learns he has a gift for music and falls in love with the trumpet. Legendary trumpeter Art Hazzard (actor Juano Hernandez) takes Rick under his wing and teaches him all he knows about playing. To the exclusion of anything else in life, Rick becomes a star trumpeter, but his volatile personality and desire to play jazz rather than the restricted tunes of the bands he works for lands him in trouble. Belgravia (mentioned by Peter in the ending interview at the end of Monkees Paw) is a district in the City of Westminster, London, England, to the south-west of Buckingham Palace. Belgravia is not and has never been an administrative area and it has no official boundaries. Most of the area was owned by Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster, who had it developed from the 1820s. Thomas Cubitt was the main contractor. Belgravia is characterized by grand terraces of white stucco houses, and is focused on the Belgrave Square and Eaton Square. From the beginning, it was one of London's most fashionable residential districts and remains so to this day. It is a relatively quiet district in the heart of London, contrasting with neighboring districts which have far more busy shops, large modern office buildings, hotels and entertainment venues. Transylvania (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees On The Wheel) is located in what is now Romania. This has always been a land of great controversy. To the Romanians, this is the sacred land of ancient Dacia, whose fierce tribesmen first fought the Romans. The Romanians were originally wandering shepherds who had settled or slipped into this part of Hungary illegally over the ages. To the Hungarians, this is Erdely, part of the land Khan Arpad conquered for the Magyars. The Magyars produced many great Hungarians in history. Since the award of this land to Romania in 1920 under the terms of the Trianon Treaty, the treatment of minority Hungarians has always been the constant source of tension between Hungary and Romania. With the downfall of communism, this tension has become more apparent, with nationalistic leaders on both sides demanding for extreme solutions to the problem. It is a myth that Transylvania is the land of Dracula. The origin of the yo-yo (seen in the episodes Monkees Vs. Machine and The Christmas Show) began in the Philippines with the false rumor that Filipino hunters in the 16th century used sharp rocks with strings attached to kill prey from trees. However, there is no evidence that the yo-yo is derived from, nor even existed in any form intended for use as, a weapon (this rumor originated from Duncan Yo-Yo Company so they could sell more yo-yo's). The first United States Patent on the toy was issued to James L. Haven and Charles Hettrich in 1866 under the name whirligig. The yo-yo would remain in relative unknown toy until 1928 when Filipino American Pedro Flores opened the Yo-Yo Manufacturing Company in Santa Barbara, California. The business sold a dozen handmade toys. In 1930, Donald F. Duncan recognized the potential of this new fad and purchased the Flores Yo-Yo Company in 1932. Duncan, although often miscredited with invention of the yo-yo, was in fact a prolific entrepreneur and inventor. Declining sales after World War II prompted Duncan to launch a series of TV advertisements for his trademarked "yo-yo" in 1962 with tremendous success. This success would be short-lived when in 1965 a federal appeals court ruled that the yo-yo had become a part of common speech and that Duncan no longer had exclusive rights to the term. As a result of the expenses incurred by this legal battle as well as other financial pressures, Duncan sold the company in 1968. Poison ivy (from the episode The Christmas Show) grows vigorously throughout much of North America, but particularly in the American Midwest. The leaves have three almond-shaped leaflets, giving rise to the phrase, "Leaflets three, let it be". The berries are a grayish-white color and are a favorite winter food of some birds. Poison ivy looks somewhat like ivy. The color ranges from light green (usually the younger leaves) to dark green (mature leaves), and bright red in fall. Each leaflet has a few or no teeth along its edge, and the leaf surface is smooth. The skin rash is caused by an irritating oil urushiol Urushiol binds to skin cell membranes changing their configuration, so that the body's immune system no longer recognizes these cells as belonging to the body and attacks them as if they were a foreign agent. Normally, it takes about 24 hours for the rash to first appear, though it may worsen during the next few days and may appear to spread, when in fact what is happening is that areas that received a lesser dose are reacting. The rash can take one to two weeks to run its course. Father Christmas (mentioned by Davy in the episode The Christmas Show) is the British name for Santa Claus. Father Christmas dates back at least as far as the 17th century in Britain. Pictures of him that survive from that era portray him as a well nourished bearded man dressed in a long, green, fur lined robe. Some elements of Father Christmas can also be traced back to the Germanic and Norse mythology God Woden (the carrier off of the dead and leader of the Wild Hunt who brings gifts in the Winter season and rides a flying horse through the sky). A little bit on the history of Santa Claus (Micky dresses as Santa in the episode The Christmas Show): The Santa Claus name came from the Dutch legend of Sinter Klaas, brought by settlers to New York in the 17th century. Popular author Washington Irving gave Americans their first detailed information about the Dutch Sinter Klaas. Irving described the arrival of the saint on horseback each Eve of Saint Nicholas. This Dutch-American Saint Nick achieved his fully Americanized form in 1823 in the poem A Visit From Saint Nicholas (more commonly known as The Night Before Christmas) by writer Clement Clarke Moore. The American image of Santa Claus was further elaborated by illustrator Thomas Nast, who depicted a rotund Santa for Christmas issues of Harper's magazine from the 1860s to the 1880s. Over the centuries, customs from different parts of the Northern Hemisphere have created the whole world's Santa Claus - the ageless, timeless, deathless white-bearded man who gives out gifts on Christmas. Information on why a star sits on top of a Christmas tree (from the episode The Christmas Show): The five stars on the top of the Christmas tree are the five basic elements out of which the entire universe. These five basic elements are: ether, air, fire, water, and earth. Three light bulbs at the center of the star are the mind, intellect and the conception of individuality or ego. Perhaps the first instance of using a star on top of a Christmas tree occurred in 1851. Heinrich Christian Schwan, newly installed pastor of Zion Lutheran Church in Cleveland, strode out into the forest near his parsonage and chopped down a small, beautifully shaped evergreen. Schwan and his wife decorated the tree and the crowning touch would be the cherished silver star that Schwan had brought with him from his boyhood home in Hanover, Germany. The star was a powerful reminder to him of how happy his Christmases had been as a child. Information on mistletoe (from the episode The Christmas Show): A common custom at Christmas was for the homemaker to place a sprig of mistletoe above a door frame or hang it from the ceiling of the dwelling. During the frequent get-togethers, any female who lingered there was fair game for a harmless kiss from nearby males. Today, greenery is still much used, but the use of mistletoe is seldom practiced even though almost everyone has heard of the custom of kissing under the mistletoe. Mistletoes are flowering plants that obtain their nutrition by living on and parasitizing other plants. This relationship was observed across the European continent by ancient peoples who were so impressed with these plants that the mistletoe became interwoven into legends, myths and religious beliefs. Christian tradition significance to Holly (from the episode The Christmas Show): According to tradition the pointy leaves represent the thorns of Christ's Crown. The perennial green leaves represent eternal life. The red berries represent the blood shed for our salvation. While holly is most often pictured as having red berries, the berries come in other colors too. One tradition says that white berries represent Jesus purity, green berries the cross of wood, and black berries his death The Traditional Latin song Riu Chiu means roaring river. I am not certain why this song was included in the episode The Christmas Show since the lyrics dont mention anything about Christmas. It sounds pretty though Mash Jung (mentioned by Melvin in the episode The Christmas Show) is a traditional Chinese tile game. The aim of the game is to collect sets of tiles according to number and type shown on the face of the tile. A player takes and discards a tile each turn. The first player whose hand consists of a full set or sets and calls out Mah Jung is the winner. It is similar to the game rummy An Abacus (used by Davy in the episode The Christmas Show) is an ancient Chinese instrument used to make calculations by sliding beads along a metal rod In the episode The Christmas Show, Mike does a rendition of Deck us all with Boston Charlie when they go looking for a tree. It is a reference to the Walt Kelly comic strip Pogo Jeanne Sorel (Mrs. Vandersnoot in the episode The Christmas Show) was groomed to become an exotic Greta Garbo type but her film career never went any further than bit roles in a couple of films. Excelling as both a pianist and painter, she instead focused on raising a family, but returned to acting in later years Butch Patrick (Melvin in the episode The Christmas Show) is best remembered for his role of Eddie Munster in the TV series "The Munsters. He formed a band called "Eddie and the Monsters" in 1983 and got a mild hit off the novelty song What Ever Happened to Eddie? Dubuque (mentioned by Peter in the episode The Christmas Show) is named for Julien Dubuque, the first white settler of Iowa. A Barrister (mentioned by Davy in the episode A Coffin Too Frequent) is a member of the highest branch of the legal profession with exclusive rights to practice law in the superior courts of England Aspirin (mentioned in the episode A Coffin Too Frequent) (or acetylsalicylic acid) is a drug in the family of salicylates often used against minor pains and aches). It has also an anticoagulant (blood thinning) effect and is used in long-term low-doses to prevent heart attacks. In some countries the name is used as a generic term for the drug rather than the manufacturer's trademark. Hippocrates, a Greek physician in the 5th century BC about a bitter powder extracted from willow bark that could ease aches and pains and reduce fevers. Native American Indians used it for headaches, fever, sore muscles, rheumatism, and chills. The Reverend Edward Stone noted in 1763 that the bark of the willow was effective in reducing a fever. The active extract of the bark, called salicin was isolated to its crystaline form in 1828 by Henri Leroux, a French pharmacist, and Raffaele Piria, an Italian chemist, who then succeeded in separating out the acid in its pure state. While their extract was somewhat effective, it also caused digestive and even death when consumed in high doses. In 1897 one of the researches in the Friedrich Bayer and Co. in Germany, greatly reduced the negative effects. Officially, it is claimed that the inventor of aspirin was Felix Hoffmann. On the other hand, Arthur Eichengron claimed in 1949 that he planned and directed the synthesis of Aspirin while Hoffmann's role was restricted to the initial lab synthesis using Eichengron's process and nothing more. Some people mistakenly believe that a coffin (seen in the episode "A Coffin Too Frequent") is a hexagonal or octagonal box used for a burial, but the rectangular coffin could be called a "casket" instead. This is a euphemism invented by the funeral director's industry. Cultures that practice burial have widely different styles of coffin. The Orthodox Judaism the coffin must be plain, made of wood and contain no metal parts nor adornments. In China and Japan, coffins made from the scented, decay-resistant wood of cypress, sugi, thuja and incense-cedar are in high demand. In Africa, elaborate coffins are built in the shapes of various mundane objects, like automobiles or aeroplanes. The version of the Dolenz/ Tork/ Jones/ Nesmith and Hilderbrand song Goin Down in the episode A Coffin Too Frequent with extra echo was released as a CD bonus track on the Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn and Jones, Ltd. Album At the beginning of the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes, Davy is holding a lyre, Micky is holding lute, and Peter is holding a hornpipe (before he uses the strobe light) The late actor Leon Askin (Nicolai in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) portrayed the rakish General Albert Burkhalter on the TV series Hogans Heroes The Keystone Kops (a parody seen in the episode A Coffin Too Frequent) was a series of silent film comedies featuring an incompetent group of policemen produced by Mack Sennett for his Keystone Film Company between 1912 and 1917. The idea came from Hank Mann, who also played police chief Tehiezel in the first film. However as early as 1914 they were being pushed out by Sennett in favor of comedians. The term has since come to be used to criticize any group for its mistakes, particularly if the mistakes happened after a great deal of energy and activity, or if there was a lack of coordination among the members of the group. The European lute (seen in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) derives both in name and form from the Arab instrument known as al Ud, which means literally the wood. The Arab Ud was introduced into Europe by the Moors during their conquest and occupation of Spain The lyre (seen in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) generic term for stringed musical instruments having a sound box from which project curved arms joined by a crossbar. The strings are stretched between the crossbar and the sound box and are plucked with the fingers or with a plectrum. In ancient times Sumer, Babylonia, Israel, Ancient Greece and Egypt had various sorts of lyres. Each had from 3 to 12 strings, made of hemp. The tuning and playing techniques of modern lyres in East Africa are thought to be similar to those of ancient Greece and Egypt. At some time in its history a fingerboard was added, making it an early member of the violin family. The title of the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes was inspired from the Hans Christian Anderson fairytale The Red Shoes. It is the story of a girl who became obsessed with owning a pair of red dancing shoes with long silk ribbons. Her grandmother refuses to buy them, claiming they are not practical. Yet she thinks of nothing else and saves up all her money until she can buy them herself. However, the girl soon finds out the consequences of owning the red shoes. The ending of the story has changes in versions for younger viewers, but the original version had the girl amputate her feet to get the shoes off The BVD or Bradley, Voorhees and Day (mentioned in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) is the New York City firm that initially manufactured underwear of this name for both men and women. It was founded in 1876 by these three business men. The BVD remains the best known trademark and the advertising slogan, "Next to Myself I Like BVD Best." Nathan Hale (mentioned by Natasha in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) was an American patriot during the Revolutionary War. He was hanged by the British as an American spy. Historians dont know what exactly Hale had said before his execution, but it ended with the immortal words I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country Sodium bicarbonate (or baking soda) (mentioned by Peter in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) is a soluble white anhydrous (or crystalline) compound, with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and also produced artificially. It is also used as an antacid to treat acid indigestion and heartburn. The anhydrous form is also used to absorb moisture and odors; a box can be left in the refrigerator for this purpose. Additionally, a paste from baking soda can be very effective when used in cleaning and scrubbing. Used in toothpaste, baking soda helps to gently remove stains, whiten teeth and freshen breath. The music heard during The Dance of the Chicken in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes is Pytor Tchaikovsky's Symphony #4 in F minor op. 36-Finale: allegro con fuoco To have cold feet (mentioned in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes) is to have doubts, to be afraid of a course of action and is of uncertain origin. One reference suggests that an old Italian proverb may be the source. The story goes that the expression signifies "to be without means or resources". If someone is very poor then the chances of affording shoes are remote and the person therefore has cold feet. How this translated into our current usage has never been explained and it may be that the phrase has nothing to do with the proverb. A second explanation comes from an 1862 novel by Fritz Reuter in which a card player backs out of a game on the grounds that his feet are cold. One can imagine that he was fearful of losing all and his cold feet were as good an excuse as he could think of to help him get out of the game. In the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes, the ambassador has a bust of Karl Marx in his office Claude Monets painting Japanese Bridge is seen in the episode Card Carrying Red Shoes and on the cover of Mikes album The Garden. Sauerkraut (mentioned in the episode Wild Monkees) is finely sliced white cabbage fermented. The word comes from the German word sauerkraut, which literally translates to sour cabbage. Sauerkraut is made by a process of pickling called lacto-fermentation. Sauerkraut is made by cutting fresh cabbage into fine strips and mixing with salt. Once mixed, the cabbage must be tightly packed into an airtight container and left to ferment at room temperature for about three days. Traditionally, the container is a stoneware crock and the seal is created with a piece of wet linen cloth, a board and a heavy stone "A jug of bread, a loaf of wine, and thou beside me in the wilderness," a poem that Peter recites to Jan (in the episode Wild Monkees) is based loosely on The Rubaiyat Of Omar Khayyam by Edward Fitzgerald: "A book of verse beneath the bough. A loaf of bread, a jug of wine and thou beside me in the wilderness. And wilderness is paradise now." Michael quotes poetry to one of the motorcycle members (in the episode Wild Monkees): "You're a thing of beauty to behold, sitting...like a manifold. It is based on the first stanza of Edition Book 1 by John Keats: "A thing of beauty is a joy to behold forever." The episode The Wild Monkees, is a parody of the 1966 movie The Wild Angels and the 1955 film "The Wild One" Ain't nobody here but us chickens" (mentioned in the episode "Wild Monkees") is the name of a song written by Alex Kramer and Joan Whitney. It has been recorded by the likes of Louis Jordan, Asleep At The Wheel, Pat Boone, James Brown, B.B. King, The Lamont Cranston Band and Patti LuPone The School Of Hard Knocks (also called The School Of Conventional Wisdom) (from the episode Wild Monkees) has been designed to help people recognize what they are learning from life. Some lessons The School Of Hard Knocks can teach: discovery of a learning experience, expressions of difficulty, common sense, and you're down but not out. Ear piercing (mentioned in the episode Wild Monkees) is one of the oldest known forms of body modification with artistic and written references from cultures around the world dating back to early history. Pierced ears were popular in the United States through the early 1920s, then fell into disfavor among women due to the rising popularity of clip-on earrings. The practice re-emerged in the 1960s, but since a commercial market did not exist, most ear piercings were done at home. In the late 1960s ear piercing became available in doctors office and eventually retail jewelry department stores. It also became popular with sailors. A sailor with a pierced ear often meant that the wearer had sailed around the world or had crossed the equator. There was also a long held belief that puncturing the earlobe was beneficial to increasing the accuity of eyesight or of hearing. In the late 1960s, ear piercing one ear began to make inroads into the male population of the hippie and gay communities. Henry Cabot Lodge (from the episode Wild Monkees) was Richard Nixons Vice-Presidential running mate in 1960 The late Lawrence Welk (Welk's trademark line "wonderful wonderful" is heard in the episodes Captain Crocodile, Monkees In Texas and "Wild Monkees" and another Welk quote "beautiful, beautiful, beautiful! lovely, lovely" is heard in the episode Monkees on The Wheel) was an accordion maestro, band leader and television personality. Despite being born in the U.S., he grew up speaking German and did not speak English until he was 21. In the 1920s Welk lead a big band played engagements in eastern South Dakota area. During the 1930s, Welk led a travelling big band, specializing in dance tunes and polka music. In the early 1940s the band travelled to California for a six-week engagement at the Avalon Ballroom. This gig turned into a 10 year stint, drawing crowds of nearly 7000 on a regular basis. In 1952, Welk settled in Los Angeles, California nearly two decades, he showcased his music and family entertainment style every Saturday night between 1955 and 1971 on The Lawrence Welk Show. His trademarks included his "A uh-one, a uh-two" intro, the thick German accented Wunnerful! Wunnerful! and a perpetual bubble machine. His Champagne Music has been considered corny by some. He was married for over sixty years until he died from pneumonia in 1992. Norman Grabowski (Butch in the episode Wild Monkees) is an award-winning custom car designer. He built the custom car driven by Kookie in "77 Sunset Strip". A monkey on your back (seen in the episode Wild Monkees) is a strong addiction that one spends most of one's energy to support or an unwelcome responsibility. The person feels like they are carrying an extra burden. It is compared to the weight of a monkey on your back (a monkey is used because of the clinging nature of monkeys). Pismo Beach, California (mentioned in the episode Wild Monkees) was founded in 1891 and incorporated into a city in 1946. It is located mid-way between Los Angeles and San Francisco. Pismo Beach is a recreation and tourism town with over 30 restaurants and more than 50 hotels, motels, inns and RV parks. Bagels mentioned by Davy in the episode Wild Monkees), according to legend the first bagels rolled into the world in 1683 when a Viennese baker wanted to pay tribute to Jan Sobieski, the King of Poland. King Jan had just saved the people of Austria from an onslaught of Turkish invaders. The King was a great horseman, and the baker decided to shape the yeast dough into an uneven circle resembling a stirrup (or 'beugal'). (Other German variations of the word are: 'beigel', meaning 'ring', and 'bugel', meaning bracelet). In the 1880s thousands of Eastern European Jews immigrated to the United States. They brought with them a desire for bagels. Soon bagels became closely associated with New York and Chicago, both cities with large Jewish populations. Cream cheese (mentioned by Davy in the episode Wild Monkees) originated in the United States in 1872 when a dairyman in Chester, NY, developed a "richer cheese than ever before," made from cream as well as whole milk. Then in 1880, New York cheese distributor, A. L. Reynolds, first began distributing cream cheese wrapped in tin-foil wrappers, calling it Philadelphia Brand. The name "Philadelphia Brand cream cheese" was adopted by Reynolds for the product because at that time, top-quality food products often originated in or were associated with the city and were often referred to as being "Philadelphia quality." A brief history of the Blue Max (mentioned by Micky in Monkees Race Again): In the small German state of Brandenburg, the Ordre de la Generosite (Order of Generosity) was established by Friedrich Wilhem I, the electoral prince, on May 12, 1667. On June 6, 1740, The Ordre de la Generosite was renamed the Pour Le Merite (For Merit) by Friedrich. The new order was to serve as a reward to loyal subjects for veritorious service. The Pour Le Merite gained its fame during World War 1. The creation of aerial combat brought forth a new breed of warrior that seemed glamorous and daring. In order for a pilot to be considered for the Pour Le Merite, he would have to obtain 8 aerial victories. On January 12,1916 Max Immelmann was the first to receive the Pour Le Merite. After that it became unofficially known as the Blue Max. By January 1917 the requirements had been raised to 16 victories. The only pilot to receive his award under these conditions was Manfred Freiherr Von Richthofen (The Red Baron). In the episode Monkees Race Again, Micky, Peter and Davy are holding Angel Harps when they are seen as angels The scene in the episode "Monkees Race Again" when Micky is pulling a tiger tail from Crumpetts' car is a satirical jab at the mascot tiger in the old "Put a tiger in your tank" advertising campaign introduced by Exxon (then known as Standard Oil). The phrase When the chips are down (by Micky in the episode Monkees Race Again) is from the practice of using chips as a substitute for money when gambling. When winning you accumulate a lot of chips. But when you lose, your chips dwindle down Mickys comment in the episode Monkees Race Again about the Yankees not making a good trade since they won the pennant in 1964 refers to CBS purchasing the Yankees from owners Dan Topping and Del Webb for $11.2 million dollars. Topping and Webb had owned the Yankees for 20 years, missing the World Series only 5 times and going 10-5 in the World Series. By contrast, the CBS owned teams never went to the World Series. In the first year of the new ownership (1965), the Yankees finished second in their division for the first time in 40 years. Then in 1966 the team finished last in the American League for the first time since 1912 and next to last in 1967. After that the team's fortunes improved somewhat, but they would not become serious contenders again until the second half of the 1970s. A crumpet (mentioned in the episode Monkees Race Again) is a cake made from flour or potato and yeast eaten mainly in the United Kingdom. A crumpet is circular in shape (long and square varieties also exist) and has a distinctive flat top covered in small holes. It has a spongy texture and a delicious flavor. Crumpets are usually served hot and with butter. A klutz (from the episode "Monkees Race Again") is person who is clumsy, inept, or accident prone. The term is perhaps derived from the Yiddish word "klots" (meaning "wooden beam") which itself is a derivative of the German word "klotz" (meaning a "block" or "lump"). The Red Baron (mentioned in the episode Monkees Race Again and I Was A Teenage Monster was a World War 1 flying ace who shot down 60 planes during the war- more than any other pilot. It is also the name of Snoopys foe in the Peanuts comic strip Band-Aid (mentioned in the episode Monkees Race Again) is the registered trademark of Johnson and Johnson for their adhesive pads used to cover small wounds. However, most of the public uses the term to refer to any such adhesive bandage. A Johnson and Johnson employee named Earle Dickson is credited with inventing the adhesive bandage in the 1920s to more efficiently treat the wounds of his accident-prone wife, Josephine. He cut strips of surgical tape, placed some gauze on the sticky side then covered the strips with crinoline to keep them sterile while awaiting use. The Counts comment of The last time I used this New York went down in the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash" probably refers to The Northeast Blackout of November 9, 1965. It affected not only New York City but Ontario Canada, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont and New Jersey. Around 25 million people were left without electricity for up to twelve hours. The cause of the failure originated at the Niagara generating station (Sir Adam Beck Station No. 2 in Ontario). At 5:16 PM Eastern time a single line of the power plant tripped, within seconds other lines out of the plant were overloaded and also tripped, shutting down the plant generators. Within five minutes the power distribution system in the northeast was in chaos with plant after plant experiencing load imbalances and automatic shut down modes. A little-known fact is that the blackout was not universal in New York City. Some neighborhoods never lost power while some places were without power until 7AM on November 10. Following the blackout measures were undertaken to try to prevent a repetition. Reliability councils were formed to establish standards and share information and improve coordination between electricity providers. A thriving myth arose in the wake of the Northeast blackout of 1965 in which it is told that a peak in the birth rate of the blackout areas was observed nine months after the incidence. The origin of the myth is a series of three articles published in August 1966 in the New York Times in which interviewed doctors told that they had noticed an increased number of births. Info on Dracula (featured in the episode "Monstrous Monkee Mash"): British writer Bram Stoker created the Dracula myth for his 1897 horror novel, "Dracula". Many historians believe that Bram's Dracula was inspired by a 15th century Romanian ruler named Vlad Tepes. Vlad ruled Wallachia (now part of Romania) more than 600 years ago and is believed to have been very cruel. Vlad wasn't a vampire at all, but he did invent some spine-chilling forms of torture and used the nickname "Dracul" or "Dracula" which means both "devil" and "dragon". Probably the most famous actor to play Dracula on film was actor Bela Lugosi. It is a myth that bats drink (or sip) human blood (from the episode "Monstrous Monkee Mash"). The Vampire bat is the only species, out of almost 950, that drink blood. It prefers the blood of cattle and birds not human blood. Cattle and birds are not normally killed by the bat because the bat requires a very little amount of blood. A vampire (mentioned in the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash) is a mythical creature said to subsist on human and/or animal blood often having magical powers and the ability to transform. Usually the vampire is the corpse of a dead person, reanimated by one means or another. Many countries have myths of non-human vampires, such as bats, dogs, and spiders. The pronunciation of tomato (from the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash) is in dispute: it can either be pronounced to-MAY-to or to-MAH-to. The British typically favor to-MAH-to, while Americans have a tendency to say to-MAY-to. The two pronunciations were immortalized in the George and Ira Gershwin song Lets Call The Whole Thing Off from the 1937 movie Shall We Dance. It became a symbol for nitpicking pronunciation disputes. The other contoversary about tomatoes is whether it is a fruit (botany's designation) or vegetable (the popular opinion). In 1887, U. S. tariff laws which imposed a duty on vegetables but not on fruits caused the tomato's status to become into dispute. The U. S. Supreme Court settled this controversy in 1892, declaring that the tomato is a vegetable. Thomas Jefferson was a pioneer in growing tomatoes, beginning in 1809. Information on Frankenstein (from the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash): Frankenstein is thought to be one of the best science fiction and gothic romantic novels of all time. Its author, Mary Shelley, wrote it when she was only eighteen years old. Perhaps the best known actor to play Frankensteins monster on film was actor Boris Karloff. Information on Werewolves (from the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash): The split personality tortured soul film character Larry Talbot was cursed to become a Werewolf when the moon is full. The doomed Talbot searches for a cure for his problem in between bloodthirsty lunar binges. Perhaps the best known actor to play Wolfman on film was actor Lon Chaney. In 1942, a film bringing together Dracula, Frankenstein and the Wolfman is entitled Frankenstein Meets the Wolman. In this film the Wolman is resurrected and continues his quest for a cure for his hairy condition. Along the path, he must deal with the other monsters that get in his way. In 1948, this trio of monsters team up to scare Bud Abbott and Lou Costello in Abbott and Costello meet Frankenstein. Bud and Lou play deliverymen who must delivery mysterious cartons to a haunted house. At the end of the movie is a short appearance by actor Vincent Price as The Invisible Man. The characters of Dracula, Frankenstein, Mummyman and the Wolfman have been recycled again and again in movies meant to frighten or make us laugh. Either way, these characters, introduced on screen in the 1930's and 1940's remain the classic characters of horror. The title for the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash may have come from the novelty song Monster Mash by Bobby Pickett Lorelei (or Loreley) (from the episode Monstrous Monkee Mash) is a high cliff above the Rhine River between the German towns Mainz and Kolbenz. At that point in the river, the river becomes swift and dangerous. Legend says the echo heard at the top of the cliff is a nymph luring men to deconstruction Walt Disney in 1967 personally banned long haired boys from entry into Disneyland- a fact joked about in the Monstrous Monkee Mash and The Wild Monkees episodes Known worldwide as the City of Light, Paris (from the episode Monkees In Paris) has been a major tourist attraction for centuries. The city is renowned for the beauty of its architecture, as well as the wealth of its museums. The name of the city comes from the name of a Gallic tribe (parisis) inhabiting the region at the time of the Roman conquest Non-Monkees music heard in the Monkees In Paris episode: Johann Sebastian Bachs Toccatta in Fugue in D Minor (when Micky and Davy are exploring the cemetery), Richard Wagners Ride of the Valkrynes (when the guys were waiting for the water to rise in the canal), The Good, The Bad and The Ugly movie theme (when the girls chase them around the canal), Swanee River (when they are getting on the ferry) and Pytor Tchaikovskys War of 1812 Overture (at the end of the episode with the montage of unseen footage) The Arc de Triomphe (seen in the episode Monkees In Paris) is a monument in Paris that stands in the center of the Place de l Etoile at the western end of the Champs-Elysees. It is a sequence of monuments and grand thoroughfares on a route leading out of Paris. It shows heroically nude French youths against bearded Germanic warriors in chain mail and set the tone for public monuments with triumphant nationalistic messages until World War I. The monument stands over 200 feet in height. It is the second largest triumphal arch in existence (North Korea built a slightly larger Arch of Triumph in 1982). The Arc de Triomphe is so big that an early daredevil flew his plane through it. It was commissioned in 1806 after the victory at Austerlitz by Napoleon Bonaparte at the peak of his fortunes. The Eiffel Tower (seen in the episode Monkees In Paris) was built for the International Exhibition of Paris in 1889 commemorating the centennial of the French Revolution. Of the 700 proposals submitted in a design competition, Gustave Eiffel's was unanimously chosen. It was the world's tallest building until 1930. It was almost torn down in 1909, but was saved because its antenna is used for telegraphy at that time. Beginning in 1910, it became part of the International Time Service. French radio and television have also made use of the tower. There are 1652 steps to the top and it has three platforms. The Pare Lachaise cemetery (seen in the episode Monkees In Paris) is the largest cemetery in Paris and one of the most famous cemeteries in the world. The cemetery was established by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804, whereas cemeteries had been banned inside Paris in 1786. At the time the cemetery opened, it was seen as too far from the city and attracted very few funerals. As such, the administrators devised a marketing strategy and with great fanfare, organized the transfer of the remains of several notable French artists from other cemeteries. All this marketing strategy resulted in a great many people clamoring to be buried with such famous citizens. Records show that within a few years, the cemetery went from a few dozen permanent residents to more than 33,000. Some notable people who are buried there: American singer/ songwriter/ poet Jim Morrison, composer Frederic Chopin, writer Marcel Proust, American writer Gertrude Stein, Irish writer Oscar Wilde, opera singer Maria Callas, The father of Impressionism Camille Pissarro and Frances most famous singer Edith Piaf. The Monkees were not well known in Paris when they filmed the episode Monkees In Paris. In addition, the French has been the only country to truly embrace the Monkees off beat film Head While filming the episode Monkees In Paris, Davy bought the black stove top hat he is seen wearing in part of the episode While filming the episode Monkees In Paris, they stayed at the Hotel George V. The guys pretty much had the run of the 4th floor. Micky wears shirt backwards in the Daydream Believer video Mickys first wife, Samantha Juste, appears briefly in Monkees In Paris A town crier (from the episode Fairy Tale) is a person who is employed by a town to make public announcements in the streets. They often dress elaborately usually in a red and gold robe, white breeches, black boots and a tricorn hat. They carry a hand bell to attract people's attention, as they shout the words "Oyez, Oyez!" before making their announcements. The words "Oyez, Oyez!" mean "hear ye", which is a call for silence and attention. Oyez means listen in French. Avon (mentioned in the episode Fairy Tale) is the Worlds leading direct seller of beauty and related products. Avon has more than 400 million in sales in over 100 countries. Its the Worlds largest manufacturer of fragrances. In fact, every 3 seconds Avon sells a tube of lipstick. In the late 1800s, David McConnell could be found going form door-to-door selling books in order to make a living. He gave his female customers samples of perfumes. One day he finally realized that the women liked the perfume samples better than they liked his books. In 1886, McConnell and his wife Lucy started the California Perfume Company. The company's first product was called the Little Dot Perfume Set which contained five different fragrances. When The McConnells hired Mrs. P.F.E. Albee as their first saleslady, she signed up even more women as salesladies for the California Perfume Company. As the company became even more successful, and made more money, The McConnells added on even more products and even had a catalog of all the available products printed up. In 1937, David McConnell passed away and left the company to his son, David McConnell, Jr. who renamed the company Avon Products. He too worked and strived to build the company into a bigger and more successful venture than his father had already made it. Goldilocks And The Three Bears (a parody in the episode Fairy Tale) was published by Robert Southey in 1837 in his collection of essays titled, The Doctor. The fourth volume contained the story, "Story of the Three Bears." This version has been so influential that for a time it was thought to be the origin of the story before proof of the earlier versions was discovered by scholars. The tale had never been so widely published before and was assumed to be Southey's original creation. Southey's version featured an old woman as the intruder, so this story was not quite yet like the version best known today. Twelve years after Southey's story was first published, Joseph Cundall changed the old woman into a young girl named Silver Hair in the version he published in his Treasury of Pleasure Books for Young Children. Then in 1858 the character was dubbed Silver-Locks in Aunt Mavor's Nursery Tales. Next she became Golden Hair around 1868 in Aunt Friendly's Nursery Book. Finally in 1901, in Old Nursery Stories and Rhymes, she became Goldilocks. Little Red Riding Hood (a parody in the episode Fairy Tale and mentioned in the episode "Captain Crocodile") known printed version was known as Le Petit Chaperon Rouge and had its origins in 17th century French folklore in 1697 by Charles Perrault. This version is both more sinister and more overtly moralized than the later ones. The story had as its subject an "attractive, well-bred young lady", a village girl of the country being deceived into giving a wolf she encountered the information he needed to successfully find her grandmother's house and eat the old woman while at the same time avoiding being noticed by woodcutters working in the nearby forest. Then he proceeded to lay a trap for the Red Riding Hood. The story ends with the girl eaten by the wolf. The wolf emerges the victor of the encounter and there is no happy ending. The Brothers Grimm further revised the story and it reached its final and better known version in the 1857 edition of their work. This widely known version is about a girl who travels through the woods to deliver food to her grandmother. Hansel and Gretel (a parody in the episode Fairy Tale) was first collected and recorded by the Grimm Brothers in the early part of the nineteenth century. The tale is similar to many children and ogre tales that have been known throughout Europe for many centuries. The version the Grimms collected came from storyteller Dortchen Wild in the town of Cassel. Wild later became Wilhelm Grimm's wife. Many scholars attribute the story's success to the children's opera written by Humperdinck in 1893. The opera is a lighter version of the tale since it completely omits the children's abandonment in the wood by their parents. However, the opera was a tremendous success from its first production in Munich. It is still produced on occasion a hundred years later and several recordings of performances are available for listening and viewing. A parapet (mentioned in the episode Fairy Tale) consists of a narrow wall along the edge of a roof in order to prevent persons from falling over, and as a protection to the defenders in case of a siege. The are three types of parapet: plain, embattled, perforated and penelled. Peter always mentions how much he liked Mike's performance as the princess and he deserved an Emmy for "Fairy Tale". In the "Daily Nightly" video at the end of "Fairy Tale" Peter is wearing the cables around his neck. Micky did not need for the Moog Synthesizer. A vassal (mentioned in the episode Fairy Tale), from the feudalism of medieval Europe, is one who enters into mutual obligations with a Lord, usually of military support and mutual protection, in exchange for certain guarantees. A serf (mentioned in the episodes Fairy Tale and The Prince And The Paupers) is a laborer who is bound to the land. Serfs differ from slaves in that serfs cannot be sold apart from the land which they work. Typically, when serfdom prevailed, the land itself could not be sold because it was associated with political powers (just as the Queen of Great Britain cannot sell Great Britain). Instead, the land was transferred by war and marriage. Diana Shalet (The Fairy Of The Locket in the episode "Fairy Tale) is an accomplished short story writer Maille (mentioned by the Fairy of the Locket in the episode Fairy Tale) is part of a defense suit of armor connecting like a wire mesh The Empire State Building (seen in the episode Fairy Tale) is one of the tallest skyscrapers in the World. Architect Al Smith is said to have the luck of the Irish since he arranged to have construction begin on St. Patrick????????s Day 1930. It was named after New Yorks traditional nickname The Empire State. The popular story of Robin Hood (mentioned by Mike in the episode Fairy Tale) immortalized by Hollywood myth is based on a play written by William Shakespeares play by Anthony Munday in 1598. It tells the tale of a disinherited nobleman who leads a band of outlaws in their fight against the ruthless Sheriff of Nottingham from the depths of Sherwood Forest. The story is set in the 1190s when King Richard I is away fighting in the crusades and his brother Prince John is left to rule The two most common dog sleds (seen in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) are the toboggan and the basket sled. Mushers have no trouble getting dogs to pull. Sled dogs are strong and fast. Often, its hard to get the dogs to stop pulling. The original sled dogs were the Alaskan Malamutes and the Siberian Huskies. Sled dogs prefer cold, snowy days. The snow pads their feet while they run and the chilly weather keep the dogs from getting too hot in their heavy fur. Information on hot air ballooning (seen in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor): In the 1700????????s, two French papermakers, brothers Jacques and Joseph Montgolfer, discovered that air not smoke cause the balloon to rise. On October 15, 1783 French scientist Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier became the first person to ascend in a balloon. Ballooning then became a fad in Europe. Hot air balloons have been used in wartime since the 1800s as observation towers. During World War II, Britain introduced balloon barrages. Barrages consisted of captive balloons with steel cable suspended between them. The enemy had to fly above the balloons or risk getting torn apart by the cables. Today balloonists participate in race and rallies. A pilot must be licensed by the Federal Aviation Administration. A canoe (seen in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) developed from seagoing dugouts to the Carib Indians of Caribbean islands. A tree is shaped and hollowed out. The word canoe comes from the Carib Indian word kanu meaning dugout. Canoes played an important part to the exploration of North America. Hayseed 7-4000 graphic from Monkees Mind Their Manor and the telephone switching in the episode Monkees On The Line use manual telephone switching. Many small towns and rural areas used this telephone switching until about the late 60s. A person picks up the receiver to make a call and an operator comes on the line. A light turns on in a jack and the operator puts a plug in a jack to answer it. The caller gives the operator the phone number. The operator puts a calling plug into the plug to the person who is being called. The operator flips a switch to ring the person being called In The Sticks (graphic seen in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) is a slang term for a rural country area Jousting (mentioned in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) is a competition where two people approach each other head on while on horseback. They are holding a large pole which they use to knock the other person off their horse Mace and Chain (mentioned in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) is a club which has an iron ball with spikes in it Troubadours (featured in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) were French poet/ musicians in the 1100 who wrote songs about love and heroic adventures. "Greensleeves" (heard in the episode Monkees Mind Their Manor) is a traditional English folk song .The widely-believed legend is that it was composed by King Henry VIII. The song likely circulated in manuscript, as most social music did, long before it was printed. The best known reference comes from William Shakespeare's play The Merry Wives Of Windsor. The character Mistress Ford refers twice without any explanation saying Let it thunder to the tune of Greensleeves. A slow version of the song became associated with Christmas in the early 20th century. "In The Blue Of The Night" (sung by Twiggly in the episode "Monkees Mind Their Manor") was Bing Crosby's signature song on his radio and TV shows. "Everybody Loves Somebody Sometime" (sung by Jack Williams in the episode "Monkees Mind Their Manor") was Dean Martin's signature song on his TV show. Peter wanted to direct "Head", but Bob Rafelson refused to let him so he directed "Monkees Mind Their Manor" as compensation. Motown (mentioned by Charlie Smalls in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) is a record label founded on December 14, 1959 by Barry Gordy, Jr. in Detroit, Michigan. In the 1960s, a new sound emerged from this record label known as The Motown Sound, a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics including the use of tambourine along with drums, bass instrumentation and a singing style originating in gospel music. The Motown Sound was also defined by the use of orchestration, string sections, horn accompiment, carefully arranged harmonies and other more refined pop music production techniques. Melody (a member of The West Minstrel Abbies in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) is a succession of musical tones played in a fixed pattern of pitches and rhythms that can be repeated, expanded and varied. Chordophone (a name parody for a member of The West Minstrel Abbies in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) are string instruments Harmony (a member of The West Minstrel Abbies in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) shows how to build chords (2 or more tones sounding at the same time) so that the combination is both pleasing to hear and musically significant. Many rules of harmony are based on ideas developed by Jean Philippe Rameau in three books written between 1715-1752. Rameau built chords from the lowest note in an ascending series of thirds (called a triad). Westminster Abbey (name parody in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) is one of England's most important Gothic structures and also a national shrine. The first church on the site is believed to date from early in the 7th century erected by Ethelbert, king of Kent. Edward the Confessor built a Norman church, consecrated in 1065. In 1245, Henry III built the octagonal chapter house in 1250. Early in the 16th century Henry VIII finished the Lady Chapel, dedicated to Henry VII. Nearly every English king and queen since William I has been crowned in Westminster, and it is the burial place of 18 monarchs. England's most notable statesmen and distinguished subjects have been given burial in the Abbey since the 14th century. In the Poets' Corner in the south transept rest the tombs of Chaucer, Browning, Tennyson, and other great English poets. William the Conqueror (name parody in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) was King of England from 1066 to 1087. He is known as William I, William of Normandy and William the Bastard. He was the illegitimate and only son of Robert The Magnificent (Duke Of Normandy) and Herleva (the daughter of a tanner). William succeeded to his father's Douchy Of Normandy at the young age of 7 in 1035. By the time he turned 19 he was himself successfully dealing with threats of rebellion and invasion. William succeeded to the throne of England by right of conquest by winning the Battle Of Hastings in 1066 in what has become known as the Norman Conquest. No authentic portrait of William exists. In the patriotic print he is wearing plate amour that was invented generations after his death. Actress Deanna Martin had gone out with Davy prior to her appearance as Daphnie in the episode "Some Like It Lukewarm". She remembers in her book "Memories Are Made Of This: Dean Martin Through His Daughter's Eyes" how excited Davy was to come over to the Martin home and meet her famous dad. When he arrived, he found a group of people playing football. Being a sport that he is, he took off his boots to play. Deanna thought it was so funny cause he kept tripping over his bell bottoms until he rolled the up (he used to wear extra lifts in his boots at the time). The episode title Some Like It Lukewarm was inspired by the 1959 movie Some Like It Hot starring Tony Curtis, Jack Lemmon and Marilyn Monroe A salt wheel (mentioned by Micky in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) was an economic product of the ancient world. Salt was so scarce and precious that it was used as a form of payment. Caesars soldiers received part of their pay in salt (known as a salarium). The word salary comes from the word salarium Gold Coins (mentioned by Micky in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) are used by many countries as payment for international debts, and when the country agrees to buy and sell gold at a fixed price (called a gold standard). The federal reserve stopped mounting gold coins in favor of paper bills after World War 2 Jerry Blavat (the contest promoter in the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) was a rock music TV host. He had a regional show called Jerry Blavatsky Place. The Monkees did one of their last appearances as a quartet on his show to promote Head In the episode "Some Like It Lukewarm", David, Micky and Mike lampoon Jerry Bleat???s "Doo Wop" shtick with their radio routine ("So How's By You!"). A sound byte from this scene has appeared on numerous bootleg Monkees LPs. The word lukewarm (from the episode title Some Like It Lukewarm) has a long and respectable history, going right back to the 14th century. The adjective Luke is an alternative form of law from the Old English hallows, which meant tepid. The guest interview scenes with Mike and Frank Zappa, Davy and Charlie Smalls and Micky and Tim Buckley were all filmed on the Pad set on December 20, 1967. In Tim Buckleys performance, you can see the remains of the destroyed car from Mike and Frank Zappers interview. The late Frank Zappa (Mikes guest in the episode Monkees Blow Their Minds and The Critic in the movie Head) was one of the most accomplished composers of the rock era. His music combines an understanding of and appreciation classical artists like Stravinsky, Stockhausen and Varrese with an affection for late 50s doo wop rock and roll and the guitar-heavy rock that dominated pop in the 70s. But Zappa was also a satirist whose reserves of scorn seemed bottomless and whose wicked sense of humor and absurdity have delighted his numerous fans, even when his lyrics crossed over the broadest bounds of taste. Finally, Zappa was perhaps the most prolific record-maker of his time, turning out massive amounts of music on his own Barking Pumpkin label and through distribution deals with Rykodisc and Rhino after long, unhappy associations with industry giants like Warner Brothers and the now-defunct MGM. Frank died of cancer in December 1993. The Dewey Decimal System (mentioned by Micky in the episode Monkees Blow Their Minds) is a system of library classification developed by Melvil Dewey in 1876. Deweys cleverness is in choosing decimals for its categories allows it to be both purely numerical while infinitely hierarchical. Except for general works and fiction, works are classified principally by subject. Charlie Smalls (Davy's guest at the end of the episode Some Like It Lukewarm) co-wrote the 1978 musical The Wiz starring Michael Jackson and Diana Ross. It is contemporary version of The Wizard Of Oz The Frodis Caper episode official title MIJACOGEO is an amalgam of Micky Dolenzs immediate family: Michael (his middle name), Janelle (his mom), Coco (his sister) and George (his dad). "MIJACOGEO" can also be spotted on the back of The Birds, The Bees And The Monkees album. David Price and Ric Klein are also seen as the monstrous Two-Headed Org in episode Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO) Micky is a fan of the Lord Of The Rings books. In the 60s he made buttons that said Frodo Rules and gave them to his friends and family. He created a new word, frodis, to stand for marijuana and used it as the title for the episode he co-wrote and directed. Another one of Mickys slang terms is gleeb which stands for love. How to play creebage (in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)): the best I can figure out is that someone deals out the cards while people pick up various cards and the first person to yell creebage wins In the credits for the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO) there is no film editor listed Rip Taylor (casino manager in the episode Monkees On The Wheel and Wizard Glick in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)), began when Ed Sullivan could not remember the young comedian's name, he introduced Rip as "The Crying Comedian." Ed Sullivan accidentally stumbled upon Rip's niche, and after that appearance Rip found himself booked solid for months. This taught the young performer the importance of having a memorable hook. Bright costumes, outrageous props, wacky wigs and colorful confetti soon. Pinochle (mentioned by Micky in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)) is a popular card game. The object of the game is to bid a certain number and then reach that score. Players make points in two ways. The winner of the bid shows certain combinations of their cards and adds the points they represent (called melds). After a hand has been played, the bidder receives specified points for the cards they have taken (called tricks). Pinochle developed in the United States in the mid-19th century. It has similarities to some older European games such as the French card game bezique. In the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO), the feeble energizer button is the same sound heard when the doors on the bridge open in the TV series Star Trek Transcendental meditation (mentioned by Micky in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)) is thought to be a way to unlock the extraordinary powers within oneself through deep meditation The Sitar (Mike is seen playing it in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO) is an ancient Indian instrument adapted from another ancient Indian instrument, The Southern Veena. It is constructed using a design over 800 years old. It is made using a dried out pumpkin for the body, Tun or Sheasham wood for the neck, and a dried out gourd for the resonator at the top of the neck. The Sitar has 7 strings on the upper part of the body and eleven or twelve sympathetic strings under the frets. This medieval instrument was popularized in the 60s by the late George Harrison among others. The Tabla (Micky is seen playing it in the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)) developed as a hybridized drum of the mrdangm and the puskara. Many features of the tabla are found in the design and technology of these earlier drums. The name tabla is probably derived from the Arabic word meaning drum or tab. The one line mystical chant Micky got from a cereal box top ("nam-myoho-renge-kyo") is a teaching called the Lotus Sutra. It declares that all living beings regardless of gender or intelligence, have the potential to attain Buddhahood. It translated as simply "the teaching of the Lotus flower of the wonderful law". Tim Buckley (the singer at the end of the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)) was a folk singer and friend of Micky. He performed his sing Sound Of The Siren. He died of a drug overdose in 1975. His son, Jeff Buckley, was also a folk singer In the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO) everyone is wearing black by the end of the episode According to the Urban Dictionary, Psycho Jello (from the episode The Frodis Caper (MIJACOGEO)) is used to describe the establishment's use of hippie slang to sell products The last episode filmed was the episode Some Like It Lukewarm on December 22, 1967 The last episode ever aired on NBC was a rerun of the episode Monkees Watch Their Feet on September 9, 1968. It is a mistaken belief that the last episode aired on NBC was a rerun of the episode Some Like It Lukewarm on August 19, 1968 Bob Rafelson has said that the Beatles and the Rolling Stones (as well as other rock groups) regard Head as a minor triumph because its the story of their lives and the manipulation of rock stars The song for the dance number in Head was originally going to be the Bill Chadwick song If You Had The Time, but the Harry Nilsson song Daddys Song was substituted for some reason The bridge scene in the movie Head was filmed on the Gerald Desmond Bridge in Long Beach harbor, California. For the close up scenes in Head where the guys are falling into the water, they jumped on a trampoline Some of the special effects used in Head: positive/ negative (or flipping) during Daddys Song: split screen during Porpoise Song and Circle Sky and pasteurization, polarization, bas relief, embossing, film speeded up, film slowed down, film reversed, film under exposed, film over exposed, double matting and white flash during Long Title: Do I Have To Do This All Over Again.
Click Here to see examples. The cartoon character Loopy De Loop (seen in the movie Head) was a French-Canadian wolf, hence the name (loup being the French word for "wolf"). Loopy tried to do good, but nobody would believe good of him because he was, after all, a sneaky, no-good predator. This was exacerbated by a communication gap, caused by the broken English he spoke. That broken English was provided by voiceman Daws Butler. The plot for the story of the 1934 movie The Black Cat (a clip is seen in the movie Head): American honeymooners (actors David Manners and Julie Bishop) in Hungary are trapped in the home of a Satan- worshiping priest (actor Boris Karloff) when the bride is taken there for medical help following a road accident. The plot of the 1953 movie Salome (a clip is seen in the movie Head): In the reign of emperor Tiberius (actor Cedric Handwicke), John the Baptist (actor Alan Badel) preaches against King Herod (actor Charles Laughton). Queen Herodias (actress Judith Anderson) wants John (actor Alan Badel) dead, but Herod (actor Charles Laughton) fears to harm him due to a prophecy. Enter beautiful Princess Salome (actress Rita Hayworth), Herod's (actor Charles Laughton) long-absent stepdaughter. Herodias (actress Judith Anderson) sees the king's (actor Charles Laughton) dawning lust for Salome (actress Rita Hayworth) as her means of bending the king (actor Charles Laughton) to her will. But Salome (actress Rita Hayworth) and her lover Claudius (actor Stewart Granger) are (contrary to Scripture) nearing conversion to the new religion. And the famous climactic dance turns out to have unexpected implications The plot of the 1946 movie Gilda (a clip seen in the movie Head): Just arrived in Argentina, small-time crooked gambler Johnny Farrell (actor Glenn Ford) is saved from a gunman by sinister Ballin Mundson (actor George Macready), who later makes Johnny (actor Glenn Ford) his right-hand man. Their friendship, based on mutual lack of scruples, is strained when Mundson (actor George Macready) returns from a trip with a wife: the supremely desirable Gilda (actress Rita Hayworth), whom Johnny (actor Glenn Ford) once knew and learned to hate. The relationship of Johnny (actor Glenn Ford) and Gilda (actress Rita Hayworth), a battlefield of warring emotions, becomes even more bizarre after Mundson (actor George Macready) disappears. The plot for the 1940 movie City For Conquest (a clip seen in the movie Head): Danny Kenny (actor James Cagney) is a truck driver who enters "the fight game". While Danny (actor James Cagney) is realizing success in the ring, he is blinded by acid on the boxing gloves of his opponent during a fight. When Danny (actor James Cagney) attempts to get even with the gangster who was responsible for his blindness he is wounded. His former manager (actor Ben Welden) finances a newsstand for the now blind and handicapped Danny (actor James Cagney) who uses his income to pay for his bother Eddie's (actor Arthur Kennedy) music education. The movie ends as his former girlfriend Peggy (actress Ann Sheridan) meets/recognizes Danny (actor James Cagney) at his newsstand and they both listen to Eddie's (actor Arthur Kennedy) first symphony on the radio. The plot for the 1939 movie Golden Boy (a clip seen in the movie Head): Joe Bonaparte's father (actor Lee J. Cobb) wants him to pursue his musical talent, but Joe (actor William Holden) wants to be a boxer. Persuading near-bankrupt manager Tom Moody (actor Adolphe Menjou) to give him a chance, Joe (actor William Holden) quickly rises in his new profession. When he has second thoughts Moody's girl Lorna (actress Barbara Stanwyck) uses feminine wiles to keep him boxing. But when tough gangster Eddie Fuseli (actor Joseph Calleria) wants to "buy a piece" of Joe (actor William Holden), Lorna (actress Barbara Stanwyck) herself begins to have second thoughts. The floating pillows (seen after Mike discovers the dummy of Micky in the closet in the movie Head) comes from an idea of the late artist Andy Warhol The phrase How about them apples (by Mike in the movie Head) was used in World War I. A Stokes gun fired mortars resembling apples with a stick in them, so they were often referred to as Toffee Apples. In the movie Rio Bravo in 1959, a guy tosses a hand grenade and says How do ya like them apples? It was something guys in the war said as a joke when they tossed grenades into the enemy trenches, as if to imply the enemy would be stupid enough to think grenades are apples. And it took on a different but similar meaning as I just screwed you over big time, how do ya like them apples? The phrase A shot in the arm (by Micky in the movie Head) is derived from the hypodermic needle injection by a physician. The expression is used to induce exhilaration. The phrase "Making hay while the sun shines (by Rita Hayworth in the movie Gilda and clip in the movie Head) means to be highly productive for a limited period of time. If you cut or harvest hay during inclement weather the hay becomes heavy and hard to rake and bail but even worse it will mold and become useless. You can only make hay while the sun shines. Jon C. Anderson was an assistant director and writer on The Monkees TV series 2nd season, assistant director for the movie Head and assistant director and unit production manager in several made-for-TV movies in the late 70s. More recently, he was director and producer for the TV series Touched By An Angel. He also makes a cameo in the movie Head in between breaks of Peter filming in the Cafe and the snow scene. The late Tiger Joe Marsh (the bodyguard at the factory in the movie Head) was a former pro wrestler who had a number of bit parts on film and television as executioners, bodyguards, furniture movers, torturers, and other roles that called for brawn. He died on May 9, 1989 from heart failure. The vacuum cleaner which is used to suck The Monkees out of The Big Victor's hair is manufactured by The Bison Bag Company. There is a real Bison Bag company located in Lockport, NY, which specializes in printers, Converters, laminators of polyethylene, polypropylene, COEX, polyester, metalized films, nylon, PVDC coated and other flexible packaging materials (bags, sheets, rollstock, pouches, triangle bags, zippers, zipper bags and zipper rollstock). The violin (seen in the movie Head) combines features from the rebec, lira de braccio, and the renaissance vielle. It was first developed in the early to mid 1500's. The development of the violin is most commonly attributed to Andrea Amati. The first centers of violin making were in northern Italy. At first the violin held a lowly social status until the early 1600's. Greater demands on the Violin by performers and composers (principally greater use of higher registers and a more powerful sound desired), resulted in changes to the instrument including lengthening the neck, setting it at an angle to the body, and strengthening the bass bar. The chin rest was introduced in the 1800's. The modern bow was developed in France by Franoise Xavier Tourte (1747-1835) The Western Union telegram which Michael reads is dated December 31 (New Year's Eve) 1968, which would be exactly 1 day after Peter Tork officially resigned from The Monkees. Mike held all the recorded tapes from the movie Head writing sessions hostage in his car trunk until the dispute over the writing credit was settled. Peter was the only Monkee to appear on the set for the first scheduled day of filming - the others had decided to strike, in protest against not being allowed to write and direct the movie themselves. While they soon returned, feeling they'd made their point with producers Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider, the unity between the band and the producers was forever broken. For their part, Rafelson and Schneider began playing albums on the set by other groups like The Electric Flag, claiming, "That's REAL rock-n-roll." When Jack Nicholson saw Mike at work in the studio and asked if he could help, Mike let him take over because "I just want to go home". Dandruff (from the movie Head) is a scalp problem that is identified by excessive flaking of dead tissue. It forms from dead skin cells. A person with oily dandruff has overactive oil glands around the roots of the hair. This over activity causes the natural shedding process to speed up, resulting in a crusty scalp, oily hair and excessive flaking. For some people this problem even occurs on the eyelashes. Ever notice these things in the movie Head: when the guys are in prison the tally marks indicate 22 days the comfort room does not have any urinals the eye in the bathroom is bloodshot the dummy of Micky in the closet has a busted nose and the Italian flag on the tank is upside down. The late actor Victor Mature (The Big Victor in the movie Head) studied at the Pasadena Community Playhouse in California. He auditioned for Gone With the Wind, for the role ultimately played by his fellow Playhouse student George Reeves. After achieving some acclaim in his first few films, he served in the Coast Guard in World War II. He became one of Hollywood's busiest and most popular actors after the war, though rarely was he given the critical respect he often deserved. Among his finest work is the 1949 film Samson and Delilah with the late Heddy Lamar. More interested in golf than in acting, his appearances diminished through the 60s. He died of leukemia on August 4, 1999. The late veteran actor Victor Mature agreed to appear in the movie after reading the script, admitting none of it made sense to him: "All I know is it makes me laugh." In the movie Head, the execution of Vietcong Captain Bay Lop by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyen Ngot Loan became one of more disturbing images of the Vietnam War. It was photographed by famed photographer Eddie Adams. Dubbed "the shot heard 'round the world", it came to symbolize the brutality of war. Some historians believe against America's involvement in Vietnam. Adams was in the country as a staff photographer for the Associated Press. This picture won him the Pulitzer Prize in 1969. Coca-Cola (Micky does a Coca-Cola parody in the movie Head) was invented by pharmacist Dr. John Pemberton in 1886. John Pemberton concocted the Coca Cola formula in a three legged brass kettle in his backyard. The name was a suggestion given by John Pemberton's bookkeeper Frank Robinson. The soft drink was first sold to the public at the soda fountain in Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta on May 8, 1886. Until 1905, the soft drink was marketed as a tonic containing extracts of cocaine as well as the caffeine-rich kola nut. Advertising, was an important factor in Coca-Colas success and by the turn of the century, Coca-Cola was one of America's most popular fountain drinks. Today its the world's leading manufacturer, marketer, and distributor of nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups, used to produce nearly 400 beverage brands worldwide. Movie clips seen in the movie Head: The Black Cat, City For Conquest, Gilda and Golden Boy The movie Head made only $16, 111 at the box office when it was first released in November 1968 An unused scene from the movie Head (it would have occurred just after the gal kisses them and leaves the pad) would have the guys each looking at themselves in the mirror and seeing the persona the public sees. Peter (dressed as a clown) is the pathos character known as harlequin. Micky (dressed as a satyr) is the mischief character known as pan. Davy (dressed as a sheik) is the romantic character known as Rudolph. Mike (dressed as a cowboy) is the rugged character known as the marborough man. Peter changes into 4 nehru shirts in the course of the movie Head when the guys are themselves not in a role while the others wear the same outfits through out the movie A misleading ad campaign a close up of a mans (John Brockman) face had no indication the group appear in the film One of the scenes that Mike thought up for the movie Head was the scene when the Arab runs up to Micky on horseback and says Psst! then rides away. Mike thought it was funny (in the twisted humor that he has) and he was glad that it was included in the film In the movie Head, Peter is whistling the Beatles song Strawberry Fields Forever when he enters the bathroom (uh- comfort room) after Davy sees the blood shot eye in the mirror Monkees is the craziest peoples (said by the cow in the movie Head) was something comedian Hans Conreid had said several times when filming the episode Monkees Paw Sonny Liston (the fighter in the movie Head) was a champion heavy weight boxer. In 1962, he was challenged by Muhammad Ali for the heavy weight title. At the time, Liston was suffering from an injured shoulder. He failed to finish the match and had to forfeit the heavy weight title. He lost a controversial rematch in 1964 and ended with people speculating whether or not the fight was fixed. He died of a drug overdose on December 30, 1970 (Mike and Davys birthday) Mr. One (the football player in the movie Head) was the late great Green Bay Packer Ray Nitschke Bela Lugosi (in the movie The Black Cat) says my favorite line from the movie Head: Supernatural perhaps, baloney perhaps not Actress Annette Funicello character in the movie Head is sometimes called Minnie as an inside joke on her years on the Mickey Mouse Club TV series For the movie Head, there was going to be a long sequence to be shot in Japan involving the Monkees and Godzilla, but was omitted entirely. The boxing scenes for the movie Head with Davy and Sonny Liston were filmed in Olympic boxing ring in Los Angeles, California. The factory scenes for the movie Head were filmed at the Hyperion Sewage Treatment Plant in Playa Del Rey, California (a suburb of Los Angeles). A set from the 1968 film Rosemarys Baby was used for the birthday party scene in the Head. The birthday party scene used 100 extras along with pop artist Edward Keinholz and his 1964 sculpture Back Seat Dodge #38. It would later be displayed at the Los Angeles County Museum Of Art. Ralph Williams Ford dealership (commercial seen in the movie Head) was a dealership off Ventura Boulevard in Encino, California Davy's and partner's dance routine during the song Daddies Song from the movie Head was a tribute to director Vincente Minnelli. He directed the musicals Meet Me In St. Louis, The Band Wagon and An American In Paris Carol Doda (Sally Silicone from the movie Head) was a silicone enhanced striptease artist A misleading ad campaign a close up of a mans (John Brockman) face had no indication the group appear in the film Look closely at the Circle Sky performance from the movie Head. There is a clip from the episode Monkees On Tour of cops holding back fans Writer/producer/director Robert Rafelson takes screen credit as Bob the first time in the movie Head Ken Thorne, composer and conductor for the movie Head incidental music cues, was musical director for The Beatles' second film Help. The Beatles' communal pad in Help which inspired The Monkees' beach pad on the TV series and the movie Head The scene from the movie Head which finds a tank chasing The Monkees in the desert parallels a similar scene from Help A tune named Get Tuff (not sung by The Monkees) was written exclusively for the "dandruff" sequence in the movie Head by incidental music composer-conductor Ken Thorne and writer-producer-director Robert Rafelson. It appears in the movie in its entirety, but appears on in brief snippets on the Head soundtrack Burton Gershfiled and Bruce Lane, responsible for all of the special color effects in the movie Head, were mistakenly credited in the movie Head pressbook as Post-Production Assistants. Director of Photography Michael Hugo was later chief cinematographer for the primetime TV soap Dynasty Despite prior claims, the popular belief is that the ice cream cone (seen in the movie Head) was invented in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904 at the Louisiana Purchase Exhibition where the story goes that a Syrian pastry maker, Ernst Hamwi who was selling zalabia (a crisp pastry cooked in a hot folding waffle patterned press and dribbled with syrup) came to the aid of a neighboring ice cream vendor who was running out of dishes, by rolling a warm zalabia into a cone that could hold ice cream. However, numerous men who sold pastries at the World's Fair claimed to have been the inventor of the ice cream cone, citing a variety of inspirations. After the fair the ice cream cone became popular in St. Louis. Within a few years, the ice cream cone was being sold nationwide. Hamwi's story is largely based on a letter he wrote in 1928 to the Ice Cream Trade Journal. In 1908, Charles Path invented the newsreel (seen in the movie Head) that was shown in theaters prior to the feature film. The news clips featured the Path logo of a crowing rooster at the beginning of each reel. In the United States, beginning in 1914, the company's film production studios in New Jersey produced the extremely successful serialized episodes The Radio City Rockettes (seen in a newsreel in the movie Head) began kicking up their heels under the supervision of their founder Russell Markert, dazzling audiences with their exactness, precision and uniformity. In the earlier years, the Rockettes appeared at Radio City Music Hall in hundreds of stage spectaculars that accompanied the greatest Hollywood films and premieres of the day. The Rockettes performed 4 shows a day, 28 shows a week, 365 days a year for more than 50 years. In addition to this extraordinary schedule, the Rockettes participated in many historical and memorable events throughout the years. They starred in USO Tours during WWII, perform in the Macys Thanksgiving Parade, The Columbus Day Parade and NBCs Rockefeller Center tree lighting ceremony. The newsreel footage refers to the Rockettes winning the grand prize at the "Paris Exposition de Dance" in 1936. In the movie Head the excerpt of the two men watching an old lady dance wildly ("You make motion pictures here, don't you? Watch this!") is from the movie Jam Session. The two men are actors George Eldredge and Eddie Kane and the old woman is actually a young Ann Miller in disguise. The staged concert sequence for the film Head took place Lagoon Park Amusement Theatre in Salt Lake City, Utah. Radio station KCPX gave away 4,000 free tickets to distribute to fans. The response so huge that a "bonus" concert was immediately scheduled and 5,000 more passes were handed out. The Patti Smith Hill and Mildred J. Hill song Happy Birthday with organ accompaniment was never officially released until the 1994 CD release of the Head soundtrack as a bonus track The war trench sequence was filmed on Bronson Canyon in Hollywood Hills, the same shooting location of the scene of The Batmobile leaving The Batcave on the show Batman Mike's unique one of a kind cowboy suit that he wore to the "Head" premiere in New York City in December 1968 was made personally for Nudie's Rodeo Tailors and were very popular at the time with country rockers in Hollywood. Look at a copy on my Monkees Fashion page Toni Basil (the dancer with Davy during the "Daddy's Song" sequence in the movie "Head") was a dancer and actress who was dating Jack Nicholson at the time "Head" was bring made. She was also in the movie "Five Easy Pieces". She is mostly known for her hit "Hey Micky". In recent years, she choreographed many of those "Gap" commercials that features people dancing and singing to some popular songs The movie Head took a chapter from French surrealist films of the 1920s. These films have transitions between scenes that make no sense, storyline double back on itself, filled with symbolism and have a succession of non-sequitors. Not surprising, French movie goers were the few people who embraced the movie The Head movie soundtrack was released in 1968 with various covers. The U. S. version was mylar, the English version was white, the Taiwan version was orange and the Canadian version was gray A porpoise (from the Toni Stern/ Carol King song Porpoise Song) is similar to a dolphin. Both live in the water and are mammals- not amphibians. However, a porpoise has a more extended beak than a dolphin Information on Giraffes (from the song Porpoise Song): The tallest of all land mammals, giraffes tower up to 18 feet. If you're near a giraffe, they have a sweet smell like lanolin. Mankind has historically honored giraffes. African cave paintings included them, probably as favored prey, and ancient Egyptian art frequently featured giraffe designs. In fact, giraffe tail hairs are still collected for jewelry and hide is used to make sandals and ceremonial shields. A baby giraffe is generally 6 feet tall and can stand soon after birth. Considered one of the most vigilant large game animals, giraffes are highly attuned to danger thanks to their height and keen senses of smell and eyesight. They are also fast and can reach speeds of up to 35 mph. The giraffe's circulatory system is specially adapted to the long neck. They have elastic blood vessels in the neck and head to handle changes in blood pressure due to head swings. In the Fall of 1968 while on the Far East tour, an Australian customs officer seized Peters copy of the William Burroughs book The Naked Lunch because it was banned there Don Kirshner tried to duplicate the Monkees success in 1968 with a band called Tomorrow (which featured a young Australian singer named Olivia Newton-John) A reporter described the Monkees attire on the Far East tour in 1968 as fringes, chains, medallions, embroidered lined sashes and various bits of leather In the Mike Nesmith song Circle Sky, the line Hamilton smiling down refers to the music stand he was sitting in front of as he was writing the lyrics Information about Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider backed film "Easy Rider": The original title of the film was "The Loners". Dennis Hopper and Peter Fonda were inspired by the 1962 Italian film Sorpasso II about two guys making a trip through Italy in an open car. Rip Torn was originally cast in the role of George Hanson (the role Jack Nicholson did). The Captain America jacket was designed by Peter Fonda and made by "two little old ladies" in Los Angeles. It was later sold at a charity auction. Peter Fonda got the idea of sewing an American flag on the back of his jacket from the jacket John Wayne wore in Flying Tigers. Stephen Stills wrote the song "Find the Cost of Freedom" at Dennis Hoppers request, for use with the final scene (when the camera pans up into the sky). Hopper ended up not using it, and the song was eventually released as the B-side to Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young's single "Ohio". CSNY often used it to close their concerts. With the exit of Peter, the group decided to enlist musical backup from Sam and The Goodtimers, an R and B group formerly of Ike and Tina Turner. This, combined with songs never performed before or since, including covers (Micky and Davy sang "Show Me", Micky sang "Summertime" and "Get On Up", Davy sang "For Once In My Life", Peter sang "Cindy Cindy" and Mike sang and played guitar on "Johnny B. Goode") One of Peters fondest memories of the 1968 Far East Tour occurred at one concert. They were playing well and enjoying it (in the pocket as musicians say). Davy came over to Peter and said, were going to form a group A big screen version of the musical Oliver! was filmed in 1967. Screen Gems would not allow Davy to be in the movie. Many of the actors who worked with Davy on Broadway were in the movie (including actor Ron Moody who received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor for playing Fagin). Oliver! won the Best Picture Academy Award for 1968. The late T.C. Jones (Mr. and Mrs. Ace in the movie Head) was a renowned female impersonator. In a 1969 episode of the British comedy Monty Pythons Flying Circus had 2 similar scenes from the movie Head: Eric Idle and John Cleese make bets as to whether someone will commit suicide and jump off the roof of a building (just as Micky and Mike do about The Jumper) and Michael Palin can be seen acting as a ball in a pinball machine (just as Mr. One smashes into Peter in the fox hole). Julie Driscoll is seen eating an apple (and offering Peter a bite) at one point during the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special. It is a reference to an apple being a symbol for the fall of man much like the guys being lured into the Monkees project. At the beginning of "I Go Ape" in the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special, Davy is sitting in front of a typewriter. This is a reference to an old saying that if you let 100 monkeys sit in front of 100 typewriters in 100 years maybe by chance they will write a play by Shakespeare. Information on the phrase Ill Be A Monkeys Uncle (mentioned in the song I Go Ape): In 1882 Felix DeMonte left Spain to peruse a photography career in Ecuador. He reached Ecuador nearly four months later and quickly began to photograph the local wildlife. One night, he stumbled upon a small heap in the middle of a twisted jungle road while he was on his way back to his new village. It was a tiny abandoned monkey less than 3 weeks old. Poachers, he thought. From then and there, Felix loved and cared for his companion, Albert, until his tragic death in 1889. His last wish was that if anything ever happened to him, his monkey would be sent to his best friend and brother, Marco. One morning shortly after Felixs death, Marco heard a knock at his door. When he answered it, there stood Albert with a dirty note tied to his odd little hand. Marco quickly read the note with tears welling up in his eyes. He slowly looked up from the note to Albert. He wiped the tears from his eyes and said, Well, Ill be a monkeys uncle. Cinderella (mentioned in the song Goldilocks Sometime) is a classic folk tale and myth of unjust oppression then triumphant reward. There are literally hundreds of tellings before modern times but the earliest version of the story originated in China around AD 860. The best known version was written by the French author Charles Perrault in 1697 based on a common folk tale written by Giambattista Bastile as La Gatta Cennerentola in 1634. The Grimm Brothers wrote the popular modern version about a hundred years later. Cinderella's classic story can be found in almost all cultures throughout the world Communism (mentioned in the song Naked Persimmon) is a movement based on the principle of communal ownership of all property that has been a major force in world politics since the early 20th century. Communism is now mainly understood to refer to the political, economic and the social democratic social theories of Karl Marx. Fans have long wondered why an official soundtrack to the 33 1/3 revolutions Per Monkee special has never been released due to the huge amount of original music. The backing tracks for the songs were cut at Western Records in Los Angeles, California on one-inch 8-track tape by Bones Howe and then transferred incomplete to the MGM soundstage to have the lead vocals dubbed live during the performance. Importunely, the multi-track tapes were left unfinished and left behind at the soundstage never located since. The 2-inch monaural video tape with the final takes of the songs also has never been located. Brian Auger (from 331/3 Revolutions Per Monkees special) took up the keyboards as a child after hearing jazz by way of the American Armed Forces Network. By his teens, he was playing piano in clubs and by 1962 he had formed the Brian Auger Trio. In 1964, he abandoned jazz for a more R and B-oriented approach. By mid-1965, Auger's band had grown to include singer Julie Driscoll. After the band split, Auger kept Driscoll and brought in bass player Dave Ambrose and drummer Clive Thackern (who billed themselves as the Brian Auger Trinity). They didn't attract attention until the release of Bob Dylans "This Wheel's on Fire" in the spring of 1968. Julie Driscoll quit during a U.S. 1969 tour, but the Trinity stayed together to record one last album. Auger put together a new band to play less commercial jazz-rock and facetiously called it the Oblivion Express since he didn't think it would last. The Oblivion Express lineup has changed through the years and now includes his children. Julie Driscoll (from 33/1/3 Revolutions Per Monkees special) was a 60s pop diva-turned-avant-garde jazz singer. As a teen she oversaw The Yardbirds fan club and it was the group's manager who encouraged her to begin a performing career of her own. Driscoll signed on with the Brian Auger Trinity, scoring a Top Five UK hit in 1968 with their rendition of Bob Dylan???s This Wheel's on Fire (which was rerecorded as the theme to the BBC Comedy series Absolutely Fabulous). Dubbed "The Face" by the British music press, Driscoll's striking looks and coolly sophisticated vocals earned her flavor of the month status and she soon left Auger for a solo career to pursue a progressive jazz direction. Clara Ward and her backing group the Ward Singers (from the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee Special) were among the greatest groups in gospel history. Clara Ward was also the subject of much criticism from purists because she pushed gospel out of the church and into the nightclubs, infusing the music with a shot of glitz and glamour the likes of which had never before been seen. While her gorgeous alto was the centerpiece of hits like How I Got Over, Ward's greatest strength was as an arranger. The Wards were also the first gospel group to employ the switch-lead style of the shouting quartets, always keeping at least four vocalists in their ranks at all times. Throughout the 1950s, they were among gospel's elite, scoring more hits and making more money than any group before them. The group continued touring throughout the 1960s, until Ward's declining health forced her into retirement. She died January 16, 1973. Fats Domino (from the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special) is perhaps the most popular exponent of the classic New Orleans Rand B sound. He sold more records than any other black rock and roll star of the 1950s. His relaxed, boogie-woogie piano style and easygoing, warm vocals anchored a long series of national hits from the mid-50s to the early 60s. Jerry Lee Lewis (from the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special) exploits as a piano-thumping egocentric wild man with an unquenchable thirst for living have become legend. He was a long, blonde-haired Southerner who played the piano and sang with uncontrolled fury and abandon while simultaneously reveling in his own sexuality. He was rock and roll's first great wild man dubbed "The Killer". Whether singing a melancholy country ballad, lowdown blues or blazing rock, Lewis brings performances that are totally grounded in his personality. However, Lewis was sowing the seeds of his own destruction in record time. He sneaked off and married his 13-year old cousin. Soon after, his tour of England was canceled and Lewis arrived back in the U.S. to find his career in absolute disarray. His records were banned nationwide by radio stations. Undeterred, he kept right on doing what he had been doing: still playing rock and roll on stage whenever the mood struck him while keeping a creative line between rock and roll, blues and country. Jerry Lee Lewis (from the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special) previously starred as Iago in a Jack Good (the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special director) stage production, Catch My Soul" which was a rock and roll version of the Shakespearean classic, Othello Little Richard (from the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special) is the so called "innovator, emancipator and architect of rock and roll". Little Richard merged the fire of gospel with New Orleans rhythm and blues by pounding the piano and wailing with gleeful abandon with numerous great songs. He was at the height of his commercial and artistic success when he suddenly quit the business during an Australian tour in late 1957 by enrolling in a Bible college in Alabama. After a few years he did return to performing again. Buddy Miles (featured in the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special) has had a lengthy solo career that drew from rock, blues, soul and funk in varying combinations. In 1966, he joined Wilson Picketts touring revue, where he was spotted by blues-rock guitarist Mike Bloomfield. Bloomfield had left The Paul Butterfield Blues Band earlier in 1967 and was putting together a new group, The Electric Flag. The band made its debut at the Monterey Pop Festival. Unfortunately, the original lineup splintered in 1968. Miles split to form his own group, the similarly eclectic Buddy Mikes Express. Hendrix produced The Buddy Miles Express 1969's album Electric Church. When Jimi Hendrix disbanded his backing band The Experience later that year, Hendrix, Miles and bassist Billy Cox formed The Band Of Gypsies, one of the first all-black rock bands. The Band Of Gypsies didn't last long in its original incarnation. Miles departed in 1970, replaced by drummer Mitch Mitchell. In 1971, Buddy returned to the role of bandleader and recorded his most popular album Them Changes and the title cut became Miles' signature song. In 1986, he lent his voice in a TV ad for the California Raisins that featured clay-animated raisins singing "I Heard It Through the Grapevine". The ads proved so popular that a kid-friendly musical franchise was spun off. Miles recorded and toured steadily through the 80s and 90s. When NBC saw the final edit of the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special, they realized that they had much more than what they bargained for, and sensed it was too subversive, hence their decision to air it opposite The 41st Academy Awards Presentation on ABC (on the Pacific coast). Further damage was done to the telecast by an engineer who accidentally presented the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special out of sequence, making it more confusing than it already was The 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special got an 18.3 rating and a 27 share on the Nielson rating charts At the end of the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special, the guys perform Mikes song Listen To The Band. As the song is being performed, more people join them on stage. It is similar to the Beatles performance of Hey Jude on "The David Frost Show" Charles Darwin (mentioned in the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee special) was famous for his theories on evolution. He believes all plants and animals developed (evolved) from an earlier ancestor. His book Origins Of The Species (first published in 1859) shocked most people of his day. In 1925, Tennessee teacher John C. Scopes was arrested and tried for teaching evolution to his students. The trial is referred to as the Scopes-Monkey trial" In the 33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee, Peter plays Johann Sebastian Bachs Solfeggieto on the harpsichord. It is a mistaken belief that it was Johann Sebastian Bachs Toccata in D Aerowax floor polish (the sponsor for the special "33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee" special) was the most famous of the Aero products. Advertising of Aerowax floor polish began on the radio in the 1940s. The listeners heard the liquid wax inside the blue and white can gave floors and linoleum a lovely, yet tough wax finish without rubbing. It was also a wax that took very little time to apply and dry. What was interesting about the Aerowax radio commercials, the announcer had to assure the listeners that Aerowax floor polish does cost less, but it wasn't cheap. Aerowax floor polish is also remembered as one of the TV commercials aired on CBS during a tense time for NASA in 1962. After astronaut Scott Carpenter orbited around the Earth 3 times, NASA lost communication and the location of the capsule on its return to Earth. Walter Cronkite appeared worried and there was no sign of the capsule in the air. The network kept going to commercials to fill out the time. Peter paid $160,000 to get out of his contract in December 1968 The official public relations explanation for Peters departure from the group in December 1968 was exhaustion Mike, Micky and Davy gave Peter a watch when Peter left the group in December 1968 with the inscription To Peter from the guys down at work Peter sold his house in 1970 to Stephen Stills, who was then part of a new band called Crosby, Stills and Nash In 1969 Peter and his band Release (which included his then girlfriend, drummer Reine Stewart) auditioned for Bob Rafelson and Bert Schneider to have their version of the Gerry Goffin/ Carole King song I Wasnt Born To Follow on the Easy Rider soundtrack. The Byrds recorded the song instead The rock group The Ventures (famous for their Hawaii 5-0 theme song was the opening act at the April 17, 1969 concert at Honolulu International Center Arena in Honolulu, Hawaii The original cover for the album Instant Replay was red, black and white. Rhino records later added the more colorful image The title for the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Through The Looking Glass is the same as the Lewis Carroll childrens book Through The Looking Glass (first published in 1871). The book is a continuation to his most famous book riding hoods Adventures In Wonderland and introduces the characters: the frightened Jabberwocky Dragon, Tweedledee and Tweedledom, the Walrus and the Carpenter. A looking glass is commonly called a mirror The Good Earth (a prose spoken by Davy included as a CD bonus track on the album The Monkees Present: Micky, David and Michael) is the name of a 1931 novel by Pearl S. Buck and subsequent movie starring Luise Ranier and Paul Muni in 1937 Neko Chohlis did the artwork on The Monkees: Present Michael, David and Micky cover The first official A-sided Monkee written single was Good Clean Fun (written by Mike) It is believed that a concert from the 1969 tour was recorded with the intent of releasing it as a live album. But, no live album with a performance from the 1969 tour has seen the light of day Mikes song Listen To The Band is the song Nine Times Blue backwards with lyrics made up by Mike for Listen To The Band at the studio. Mike, Micky and Davys appearance on The Johnny Cash Show in 1969 had them singing bit of Cowboy Jack Clements song Everybody Loves A Nut. It was a title track of an album of novelty songs Johnny Cash released in 1966. The Bloom/ Goldberg song Do It In The Name Of Love b/w Jeff Berrys Lady Jane was released under Micky Dolenz and Davy Jones The album cover for Changes is actually a shot of Mike, Micky and Davy performing on the TV series The Joey Bishop Show with Mike cropped out. The undoctored photo of the three is in The Monkees Present: Micky, David and Michael album liner notes The cartoon series Schoolhouse Rock mentions the Monkees (as an example of a noun) in the song A Noun IS A Person Place Or Thing Alice Cooper wrote the 1970s hit Only Women Bleed at Mickys House Loose Salute (The First National Band album) roughly means to break from constrains with honor Infinite Rider On The Big Dogma (Mikes solo album) roughly means a person covering a large amount of distance while keeping what they believe is true The title of the Mike Nesmith album cover Tantamount To Treason means equally disloyal to ones country Mike appeared alone on the TV music series American Bandstand in May 1971 because the First National Band had just broken up. He sang Joanne and promoted his Nevada Fighter album From A Radio Engine To A Photon Wing (Mikes solo album) roughly means freedom to broadcast something with powerful intensity In 1973, Mike started a record label called Countryside, but it later folded. However, during the time he was at Countryside, Mike was approached by Bill Dear, an unknown director of low-budget films. He walked into Mikes office and asked if he would score his film The Northville Cemetery Massacre for free. Mike was so impressed with Dears nerve that he agreed to do it. The Northville Cemetery Massacre was released on video with Mikes score Chip Douglas was approached by Screen Gems to co-produce with Shorty Rodgers the music for the TV series The Partridge Family Peter in the early 70s co-arranged Micky's single Easy On You b/w Oh Someone The success of Mikes song Rio in Great Britain and Australia marked a turning point in Mikes career. He was asked by European distributors to make a promotional film (or video) for Rio. Thus begins his interest in music videos A Panama hat (seen in the music video for the song Rio) is a traditional brimmed hat that is made from the plaited leaves of the carludovica palmata tree. Despite the name, genuine Panama hats are made in Ecuador, not Panama. Their naming comes from the fact that they came to prominence during the construction of the Panama Canal. The Ecuadorian town of Cuenca is the main producer. In 1980, Kodak began broadcasting a new television commercial in Japan, which featured the John Stewart song Daydream Believer. The song became an instant hit again. Radio stations were inundated with requests to play it. Shortly afterward, The Monkees TV series went on the air on a regular basis in Tokyo, Japan. This was the first sign of resurgence for the second wave of Monkeemania Peter taught English, math, drama, Eastern philosophy and a Rock Band class at Pacific Hills, a private secondary school in Santa Monica, California. Peter got his job as a result of an interview with the schools director who said I like to hire people who are independent and creative. I was impressed by his personality and his ability to talk. In a People Magazine article from April 6, 1976, Peter said this about his new career: Im doing something important. I never do anything less than important Bert Schneider won an Academy Award for Best Documentary for the Vietnam War documentary Hearts And Minds in 1974. He caused some controversary when accepting the award by stating his political beliefs Peter had written his memoirs in the 70s with the title Monkee Business or How I Pawned My Gold Records, but they have never been published One of the major economic and cultural hubs of South America, Rio de Janeiro (from the Mike Nesmith song "Rio") sits at region where 60% of the Brazilian GDP is concentrated. A cosmopolitan metropolis, known worldwide for its scenic beauty and its natural resources Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart had quite an extensive recording career in their own right aside from writing some of the Monkees biggest hits. Their biggest hits were Alice Long and I Wonder What Shes Doing Tonight. They released 7 singles and 3 albums on the A and M record label. They released 2 Monkee covers: I Wanna Be Free was the B-side for the single I Wonder What Shes Doing Tonight and Teardrop City was the B-side for the single L. O. V. (Let Us Vote). L. O. V. (Let Us Vote) was written for the campaign to give 18 year olds the right to vote In 1975, there was talk of a reunion (and doing a McDonalds commercial) but neither Mike or Peter were interested. Davy and Micky then asked Tommy Boyce and Bobby Hart which became the Dolenz, Jones, Boyce and Hart the guys who wrote em and the guys who sang em tour Dolenz Jones Boyce and Hart debuted their act on July 4, 1975 at Six Flags Over Mid-America in St. Louis, Missouri. 12,500 people warmly received the show. The group played the U.S. through July 1976. Peter joined them at Disneyland in 1976 Micky broke his arm in a hang gliding accident in 1976. He performed part of the Dolenz, Jones, Boyce and Hart tour with his arm in a cast. He has a long deep scar going down his right arm Micky, Peter and Davy briefly reunited twice in the 70s: one concert in Disneyland in 1976 and one concert at the Hollywood Starwood Club in 1977 Micky, Peter and Davys appearance in 1987 on the Doctor Demento show had Micky requesting Transfusion, Peter doing his Peter Percival Patterson's Pet Pig Porky tongue twister/ joke and requesting I Put A Spell On You and Davy requesting The Laughing Policeman. The Neil Sedaka song "Rainy Jane" was originally considered a follow up song to the John Stewart song "Daydream Believer" but became a hit for Davy in 1971. In Mikes video for the song I'll Remember You, uses clips from two Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers movies. The clip of Mike and kids watching them dance by the side of the stage is from Shall We Dance. The clip with the cut out creating a shadow going around and around on the record player is from The Gay Divorcee. The late Brandon Tarikoff was President of NBC's programming in the 1980s who took the network to #1 could do no wrong. He had seen Mikes Michael Nesmith In Elephant Parts video and was curious to see if Mike could come up with the same type of short series of comedy bits and music for television. Michael Nesmith in Television Parts aired 6 episodes in the summer 1983. Unfortunately, it didnt do very well in the ratings, but it featured then unknown actors/ comedians Jay Leno, Whoppi Goldberg, Bobcat Goldthwait and Gerry Shandling. Mikes Michael Nesmith In Elephant Parts video was filmed in Monterey, California in a former mechanics garage. It has the distinction of being the first original entertainment program. Mike won the first ever Grammy award for a Music Video (long form) for "Michael Nesmith In Elephant Parts" The 1944 film 30 Seconds Over Tokyo (parody featured in Michael Nesmith In Elephant Parts) starred Van Johnson, Robert Walker and Phyllis Thaxter. Also of note, the movie features a character named Davey Jones played by actor Scott McCay. Cole Porter (a parody featured in Michael Nesmith In Elephant Parts) began to learn the piano at eight. By ten he had begun to compose songs. He entered Yale University and became a member of the Freshman Glee Club. While at Yale he wrote football fight songs. In April 1918 he joined the 32nd Field Artillery Regiment and worked with the Bureau of the Military Attach of the United States. During this time he met his wife Linda Lee Thomas. This was a professional marriage, as Cole was in fact gay. The Porters made their home on the Rue Monsieur in Paris, where their parties were described as long and brilliant. They conducted elaborate games including treasure hunts. He was injured riding horseback and was kept in the hospital for two years. Both of his legs were smashed and he suffered a nerve injury. He was confined to a wheelchair for five years and endured over 30 operations and eventually had to have one leg amputated. He refused to wear an artificial limb and lived as a recluse. He sought refuge in alcohol, sleep, self-pity and overwhelming despair. After what appeared to be a successful kidney stone operation, he died very unexpectedly in 1962. Musician/ actor Weird Al Yankovic was the Monkees opening act on the 1987 Here We Come Again tour. His trademark is writing song parodies about current pop culture. His first national TV appearance was on Tom Snyder's Tomorrow show where did a parody of the Queen song Another One Bites The Dust called Another One Rides The Bus. He also did a cameo as himself in Mike Nesmith produced film Tapeheads. The Mike Nesmith song "Different Drum" was turned down by Monkees producers then went to become Linda Rhondstat and her group The Stone Poneys first hit. The version of the Chip Douglas song Christmas Is My Time Of Year by Micky, Peter and Davy is on a compilation album from Rhino records The "Cuddly Toy" lady is Anita Mann who later choreographed the dancers on the TV series "Solid Gold". On the movie soundtrack for the 1998 movie You Got Mail are 3 Harry Nilsson songs (The Puppy Song, Remember and Over The Rainbow) Nilsson wrote the Monkees songs Cuddly Toy (first titled By Any Boy) and Daddy's Song. He had a hit with the song Without You and the Fred Neil song Everybody's Talkin in the 70s. Everybodys Talkin is heard in the Academy Award winning film Midnight Cowboy. In failing health in the 1990's, Nilsson was diagnosed with diabetes. He suffered a massive heart attack and died in early 1994, just after finishing the vocal tracks for a new album. Mike and Micky sing background vocals for the songs Milkshake and MGB-GT on Peters solo album Stranger Things Have Happened Some of the jobs Peter had during the 70??????????????????s: a singing waiter, a high school English teacher, a volleyball coach, a basketball coach, a music teacher and a studio musician On September 7, 1980, Mike, Peter, Micky and Davy had agreed to reunite to present the Best Comedy Series award at the annual Emmy Awards. Unfortunately, there was an on-going actors union strike and the Monkees decided to honor the strike The New Monks was a legitimate band put together by Peter in late 1980 and with whom he recorded the famous "Peter's Back" single (featuring "(Im Not Your) Steppin' Stone" and "Higher and Higher") in February 1981. Band lineup: Vince Barranco (drums), Nelson Bogart (guitar, trumpet), Paul Ill (bass, music director), Phil Simon (guitar), and Peter (guitar, lead vocals). They toured Japan in August 1981, and broke up while on the road in the USA in March 1982. Mike produced and Bert Schneider directed the Lionel Richie song All Night Long Former wrestler Hulk Hogan appeared as Sunset Sam in Mike's video for "Crusin'" Ray Stevens recorded his version of the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song The Monkees Theme for his 1984 album He Thinks He's Ray Stevens The Lloyd Bresica song That Was Then, This Is Now b/w the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song The Monkees Theme was released as Micky Dolenz and Peter Tork of the Monkees The video for the Huey Lewis And The News song If This Is It has a scene where they are at the beach similar to the beach scene from Here Come The Monkees (The Pilot)???????????? episode. The band is buried in the sand up to their necks with Huey behind them laying on his side The Monkees didn't own their own name in 1986 so manager David Fishof had to licensee both $3,500 from Coca-Cola (owner of Columbia Pictures) How the album name Pool It came about: On the tour bus in 1986 after rehearsals, Peter and Davy were bickering over something rather dumb it seems and Micky was getting sick of their petty argument yelled at them "pool it!" (meaning of course cool it). Peter and Davy found this rather funny and they remembered it when it came time to find an album name. The album picture of Micky, Davy and Peter for the Album Pool It was taken in Mickys Beverly Hills home pool. The Monkees' manager, David Fishof, booked The Monkees to appear on the 1987 MTV's Super Bowl Tail Gate Party. Unfortunately, he did not ask The Monkees for authorization first, and the group was unable to attend. MTV took this as a slight on themselves and decided to boycott any Monkees activity from then on. Jennifer McLeod fabric art designed the Monkees stage wear for the reunion tours in the 80s. She was Peters girlfriend at the time. The Yahama Corporation Of America supplied the musical instruments for the reunion tours in the 90s. Established in 1960, they offer a full line of musical instruments, audio/visual and computer-related products The Gretsch Company supplied the musical instruments the Monkees used in the 60s. Production began in 1883 when Friedrich Gretsch, a German immigrant, set up a shop in Brooklyn for the manufacture of banjos, guitars, tambourines and drums. The company was immediately prosperous but in 1895 Friedrich Gretsch died and his 15 year old son Fred took over. By 1916 Fred Gretsch become one of America's leading importers and manufacturers of musical instruments. Unfortunately, the success was not to last. In 1967 Fred Gretsch, unable to find a suitable heir. He sold the company to Baldwin Pianos, which reorganized it as a subsidiary. Gretsch in the 70s had become a pale reflection of the glory years. Quality control had been suffering under Baldwin's disinterested ownership. There were even rumors of intentional sabotage by disgruntled employees. In 1989, with the company again in Gretsch family hands, guitar production restarted on a large scale. The guitars were based on classic Gretsch models. The Gihon Foundation was established in 1978 as a private operating foundation by Bette C. Graham, the inventor of Liquid Paper correction fluid. The foundation is named for the Gihon River mentioned in the Old Testament (Genesis 2:10-14. The Gihon Foundation operates the Council on Ideas, a biennial forum which meets to identify and articulate a critical issue that is currently facing society. The Gihon Foundation also houses a permanent art collection entitled works by women. Mike is a trustee and vice-chair of the American Film Institute Information on Nestle Chunky Bars, the sponsor of the Monkees 1986 "Here We Come" tour: Perhaps not the most popular candy bar but Chunky is the American take on British Fruit and Nut bar. It has a square shape with two pieces of milk chocolate with peanuts and raisins. In the 1930s, New York City confectioner Philip Silverstein named the square chunk of chocolate after his "chunky" daughter. The unique design of the wrapper was created by Lee Ballentine in 1959. In a series of very successful TV commercials for Chunky, Arnold Stang exclaimed "What a chunk of chocolate!". The other groups that performed on the "Here We Come" 1986 tour were Gary Puckett and The Union Gap, Herman's Hermits and The Grass Roots The Grass Roots (one of the acts on the Monkees 1986 Here We Come tour) had a series of major hits (most notably "Let's Live for Today," "Midnight Confessions," "Temptation Eyes," and "Two Divided by Love") that help define the essence of the era's best AM radio. Although the group's members weren't even close to being recognizable and their in-house songwriting was next to irrelevant, the Grass Roots managed to chart 14 Top 40 hits, including seven gold singles and one platinum single, and two had hits collections that effortlessly went gold. The group's history is also fairly complicated, because there were at least three different groups involved in the making of the songs identified as being by "the Grass Roots." During the late 60s Gary Puckett And The Union Gap (one of the acts on the Monkees 1986 Here We Come tour) forged a series of massive chart ballads like Young Girl, Woman Woman and Lady Willpower with sheer earnestness and melodrama. They are likely the only pop band of the era to play two nightly shows in the Catskills. The group pioneered the hip-to-be-square content by wearing Civil War-era get-ups (complete with fictitious military ranks) and bizarrely pedophilic lyrics. Gary Puckett And The Union Gap were in their own way as far-out and singular as any other act of the period. Herman's Hermits (one of the acts on the Monkees 1986 Here We Come tour) were one of those odd 1960's groups that accumulated millions of fans, but precious little respect. Indeed, their status is remarkably similar to that of the Monkees and it's not a coincidence that both groups' music was intended to appeal to younger teenagers. The difference is that as early as 1976, the Monkees began to be considered cool by people who really knew music. However, it has taken 35 years for Herman's Hermits to begin receiving higher regard for their work. Of course, that lack of respect had no relevance to their success: 20 singles in the Top 40 in England and America between 1964 and 1970, 16 of them in the Top 20, and most of those Top 10 as well. Lead singer Peter Noone is a Manchester, England like Davy who was also a child star appearing on the BBC radio show Coronation Street. On June 22, 1986 a disguised Mike escorted actress Winona Ryder to a Monkees concert in Arlington, Texas. Mike has the distinction of being the only Monkee to actually attend a Monkees concert The tour buses used in 1986-87 were from a Texas company called Roadhouse. They specialize in supplying vehicles for rock tours. After the tour, they are returned and rented out again The 1998 Teen Idol tour with Bobby Sherman, Davy (Micky later replaced him on the tour) and Peter Noone idea comes from a tour that former 60's teen idols Bobby Rydell, Fabian and Frankie Avalon did in the 80's Two versions of the Hunter/ Clarke song Every Step Of The Way were issued on test pressings for a single. One version was from the album Pool It and the other version was a remix which was later released commercially The working title the "Hey, Hey It's The Monkees" ABC special was "A Lizard Sunning Itself On A Rock". The Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special ranked #73 out of 106 shows for the week of February 17-23, 1997 on the Nielson ratings In the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special, the song Soap And Rope, heard in the scene where Davy consoles the kid crying on the beach, is a half-minute rewrite of the standard "Gonna Build A Mountain". Davy performed the song Gonna Build A Mountain during the groups' 1960's concerts. The origin of The Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special occurred in November 1996, when ABC, fueled by strong publicity on The Monkees 30th anniversary, contacted Monkees manager Ward Sylvester with interest in making "a Monkees retrospective." Ward agreed, but declared that "we have a better idea." The plot of the movie The Grapes Of Wrath (mentioned by Mike in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) Tom Joad (actor Henry Fonda) returns to his home after a jail sentence to find his family kicked out of their farm due to foreclosure. The Joads head for California and a new life. The Joads are a proud family who refuse to knuckle under. The Monkees Pad refrigerator in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special contains: a statue of Beethoven, a rotten tomato, bottled water, a red crab, a pineapple, Harpo Marx glasses, a plastic dinosaur and a tour guide with 4 tourists. Mikes quote I believe for every drop of rain that falls, a flower grows (from the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is a line from the song I Believe written by Ervin Drake, Irvin Graham, Jimmy Shirl and Al Stillman in 1953. Singer Jane Froman was troubled by the uprising of the Korean conflict in 1952 so soon after World War II, asked Drake, Graham, Shirl and Stillman to compose a song that would offer hope and faith to the populace. In addition to Jane Froman, "I Believe" has been recorded by Elvis Presley, LeAnn Rimes, Frankie Lane and many others. It has become both a popular and religious standard. Donald Duck (mentioned by Peter in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is an animated cartoon and comic book character best known for his cartoons from Walt Disney Studios. Donald is a white anthropomorpic duck with yellow-orange bill, legs, and feet. He usually wears a sailor shirt without pants (except when he goes swimming). Donald's appearance in the cartoon was created by animator Dick Lundy. The character's voice was performed by voice actor Clarence Ducky Nash. It was largely this semi-intelligible speech that would cement Donald's image into audiences' minds and help fuel his rise to stardom. Donald continued to be a hit with audiences. The character began appearing in most Mickey Mouse cartoons as a regular member of the ensemble. Cairo, Egypt (mentioned by Micky in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is the capital city of Egypt (and previously the United Arab Republic) and has a metropolitan area population of approximately 15.2 million people. Cairo is the thirteenth most populous metropolitan area in the world. The origin of the name is said to come from the appearance of the planet Mars during the foundation of the city. The legacy of the name then evolved into the title "Qahirat Al Adaa" meaning "subduer of the enemies. Chuck Woolley (the Manager in Hey Hey Its The Monkees" ABC special) was the host of the long running dating game show Love Connection (1983-1994). Info about the band Kiss (mentioned by Mike in the Hey Hey Its the Monkees ABC special): Decked out in outrageously flamboyant costumes and makeup, the band fashioned a captivating stage show featuring dry ice, smoke bombs, elaborate lighting, blood spitting, and fire breathing that captured the imaginations of thousands of kids. But Kiss' music was a commercially mix of anthemic, fist-pounding hard rock driven by sleek hooks and ballads powered by loud guitars, cloying melodies, and sweeping strings. It was a sound that laid the groundwork for both arena rock and the pop-metal that dominated rock in the late 80's. Kiss was the brainchild of Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley. Kiss released their self-titled debut in February of 1974. By April of 1975, the group had released three albums and had toured America constantly, building up a sizable fan base. The group was never seen in public without wearing their makeup and their popularity was growing by leaps and bounds; the membership of the Kiss Army, the band's fan club, was now in the six figures. Even such enormous popularity had its limits, and the band reached them in 1978, when all four members released solo albums on the same day in October. Kabuki Theater (mentioned by Mike in the Hey Hey Its the Monkees ABC special) has long been the classical theater of Japan, with the use of exaggerated gestures, face makeup, colorful costumes, and elaborate sets. Kabuki originally meant out of the ordinary and to this day, Kabuki continues to give audiences a sense of the extraordinary. Interestingly, the first Kabuki plays were not plays, but rather exotic dances performed in front of male audiences. In 1629, the Shogunate dynasty banned all forms of female Kabuki performances. In reaction, young boys took the place of women and were also forbidden to perform in 1952. However, youth Kabuki returned because of public demand, nut with several changes. Not only did the young boys have to shave the front parts of their heads (like adult males), they were not aloud to sing or dance. A Tazmanian Devil (mentioned by Mike in the Hey Hey Its the Monkees ABC special) is an extremely voracious Marsupial or pouched mammal. Now found only on the island of Tasmania. It has a large head with powerful jaws and weak hindquarters. The animal has a fierce appearance and is very strong for its size and preys on animals larger than itself. It is also the name of a popular Looney Tunes cartoon character. The song Boil That Cabbage Down (mentioned by the Princess in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is a traditional fiddle song This is not a group (the picture on the pad's wall in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is a take on the Marritte's picture This in not a pipe which challenges the idea that it is a picture of a pipe and not an actual pipe Martha Stewart (mentioned in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is a popular American television and magazine personality known for her cooking, gardening, etiquette and arts and crafts projects. She began a successful catering business out of her home and began writing columns and articles on topics such as cooking, gardening, and home furnishing. During the 1980s she was a contributing editor to Family Circle magazine and became a spokesperson for K-Mart in 1987. In 1990, she started her own magazine, Martha Stewart Living. In 2002 her career was rocked by a scandal involving her sale of shares in a drug company days before its application for a new drug was denied. She was eventually convicted of lying to investigators and sentenced to prison in 2004. The microwave oven (seen in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) was a by-product of another technology. It was during a radar-related research project around 1946 that Dr. Percy Spencer, an engineer with the Raytheon Corporation, discovered the vacuum tube or magnetron had melted the candy bar in his pocket. Engineers went to work on Spencer's hot new idea, developing and refining it for practical use. By late 1946, the Raytheon Company had filed a patent on an oven that heated food using microwave energy in 1946. In 1947, the first commercial microwave oven hit the market. In the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special, Sarah Jones is the fan who comes into the pad pitching story ideas In the Hey Hey Its the Monkees ABC special, the video for You and I was filmed at the L. A. Kings hockey team's practice rink In the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special, storylines that were mentioned that were episodes already: Here Comes The Monkees (The Pilot), "Monkee See, Monkee Die, Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth and Monkees Marooned Joseph Carey Merrick known as "The Elephant Man" (mentioned by Micky in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC Special), gained the sympathy of Victorian England because of his extreme deformity. He began showing signs of deformity at age two from having a genetic disorder known as Proteus syndrome. For the better part of his life he was unemployable, so as a last resort he took a job as a sideshow attraction. Merrick's preserved skeleton is on permanent display at the Royal London Hospital. The sponsors for the "Hey Hey It's The Monkees" ABC special were: Ragu, Sears Auto Center, Kellogg's Rice Krispies Treats, Pantene Pro-V Conditioners, Hyundai, Tylenol, Dove Soap, Target (Club Wedd), Nissan, Aveeno, Femstat 3, Wal-Mart and Bisquick In the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special, Chuck introduces the Monkees as Arlo, Charlie, Humphrey and Bing. They are probably referring to Arlo Gutherie, Charlie Parker, Humphrey Bogart and Bing Crosby Antarctica (from the song "Antarctica" in the Hey Hey Its The Monkees ABC special) is the continent surrounding the Earth's South Pole. It is the coldest place on Earth and is almost entirely covered by ice. The first commonly accepted sighting of the continent occurred in 1820. Among the many explorers of Antarctica are: Captain James Cook, Roand Amundson, Admiral Piri Reis, Robert Falcon Scott, Ernest Shakelton, Robert Evelyn and Edmund Hillary. Several nations, particularly those close to the continent, made territorial claims in the 20th century. These claims have little practical relevance due to the Antarctic Treaty which came into effect in 1961. Most countries that have observation or study facilities in Antarctica have those facilities within their claimed territory. For the 1997 England tour, Nancy Boy (Jason Nesmith's band) was the opening act. They opened the shows at Wembley Stadium in London, England The Monkees Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is about 5 blocks east on Hollywood Boulevard from the famed Mann's Chinese Theater (on the same side of the street as the theater). The cost for the Star came entirely from fans. The Star's address is 6675 Hollywood Boulevard Famous celebrity Monkees fans: teenage country singer Jessica Andrews, Brett Butler (actress/ comedianne), Belinda Carisle (singer), Teri Garr (actress), Peter Fonda (actor), Faye Grant (actress), Incubus, Ken Jannings (Jeopardy! all-time winner), Brian Johnson (lead singer of AC/DC), Rachel Maddow (newswoman), Richard Marx (singer/ songwriter), Roger McGuinn (singer/ songwriter), Jack Nicholson (actor), Judge Marilyn Milan (from the TV show The Peoples Court), Austin Powers (actor Mike Meyers), Jim Reid (from Jesus and Mary Chain), REM, Roseanne (actress/ comedianne), Jonathan Silverman (actor), Jill Sobule (singer), John Taylor (from Duran Duran), U2, Billy Van Zant (singer) and Dwight Yoakum (country singer) Ami Dolenz was on a short-lived TV series based on the popular 1986 film Ferris Buellers Day Off. It co-starred Charlie Schlatter (from the TV series Diagnosis Murder) and Jennifer Aniston (from the TV series Friends) Teri Garr is seen digging the Monkees and singing the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Last Train To Clarksville in the 1985 film After Hours U2 did a version of the John Stewart song Daydream Believer live with Davy Jones joining them on stage on June 23, 1997 Jesus and Mary Chain borrowed a riff from Mikes song You Just May Be The One for their song Everything Is Alright When You're Down and they also released an album called Munki Shoe Suede Blues (A high energy blues band) was formed in 1994 for a one-time benefit fundraiser. They had so much fun that they decided to keep playing gigs Shoe Suede Blues played a private party for the E! Network at the Key Club in Hollywood California celebrating the network's 100th E! True Hollywood Story episode (the Monkees episode) Shoe Suede Blues was the opening act for the last 2 concerts on the Monkees 2001 Spring tour. Peter (disguised in a panama hat, sunglasses and jacket) called himself Guitar Beltway Slim Shoe Suede Blues member Michael Levine wrote "Since You Went Away" (from the "Pool It" album), "Stranger Things Have Happened" (from Peter's "Stranger Things Have Happened" album) and the Kit-Kat candy bar commercial jingle ("Give me a break, break me off a piece of that Kit-Kat Bar") Click here to see tidbits from VH1's "Pop Up Video" on the song "Daydream Believer" In 1995, Peter, Micky and Davy along with Ringo Starr did a commercial for Pizza Hut Stuffed Crust Pizza. It was founded in 1958 by Dan and Frank Carney in Wichita, Kansas. The company gained national recognition in its first ever advertising campaign, called Putt Putt to Pizza Hut in 1965. In the 1990's, Pizza Hut was listed as being fourth in sales in the top fifteen fast food companies in the United States. On May 21, 2001, Pizza Hut became the first company in history to deliver pizza to residents in outer space. On November 1, 2000, Rhino officially released a Monkees digital track download for the Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Last Train To Clarksville. The download is available through Internet music retailers (like Sam Goody and Tower Records ) for a price around $1 In the made-for-TV VH-1 movie Daydream Believers: The True Story Of The Monkees, when the guys are at the Beatles party, the song All in the) All In All by the group the Knack can be heard in the background. The song is off their 1998 comeback album Zoom. The Knack are also signed with the Rhino Records label The made-for-TV VH-1 movie Daydream Believers: The True Story Of The Monkees was seen in 6.2 million homes and 5 million of that was in the 18-49 target demographic age Davy was approached to play his father in the made-for-TV VH-1 movie Daydream Believers: The True Story Of The Monkees but declined. Davy has had horses by the names: TE (Note: his daughter Talia's initials), Regal Splendour, Digpast, Chicamomo, Pearl Locker and Teen Idol. Also, he owned Jeremy's horse for a brief time in the episode Dont Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth episode. In May 2001, Davys horse Dig past died. He was riding Dig past when he won his first horse race on February 2, 1996. Dig past was a gift from his daughter Sarah for his 50th birthday The Tommy Boyce/ Bobby Hart song Last Train To Clarksville and the Neil Diamond song Im A Believer were selected by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum as two of the 500 songs that changes rock and roll There is a Mike Nesmith Street in the Leon Valley suburb of San Antonio, Texas. One of the developers of the Leon Valley area was Mikes Uncle Chick Adair, who named several of the streets after different family members Basest John Taylor of the 1980's group Duran Duran said their sound is halfway between the Monkees and Kraftwerk U. S. Cities that have a Monkees song title: Clarksville, Arkansas, Clarksville, Indiana; Clarksville, Tennessee; Clarksville, Texas; Clarksville, Virginia; Pleasant Valley, Missouri; Pleasant Valley, New York; and Pleasant Valley, West Virginia A Capricorn (Mike and Davys Astrological Zodiac sign) is a person who is ambitious, cautious and practical An Aquarius (Peters Astrological Zodiac sign) is a person who is curious, independent and outgoing A Pisces (Mickys Astrological Zodiac sign) is a person who is artistic, emotional, and sensitive If you have been on the Internet, you may have noticed a reference to someone called Mick3y. In January 1995, someone asked people on the alt.music.monkees (the Monkees USENET newsgroup) if someone knew a way to track down Micky. They wanted to have him answer a questionnaire. They received a response and called themselves Mick3y and they used an e-mail address that Micky had at the time. People began to wonder if this really was Micky (with a typo in the spelling). Debated ensued until Mike told the alt.music.monkees crowd that it was Micky. Mike had set Micky up with an account at net.com. The misspelling is net.coms fault If you have been on the Internet, you may have noticed a reference to a place called The Friendliest Place in Cyberspace. This started on the alt.music.monkees (the Monkees USENET newsgroup). Members started to call it the friendliest place in cyberspace due to its small but loyal members. It eventually got so many members and lost its original small size charm If you have been on the Internet, you may have noticed a reference to The Third Friendliest Place In Cyberspace. It came out of members on alt.music.monkees (the Monkees USENET newsgroup) and the friendliest place in cyberspace members who wanted to go back to a smaller member size like the friendliest place in cyberspace once was. Fans chat at all hours but the official chat hours are Sunday evenings Euphemisms I like about the Monkees that they have said: Like a repertory company (Davy); Like three brothers I never knew I had (Davy); Being in the Mafia- once you're in, youre in (Davy); The Monkees is a business. Its a logo. Its A TV show. Its a record (Davy); Like a nuclear reaction started by its own design (Davy); Like people complaining that Perry Mason didnt practice law (Davy); Comrades in arms (Mike); John Cleese really opening Fawlty Towers (Mike); A very advanced kind of idea...into a type of insanity where you didnt know whether you were coming or going (Mike); Like a Grateful Dead concert (Mike); Like Laurence Olivier becoming the Prince of Denmark (Mike); Like Pinocchio really becoming a little boy (Mike); Like going through a plane crash with someone and the kind of relationship that comes from it (Micky); Like riding a train- you can choose to stay with it, or you can choose to try to stop it which is impossible, or you can try to steer it off the track (Micky); Like one of the actors on ER actually becoming a doctor (Micky); "George Clooney really becoming an ER doctor" (Micky); Like My Three Sons living like brothers growing up and dealing with life (Micky); Like Yul Brenner becoming the king in The King And I (Micky); "That Tim Allen movie 'Galaxy Quest' is a lot like the Monkees. They have to be their characters from the TV all the time" (Micky); Michael J. Fox really becoming a musician in The Secret Of My Success (Micky); Actor Sal Mineo really becoming Gene Kupra in The Gene Kupra Story (Micky); Like a Broadway show, you can't fake it on stage (Micky); Like Will Smith bringing rap into American living rooms with 'The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air.' (Micky), The closest thing to Spinal Tap that there will ever be (Micky) and Like Roy Rogers becoming a real cowboy (Peter) Peter and James Lee Stanley perform every year at the Lewisville Lawn Party in Lewisville, North Carolina. The event is sponsored by the Lewisville Area Arts Council." In 2001, a new event was added: The Peter Tork and James Lee Stanley Blues and Folk Festival with several performances around Forsyth County, North Carolina. In 1999, Peter and James were given the honor of having their names put in brick in Shallowford Square. The cost for the bricks came entirely from fans in over 30 countries. During the STARbricks presentation, Peter and James were each presented with 3 Japanese bowls made out of bamboo. The 3 bowls look exactly alike with Peter, James and the Lewisville Arts Council each keeping a bowl. The idea of the Japanese custom is that the person is reminded of the friend who has the other bowl. Peter and James are also emeritus board members of the Lewisville Arts Council and will be a vital part of bringing headliner artists to the festival onkees songs covered by other artists: Tom Adams (Cripple Creek), Gastropod 3 (Forget That Girl), Atomic Kitchen (Daydream Believer), Mike Aldridge (Last Train To Clarksville), Etta Baker (Cripple Creek), Bashful Brother Oswald (Cripple Creek), Beatle Hans (You Just May Be The One), George Benson (Last Train To Clarksville), John Bland (Some Of Shelly's Blues), Bent Backed Tulips (Sweet Young Thing), Benzedrine Monks Of Santo Dominica (Theme From The Monkees), Nick Berry (Daydream Believer), Eric Bibb (Higher and Higher), Big Fish Ensemble (Last Train To Clarksville), Bike ride (Look Out Here Comes Tomorrow), Black Velvet Flag (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), Blue2Noise (Last Train To Clarksville), Bob Rupee Band (St. Matthew), Bong water (Porpoise Song), Susan Boyle (Daydream Believer), Boy zone (Daydream Believer), Bonnie Bartlett (Higher and Higher), Carter USM (Randy Souse Get/ Alternative Title), Frank Cassel (Cripple Creek), Chant (Take A Giant Step), Ray Charles (I Got A Woman), Billy Cheat wood (Cripple Creek), The Church (Porpoise Song), The Coasters (D W Washburn and Shake Em Up), Code Of Ethics (Pleasant Valley Sunday), Color field (She), Billy Connolly Cripple Creek), The Contours (Higher and Higher), Rita Coolidge (Higher and Higher), Crazy Cava and The Rhythm Rockers (I Go Ape), Sammy Davis Jr. (Gonna Build A Mountain), Neil Diamond (Im A Believer), Bo Dudley (You Cant Judge A Book By Looking At Its Cover), Diggers (Circle Sky), Dullards (Cripple Creek), Dataram (Sweet Young Thing), Dry Branch Fire Squad (Cripple Creek), Duane Eddy (Cripple Creek), Jeff and Shari Easter (Higher and Higher), Mitch Easter (Valerie), EMF (Im A Believer), David Essie (Cripple Creek), Buddy Emmons (Gonna Build A Mountain), Sara Evans (Daydream Believer), Raymond Fairchild (Cripple Creek), The Farm ("I'm Not Your Steppin' Stone"), Pete Farrow (Cripple Creek), Lester Flat and Earl Scruggs (Last Train To Clarksville and Cripple Creek), Flying Pickets (Higher and Higher), John Flywheel (You Just May Be The One), The Four Tops (Im A Believer and Daydream Believer), Frank and Walters (Im A Believer), Erma Franklin (Higher and Higher), The Fruit Jar Guzzlers (Cripple Creek), Fun (Im A Believer), Tom Gilliam (The Girl I Knew Somewhere), The Gonads (Theme From The Monkees), The Grapes Of Wrath (Porpoise Song), Groovier Ghoulish (Look Out Here Comes Tomorrow and She Hangs Out), Headquarters (Last Train To Clarksville), Herman???s Hermits (Saturdays Child), Roscoe Holcomb (Cripple Creek), Jamie Holiday (Daily Nightly), Peter Hollsopple (You Just May Be The One), Bobby Horton (Cripple Creek), David Holt (Cripple Creek), Houseplants ("I'm Not Your Steppin' Stone"), Ian Hunter (Every Step Of The Way), Jacobs Trouble (Door Into Summer), Tom Jones (Higher and Higher), John Jorgenson (You Just May Be The One), Jumping Bomb Angel (For Pets Sake), Jump rope (Dont Call On Me), Leo Kettle (Cripple Creek), Last Train Home (Good Clean Fun), Ludicrous (Last Train To Clarksville), Deacon Lunchbox (The Day We Fall In Love), Julius Larose (Gonna Build A Mountain), The Lemonheads (Different Drum), Magnavox (Pleasant Valley Sunday), Dean Martin (Gonna Build A Mountain), Jimmy Martin (Cripple Creek), Mary Beth Maier (Daydream Believe), Roger McGinnis (Cripple Creek), Mendoza Line (I Wanna Be Free), Larry Joe Miller and The Rockabilly Rockets (Tomorrows Gonna Be Another Day), Minor Threat (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), Mint Juleps (Higher and Higher), Matt Monroe (Gonna Build A Mountain), Bill Monroe (Cripple Creek), The Mosquitoes (That Was Then, This Is Now), Motor psycho (As We Go Along), Mountain Cowboys (Cripple Creek), Mr. T Experience (Pleasant Valley Sunday), Geoff Moldier (Higher and Higher), Multi-Color House (You Told Me), Alan Mundey (Cripple Creek), Murphys Law (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), Michael Martin Murphey (What Am I Doing Hanging Round), Anne Murray (Daydream Believer), Newbill (Aunties Municipal Court), Anthony Newly (Gonna Build A Mountain), Nice Guy Eddie (Pleasant Valley Sunday), Harry Nilsson (Cuddly Toy and Daddies Song), The Natty Gritty Dirt Band (Some Of Shelly???s Blues and Cripple Creek), The No-Nosy (Love Is Only Sleeping), Mary Kate O???Neil (Pleasant Valley Sunday), Donny Osmond (A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You, Opium Hello (Sweet Young Thing), Orangery (Porpoise Song), Johnny Otis (Higher and Higher), Dolly Parton (Higher and Higher), Paul Butterfield Blues Band "Mary", Liz Pair (Im A Believer), Glen Phillips (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), Elvis Presley (Cindy, Cindy), Paul Butterfield Blues Band (Mary, Mary), Byrd Ray (Cripple Creek), Paul Revere and the Raiders (Im Not Your Steppin Stone and Kicks), Robson and Jerome (Daydream Believer), Rockets Red Glare (Listen To The Band), Kevin Rowland (Daydream Believer), RUN-DMC (Mary, Mary), Buffy Sainte-Marie (Cripple Creek), Scottsdale Squire (Cripple Creek), Neil Sedaka (I Go Ape), Mike Seeger (Cripple Creek), Sixty Acres (Nine Times Blue), Linda Ronstadt and the Stone Ponies (Different Drum), The Sex Pistols (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), Shone Knife (Daydream Believer), Rickie Simpkins (Papa Gene's Blues), Frank Sinatra (Gonna Build A Mountain), Lord Sitar (Daydream Believer), Six Feet Under (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), Smash mouth (Im A Believer), The Specials (A Little Bit Me, A Little Bit You), The Steels (Last Train To Clarksville), Stanley Brothers (Angel Band), John Stewart (Daydream Believer), Strider (Higher and Higher), The Sugar Beats (Higher and Higher), Sunset Valley (Porpoise Song), Tajo Mahan (Take A Giant Step), They Might Be Giants (What Am I Doing Hangin Round), Johnny Thunders (Im Not Your Steppin Stone), The Turtles (So Goes Love), The Twilights ("I Won't Be The Same Without Her"), Two Fisted Tales Papa Gene's Blues), U2 (Daydream Believer), Violent Femmes (Daydream Believer), Vulgar Boatmen (The Kind Of Girl I Could Love), Wedding Present (Pleasant Valley Sunday), Paul Westerberg (Daydream Believer), Western Electric (Sweet Young Thing), Paul Williams (Someday Man), Cassandra Wilson (Last Train To Clarksville), Jackie Wilson (Higher and Higher), Wolfe (Through The Looking Glass), The Wonderments (Porpoise Song), Buddy Woodward (You Told Me), Reckless Eric (I'd Go The Whole Wide World) and Robert Wyatt (Im A Believer) Origin of the name Video ranch (the name of Mikes Internet company): In the 30's and 40's movie theaters would play ten or a fifteen minute serial, movies which were for kids mostly and which usually ended with some dire circumstance the hero was in. Lots of times they were hanging off a cliff just about to fall (a "cliffhanger" is a way to keep people interested so they would come back the next time to see what happened). One particular serial called "The Phantom Empire" starred Gene Autry and Betsy King Ross (the World's youngest trick rider). "The Phantom Empire" takes place in Radio Ranch, is a weird wonderful story, and has a kids club and an unlimited world of fancy, whim and music. After events on September 11, 2001, Mike posted some thoughts on his Videoranch.com web site: Darkness, oh darkness Do not tread on me! I am light and I will destroy. Darkness, oh darkness Do not tread you instantly and forever. I have seen your face before, and you are nothing. Do not come near my window or door. Do not come near my heart. I am intelligence, the light of mind. I am spirit, the light of truth. I am love, the light of life. Do not suppose you can withstand my gaze. I live forever, even as you die. You???re deluded and perverted notions of afterlife, and martyrdom, suicide as sacrifice, obtain not here. Here you die, in vain, useless. My brothers and sisters, children, wives and husbands, my family of mankind live on in spite of your terror, of your dream of death, for we live in the spirit and in truth while you, oh darkness, are never more than darkness. I will shine into the farthest reach of life. I will vanquish you to non-existence; obliterate you by my righteous might. Do you think to frighten me? Do you think to kill me? Think again, oh darkness. For I am light. In my light all are comforted. In my light all can see. By my light, darkness shall perish, so that all may live On October 14, 2001, CBS aired a made-for-TV movie "Surviving Gilligan's Island" which reunited cast members Dawn Wells, Bob Denver and Russell Johnson. During a flashback depicting how the cast members found out the show was cancelled just before the 4th season was about to begin, Dawn Wells mentioned that the series had beat "The Monkees" TV series during their 3rd season, but was cancelled anyway. If the Neilson rating numbers are correct from the book "The Monkees: A Manufactured Image", (out of the 29 weeks that each show aired new episodes) "The Monkees" won the nightly ratings 13 times, "Iron Horse" on ABC won the nightly ratings 9 times and "Gilligan's Island" won the nightly ratings 7 times. Perhaps she meant the weekly Neilson ratings, but the records for these ratings are no longer available Mickys awkwardly written message on his page in the 2001 tour program is a keyboard code. You replace each letter with the letter to its left on a computer keyboard. Thus, zovlu translates to Micky The rock group Incubus made 2 versions for their video for their song I Wish You Were Here. In the first version, the group is being chased by girls onto a bridge and they are forced to jump into the water. This is similar to the bridge sequence in the movie Head. In light of events on September 11, 2001, the group released a second version with live shots of the group performing instead of the bridge sequences. On the MTV show "Total Request Live" in October 2001, the band explained the original video was a tribute to "Head" Mike's company, Pacific Arts, became the distributor for PBS Home Video in the 1990s. However, he had problems meeting the expected production schedule which resulted in a lawsuit against Mike, but ultimately settled in his favor. The episode arrangements for 1995's "Deluxe Limited Edition Box Set" could not be arranged in broadcast order because of licensing restrictions. Rhino must legally abide by the contract ional conditions they agreed to when they obtained the clearances for the Box Set- conditions set by the Director's Guild of America, Writer's Guild of America, etc. To maximize royalties to its members, the Director's Guild of America does not allow the same director to appear more than once on a video or DVD (this was an impossible task when figuring out how to organize episodes directed by Jim Frawley since he directed 25 episodes). Also, music clearances were obtained for certain songs on certain tapes In March 2002, Davy filmed an infomercial with Maryanne Curan for Time-Life's new compulation series "60's Gold". Davy mentioned that he saw the Lovin' Spoonful in 1965 and liked their smooth sounding sound New Concorde Entertainment will be releasing the made-for-TV VH-1 movie "Daydream Believers: The True Story of the Monkees" on VHS and DVD. New Concorde said they were forced to trim a pot smoking scene or two from the film in order to obtain a PG-13 rating (instead of an R rating) from the Motion Picture Association The songs Daydream Believer and Im A Believer were listed as two of the 500 songs that shaped rock and roll by The Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame. Surprising that they have never been seriously considered for induction into The Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame. This is partly due to nomination board member (and founder of Rolling Stone magazine) Jann Weiner who never considered them a real group but a TV show I rented the 1954 Elizabeth Taylor and Van Johnson movie The Last Time I Saw Paris recently. George Dolenz, Mickys dad, has a small part in the movie. If you want to see where Micky got his good looks, rent this movie because his dad is a very handsome Italian God After Micky's mother died, he got a great big old-fashioned tattoo that says "Mom" on his bicep. On January 10, 2005, Micky debuted as the morning radio deejay on New York City's Oldies Station WCBS FM. Sadly, 6 months later the station changed formats to an all music format just after Micky did his 100th show. For the 2005 Holiday season E-Bay used Daydream Believer in their TV ad. They use the opening piano lines and the refrain cheer up sleepy Jean. Oh, what can it mean to a daydream believer and a homecoming queen. The unique commercial shows people giving gifts that are substituted with the letters it (for example, a ring is given as a gift but the diamond is the letters it). E-Bay's name or their slogan (Whatever it is, you get it here) is not seen until the end.
Sources for the information:
"Listen To The Band Box Set Liner Notes, The Monkees Tale book, The Monkees: A Manufactured Image book, Monkeemania: The True Story Of The Monkees book, Im A Believer: My Life of Monkees, Music and Mayhem autobiography, They Made A Monkee Out Of Me autobiography, Davy Jones: Still Daydream Believin autobiography, The World Book Encyclopedia, The Monkees Caught in A False Image book by Lise Lyng Falkenberg, The Monkees: Day By Day Story Of A 60's Pop Sensation book by Andrew Sandoval, Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, The Monkees Film and TV Vault web site, and The Internet Movie Database web site

After compiling all this information, I can truly say that I have too much time on my hands Enjoy !


Davy should have been Back by now
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